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► 



TO AUTHORS. 

ROBERT HARDWICKE, 

PUBLISHER, 

PBINTEE AND BOOKSELLER, 

192, PICCADILLY 

{Semoved fiom 26, Duke Street, Piccadiltt/), 



FEINTING AND PUBLISHING 
TRAVELS, POEMS, ESSAYS, PAMPHLETS, &c. 

SHORTEST NOTICE AND MOST REASONABLE TERMS. 



From the central aod commandiDg position of his 
Establisbmentj as well as the large Sale of some of his 
recent Publications, he is enabled to place all works 
entrusted to him iu the channels most likely to ensure 
success. 



J^^^l^) 



PICCADILLY. 



AUTOGRAPHS. 



GENTLEMEN INTERESTED IN THE COLLECTION 

OF 

§rifiB\ anir Jf0mp ^ttt0grap|s 

ABE BEQUESTED TO COHHUNICATE WITH 

« AUTOGRAFHUS/' 

CARE OF MR. HARDWICKE, 

19S, FxaaJLiDXTjUrsr. 



AUTOGRAPHS 

AND 

FRANKS. 

A large collection of Franks of the 18th century for sale ; 
also, a series of Franks and Autographs, including ^^ Nelson," 
« Wellington,'* « Pitt," " Fox," and others, mounted in a 
volume. 

Address, " AUTOGRAPHUS," care of Mr. Hardwicke, 
192, Piccadilly. 



NELSON 



AND 



WELLINGTON. 

Interesting Autograph Letters of the above for sale, at 
reasonable prices. Also, Documents signed by Charles I., 
Charles II., James II., William and Mary, Anne, George I., 
II., III., IV., William IV., and Queen Victoria. 

Address, " AUTOGRAPHUS," care of Mr. Hardwicke, 
192, PiccadiUy. 



HARDWICKE'S 

ANNUAL BIOGEAPHY 

FOR 1857. 

CONTAINING 

, ORIGINAL & SELECTED MEMOIRS 

OP 

CELEBRATED CHARACTERS WHO HAVE DIED DURING 

THE YEAR 1866, 



BT 

EDWARD WALFORD, M.A. 

Xofo Sekolar o/BalUol College, Oxford, 

VBLLOW OT THE GSlTBALOeiOAL AKD HI8XOBICAL SOCntTT OV GBBiiT BBITiLlir ; 
AVTHOB OT SKI ** 8HXLLZV0 FBBBJlOB/' STC. 



8BC0ND TEAS OF PUBLICATION. 



LONDON: 

ROBEET HARDWICKE, 192, PICCADILLY. 

1857. 



KOBBRT HARIIiWICXB, FRINrSR, IQS, PICCADILLY. 



PREFACE. 



The Editor feels that he owes many apolog^ies to the Public 
for the delay which has attended the appearance of this volume. 
The fault has not been wholly his own. More than ordinary 
hindrances have occurred, and much protracted correspondence 
has taken place between himself and the families most deeply 
interested in the accuracy and impartiality of these memoirs. 
For the various communications forwarded to him, he is under 
deep and lasting obligations. 

He has one word to offer by way of apology. It may appear, 
on a comparison of the present with the preceding volume, that 
whereas the longer and more important memoirs which the 
former contained were entirely original, many or most of the 
same kind in the volume for 1857 have already appeared in 
the daily papers. The Editor, being unwilling to plead guilty 
to the charge of either indolence or plagiarism, is under the 
necessity of confessing himself the original author of most of 
the longer memoirs in the present volume. He is entirely 
responsible for those of Sir H. Pottinger, Father Mathew, 
Bishop Monk, Sir Richard Westmacott, the Earl of Shrews- 
bury, and Sir William Sleeman, which appeared in the columns 
of the Times, In no case, however, has a memoir been 
reprinted, without having been first submitted to a careful 
revision. 

The Volume for 1868 is already in a forward state, and will 
appear at Easter next. 

28, Old Btjklington Street, London, W. 

Bee, 31, 1857. 



H 



m 



^. 



j 



INDEX TO BIOGBAPHIES. 



Pagre 
A*Bbcestt, 6. a. . . 157 

Acland, Lady 325 

Adam, A 194 

Adams, Sir G. P 41 

Adams, Seijt 135 

Ailesbory, Marq. of . . 9 

Albert, Lieut 73 

AUen, Rev. S. J 110 

Anderson, Sir J. E. . . 37 

Anderson, R 146 

An8<m, Hon. W 95 

Anstruther, Col 68 

ArkwTiffht,6 54 

Amaud, Y 194 

Atkinson, Sir J. ..... . 47 

Attwood, T 66 

Aubrey, Sir T. D 28 

Austria, Archduchess 
of 2 



Babinoton, O. O. .. 140 

Bagot, Lord 3 

Bairae, Capt 97 

Bailey, T 162 

Baker, Lieut 197 

Balfour, J. Id 55 

Bandoo, Earl of. .... 1 15 

Bankes, Rt. Hon. 6. 62 

Baroda, Guicowarof. . 203 

Bastard, E. R. P 224 

Battley, R 141 

Baumann, F. M 178 

Beach, W 233 

Beale, Rev. J 134 

Beauclerk, Lord W. . . 210 

Beckett, W 139 

Beechey, Adm 99 

Beild, Baron Yon .... 188 

Bell, Mrs 222 

Bellamy, C 138 

Bellew, Mrs 224 

Bellingham, Mrs 227 

BelviUe, J. H 156 

Bennett, G 138 

Bemers, Lady 231 

Berry, Lady 223 

Bertini, M.A. 198 



Page 

Betbam, Lady 236 

Blackett, J. F. B 59 

Blunt, J. E. 138 

Blyth, Lieut 101 

Bo^e, D 164 

Bombelles, Count de 198 

Bonham, Col 67 

Boston, Lord 6 

Bong^ton, Sir W. R. 96 

Bourne, Oeipt. 76 

Bowdich, Mrs 159 

Bowdler, Rev. T 128 

Bowrinff, C 2l6 

Braham, J 174 

Braybrooke, Lady . . 981 

Bremner, J 157 

Bridges, Miss 225 

Brooke, Lady 933 

Brown, Bishop 106 

Buchan, Q 208 

Bncldand, Rev. Dr. .. 123 
Buckley, Rev. T.W. A. 106 

Buller, LadyA 924 

Bumaby, Mrs 908 

Burnett, Sir A 21 

Burnett, Miss 911 

Burrard, SirG 96 

Burroaghes, Ci^t . . 87 
Burton, Hon. Mrs. . . 991 
Butler, Hon. Gen. .. 83 
Butterworth, Gen. . . 89 



Caddbll, Hon. Mrs. 993 

Calvert, J 171 

Cameron, Lieut.-Col. 79 

Campbell, Adm 102 

Campbell, Capt. .... 102 
Campbell, Sir H. F. .. 46 

Campbell, J. R 55 

Canina, Laigi 901 

Canning, Mrs 929 

Carew, Lord 8 

Carlisle, Bishop of . . 107 

Carr, Sir W. 39 

Cavendish, Hon. F. . . 913 
Churchill, Lord A. A. 935 
Clark, Mr 16] 



Page 

Clark, Capt 71 

Clarke, Col 68 

Clarkson, Mrs 151 

Clarkson, W 189 

dementson, J 210 

dutterbnek. Or 145 

Cochrane, Hon. Lady 213 
Cocks, Hon. and Rev. 

J. S 121 

Cole, Capt 94 

Collegno, Gen 203 

Connell, Lieut 87 

Cork, Earl of • 

Cwsini, Prince de.... 184 

Cowper, Capt 83 

Cowper, Earl 7 

Cox, Rev. Dr 127 

Coz,SirF 19 

Cox, J. L 210 

Craig, Hon. R. R. . . 137 

Cranley, Yisconnt . . 227 

Crawl^, Rev. C 105 

Cresswell, O. A. B. . . 213 

Crewe, Hon. Mrs. . . 223 

Crichton, Sir A 40 

CrivelU, Signor 179 

Crowther, Rev. J. . . lOS 

Cumming, Sir H. J. . . 50 

Cunliflie, Lady 223 

Cust, Hon. Lucy . • • • 227 



DALaTMPz.R, Capt. . . 78 
Damer, Right Hon. 

It. L. Ut ••.••••••• 58 

D' Arllngcourt, Visct. . 1 87 

David, M 184 

Davie, Rev. W. L. . . 109 

Davy, Sir W. G 32 

Dawes, E 54 

Dawson, Hon. Mrs. . . 23t 
Dawson,Rt. Hon . G. R. 57 

Deacon, Lady 914 

DeFontenelle,LadyM. 93S 
De Fr^yne, Lord .... 14 
Delaroche, Paul .... I8t 

De Lisle, Lieut 9i 

De Moleyns, Ma^or .. 77 



VI 



INDEX TO BIOGBAPfilES. 



Page 

Denison, Hon. Miss . . 231 

Denyse, Capt 76 

De Robeck, Baron .. 231 
De Salis, Countess 

Dowager 233 

Despaux, Baron 203 

De Vere, Lady 212 

Dickonson, Rev. H. . . 128 

Digby.Earl 7 

Dodsworth. Mrs 232 

DomvUe, Rev. H. B. 105 
Donoughmore, Coun- 
tess Dowager of. . . . 234 

Donizetti, M 187 

Doria, Prince C 200 

Donbleday, J 150 

Doyle, Sir J. M. .... 43 

Drummond, Col 89 

Dacemet, M. L 179 

Dnckett, Sir 6 27 

Dudley, Rev. J 104 

Dondas, C. J. W. D. 58 

Dwarris, Lady 224 

I>ymoke, Mrs 921 

Dyson, D 170 

Eagle, F. K 138 

Sgerton,W 60 

Elliott, C 153 

ErroU, Countess Dow- 
ager of 209 

Eustace, Rev. C 104 

Evans, W 57 

Fahis, Lady 233 

Famham, Countess of 2il 

Farquharson, Col. .. 71 

Faulkner, Lady B. . . 226 

Fenwick, A. R 298 

Fergruson, J 219 

Fitzclarence, Lord A. 94 

Fitzgerald, Ensign . . 07 

FitzRoy, Lord J 235 

Fitzsimon, C 63 

Fleming, Capt 92 

Fleming, Lieut ^^ 

Florestan, Prince 199 

Fortoul, M 199 

Fowke, SirF. G 25 

Fox, IJeut.-Col 70 

Fox, R. M 60 

Fraser, J. B 149 

Frazer, Lady 234 

Gardnsr, Hon. Oen. 86 

Gardner, R 61 

Gaskell, B 63 

George, Sir R. D 91 

Gibson, Rev. Dr 190 

GlanviUe, Capt 100 

Gloucester and Bris- 
tol, Bishop of...... 112 



Page 

Glynn, Adm 97 

Godby, Adm 91 

Goding, J 227 

Gooch, Sir E. S 28 

Gordon, Capt. J 88 

Gordon, Gen 76 

Gore, Hon. Mrs 212 

Goulbum, Rt. Hon. H . 52 

Graliamstowa, Bp. of ill 

Grant, Sir R. 1 27 

Gray, D 151 

Gray, Mrs. E 222 

Grey, Sir J 37 

Griffiths, Herr 175 

Grimston, Hon. C. . . 78 

Gziswold, J 228 

Guicowar ofBaroda.. 9«3 

Gumey, S 994 

Outhrie, G. J 140 

Guyon, Gen 79 

Gwilt, Rev. D 129 

Gwilt, G 154 

Haooabdv Dr I89 

Halkett, Sir C 46 

Hamilton, G. J. H. . . 936 
Hamilton, Hon. Mrs, 926 

Hamilton, Sir W 99 

Hans, J 157 

Hardinge, Vlseouat. . 19 

Harness, Capt 87 

Harris. Rev. Dr 134 

Hart,SirH 51 

Hartmann, Star J 40 

Harvey, Lady H 9l6 

Hawarden, Viscount.. 15 

Hay, Gen. P 76 

Haydn, J 148 

Heine, Heinrich .... 188 

Henland, H, 166 

Henderson, Capt 90 

Henry, Lady E 911 

Herbert, J. A 179 

Hervey, Lady E 994 

Hill. Rev. 1 196 

Hitchcock, R 167 

Hofltaian, Hon. O. . . 193 

Hope, Hon. Mrs 993 

Hombrook,Lt.-Col. 79 

Hornby, Hon. Mrs. . . 227 

Hort, Lady 994 

Horton, C^ 86 

Hotham, Hon. Adm. . 99 

Hotham, Sir C 99 

Howard, R. B 216 

Howth, the Dowager 

Countess of 930 

Hunter, Alderman . . 930 

Huskisson* Mrs 917 

Hussey, Rev. Dr 199 

Hull, Dr 145 

Hunloke, Star H. J. . . 19 

Hunloke, Sir J 19 



iRviNB, Capt. 



Page 
. 92 



Jbrvis, SirJ 48 

Johnston, Lieut 72 

Johnston, Adm 98 

Johnston, S 234 

Jones, Gen ^% 

Jowett, W 79 



Kay, Rev. P 122 

KeUy, Mrs 217 

Kenyon, J 169 

Kerr, Hon. A. S 229 

King, Adm 92 

King, Hon. and Rev. 

R. F 125 

Kingdon, Dr 144 

Kirk,P 66 

Kirwan, Ueut 75 

Knightley, Lady 227 

Knox, Hon. J.J 63 

Kuper, H. G 934 

Kurschid Pasha 79 



La Force, Countess 190 

Lalor, J 150 

Lalor, P 58 

Lamb, C. J. S. M 935 

Langsdale, Alderman 985 

Larpent, Lady 915 

Lauderdale, Countess 

of 980 

Lechmere, Sir £. H.. . 92 

Lee, Mrs 159 

Lee, T 178 

Leeds, Duchess Dow- 
ager of 997 

Leiningen, Prince of. . 1 

Lennard, T. B 61 

Ley, Paymaster 94 

LiddeU, Hon.T 216 

Undsey, G 994 

Listow^, Earl of ... . 3 

Littler, Sir J. H 96 

Lockhart,W 65 

Lumsden, Provost. .. . 293 

Lnpton, S 140 

Lushington, Hon.Mrs. 215 
Lyon, Rev. Dr 107 



Macartney, Lieut.. . 84 

Macdonald, Gen 73 

Mackenzie, Sir A 18 

Mackenzie, Hon. Miss 919 

Mackenzie, S 148 

Mackenzie, T 66 

Macnamara, W. N. . . 64 
Magawly, Count .... 199 

Blaher, Capt 98 

Malet, Col 84 



INDEX TO BI0GKAPH1E8. 



VU 



Page 

Martinez, S. G 216 

Massey, Hon. 6. L. . . 233 

Massey, Lieut 03 

Masterman, Rev. T.. . 126 

Mathew, Father 130 

Mathews, Mrs. C 176 

Mclan, R. R 170 

McKaffeity, Rev. Dr. . 106 

Meek, Sir J 39 

Menzies, Professor .. 151 

Mercer, J 210 

Mickiewicz, A 207 

Middleton, Lord 16 

Middleton, Mr. and 

Mrs 226 

MiUer, H 171 

Milman, Gen 86 

Monaco, Prince of. . . . 199 

Monk, Bishop 112 

Montebello, Duchess 

de 200 

Moody, Gen 83 

Moore, Rev. Dr 121 

Moore, Rev. H 110 

Moore, Hon. R 233 

Moreton, Hon. Lieut.. 83 

Morrison, Sir J. W. . . 42 

Mowbray, Capt 97 

Mountahi, Rev. J. G.. 126 

Murphy, Bishop L. .. 129 

Murphy, Bishop M. . . 122 

Muskett, C 165 

Nassau, Duchess of. . 1 

Neeld, J 56 

Nepean, Sir M. H. . . 26 

Newton, Lady 231 

Nind, Rev. W 125 

Nisbett, Lady 223 

Norfolk, Duke of ... . 4 
Northouse, Capt 95 

O'Callao^an, Hon. 

G 213 

0'CaUa«han,T 137 

Ongley, Hon. M. H.. . 212 

Onslow, Capt ^^ 

Orioli, Professor 205 

Osborne, Lady 231 

Outram, Sir B. F 35 

Ouvry, Mrs 209 

Palmsr, Mrs 231 

Paris, Dr 147 

Parker, Sir H 21 

Parr, Lieut loi 

Paskiewitch, Prince. . 184 

Pate, R 228 

Pattison, Capt 72 

Pattison, Col 71 

Peacocke, Gen 75 



Page 

Pearson, Dean 128 

Pearson, H ia6 

Pembroke, Countess 

Dowager of. 816 

Pepys, W. H 160 

Perdval. D. M 2S0 

Percy, Hon. Adm 08 

Plnnkett, Lieut 67 

Pottinger, Sir H 19 

Power, Col 82 

Pralormo, Count de. . 183 
Prendergast, Sir J. . . 42 

Price, T 210 

Protheroe, £ 63 

Protheroe, Lady .... 217 
PurgBtall, Yon- Ham- 
mer 204 

QuEBNSBBRRY, Mar- 

quis of 17 

Quintin, M 214 

Ramsat, Col 71 

Ramsay, Hon. Mrs. . . 236 

Ranken, Major 68 

Ravensworth, Lady . . 227 

Ray, H. B 152 

Reach, A. B 166 

Rendel, J.M 166 

Rendiesham, Lady . . 230 

Reynell, Lady E 208 

Ryan, Rev. M 127 

Ripley, R 147 

Rivers, Lieut 102 

Roden,Dowag«rCo«n- 

tess of 234 

Rodney, Hon. M 2l6 

Rogers, Canon 120 

Rolt,SirJ 50 

Romilly, Lady 236 

Rooke, J 152 

Ross, Sir J 44 

Rowcroft, C 229 

Rowlatt, Capt 88 

Radd, Rev. £ 110 

Rudiger, Count 199 

Ruff, W 174 

Russell, C 61 

Rude, M. H 183 

Sadlbir, J 54 

Salter, T 141 

Salvandy, M. de .... 207 
Scarborough, Earl of J 5 

Scarsdale, Lord 16 

Schimmelpenninck, 

Mrs 158 

Scott, R 55 

Seymour, F. C 234 

Sharpe, D 153 

Sherard, Lady J 235 



Page 

Sherbrooke, Lady.... SiS 

Shewell, Col 78 

Shrevrsbury, Countess 

of SM 

Shrewsbury, Eari of. . 9 

Sinclair, Hon. J 20Q 

Sleeman, Sir W. H. . . SS 

Smythe, Sir E. J 19 

SogUa, Cardinal .... ISS 

Spence, Capt 94 

St.Grerman's, Countess 

of 9SS 

St. John, C. W. G. . . 155 

St. John, Rev. E. B. 109 

Stafford, Lady 833 

Standish, W. S 886 

Stoddart, Sir J 35 

Stopford, Brigadier . . 86 

Stovin, Lady 8I6 

Stradbroke, Countess 

of 809 

Strover, Lieut 70 

Stmtt, W 810 

Symes, Adm 89 

Symonds, Sir W 38 

TcMPLB, lieut 7S 

Temple, Hon. Sir W. 43 

Tbellusson, C 811 

Tliierry, A 195 

Thomas, Adm 102 

Thompson, MaJ. H. B. 73 

Thurtell, Capt too 

Hemey, Sir E 85 

TUbmy, Rev. T 120 

ToreUa, Prince de.... 190 

Torrens, Judge 137 

Trelawny, Sir W. S.. . 89 

Trotter, J 68 

Turner, C. W 810 

Unbtt, J. W 140 

Ussher, Mrs 811 

Utterson, Lieut 85 



Valbntia, Viscoun- 
tess 210 

Vestris, Madame .... 176 
Villiers, Hon. Mrs. .. 209 
Von - Hammer - Purg- 

stall 804 

Vorosmarty,M 183 

Wadison, Lieut 93 

Wahlberg, J. F 19s 

WaUen, H 221 

Walpole, Rev. R 109 

Ward, Adm 95 

Warren, Lieut 86 

Watkins, Adm lOi 



Tni 



ISD'EX TO BI06BAPHIES. 



Page 

Webb, Rev.Dr 103 

Weld, 1 156 

WeRt, Capt 84 

Westmaoott, Sir R. . . 45 

Wetherall, Adm 103 

Whaites, Hon. Mrs. . . 985 

Whishaw, F l6l 

White, A 04 

Widdrington, Capt. . . 88 

Wilberforce, Lieut. .. 91 

Wilder, Lady 209 

Wilder, Lieut.-Col. . . 72 



Pare 

Willard, Major 89 

Williams, Dr 146 

Williams, J 212 

Williamson, Rev. J. . . 1 34 
Wilson, Gen. ...;.... 70 

Wilson, Sir J 41 

Wishart, Sir 29 

Wodehonse, Hon. B. 231 

Wombwell, Lady 215 

Wood, Capt 93 

Wood,yexy Rev. Dean 106 
Wood, J 64 



Page 

Woofaner, E isi « 

Woronzoir, Prince . . 206 

Wright, Gen 69 

Wright, W 136 

Wynn, Sir H. W 37 

Yabrbll, W 161 

Young, C 175 

Young, Capt 93 

Young, Lady 228 



ANNUAL BIOGKAPHY, 



EOYALTY. 

THE DUCHESS OF NASSAU. 

July 14th, at Wiesbaden, in her 47th year, her Boyal High- 
ness Pauline, Grand Duchess of Nassau.— The deceased duchess 
was second daughter of the late Prince Paul, brother of the 
present King of Wurtemburg, and second wife and relict of 
William Geor^, late Grand Duke of Nassau. She was a lady 
of highly-cultivated taste and rare endowments, and beloved 
in her own circle. Her royal highness has left two daughters n 
one of whom, the Princess Sophia, is unmarried; the elder, 
fhe Princess Helene, is married to the reigning Prince oi 
Waldeck. She has also left an only son, the Prince Nicholas 
of Nassau, who is favourably known in the highest circles of 
English society. 



THE PRINCE OF LEININGEN. 

November 3rd, of apoplexy, at Wald-Leiningen, aged 62, 
his Serene Highness Charles Frederick William Emich, Prince 
of Leiningen, Hereditary Member and President of the First 
Chamber of Bavaria, and Hereditary Member of the First 
Chamber of the Grand Duchy of Baden. — He was the only son 
of Emich Charles, Prince of Leiningen, by his consort, Victoria- 
Marie-Louisa, second daughter of Francis, Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg-Gotha, now Duchess of Sent, and was the half-brother 
of her Majesty Queen Victoria. He was bom September 12th» 
1804, and succeeded his father July 4th, 1814, in his eleventh 
year. He was declared of age September 12th, 1823. He then 
entered the military service of the King of Bavaria, in which 
he held the rank of lieutenant-general, and colonel in chief 
of the 6th regiment of light cavalry. The prince married, 
February 13th, 1829, Maria, nSe Countess of fcebelsberg, by 
whom he leaves issue two sons — ^Ernest, bom the 9th Novem* 
ber, 1830, and Edward, bom the 6th January, 1833. He Is 
succeeded by his elder son. Prince Ernest Leopold Emich, a 
lieutenant in the British navy, now Prince of Leiningen, and 
who recently distinguished himself in the naval operations in 

B 



2 PEERS. 

the Black Sea, and was appointed, May, 1866, second lieute- 
nant to her Majesty's steam-frigate Magicienne, 

The princedom of Leiningen, or Linange, consists of estates 
in Bavaria, Baden, and Hesse; and the chief residence is 
Amorhach, in Bavaria. The family were first Counts of Lein- 
ingen, being so created about 1400. ttey then became Land- 
graves in 1444, and eventually princes of the empire in 1779. 
They are of the Lutheran persuasion, and so are all the other 
branches of the family, except one, which is Roman Catholic. 
The Duchess of Sent was married to Emich Charles, Prince of 
Leiningen, on the 21st December, 1803, and became his widow 
the 4th July, 1814. She married, secondly, in 1818, his Royal 
Highness Edward, Duke of Kent, but became a second time a 
widow in January, 1820. The Prince of Leiningen, just dead» 
and Anne Feodorowna, present Princess of Hohenlone-Langen- 
borg, were the children of her first marriage. 



ARCHDUCHESS OF AUSTRIA. 

December — , a^d 56, the Archduchess Maria Elizabeth 
Fran9oi8e of Austria, grand-aunt to the present emperor. — She 
was sister of the late Charles Albert, King of Sardinia, and 
married, in 1820, the Archduke Reignier, firth brother of ih» 
Emperor Francis I., but was left a widow in 1863. Her 
husband was formerly Yioeroy of the Lombardo-Yenetian 
kingdom. 



FEEBS. 

MARaUIS OF AILESBURY. 

January 4th, at Tottenham Park, near Marlborough, in hi» 
83rd year, Charles Brudenell-Bruce, Marquis and Earl of 
Ailesbury, K.T., and Rancher of Savernake Forest. — He was 
the only son of the 1st earl, by Susanna, daughter of Henry 
Hoare, Esq., of Stourhead, Wilts, and widow of Yiscount 
Dungarvan. The deceased nobleman was bom in 1773, and 
succeeded to the earldom of Ailesbury on the death of his 
fatibLer, in April, 1814. He was not yet of age when, in 1793, 
he married the Hon. Henrietta Maria Noel, daughter of 
the 1st Lord Berwick, who died in 1831. In 1796 he was 
returned, in the Tory interest, for Marlborough ; and he con* 
tinned to give his support to the Tory ministries of Pitt. 
Percival, and Liverpool, as a member of the Lower House, until 
his accession to the peerage. Living in the circles of fashion- 
able life in London, and attached to the Tory party. Lord 
Ailesbury became very intimate with the Prince Regent, after 
his estrangement £rom the Whig friends of his earlier days ; 
and accoroingly, when the prince succeeded to his father's 
throne, his lordship was chosen for promotion to a marquisate 



LOKD BAGOT. 3 

at the coronation in 1821. Being left a widower in 1831, he 
married, secondly, in 1833, Maria Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Hon. C. Tollemaohe, son of the late Earl of Dysi^ by whom 
he had issue a son. By his former marriage he had four 
daughters — ^the Countess de Madreville, the late Countess 
Danneskiold Samsoe of Denmark, and Lady Mary Anne, all 
deceased, and one who survives, Lady Augusta, married in 
1826 to Thos. Vernon Wentworth, Esq., of W entworth Castle, 
Yorkshire ; besides two sons. The younger son is Lord Ernest 
Bruce, who has sat as the Liberal-Conservative M.P. for Marl- 
borough since December, 1832, and has held the office of Yice- 
Chamberlain to the Queen since 1841, with the exception of the 
few months in 1862 during which Lord Derby was in power. 
The elder son, who is styled by courtesy Earl Bruce, married 
a sister of the Earl of rembroke and the Right Hon. Sidney 
Herbert, and now becomes 2nd Marauis of AHesbury. He was 
bom in 1804, and was summoned to the House of Lords in 1839, 
in his father's barony, as Lord Bruce of Tottenham. 

The Marquis of Ailesbury represents a younger branch of the 
family of the Earl of Cardigan, and indeed is in remainder to 
that title, in event of the present earl dying without a son ; the 
4th Earl of Elgin, who was also 3rd and last Earl of Ailesbury 
of a former creation, having obtained a patent of the barony of 
Bruce in 1746, with special remainder to his nephew, the lion. 
Thomas Brudenell, son of the 3rd Earl of Cardigan. At his 
death, in 1747, the original earldom of Ailesbury became 
extinct, and the earldom of Elgin reverted to the Scotch branch 
of the familv, then represented by Charles, 9th Earl of Kin- 
cardine ; ana these titles are still united in the i>er8on of the 
present Earl of Elgin. 

EARL OF LISTOWEL. 

February 4th, at Morrison's Hotel, Dublin, of paralysis, 
aged 55, the Right Hon, William Hare, 2nd Earl of Lis- 
towel.— He was the son of the late Lord Ennismore, eldest 
son of the 1st earl, and succeeded his grandfather in the 
earldom in 1837. In the following year he was appointed Yice- 
Admiral of Munster, and was M.f . for St. Alban s from 1841 
till 1847. He was a Lord in Waiting on her Majesty in 1840-41, 
and was re-appointed to that post in 1853. He is succeeded 
by his son William, Viscount Ennismore, now 3rd earl; ho 
was bom in 1833, and is an officer in the Scots Fusilier Guards, 
with which regiment he served in the Crimea, and took part in 
the battle of the Alma. 



LORD BAGOT. 

Febraary 12th, at Blithfield, Staffi)rdshire, aged 82, Wil- 
liam, second Lord Bagot, brother of the late Bishop (Bagot) of 
Bath and Wells, and of the late Right Hon. Sir Charles 

B 2 



4 PEEBS. 

Ba^ot, G.C.B., amlmssadoT at Paris, St. Petersburg','' and to the 
United States. — ^The deceased peer, who was educated at West- 
minster and Christ Church, Oxford, and was a fellow of seyeral 
learned societies, succeeded to his title at the age of 25, in 1798, 
and married, fbrstly, a daughter of the first Lord Southampton ; 
and, secondly, the eldest daughter of the late Earl of Dart- 
mouth. He is succeeded in his title by his son William, who 
was bom in 1811, and is married to a sister of Viscount Clifden. 
The present peer, like his father, is a zealous supporter of the 
Tory party, and represented Denbighshire in the Conseryatiye 
interest from 1835 to 1852. 



DUKE OF NORFOLK, K.G. 

February 18th, at Arundel Castle, aged 64, his Grace Henry 
Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk, and Earl Marshal of 
England. — The deceased nobleman, who was Premier Duke in 
the Peerage of the United Kingdom, was bom in 1791. He 
married 1814, the eldest daughter of the first Duke of Suther- 
land, by whom he had issue the Earl of Arundel and Surrey 
(now Duke of Norfolk), Lord Edward Howard, Lord Bernard 
Howard (who died abroad some years ago). Lady Foley, and 
Lady Adeliza, married in 1855 to Lord (George Manners. The 
late duke was Treasurer of the Boyal Household from 1837 to 
June, 1841 ; Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from June to 
September, 1841 ; Master of the Horse from July, 1846, to Febru- 
ary, 1852 ; appointed Lord Steward of the Househola January, 
1853. He was the first Catholic who obtained a seat in the 
House of Commons after the passing of the Relief Bill in 1829 ; 
he sat as M.P. for Horsham &om that year down to the dissolu- 
tion in 1832, and for the western division of Sussex from 1832 
to June, 1841, when he was summoned to the House of Peers in 
his father's barony of Maltrayers. He was also hereditary Earl 
Marshal of England.* 

In November, 1850, during the outcry raised against tbe 
revival of the Papal Hierarcny in England, the duke openly 
separated from the Roman Catholic Church ; he was, however, 
received back again on his sick-bed by the Rev. M.«A. Tierney, 
into the communion in which he had ori^nally been brought 
up, and for which his ancestors had srmered. The present 
duke, who was bom in 1815, married, 1839, the youngest 
daughter of Admiral Sir E. Lyons, Bart., K.C.B., and, by 
her, his lordship has Henry Fitzalan Howard (now Earl of 
Arundel and Surrey), and several sons and daughters. He 
was formerly in the Royal Horse Guards; and represented 
Arundel from 1837 to 1851, and the city of lomerick from 1851 
to 1852. 

The ducal house of Norfolk stands next to the blood royal, at 

* It may not be generally known, that so recently as 1824, a Bill was intro - 
daced into Parliament for enabling Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke, to 
exercise his functions as Earl Marshal legally, he being a Roman Catholic. 



STJKE OF NOBFOLIT, K.6. $ 

the head of the peerage of England, and is the chief of the family 
of Howard, of whose origin Dugdale thus speaks : — ** There are 
those, perhaps, who will expect that I should ascend much higher 
in manifesting the greatness of this honourable and large spread- 
ing family of Howard, in regard I do not mtike any men- 
tion thereof aboye the time of Edward I., some supposing that 
their common ancestor, in the Saxon time, took ms onginal 
appellation from an eminent office or command, others after- 
wards from the name of a place. And some haye not stuck to 
derive him from the famous Here ward, the chief conductor of 
those forces which so stoutlv defended the Isle of Ely, for a 
time, against William the Conqueror and his army. But to 
this last I cannot well assent, oy reason that Ingulph, then, 
Abbot of Crouland. who was his contemporary, affinns that 
Hereward left no other issue than an heir female, named Tnr- 
frida^ wife to Hugh de Eyermue, Lord of Deping, county of 
Lincoln. I shall, therefore, after much fruitless search to 
satisfy myself, as well as others, on this point, begin with Wil- 
liam Howard, a learned and reyerend judge of the Court of 
Common Fleas, for a great part of the reign of Edward I., and 
beginning of that of Edward II." The first celebrated cha- 
racter lin this noble famihr who flourished in that reign was 
William Howard, Chief Justice of the Common Fleas ^m 
1297 to 1308. By the marriage of Sir Robert Howard with the 
heiress of the Mowbrays, Dukes of Norfolk, the family of 
Howard became inseparably associated with the dukedom of 
Norfolk. His son. Sir John Howard, was a strenuous sup- 
porter of the house of York, and was highly favoured by 
Edward IV. 

In 1470, he was summoned to Parliament under the title of 
Lord Howard, and was made captain-general of all the king's 
forces at sea for resisting the attempts of the Lancastrians, 
then rallying under Neyil, Earl of Warwick, the Duke of Cla- 
rence, and others. In 1471» his lordship was constituted 
deputy-goyemor of Calais and the marches adjacent ; and his 
summons to Parliament continued until he was creaied Earl- 
Marshal of End|and and Duke of Norfolk, in 1483 ; when his 
son and heir, Thomas Howard, was created Earl of Surrey. 
The duke had been preyiously invested with the insignia of 
the Garter. His grace was subsequently constituted lordt 
admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine for life. But he 
did not long enjoy these great possessions ; for the next year 
being with Eichara, at Bosworth Field, he fell in the van of 
that prince's army. He was warned by some of his friends to 
refrain from attending his sovereign to the field ; yet he would 
not desert his royal master ; but, as he had faithfully lived 
under him, so he manfully died by his side. After his death, 
the family honours were declared forfeited; but they were 
restored to his son and successor, who afterwaras commanded at 
Flodden. The Howard family was especially conspicuous 
under the Tudors, and shared largely in the political doubles 



6 FEEBS. 

of that age. Amongst the most oelebrated was the ** gentle 
Earl of Surrey," conspicuous aboye all his peers for learning 
and gallantry. His execution was the last tyrannical act of 
Henrv Till. His son, who succeeded on the death of his 
grandfather, was beheaded by Elizabeth for aspiring to the 
hand of the oai>tive Queen of Scots, and the family nonours 
were again forfeited. .They were, however, eventually restored, 
and have been transmitted in direct succession to the present 
duke, who is the 14th possessor of this ancient title. 

The Earls of Suffolk and Carlisle represent younger branches 
of the ducal family of Norfolk, as also do the Howards of 
Greystoke and Corby, and the Earl of Ef&ngham. Some 
interesting remarks on the historic importance of the house of 
Howard will be found in the Quarterly Raview for March, 
1830, p. 288. 

LORD BOSTON. 

March 12th, at Hedsor Lodge, near Maidenhead, aged 79, 
the Right Hon. George Irby, D.C.L., 3rd Lord Boston and a 
baronet. — He was the eldest son of Frederick, 2nd baron, by 
Christiana, only daughter of Paul Methuen, Esq., of Corsham 
House, Wilts, grandfather of the Ist Lord Methuen. He was 
born December 24th, 1777, and married, October 17th, 1801, 
Rachel Ives, eldest daughter and coheir of William Drake, 
Esq., of Amersham, a descendant of the Drakes of Shardeloe 
ana the Gameys of Bayland Hall, and by her (who died 
April 6th, 1830) had issue four sons and six daughters. Of 
the sons three survive ; viz., George-Ives, Augustus^Antony- 
Frederick, and Llewellyn- Charles-Roberts, in holy orders, who 
married, July 1st, 1845, Emily, daughter of Jonathan Bullock, 
Esq., of Faulkbourn, Essex : of his lordship's daughters four 
are married; viz., Mrs. Prowse, the Countess of Orkney, 
Mrs. Edward Hussey, and Mrs. Walter Caulfield Pratt. Lord 
Boston inherited the family honours, as third baron, at the 
decease of his father March 28th, 1825. He is succeeded by his 
eldest son, George Ives, now the fourth Baron Boston, who was 
born September 14th, 1802, and married, January 25tli, 1830, 
Fanny Elizabeth, eldest daughter of W. H. Hopkins Northey, 
Esq., of Oving House, Bucks, by whom he lias issue two 
(laughters and a son, Florence George Henry, bom March 9th, 
1837, a captain of the " King's Own" or " Royal Bucks Militia." 
George, third Lord Boston, the subject of this notice, went to 
Eton at six years of age, where he remained until the a^e of 
sixteen, when he entered the cavalry, and subsequently attained 
the rank of major. His father, Frederick, the second baron, 
being lord of the bedchamber to George III., that monarch 
stood sponsor to the son, the future thirof baron. A very hand-* 
some gold urn, still in possession of the family, was presented 
by his majesty to his godchild on the occasion. The deceased 
peer was a man of the most unostentatious manners and the 



EAItL DI6BT. 



most benevolent and charitable disposition. The house of Irby» 
Lords Boston, is one of considerable antiquity in Lincolnshire. 
Edward Irhj, Esq., M.P. for Boston, was created a baronet in 
1704, and his son William became the £rst Baron Boston in 
1761. — IlliMtrated London News, 



EARL COWPER. 

April 7th, at Maidstone, suddenly, aged 49, the Right Hon. 
Oeorge Augustus Frederick Augustus Cowper, 6th Earl 
Oowper, a Count of the Hol^ Roman Empire and Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Kent. — His lordship had left town early the same 
morning, in order to attend the county sessions at Maidstone, 
where he was taken ill with sudden spasms in the region of the 
heart, of which he died in a few hours. He was the eldest son 
of the late earl, bv Amelia, daughter of the 1st and sister of the 
2nd Viscount Meiboume, who, subsequently to her first hus- 
band's death, married the present Yisoount Palmerston. He 
was bom in 1808, and succeeded to the earldom in 1837. He 
had previously represented Canterbury in the two last unre- 
formed and also in the first reformed parliaments, but held no 
seat in the Lower House after the dissolution in December, 1834: 
during the last two months of his parliamentary life he had 
held the post of Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. 
In 1846 he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Kent, on the 
decease of the Earl of Thanet. In 1833, the late earl married 
Anne Florence, eldest daughter and co-heir of Earl de Grey. 
His only son. Viscount Fordwich, now Francis Thomas, 7th 
Earl Cowper, who is a deputy-lieutenant for Kent and comet 
in the Yorkshire Hussar leomanry, attained his majority in 
June, 18^5. 



EARL DIGBY. 

May 12th, in Brook-street, London, aged 83, the Right Hon. 
Edward Digby, 2nd Earl Digby, Viscount Coleshill, and Baron 
Digby, in the kingdoms of England and Ireland, and Lord- 
lieutenant of Dorset. — He was bom in 1773, and succeeded to 
the peerage on the death of his father, in 1793 ; so tiiat he 
enjoyed the hereditary honours and estates for upwards of 
sixty-three vears. The late earl was a stanch Tory through 
Jife, though nis part in politics was not more conspicuous than 
the jgiving of his vote or proxy always to his party, or using 
the influence of great wealth, high rank, and extensive estates 
in England and Ireland, to return Tory representatives to the 
Hoiue of Commons. As his lordship died unmarried, without 
leaving a direct heir, the earldom became extinct; and the 
barony has descended to his cousin, Mr. Edward St. Vincent 
Digby, son of the late Admiral Sir H. Digby, who also inherits 



mmmmmmmmm^mmmmmmmmmmmmm^m 



8 PBEB6. 

the large entailed estates ; Sherborne Castle and the unentailed 
property, which is very large, going by will to Mr. Wingfield, 
the deceased earl's nephew, who has assumed the name of Digby. 



LORD CAREW. 

June 2nd, at Castleborough, co. Wexford, aged 69, the Right 
Hon. Robert Shapland Carew, 1st Lord Carew. — He was the 
eldest son of R. S. Carew, Esq., M.P. for the city of Waterford 
and 00, Wexford, by the daughter of the Rev. Dr. Pigott, of 
Dysart, Queen's County, He was born in Dublin March 9th» 
1787, and educated at Eton and Ch. Ch. Oxford. He was first 
returned to Parliament in 1812 for co. Wexford, which con- 
stituency he represented in the Liberal interest down to the 
year 1834, when he was elevated to the Irish neerage. He was 
created a peer of the United Xix]£dom at her Majesty's corona- 
tion, in 1838. He was made a !Enight of St. Patrick in 1851, 
and was also for some years lord-lieutenant of Wexford. He 
married, in 1816, Jane Catherine, daughter of Major CliJSe, of 
Ross, by whom he left a familv of two sons and two daughters. 
He is succeeded in his title ana estates by his eldest son, Kobert 
Shapland, now 2nd Lord Carew, who was born in 1818, and sat 
as M.P. for co. Waterford from 1840 till 1847. 

EARL OF CORK AISTD ORRERY. 

June 29th, in Hamilton-place, London, aged 89, the Right 
Hon. Edmund Boyle, X.P. — He was, at the time of his death, 
the senior general officer in the army, and, with but one or two 
exoeptions, the oldest member of the House of Peers. He was 
also the senior Knight of the Order of St. Patrick. He was 
bom October 21st, 1767, and succeeded to the title on his 
facer's death, in 1798, three years after his marriage with 
Isabella Henrietta, daughter of the late Mr. William royntz, 
of Midgham Park, Berks. Though he entered the army in 
August, 1785, his lordship does not appear to haye seen active 
servioe until 1793, when he served in Flanders, and was present 
at the sieges of Valenciennes and Dunkirk, and formed one of 
those who took part in the storming of the former place. In 
1794 he accompanied the expedition sent out under Lord Moira» 
was present at the battle of Alost, and made a prisoner at the 
capitulation of Bergen-op-Zoom. In 1795 he became lieutenant- 
colonel in the 11th or North Devonshire regiment of foot. He 
served with the Guards in Holland in 1799, subsequently aocom* 
panied the expedition to the East under Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
and commanded the first battalion of the Guards in Egypt in 
1801, and was present at the taking of Alexandria, and also in 
the several engagements with the army under the late General 
Sir Eyre Coote, to the westward of Alexandria ; since that time» 
however, he was never actively employed. By his late countess» 
who died in 1843, Lord Cork had several sons, one of whom was 



EABL OF SintXWSBUBY. 9 

the late Hon. Colonel Robert Edward Boyle, who died atYama 
in the summer of 1854. His eldest son Charles, Yiscoimt Dun* 
garvan, died in 1834, leaving: by his wife, a daughter of the 2nd 
•Earl of Howth, two daughters and three sons, the eldest of 
whom, at present M.P. for Frome, and recently married to m 
daughter of the Marquis of Clanricarde, has succeeded to the 
earldom and estates. The late peer never took an active part 
in the political world, but contented himself with giving a 
steady but silent support to liberal measures during the long 
period of fifty-eight years that he occupied a seat in the House 
of Lords, in right of his English title of Lord Boyle of Marston^ 
in the county of Somerset. — Times, 



EARL OF SHREWSBURY. 

August 20th, at Lisbon, aged 23, the Riffht Hon. Bertram 
Arthur Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury. — ^His lordship was 17th 
Earl of Shrewsbury, and Premier Earl of England, the creation 
dating as fax back as 1442 ; he was also Earl of Wexford and 
Waterford. and hereditary Lord Hiffh Steward of Ireland. 
He succeeded to the title on the deatn of the late Earl in No- 
vember, 1852, being at that time under age. Having attained 
his majority, he took his seat in the House of Lords in Fe» 
bruary, 1854. 

The noble family of Talbot of the English branch is one of 
ancient celebrity, and second only to the great houses of Howard 
and Seymour in historic interest. Its founder was a Norman 
noble who must have come over to England with the Conaueror ; 
for Talbot is not a Saxon name, and yet Richard de Talbott is 
mentioned in ** Domesday Book" as holding nine hides of 
land from Walter GitiSu^, Earl of Buckingham. From him the 
Shrewsbury branch in England, and the Talbots of Malahide, 
in Ireland, as well as the untitled but elder branch of Talbots 
of Bashal, Yorkshire (now extinct in the direct male line), can 
trace their pedigree through nearly eight centuries by direci 
descent to the present day. From his second son Hugh, (Gover- 
nor of the Castle of Plessy, in Essex, who afterwards assumed 
the monastic habit, like so many warriors of his time, six gene- 
rations bring us down to Sir George Talbot, Lord Chamberlain to 
King Edward III., by whom he was summoned to Parliament 
as al)aron in a.d. 1331. His son. Sir Richard, Lord of Gode- 
rich Castle, and 2nd Baron, distinguished himself in the wars 
of Edward III., and became great grandfather of Sir John 
Talbot, 6th Baron, summoned to Parliament, in 1409, as Lord 
Talbot de Fumivall. In 1412, the latter illustrious warrior 
was anointed Lord Justice of Ireland, of which he became 
Lord-Lieutenant in a.d. 1414. He subsequently rendered good 
service to his country in the French wars of Henry Y. ; but 
his highest renown was gained under Henry YL, ux>on the 
same held under the Regent Plantagenet Duke of Bedford. It 
is said that his character became far and wide so formidable to 



■^^ 



10 PEEBS. 

the French, owing to the constant success which attended his 
expeditions, that mothers used to hush their children into 
silence hy pronouncing the name of the " Great Dofi^ge Talhot." 
He was attacked, however, h}r Joan of Arc, the Maid of Orleans, 
at Patay, in 1429, when his army was routed and he was 
himself taken prisoner. Being subsequently exchanged, and 
haying gained for himself fresh laurels, he was created Earl of 
Shrewsbury by Xing Edward lY., in 1442. Again resuming 
tiie Lord-Lieutenancy of Ireland, which at that day was 
rather a military than a civil post, and haying been appointed 
Lord High Steward of that country, he was raised to the earl- 
dom of Wexford and Waterfora in a.b. 1446, and thus 
became Premier Earl in the Irish as well as the English peerage. 
Again engaging in foreign warfare, though in the 80th year of 
his age, the earl advanced with a British force to the relief of 
the Castle of GhatUlon, in France, beneath the walls of which 
he was mortally wotmded, and died July 20, 1453, with the 
reputation of having been victorious in above forty different 
battles. His younger son, Lord Lisle, fell dead upon the same 
field. John, the second Earl of Shrewsbury, K.Q., Lord Trea- 
surer, first of Ireland and afterwards of England, was killed 
at the battle of Northampton, in a.d. 1460, while fighting 
under the Bed Bose. He was succeeded by his eldest son, from 
whom the title descended regularly to the 5th Earl, the moi^ 
consistent statesman of Queen Mary's reign, and the only 
nobleman except the Yiscount Montague wno, on Elizabeth's 
accession, opposed the repeal of the act of submission of the 
Houses of Lords and Commons to the authority of the See of 
Borne, which had been carried into effect in the preceding 
reign. Though thus strongly attached to the religion of his 
forefathers. Queen Elizabeth retained him in her service, and 
even admitted him to her Privy Council. His son, the 6th 
Earl, is known to history as the most wealthy and powerful 
peer of the realm, and the guardian to whose custody the per- 
son of Mary Queen of Scots was intrusted by Elizaoeth. On 
the death of the 8th earl, in 1617, the title reverted to a dis- 
tant cousin, Mr. George Talbot, of Grafton, as great-great- 
grandson of the 2nd earl ; and from him it descended regularly 
to Charles, 12th earl, who, having conformed to the Esta- 
blished Church, became a prominent statesman in the reigns 
of William III., Mary, Anne, and George I., under whom he 
held the highest offices, and bv whom he was rewarded with 
the dukedom of Shrewsbury ana the Kni^htJiood of the Garter. 
At his death, in 1717* the dukedom expired ; and it is not a 
little singular that from that day to this the earldom has never 
passed directly from a father to a son. The 13th earl, being a 
Jesuit priest, of course did not assume the title, which accord- 
ingly passed to the son of his brother George, as 14th earl, and 
the la^t of his male descendants is now deceased. Burke 
and Dodd are accordingly mistaken in counting eighteen 
instead of seventeen Earls of Shrewsbury. It would be 



EABL OF SHBEWSBXTBY. 11 

alike tedions and profitless to trace the exact pedigree for 
the last century, wnich merely exhibits a series of nephews 
and cousins inheriting in succession ; we will, therefore, only 
mention that the son and the nephew of John, 16th earl, hav- 
ing died during their minority, Bertram Arthur Talbot, in 
1846, became heir-presumptiye to the Shrewsbury title and 
estates, to which he succeeded as 17th earl, as we have already 
stated, towards the close of the year 1852. 

His lordship was the only surviving son of the late Lieute- 
nant-Colonel Charles Thomas Talbot, nephew of Charles, 1 5th 
earl, by Julia, third daughter of the late Sir Henry Joseph 
Tichbome, Bart, (since remarried to Capt. Washington Hib- 
bert, of Bilton Grange, near Rugby), and was bom December 11, 
1832. He was educated almost entirely by private tutors, 
imder the roof of Alton Towers, by the late earl and countess, 
to whom he was devotedly attached. He was premier earl in 
the English and Irish peerages, Yice-Admiral of Cheshire, a 
Deputy-Lieutenant for Staffordshire, and High Steward of All- 
brighton in the same county ; he also held the honorary dis- 
tinctions of a Knight Commander of Malta, and a Knight 
Grand Cross of the Order of Pope Pius IX., and was nominated 
a Knight of the Order of St. Patrick a few days before his death. 
Lord Shrewsbury also claimed the office of Hereditary Lord 
High Steward of Ireland, and his claim was under the consi- 
deration of the House of Lords, having been referred to a Com- 
mittee of Privileges, when his death supervened. 

The earl, whose health had always been weakly, became 
seriously indisposed at Paris, where he luid spent uie spring, 
and where he had exhibited symptoms of pulmonarv disease of 
an alarming kind; he recovered, however, ^m this attack, 
which had been rendered more serious by the concurrent illness 
aod death of the late Coantess of Shrewsbury, who was reaid- 
infl^ with him. 

Lord Shrewsbury was a person of singularly mild and 
gentle disposition, and of rehned and elegant tastes ; he was 
an accomplished scholar, especially in modem languages, of 
which his long residence upon the continent had made him 
a perfect master. His charities were most extensive, and* 
humanly speaking, his death must prove a ** heavy blow and 
great discouragement " to the prospects of the Roman Catholic 
religion in this country. He has left two sisters, both recently 
raised by her Majesty to the precedence of the aau^hters of an 
earl. Ihe elder sister. Lady Annette, was married in January, 
1855, to Sir Humphrey de Trafford, of Trafford Park, Lan- 
cashire. The property of Alton Towers and the other estates 
have been devised by the will of the late earl to Lord Edmund 
Bernard Howard, the infant son of the present Duke of Norfolk, 
with remainder to his grace's other younger sons, and to his 
brother. Lord Edward Howard, M.P., who is married to the 
late earl's cousin, Miss Augusta Talbot. 

The earldom of Shrewsbury has since become the subject of 



12 PEEKS. 

what promises to be a protracted litigation before the House of 
Lords. It is claimed by Earl Talbot of Jngestre, and by Major 
Talbot of Castle Talbot, oo. Wexford. 



YISCOTJOT HARDINGE, a.C.B. 

Sept. 24th, at South Park, near Tunbridgre Wells, aged 71 1 
Fiela-Marshal Viscount Hardinge, G.C.B. — He was a member 
of a family which has been seated for many generations at 
King's-Newton Hall, Derbyshire, and is said to have been origi- 
nally of Danish extraction. His lordship's father was the late 
Rev. Henry Hardinge, rector of the wealthy living of Stanhope, 
in the county of Durham ; his mother was a daughter of James 
Best, Esq., of Chatham. His eldest brother is the present Kev. 
Sir Charles Hardinge, rector of Crowhurst, Sussex, and vicar 
of Tunbridge. 

Henry, 3rd son of the above Rev. Henry Hardinge, was 
borne at Wrotham, Kent, March 30th, 1785, and entered the 
army as ensign in afoot regiment in 1798. He served on the 
staff of Sir John Moore at Corunna, and was by that gallant 

feneral's side at the moment when he received his fatal wound, 
during the greater part of the Peninsular campaigns, he was 
deputy quartermaster-general of the Portuguese army. He was 
present at Roleia and Yimiera (where he was wounded), at the 
passage of the Douro, at Busaco, Torres Yedras, and at Albuera» 
where he distinguished himself by his presence of mind. The 
day was won by a happy manoeuvre, executed by young Har* 
dinge, without orders and on his own responsibility. He was at 
the two sieges of Badajoz and Salamanca, Yittoria, Pampeluna, 
the Pyrenees, NiyeUe, Nive, and Orthes ; and he returned from 
the Peninsula already marked out for high promotion. In ISld^ 
we find him serving as brigadier-general under the duke of 
Wellington, in Flanders ; he was severely wounded in the left 
hand at Ligny, on the 16th of June, and consequently was 
unable to take a part in the victory of Waterloo. For his ser-r 
vices in Spain and Flanders, however, he was made a K.C.B.» 
at the conclusion of the war. 

In 1820, Sir Henry Hardinge was returned for the city of 
Durham, in the Tory interest, and after having sat eight years in 
Parliament, in 1828 he was appointed as clerk of the Ordnance, 
a post which he exchanged a few months afterwards, on the 
accession of the duke of Wellington to office, for that of the 
Secretaryship at War, in which he succeeded Lord Palmerston. 
In 1830 he was tranferred by the duke to Ireland, as chief 
secretary to the Irish Administration. A good story is told 
respecting this preferment. Sir Henry wished to dechne it, on 
the ground of a want of oratorical skill. The duke, who loved 
a pointed apophthegm above all things, replied, " Hardinge, 
you will get on capitally, if you take care to speak only about 
what you understand, and never quote Latin." He retired 



YISCOTTNT EABDIKGE, G.C.B, 13 

^m office, with the duke and his party towards the close of 
the same year, hut andn resumed his appointment in Ireland, 
under the short-livea administration of the late Sir Rohert Peel, 
in the winter of 1834-35. During the g^reater part of this time 
he had represented in Parliament the horoughs of St. German's, 
Newport, and Laonceston : for the latter constituency he con- 
tinea to sit without interruption, until the early part of 1844, 
when a change in his fortunes took place. In that year he was 
nominated by the imited yoices of the Government and the 
Board of East-Indian Directors, to supersede Lord Ellen- 
borough, as Goyernor-General of India. On reaching the East, 
he found everything at peace, and began to devote his attention 
to the social and commercial improvement of the country. But 
the Sikhs were anxious for a rupture, and crossed the Sutlej in 
vast numbers. The Govemor-Greneral was an old soldier, and 
not a civilian. He had a soldier's heart within him, and the 
nulitary spirit, after an interval of thirty years, showed itself 
such as it had often on the hills of Spain and on the plains of 
Flanders. The governor-general sunk his civil office in the 
soldier, and offered to take the command of a division under 
Sir Hugh, now Lord Gough. He was personally engaged in 
every battle with the Sikh forces; at Moodkee, Ferozeshah, 
andChilianwaUah, displaying on each field the self-same readi- 
ness and resource, the same forgetfolness of self, and the same 
tender care for the British soldier, which had all along distin- 
guished his previous career. We have not space to record here 
a detailed account of each separate engagement, though each 
engagement was a victory— now dearlv purchased is to be 
learned from the long list of the killed and wounded. It is 
enough to say, that, after three bloody victories, the Sikh inha- 
bitants of the Puivjab were forced to retire into their owii 
country and to sue for peace. Sir Henry Hardinge and Sir 
Hugh Gough were immediately rewarded with peerages and 
I)ensions from the British nation, and received the public thanks 
of both Houses of Parliament. 

Under the Earl of Derby's administration Lord Hardinge 
accepted the post of Master-General of the Ordnance ; but this 
office he held for only a brief period. In September, 1852, the 
Duke of Wellington died, and the post of General Commanding- 
in-Chief was offered to and accepted by Lord Hardinge. As 
Commander-in-Chief, his lordship had to administer the whole 
patronage of the Horse Guards, and to incur the chief responsi- 
bility of an arduous war, for which, as a nation, we were but 
little prepared. How his lordship discharged its duties it will 
be for posterity to form a more impartial judgment than we cui 
pretend to give. Lord Hardin^re was seized with a paralytic 
attack in the presence of her Maiestv, while about to be present 
at a review of the troops at Aldershott, in the July before his 
death ; and though he appeared for some time to rally from the 
seizure, and was able to be removed to his country seat in Sent, 
yet witlun the last few days of his life his health grew weaker, 



U PEEBS. 

aad a change for the worse set in on the day before his 
decease. 

Lord Hardinge was raised to the rank of a field-marshal in 
October, 1855 ; and he had held the colonelcy of the 57th foot 
for upwards of twelve years. In 1821 he married the Lady 
Emilia Jane Stewart, daughter of Robert, Ist Marquis of Lon- 
donderry, and widow of John James, Esq., eldest son of the late 
and father of the present Sir Walter James, Bart, by whom he 
had two daughters and two sons, the elder of whom, the Hon. 
Cluirles Stewart Hardinge, now Yisconnt Hardinp^, had sat for 
Downpatrick since 1851. His lordship was bom m 1822, and is 
married to the Lady Layinia Bingham, daughter of the Earl of 
Lucan. He held the post of secretary to his father when 
Governor-General of India. His next brother, the Hon. Arthur 
Edward Hardinge, captain in the Coldstream Guards, served 
on his father's staff at Moodkee and the other battles, and we 
believe was the only staff officer who was not either killed or 
wounded in that deadly encounter. 

The following is the order issued from the Horse Guards on 
his lordship's death : — 

I* The QrUeen desires to make known to the army her sincere 
grief at the loss of that great and eminent soldier Field-Marshal 
Yiscount Hardinge. A few weeks only have elapsed since, 
yielding to the request of the field-marshal, whose nealth had 
given way under the arduous duties of his office, the Queen 
reluctantly accepted his resignation of the chief command of 
her army. The assiduous labour of a long public and eventful 
eareer, during which Viscount Hardinge held some of the 
highest offices of the state, terminated too soon a life fertile in 
resources, and of unwearied perseverance and devotion to duty. 
The QrUeen has a hi^h and grateful sense of Lord Hardinge's 
valuable and unremitting services, and in his death deplores 
the loss of a true and devoted friend. No sovereign ever 
possessed a more honest and faithful counsellor, or a more 
loyal, fearless, and devoted servant. His Eoyal Highness 
commanding-in-chief has a gratification in publishing her 
Majesty's feelings and sentiments (in which he sincerely par- 
ticipates^ on this melancholy occasion, and is confident that the 
army will equally lament the loss of one whose whole mind was 
applied to the promotion of their efficiency and welfare." 



LORD DE FREYNE. 

September 29th, in London, aged 61, the Right Hon. Arthur 
French, Ist Lord De Frevne. — He was the eldest son of the late 
Arthur French, Esq., of French Park, co. Roscommon, by the 
daughter of Edmund Costello, Esq. He was bom in 1795, and 
from 1820 till the dissolution in 1832 was M.F. for his native 
county of Roscommon, which his father had represented before 
him for forty-five years. In 1839 he was raised to the English 



EABL OF BAKSON. 15 

peerage, vhioh his father and grand&ither had hoth declined to 
accept, and in 1861 obtained a fresh grant of the title, with 
remainder to his brothers. He has been aooordinglv snooeeded 
in the barony by his next brother, the Rev. John French, 
rector of Grange oilya, co. Kilkenny, now 2nd Lord De Freyne. 



VISCOUNT HAWABDEN. 

October 12th, at Dundrum, near Cashel, aged 76, the Ri^ht 
Hon. Comwallis Maude, 3rd Viscount Hawaxden, in the Irish 
Peerage. — He was second but eldest surviying son of the 1st 
viscount, and was bom in 1780. He succeeded his brother in 
1807. He never sat in the House of Commons, but was chosen 
a representative peer for Ireland in 1836j and supported the 
Conservative party. He was a lord in waiting on her Majesty 
from 1841 to 1846, and a^in during Lord Derby's tenure of 
office in 1862. He married, in 1811, the youngest daughter 
of Patrick Crawford Bruce, Esq., of Taplow Lodge, Bucks, but 
was left a widower in 1862. He is succeeded in the title by his 
eldest son Comwallis, late captain in the 2nd Life Guards, now 
4th viscount. His lordship was bom in 1817, and married, in 
1846, the eldest daughter of the late Admiral the Hon. Charles 
Elpmnstone-Fleming. 

EARL OF SCARBOROUGH. 

October 28th, at Sandbeck Park, Yorkshire, aged 68, the 
Right Hon. John Lumley Savile, 8th Earl of Scarborough. — He 
was bom in 1788, and succeeded his father, the 7th earl, in 
1836. He sat in the Lower House, in the Liberal interest, as 
M.P. for Nottinghamshire, from 1826 until his accession to the 
peerage. He was for several years Lord-Lieutenant and Custos 
Kotulorum of Notts. He lived and died unmarried. Havinr 
left no legitimate issue, his lordship constituted his cousin ana 
successor to the title. Richard George Lumley, Esq., of Tickhill 
Castle, his heir ; and the new earl nas inherited tiie estate at 
Sandbeck, the Lumley property in Lincolnshire, and the funily 
castle and estates in Durham. The present (9th) Earl of Scar- 
borough is the onlj son of Frederick Lumley, Esq., bv Charlotte^ 
daughter of the Right Rev. George de la Poer Beresford, Bishop 
of !cdlmore. He was married on the 28th of October, 1846, to 
Frederica Mary Adeliza, second daughter of Andrew Robert 
Drummond, Esq., by whom he has several children. 



EARL OF BANDON. 

October 31st, suddenly, at Castle Bernard, Bandon, co. Cork, 
aged 71, the Right Hon. James Bernard, 2nd Earl of Bandon 
in the Irish Peerage. — He was the eldest son of the 1st earl by 
a daughter of the 2nd Earl of Shannon. He was born at Cas* 



16 PEEBS. 

tie Bernard in 1785, and suooeeded his father in the earldom in 
1^30. He represented the borough of Bandon, on Tory prin- 
ciples, for some years in the House of Commons, and was 
ohosen one of the representatiye peers for Ireland, in 1835. He 
vas anpointed Lord-Lieutenant of co. Cork in 1842. He is 
suooeeaed in the title by his eldest son Francis, Yisoount Ban- 
don, who was bom in 1810, and sat for Bandonbridge from 
1842 till his accession. He is married to the eldest daughter 
of T. Whitmore, Esq., of Apley, Salop. 



LOBJ) MIDDLETON. 

Noyember 5th, at WoUaton Hall, Notts, aged 77> the Right 
Hon. Digbjr WiUoughby, Lord Middleton.—The deceased peer 
was bom in 1769, and was the only surviving son of lir. 
Francis Willoughb^, of Hesley, Notts (son of the second son 
of the first Lord Middleton), by Octavia, daughter and co-heir 
of Mr. Francis Fisher, of the Grange, near Grantham, and 
succeeded his cousin Henr^, 6th Lora. Middleton, June 19th. 
1835. The late lord was in early life a captain in the royal 
navy, and was first lieutenant on board the Culloden, in Lord 
Howe's celebrated action off Ushant on the 1st of June, 1794. 
He is succeeded in his title and estates by Mr. Henry Wil^* 
loughby, of Settrington House, Yorkshire, eldest son of Mr. 
Henry Willoughby, of Birdsall, Notts, for several years M.P. 
for Newark, by Charlotte, eldest daughter of the Venerable 
John £vre, of Babworth, Notts, and formerly Archdeacon of 
Nottingham. The present (eighth) Lord Middleton was bom 
in 1817> and married in 1843, Julia Louisa, only daughter of 
Mr. Alexander Bosville, of Thorpe and Gunthwaite, East 
riding of Yorkshire. The family of which he is now the 
re|)re8entative descends from Sir John Willou&rhby. a Norman 
knight, on whom the Conqueror conferred the lordship of Wil- 
loughby, in Lincolnshire, and who was common ancestor of the 
Barons WiUourfiby de Eresby, Willoughby de Broke, and 
Willoughby de Farham, the last of which titles became extinct 
in 1779. The Middleton branch descends from Sir Christonher 
Willoughby, whose youngest son, Sir Thomas, became Lord 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in the reiga of Henry YIII. 
The judge married a second daughter of Sir Kobert Bead, and 
had issue a son, Robert, who married Dorothy, daughter of Sir 
Edward Willoughby, of Wollaton Hall, by which the WoUa- 
ton estates came into the familv. The family was ennobled in 
the person of Sir Thomas Middleton, who was elevated to the 
peerage the 31st of December, 1711. 



LORD SCARSDALE. 

November 12th, at Kedleston Hall, near Derby, apred 75, the 
Right Hon. Nathaniel Curzon, 3rd Lord Scarsdale, of Soarsdal^ 



MABQnS OF QinSENSBEBHY. 17 

in the county of Derby, and a Baronet. — He was the elder son 
of Nathaniel, the 2nd baron, by his iirstwife, Sophia Susannah, 
third daughter of Edward, first Viscount Wentworth, and coheir 
of her brother Thomas, second and last Viscount Wentworth. 
He was bom in January, 1781, and succeeded his father, as 3rd 
Baron Scarsdale, January 27th, 1837. His lordship was unmar-' 
ried, and the honours consequently deyolve on his nephew, the 
Rev. Alfred JJ^athaniel Holden Curzon, of Kedleston, Derbyshire, 
now fourth Baron Scarsdale, the second son of his lorasMp's 
half-brother, the late Hon. and Rev. Alfred Curzon, who was 
bom in 1831, and was married, in 1856, to Blanche, daughter of 
J. Pocklington Senhouse, Esq. His elder brother, George 
Nathaniel, was killed by a fall from his horse, June 17th, 1855. 
Lord Scarsdale's death caused the abeyance of the barony of 
Wentworth to terminate in favour of his first cousin, the only 
surviving coheir, Anne Isabella, Lady Byron, widow of the 
poet. Her ladyship, therefore, becomes, in her own right. 
Baroness Wentworth. 

The late lord was eccentric and retired in his habits. He seldom 
ventured beyond the walls of his secluded hall (five miles distant 
from Derby), and mixed with no society. His lordship died 
without a will, but gave directions for various sums of money 
to be paid to his domestics after his decease. He was also most 
particular in leaving directions respecting his interment, which 
ne desired might be strictly private. He expressed a particular 
wish that he might not be interred in the family vault in 
Xedleston church, but in a secluded part of the churchyard, in 
a plain oak coffin ; the grave to be of an ordinary depl^ ; and a 
plain marble slab, in addition to his name, to bear the follow-* 
mg inscription : — ** Into Thy hands I commend my spirit, for 
Thou hast redeemed me, Lord, Thou God of Trutn. 



MARQUIS OF aUEENSBERRY. 

December 19th, at Edinburgh, aged 76, the Most Noble John 
Douglas, 6th Marquis of QrUeensberry. — He was also Earl of 
Q,ueensberry, Viscount of Drumlanrig, and Baron Douglas of 
Hawick and Tibbers, in the peerage of Scotland, and a baronet 
of Nova Scotia. He was third son of Sir William Douelas, 
Bart., of Kelhead, descended from the Hon. Sir William 
Douglas, second son of the &rst Earl of Queensberry. He was 
born in 1780, and married in 1817» his cousin Sarah, third 
daughter of Major James Sholto Douglas, who survives him, 
and by whom he left issue a son and daug[hter — ^namely, Vis- 
count Drumlanrig, M.P., and Lady Georgiana Douglas. The 
late peer succeeded to the family honours on the death of his 
elder brother Charles, 5th marquis, December 3rd, 1837, and is 
succeeded in the marquisate by his only son, Archibald Wil- 
liam, Viscount Drumlanrig, M.P. for Dumfriesshire, and lord- 
lieutenant of that county, to which he was appointed on the 



18 3ABQKETS. 

TOBignatioii of his father. He was bom in 1818, and married^ 
in 1643, Caroline Margaret, daughter of General 8ir W, £. 
Clayton, Bart. The present marqais was eleoted in 1847» for 
Ihimfriesshire, and at the general election of 1852, he was again 
letnrned to the House of uommons unopposed. On the forma- 
tion of the Earl of Aberdeen's ministry, he was appointed 
Oomplxoller of her Majesty's Household, but resigned niat post 
a few months before his aocession to the peerage. 



BARONETS. 

SIR A. MACKENZIE. 

January 3rd, at Kinellan Lodge, co. Ross, iN*. B., aged Si, 
fiir Alexander Mackenzie, of Cool, Bart. — He had suffered 
severely from organic disease, under which his oonstitation 
sunk, enfeebled by a long residence in India. Sir Alezaxider 
wais bom January 10th, 180d« and was edueated at Edinburgh 
and Hounslow. He entered the East-Indian army as a eaaet 
in 1826, and joined the llth Bengal Natiye Infantry. Besides 
minor campaigns, for which medals were not given. Sir Alex- 
ander was present at the siege and capture of Bhurtpove, 
I826->26, and had the medal. He served as Deputy Judge- 
Advocate-»General with the army of Gwalior, and had a horse 
killed under him at the battle of Maharaj pore, in December, 
1843. He took part also in the first campaign on the-Sutlej^ 
1845-46, but was not engaged in any of the battles. He suc- 
ceeded to the title on his father's death in 1848, and retired 
from the service in 1861. Daring the few years that he enjoyed 
the patrimonial estate, the deceased baronet was much esteemed 
as a landlord, and took an active interest in county and rural 
affieiirs. He was a zealous supporter of the Liberal interest. He 
was a person of great natural and acquired talen1», and of a 
most amiable, honourable, and generous disposition. 6ir Alex- 
ander was never married ; his title and estate descend to his 
brother William, born May 28th, 1806. 

The Mackenzies of Coal date from the seventeenth century. 
The founder of the family was Alexander Mackenzie, brother 
of Kenneth Mackenzie, Baron of Kintail. He died in 1650, and 
was succeeded by his son Kenneth, who was created a Baronet 
of Nova Scotia, October 16th, 1673. The representative of the 
family in 1715 joined in the Earl of Mar's rebellion, and was 
included in the act of attainder passed against Mar and his 
adherents ; but, dying without male issue, and the attainder 
not extending to collateral branches, the title and estates de- 
volved upon his brother, and have since continued in regular 
lineal descent. 



RIGHT nOX. SIR H. POTTIXGEB, G.C.B. 19 



SIR H. J. HUNLOKE AND SIR J. HUXLOKE. 

February 8th, in Graf ton-street, London, agfed 43, Sir Henry 
Joseph Hnnloke, Bart., of Wiagerworth, near Chesterfield. — 
He was the only son of Sir Thomas Windsor Hnnloke, 4th 
baronet, bv Anne, eldest danghter of Thomas Eooleston, Esq., of 
Scarisbrick Hall, co. Lancaster. He was bom in 1812, suc- 
ceeded to the title in 1816, and Hved and died unmarried. He 
was much attached to the study of zoolo^, and had formed a 
curious collection of rare animals at Wmgerworth. He was 
succeeded in the title by his uncle James, of Birdholme, Derby- 
shire, who thus became the last male representative of an 
ancient Roman Catholic family of great wealth and respecta- 
bility. He was bom in 1782, and died June 22nd,- 1856. As he 
was never married, the title has become extinct by his decease. 
The 1st baronet was a distinguished adherent of the royal cause, 
and was rewarded with his title by King Charles 1. for his 
services in the civil wars. 



SIR F. COX. 

March 9th, at Mount Town, oo. Dublin, aged 87, Sir FTanois 
Cox, of Dumnanway, oo. Cork. — He was the second son of 
iRiohard Cox, Esq., of Castletown, co. Kilkenny, and mnds^ 
of the Right Rev. Dr. Michael Cox, some time Arehbishop of 
Cashel. He wus bom in 1769, succeeded to the title in 1846, 
and married in 1803, Anna Maria, daughter of the late Sir John 
Ferns, by whom he left no male issue. He is accordingly suc- 
ceeded by his nephew Hawtrey. 



SIR E. J. SMYTHE. 

March 11th, at Acton Burnel, Salop, aged 70, Snr Edward 
Joseph Smythe, Bart. — He was born 1787, and sucoeedcd his 
father in April, 1811. In 1809, he married Frances, daughter 
of Sir Edward Bellew, Bart., of Barmeath, co. Louth, and 
sister of the present Lord Bellew. In 1831, the late baronet 
was appointed high sheriff of this county, being the first gentle- 
man or the Roman Catholic religion who had filled that office 
for very many years. Sir Edward Smythe was buried in the 
chapel attached to the Hall at Acton Burnel. After the f unei*al 
was concluded, the Catholic custom of giving a dole of bread to 
the poor of the parish was observed. Seventy shilling loaves, 
according to the years of the late baronet, were distributed by 
the chaplain. — Abridged from the Shrewsbury Chronicle. 



RIGHT HON. SIR H. POTTINGER, G.C.B. 

March 18th, at Malta, aged 66, the Right Honourable Sir 
Henry Fottinger, G.C.B — He was descended from a family 

c 2 



20 BAliONETS. 

which settled in Ireland ahout the middle of the sixteenth cen- 
tury ; his father was the late Eldred Curwen Pottinger, Esq., 
of Mount Pottinger, co. Down, and his mother was Anne, daugn- 
ter of Kobert Gordon, Esq., of Florida House in the same 
county* He was bom in 1789, and went to India in 180^ as a 
cadet in the civil service. He was successively judge and col- 
lector at Ahmednuggur, in the Deccan, and poutical agent in 
Cutch and Scinde, and for some time president of the regency of 
the former province. When Lord Auckland was raised to an 
earldom, in 1839, and Sir John Eeane to a baronetcy. Major- 
General Henry Pottinger was also raised to .the baronetage, as 
a token of the appreciation felt in England of his ability and 
energy. The foUowing sketch of his subsequent life we have 
abridged from the Times : — 

'* In the year 1840, as is ^nerally known, differences, con- 
nected for the most part with the opium trade, broke out be- 
tween this country and the emperor of China, Accordingly, 
early in 1841, Sir Henry was selected by her Majesty's govern- 
ment to discharge the office of a mediator, and was ordered to 
proceed to China, as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipo- 
tentiary, for the purpose of adjusting the matters in dispute. 
He joined Admiral Sir William Parker at Bombay, about the 
end of June in that year, immediately after the surrender of 
the city of Canton to the British forces under General (now 
Lord) Gough, supported by the fleet under the late Sir H. le 
Fleming Senhouse and Sir Gordon Bremer ; and he arrived off 
Canton, in the Seaostris, towards the end of the following 
month. At the same time he was gazetted Superintendent of 
tiie British Trade in China. Whatever may be the opinion en- 
tertained as to the policy of our war with China, it is certain 
that China became the Held on which the diplomatic ability of 
the late Sir Henry Pottinger was most fully and fairly exhi- 
bited. The militsurv and naval operations of the British forces 
at Amoy were well supported bv the arts of diplomacy, and 
the genius and far-sightedness oi Sir Henry Pottinger contri- 
buted in no slight decree to bring to a successful issue our pro- 
tracted hostilities with the crafty Chinese. The result of these 
operations, as all our readers are aware, was to throw open a 
commerce with 330,000,000 natives ; and the terms of the treaty 
with which the war was concluded in 1842, ' were such as to 

five universal satisfaction, not merely on account of the palpa- 
le and self-evident benefits arising from free trade with sucli 
an extended population, but also from the strong precautions 
that have been taken to prevent abuses.' In May, 1844. he was 
sworn a member of the rrivy Council, and a pension of £1,500 
a year was settied upon him by a vote of the House of Com- 
mons. In September, 1846, he was again chosen for active ser* 
vice, being appointed to the governorship of the Cape of Good 
Hope, in succession to Sir Peregrine Maitland, and discharged 
that office with great address and energy through a very trou- 
bled period, until September, 1847f when he was relieved by the 



SIR B. D. GE0B6E, CB. 21 

present General Sir Harry G. W. Smith, G.C.B. In 1847, he 
went again to India, the scene of his early services, and held 
the post of Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Presi- 
dency of Madras, until the year 1854, when he finally returned 
to England. In every relation of life, the name of Sir Henry 
Pottinger commanded the respect and esteem of all who had 
been brought into connection with him ; his administration of 
affairs in India, China, and Africa has been uniformly excel- 
lent, and we only re-echo public opinion when we say, that we 
have seldom had. occasion to regret an officer who has rendered 
greater services to the crown and country. By his wife, the 
eldest daughter of Richard Cooke, Esq., of Dublin, he left an 
only daughter, married to R. Stephens, Es(][., and two sons, of 
whom the elder, now Sir Frederick William Pottinger, was 
bom in 1831, and was formerly a lieutenant in the Grenadier 
Guards." 



SIR A. BURNETT. 

March 20th, at his residence in Scotland, aged 67, Sir Alex- 
ander Burnett, 9th Baronet, of Leys, co. Aberdeen. — He was 
the second son of Sir Robert Burnett, who served through the 
American war in the Scotch Fusiliers. He was born Dec. 17th, 
1789, went to India in 1810, in the East-India Company's mili- 
tary service. On returning to England, he resided entirely at 
home, and was never married. With the exception of being 
a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for co. Kincardine, he 
held no preferment or post of any kind, but devoted himself 
entirely to rural pursuits. He is succeeded by his eldest sur- 
viving brother, now Sir James Horn Burnett, 10th baronet. 



SIR H. PARKER. 

March 21strat Devonport, aged 71, Sir Hyde Parker, Bart., of 
Melford Hall, Suffolk. — He was the younger son of Sir Henry 
Parker, 6th baronet, bj' Bridget, daughter of W. Cresswell, 
Esa., and succeeded to the title, as 8th baronet, on the death 
of nis elder brother in 1830. • He was a deputy-lieutenant for 
Suffolk, and represented the western division of that county, in 
the Liberal interest, in the first reformed Parliament. He died 
unmarried, and is succeeded by his cousin, now Sir William 
Parker, who is a Captain in the army on the staff, and was mar- 
ried in 1855, to Mary, daughter of N. C. Bamardiston, Esq. 



SIR R. D. GEORGE, CB. 

March 30th, in London, aged 59, Sir Rupert Dennis George, 
Baronet. He was the second but eldest surviving son of Sir 
Rupert George, 1st baronet, by Margaret, daughter of T. 



22 BIBONEIS. 

Cochren, Esq., of Halifax. He Bucoeeded as 2nd baronet, in 
1828, and formerly held the post of Provincial Secretary of Nova 
Scotia. He was never mamed, and the title has consequently 
become extinct. 



SIR E. H. LECHMERE. 

April 2nd, at the Rhyd, near Worcester, aged 63, Sir Edmnnd 
Hungerford Lechmere. Bart. — He was the eldest son of Sir 
Anthony Lechmere, the 1st baronet, by Mary, daughter of 
Joseph Berwick, Esq., of Hallow Park, Worcestershire. He 
was Dorn in 1792, educated at Westminster, and Christ Church, 
Oxford. In 1819, he married the Hon. Maria Clara Murray, 
daughter of the Hon. David Murray, and one of the maids of 
)ionour to Queen Charlotte. He succeeded to the baronetcy in 
1849. He was a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for his native 
county, of which he was high-snenff in 1852. He was an 
amiable and excellent country gentleman, and exemplary in 
private life. He has left two daughters, one of whom is married 
to E. P. Shirley, Esq., M.P. for South Warwickshire; and also 
a son, Edmund Anthony Harley, now 3rd baronet. An inter- 
esting account of the Lechmere family will be found in '' leash's 
Worcestershire," vol. L, under Hanley Castle. 



SIR W. HAMILTOK^. 

May 6th, at 16, Great King-street, Edinburgh, a^ed 56, Sir 
William Hamilton, Bart., Professor of Logic and Metaphysics 
in the University of Edinburgh, and the greatest logician and 
metaphysician of the age. — His death was the result of a paralytic 
seizure of many years' duration. He was 3rd baronet of his line 
in possession, iut 9th dejure, and was bom in 1789. His father 
was a professor of anatomy in Glasgpow University, and Sir 
William was served heir male on his death, in 1816. He had 
already distinguished himself at Glasgow, and also at Balliol 
College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A., as a first class in 
classics, in 1811. He subsequently became an advocate at the 
Scottish Bar, but did not follow out that profession, beooming 
professor of logic and metaphysics in Edinburgh University, 
and devoting himself wholly to historical ana philosophical 
researches, which he continued to the last, in spite of his severe 
illness. He was a fellow of several learned societies, both at 
home and abroad, and had attained a world-wide reputation by 
the philosophical articles which he contributed to the Ency- 
chpatdia metropolitana and the Edinburgh Hevieto, In 1829, 
he married his cousin Janet, daughter of H. Marshall, Esq., by 
whom he has left several children ; the eldest son» William, bom 
in 1830, has succeeded to the family title. 

The Pre88 thus sums up the character of the deceased : — > 
" The death of Sir William Hamilton has created a gap in the 



SIB W. HAUILTOK. 23 

scanty ranks of British metaphysicians which will not soon he 
filled up. Uniting^ intellectual qualities rarely conjoined in the 
same indiyidual— the inventiye genius of the discoverer with 
the massive learning of the mere scholar, extensiveness and 
accuracy, profundity and acuteness — he seems, in addition, to 
have possessed a strength of will, and to have displayed, under 
the tedious pressure of a severe and lengthened illness, aa 
untiring devotion to duty, which it is hardlv an exaggeration, 
to say would have rendered him remarkahle amongliterary 
men, nad he possessed no other claims to distinction. £Qs great 
logical innovation, known as the ' Doctrine of the Quantified 
Predicate,' and his ' Theory of Perception distinguished as the 
Doctrine of Natural llealism,' are sufficient of themselves to 
place their author in the highest class of philosophical inventors ; 
while his various contrihutions to the Edinburah Meview, his 
editions of the works of Beid and Stewart, enriched with notes 
touching on every great question of philosophy from the very 
first dawn of speculation, display an amount of learning too 
rarely shown in these days of ' rash assertion and slovenly 
inference.' Those who have admired his intellectual power 
will he surprised to hear that for many years this distinguished 
philosopher had hecQ entirely deprived of the use of one side hj 
the disease which has at length proved fatal." 

The following sketch of Sir W. Hamilton is reprinted from 
the Leader, May 10th, 1856 :— ** We have to record this week 
the death of a man who, in the purely intellectual order of 
{S^vatness, has hardly left his exact parallel in Britain, or ev«i 
m Europe. Bom in G-lasffow, ahout the year 1790, and edu- 
cated first in Scotland, and ai'terwards at Oxford, Sir William 
Hamilton, who derived his haronetcy, with little or nothing in 
the shape of heredilsry property attached to it, from ancestors 
of some distinction in Scottish history during the Covenanting 
times, adopted the Scottish Bar a» his profession. He was caUed. 
to the Bar in 1813. Already at that time he had an extraor- 
dinary reputation among those who knew him, as a man of 
emdition, and of speculative research. Younger men then 
living in Edinhurgh as students, used to look up with venera- 
tion,, as t^ey passed his house at night, to the lighted window 
of the room where they knew him to he husy with his hooks. 
His readings were of a kind at which ordinarv men stand. 
aghast—Anstotle and Plato ; the schoolmen of the middle 
ages; all German, all Italian, all French, all English, all 
Scottish philosophers. He was preparing himself to De a new 
name ana a new influence in purely speculative philosophy — ^a 
man who, resuming in Idmself all that his predecessors in the 
series of Scottish metaphysicians had done, and hiinging to the 
work of philosophy a culture, an acquaintance with universal 
literature, such as none of t^em had possessed, and perhaps also 
greater energy of nature, should again, in a utihtarian ase, 
reinstete the old problems which Aristotle and Plato and the 
sehodmen meditated, and call on the intellect of modern Britain. 



24 BASONETS. 

to refresk itself bv entertaining: them, even if their solution wad 
impossible. At length, he attained a position suitable to his 
genius and tastes. After holding for some time the chair of 
uniyersal history in the University of Edinburgh, he was 
appointed, in 1836, to the chair of logic and metaphysics in the 
same university. For twenty years, in this position, he was 
an intellectual power, influencing sixty or eighty youths annu- 
ally — teaching them a logic, compared with which that of 
Whately is child's play, and metaphysics as hard and profound 
as that of Kant and nis Q«rmans, and yet dear-grained, genuine, 
and British. The admiration he excited among the students 
competent to follow him was imbounded, and none left his class 
without bearing his intellectual mark. It was always regretted 
by his admirers, that his own insatiable passion for reading 
prevented him from putting forth works which would have 
conveyed to the world at large an adequate impression of his 
powers as a thinker. Even now what he has left behind him is 
out a fragment of what he might have done. About the year 
1829 he began to contribute to the Edinburgh Jteview; and the 

Sapers on speculative topics which he contributed to that perio- 
ioal were, for some time, his sole literary manifestations of any 
importance. Scattered as they were, and fragmentary as they 
were, their influence on contemi)orary and subsequent thought 
was great ; they were reprinted in France, as recognitions of a 
new philosophy ; and in Oxford they helped to determine rising 
minus to new and more profound forms of logical and meta* 
physical studies. Some ^ears ago. Sir William put forth an 
edition of Beid's works, with notes and dissertations, in which 
he expounded, by way of supplement to Reid, some of the car- 
dinal notions of his own more advanced mental science. The book 
is one of the most amorphous ever issued from the British 
press : it is very thick, it is printed in double columns in small 
type, and, what is worse, it is not flnished, but ends abruptly 
in the middle of a sentence. And yet it is a book among ten 
thousand. In 1852j the articles in the Edinburgh Review were 
republished collectively, under the title of * Discussions on 
Philosophy and Literature ;' a book as remarkabLe, and better 
known. Before the publication of the ' Discussions,' and, if we 
remember aright, before that of Reid, Sir William was seized 
with paralysis, which aflected one side of his body, and to some 
extent also his speech. It was a sad sight to see such a man — 
a man, too, of nne physical appearance — ^moving about thus 
crinpled. His intellect, however, was unaflected by the shook ; 
ana ne continued to the last, with some assistance, to conduct 
his class regularly every winter. Latterly he was engaged on an 
edition of the works of Dngald Stewart, which, we believe, he has 
left complete. He had an afiection for this kind of work, which, 
seeing that it interfered with original labours, must be regarded 
as unfortunate. One is glad to know, however^ that he has left 
his lectures on logic and metephysics fairly written out. When 
these are published, they will perhaps be tne most perfect reye- 



SIB F. G. 70WKE. 25 

lation of the man, in both his aspects— that of his colossal 
memory and acquaintance with the whole history of Opinion, 
and that of his native vigour and subtlety of speculative 
thought. It was the union of vast erudition with vast intellec- 
tual strength in pure speculation that made Sir William almost 
unique among his British contemporaries ; and it is most solemn 
to think that in one brief day such a brain may cease its think- 
ings, and such a memory, with all that lay gathered up in it, 
may be extinguished from the earth." 



SIR E. TIERNEY. 

May 11th, in Fitzwilliam -street, Dublin, aged 76, Sir Edward 
Tiemey, Bart., late Crown Solicitor for the North-western cir- 
cuit of Ireland. — He succeeded to the title as 2nd baronet, in 
1845, under a special remainder, on the death of his brotner, 
the late Sir Matthew Tierney, many years physician to King 
George lY. and William lY. He was bom m 1780, and mar- 
ried, in 1812, Anna Maria, daughter of the late Henrv Jones, 
Esq., of Bloomsbury-square, but was left a widower about ten 
years since. He is succeeded in the title and estates by his 
only son Matthew jEdward, late a lieutenant-colonel in the 
Coldstream Guards, in which corps he served in the Crimea 
during the earlier part of the war with Russia. The present 
baronet is married to Mary, daughter of E. G. S. Farrer, Esq. 



SIR F. G. FOWKE. 

. May 17th, at Leamington, aged 74, Sir Frederick Gustavus 
Fowke, 1st Baronet, of Lowesby Hall, near Leicester. — He was 
the third but eldest surviving son of Sir F. Fowke, Knt., 
Groom of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. Frederick Duke of Cum- 
berland, brother of George III., by Anne, second daughter and 
co-heiress of Sir Thomas Woollaston, Bart. He was named 
Frederick after the royal duke, his patron, by whose nephews, 
the sons of King George III., he was familiarly called Frea 
Fun " — a proof, at all events, that he was a general favourite. 
In his thirty- third year he was created a baronet by H.R.H. 
the Prince Regent, soon after marrying the only daughter of 
the late Anthonj Henderson, Esq., M.P. for Brackley. J)uring 
the whole of his life, more especially in his native countv of 
Leicester, he was the stanch advocate of the Tory school of 
political views, and regarded with the greatest indignation 
every approximation to what are known asWhiggish or Liberal 
opinions, as having a strong democratical tendency. On one 
occasion he is said to have started in horror and surprise on the 
Leicestershire hustings on hearing Mr. Charles March Fhillipps 
utter the sentiment Vox populi^ vox Dei! but in later 
years he considerably moditied his political creed. Sir Fre- 
derick Fowke was a Magistrate and Deputy Lieutenant for 



26 BABON£TS. 

Leicestershire, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber, and ])ie- 
sident of the Leicestershire Architectural and ArohsBological 
Society. He was also one of the most firm supporters and 
zealous officers of the Masonic body in the central districts of 
England ; and in this, as in every other relation of life, he was 
deeply and sincerely respected. By his wife he had issue two 
daughters and five sons, the eldest of whom, Frederick, has 
aucoeeded to the title as 2nd Baronet. 



REV. SIR G. BURRARD. 

May 17th, at Walhampton, Hants, aged 87, the Rev. Sir George 
Burrard, Bart — ^He was the son of Colonel William Burrard, 
by his second marriage with the daughter of Mr. Joseph Pearoe. 
Tne deceased baronet was born 6th Aprils 1769. Me was the 
3rd baronet of his line, and succeeded to the title in 1840, on 
the death of his elder brother, the late Admiral Sir Hanry 
Bunard Neale, G.C.B., some time M.P. for Lymington. n.e 
was educated at Merton College, Oxford, where he graduated 
B.A. in 1790. He was one of her Majesty's chaplains^ and for 
many years held the rectories of Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire, 
and Burton Coggles, Lancashire. He is succeeded in his tide 
by his eldest son George, now 4th baronet, who was bom in 
1806, and married in 1839 a dauriiter of Sir G. Duckett, Bart 
Ha formerly represented Lymington in ParUament. 



SIR W. E. ROUSE-BOUGHTON. 

May 22nd, at Downton Hall, near Ludlow, aged 68, Sir 
William Edward Rouse-Bouehton, 10th Bart., F.R.S.— He was 
son of the 9th baronet by the only daughter of W. P. Hall, 
Esq., of Downton Hall, Salop, and was bom in 1788. He 
was educated at Ch. Ch., Oxford, and succeeded his father in 
1821. He inherited two distinct baronetcies, the latter of 
which was conferred in 1791 on his father, who represented 
Evesham and Bramber in Parliament, and was some time 
Secretary to the Board of Control. He married, in 1824, the 
vounger daughter of T. A. Knight, Esq., of Wormsley Grange, 
but was left a widower in 1842. 



SIR M. H. NEPEAN. 

June 4th, aged 73, Sir Molynenx Hyde Nepean, 2nd Baronet. 
— ^He^ was the son of the Ist baronet (formerly Governor of 
Bombay), by the daughter of Cant W. Skinner. He was bom 
in 1788, graduated at Trinity Coll., Cambridge, and was called 
to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1810. He was also a Deputy 
Lieutenant for Dorset He married, in 1813, the youngest 
daughter of P. Tilghman, Esq. 



8ia ItOBEKT IirVES GUANI. 27 



SIE G. DUCKETT. 

June 15tih, in Gloucester-gardens, London, aged 78, Sir 
George Duckett, Bart. He was the son of Sir George Jackson, 
Bart., formerly secretary to the Admiralty and Judge Advo- 
cate, and many years M.P. for Colchester and "Weymouth. He 
assumed the name of Duckett in 1797, after his maternal 
grandfather, G. Duckett, Esq., of Hartham House, Wilts. The 
late haronet, who succeeded to his father's title in 1822, and 
represented Lymington from 1807 to 1812, was a Deputy lieute- 
nant for Herts, and at one time commanded the West Essex 
Militia as colonel. He was said to be able to trace his descent 
in the female line up to Gundreda, daughter of King William 
the Conqueror, and wife of the Earl of Warren. He wm twice 
married ; first in 1810, to Isabella, daughter of Stainbank 
Floyd, Esq.; and second, in 1846, to Charlotte, daughter of 
E. Seymour, E8C[., of Crowood Park, Wilts. He is sucoeedod 
in the title by his son, George Floyd, now 3rd baronet, a major 
in the army, who is married to a daughter of General Sir 
Lionel Smith, G.C.B., and is well known in the world of 
letters as the author of a ** Technological Dictionary" of 
military terms in English, French, and German, for whioh he 
receiyed gold medals rrom the Emperors of Austria and France 
and the King of Prussia. 

The following sketch of the character of the late baronet is 
taken from the Morning Post: — 

" It would be difficult to find a man of such varied informa- 
tion and extensive learning as the late Sir George Duckett. 
He was a classical scholar of the very highest order, having a 
profound knowledge of almost every modem European lan- 
guage, and, as a layman, quite unequalled in his tneological 
researches. His translations of Michaelis's * Burial and Resur- 
rection of our Saviour,' from the original German, and Herder 
* On the Revelations of St. John ' are standard works, and well 
known to the public ; and Luther's * Pre&ce to St. Paul's 
Epistle to the Romans' (also from the German) has gone 
through several editions. As a speaker, both in and out of 
Parliament, he was of no mean order, striking those who heard 
him as a successful follower of the style of Canning. In politics 
he was a Tory of the old school, and an ardent admirer of 
Mr. Pitt. However, it was in private life that his essentiallv 
good and Christian qualities shone forth, endearing him to aU 
who knew him. He attained an age beyond that allotted to 
man, and his loss is deeply deplored by those about him." 



SIR ROBERT INNES GRANT. 

July 1st, at Bonn, aged 62, Sir Robert Innes Grant, Bart., 
7th Baronet of Dalvey. — He was the third son of Sir Alexander 
Grant, 5th baronet, by Sarah, daughter and heiress of Jere- 



23 BABONETS. 

miali Cray, Esq., of Ibsley, Hants. He was bom on the 8th April, 
1794, ana in 1854 snoceeded to the baronetcy on the demise of 
his elder brother, Sir Alexander Cray Grrant, 6th baronet, a mem- 
ber of the Board of Control, and afterwards a Commissioner for 
Auditing the Public Accounts. Sir Robert Grant married, 
17th December, 1825, Judith, eldest daughter of Cornelius 
Durant Battelle, Esq., of the island of St. Croix, and had 
issue two sons and three dau^ters ; of the latter, the second is 
married to W. Westermann, Esq., of Copenhagen. Sir Robert 
is succeeded by his elder son, Sir Alexander Grant, the 8th and 
present baronet, now Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. The 
Grants of Dalvey are a very old Scottish family ; the 1st 
baronet was King s Advocate in 1688. 



SIR T. D. AUBREY. 

September 2nd, at Oving House, near Aylesbury, aged 73> 
Sir Thomas Digby Aubrey, 7th Bart. — He was a son of the late 
Richard Aubrey, Esq., younger brother of the 6th baronet of 
his line, by the second daughter of the Hon. Wriothesley Digby. 
He was born in 1782. In early life he was called to the bar ; 
he was also a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for Bucking- 
hamshire, and for some years Chairman of the county Quarter 
Sessions. In 1813 he married Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Wright, Esq., and niece of the Rev. R. Vemey, of Middle 
Claydon House, Bucks, but was left a widower in 1817. As he 
had no issue by her, the title, which was originally conferred 
on the family in 1660, becomes extinct. 



SIR E. S. GOOCH. 

November 9th, at Benacre Hall, near Wrentham, Suffolk, 
aged 54, Sir Edward Sherlock Gooch, 6th Baronet, of Benacre 
Hall, Suffolk. — He was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Sherlock 
Gooch, the 5th baronet, by his wife Marian, daughter of Abra- 
ham Whitaker, Esq., of Lyster House, Herefordshire. He was 
bom in 1802, and was educated at Westminster, and Trinity 
College, Cambridge ; and in 1819 he entered the 14th Dragoons 
as cornet, but sold out as cai>tain in 1837. He succeeded to the 
baronetcy on the death of his father, the 18th December, 1851. 
Sir Edward Gooch had been from 1846 M.P. for the Eastern 
division of Suffolk. He was a Conservative. In 1851 he was 
installed Provincial Grand Master of the order of Freemasons^ 
which office he held till the time of his demise. The hon. 
baronet was deservedly loved and respected by all who knew 
him; his many acts of charity to those within his reach 
who stood in need of assistance will be long and gratefully 
remembered. 

Sir Edward Gooch married, first, 23rd January, 1828, Louisa, 
second daughter of Sir George Prescott, Bart., and by her, who 



r 



SIB C. HOTHAIC. 29 

died in 1838, leaves one daughter, Florence Jane, now the wife 
of the Rev. Edward Mortimer Clissold, Rector of Wrentham, 
Suffolk. Sir Edward married, secondly, 17th October, 1839, 
Harriet, third daughter of James Joseph Hope Vere, Esq., of 
Oraigie Hall, co. Linlithgow, and Blackwood, co. Lanark ; and 
by her (who survives him) leaves three sons and four daughters. 
Sir Edward is succeeded by his eldest son, Edward Sherlock, 
now the 7th baronet, bom in 1842. — Illustrated London News, 



SIR W. L. S. TRELAWNY. 

November 15th, at Harewood House, near Tavistock, aged 76, 
Sir William Lewis Salusbury Trelawny, Bart., of Trelawny and 
Harewood, Cornwall, and Lord-Lieutenant and Gustos Rotu- 
lorum of that county. — He was the second but eldest surviving 
son of the late Rev. Sir Harry Trelawny, 7th baronet (bj Ann, 
daughter of the Rev. James Browne, Rector of Portishead, 
Somerset), who was some time Vicar of Egloshayle, Cornwall, 
and Prebend of Exeter, but resigned those preferments on 
becoming a convert to the Roman Catholic Church. Sir 
William was born July 4th, 1781, and succeeded to the title in 
1834. He represented the Eastern division of that county from 
1835 to 1837. In 1807 he married Patience, daughter of J. P. 
Carpenter, Esq., of Mount Tavy, co. Devon, by whom he left 
five daughters and four sons. His eldest son, now Sir John 
Salusbury Trelawny, is M.P. for Tavistock. 



SIR G. WISHART. 

(Date unknown.) At Edinburgh, Sir George Wishart, Bart. 
— It is stated by an Adelaide newspaper that the title has 
passed to a distant cousin, John Henry Wishart, a working 
man in South Australia. 



KNIGHTS. 

SIR C. HOTHAM. 

December 31st, 1855, at Toorac, Melbourne, Australia, aged 
49, Captain Sir Charles Hotham, K.C.B., a Naval Aiae-de- 
camp to the Queen, and Captain-General and Governor-in- 
chiet of Victoria, in Australia. — Sir Charles Hotham, bom at 
Thomham, in Norfolk, 14th January, 1806, was the eldest son 
of the Hon. and Rev. Frederick Hotham, Prebendary of 
Rochester, and late Rector of Dennington, StJSolk (second son of 
the second Lord Hotham, one of the Barons of the court of Ex- 
chequer), by Anne Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Thomas Hallet 
Hodges, Esq., of Hemsted Place, Kent. He entered the navy 



30 KNIGHTS. 

6th November, 1818 ; and on the night of the 23rd of May, 1824, 
when midshipman of the Naiad, 46, Oapt. Hon. R. C. Spenoer, 
served in the boats under Lieut. M. Quia at the gallant 
destruction of a 16-gun brig, moored in a position of extra- 
ordinary strength alongside the walls of the fortress of Bona, 
in whien was a garrison of about 400 soldiers, who, from can- 
non and musket, kept up a tremendous tire, almost perpendicu- 
larly, on the deck. He was made lieutenant 17th Septembor* 
1825, into the Revenge^ 76, flagship of Sir H. Burrard JNeale, in 
the Mediterranean ; and neict appointed, 15th May, 1826, to 
the Medina, 20j Captains T. Curtis and W. B. Greene, on the same 
station ; and on the 8th December, 1827, and 26th July, 1828, as 
Krst, to the Terror and Meteor bombs, Captains W . Fletcher 
and 33. Hope. As a reward for his distinguished exertions on 
the occasion of the wreck of the Terror, Mr. Hotham was pro- 
moted by the Lord High Admiral to the rank of Commander, 
13th August, 1828. Alter an interval of lialf-pay, he obtained 
an appointment, 17th March, 1830, to the Cordelia, 10, and re- 
turned to the Mediterranean, whence he ultimately came home, 
and was paid off in October, 1833, having been raised to post 
Tank, on the 28th of the precedinj^ June, in compliment to the 
memory of his uncle the late Vice-Admiral Hon. Sir Henry 
HoiJiam, G.C.B. His next appointment was, 25th November, 
1842, to the Oorgon steam sloop, in which he went to the south- 
east coast of America. On the night of the 10th of May, 1844, 
the Gorgon, then lyin^ in the river Plate, off Monte Video, was 
driven on s^ore in a violent hurricane, accompanied by an un- 
usual flow of water into the bay, and left imbedded in the sand 
to the depth of thirteen feet on one aide and nine feet on the 
other, with scarcely eight inches water under her bows. Next 
morning, her situation necessarily attracted the^ attention of the 
numerous ships and vessels of all nations then in the river, and 
the universa^^ prevailing opinion among naval men wsis that 
the loss of the Qorgon to H.M.'s service had become inevitable. 
To attempt to drag a ship of 1,700 tons for a distance of nearly 
a quarter of a mile appeared perfectly hopeless ; but to make 
the attemnt, in the absence of all necessaiy mechanical appa- 
ratus, without first lightening her of her engines, seemed to be 
an act of hardihood involving such resi)onsibility in case of 
failure, as no officer, not possessed of a strong mind and un- 
daunted courage, would nave ventured to incur. Captain 
Hotham, however, considered that it was his bounden duty not 
to abandon his ship while any means of saving her remained 
nnteied. He saw that if the engines were taken out, it would 
be impossible to replace them without going to England for 
that purpose, while, on the other hand, he calculated on re- 
ceiving material assistance from them in the course of his future 
operations ; and it being his own opinion, that however great 
might be the difficulties with which ne would have to contend, 
there was still a possibility of success, he resolved, regardless of 
all consequences, on making the attempt, and in the words of an 



SIR C. HOTHAU. 31 

e^e-witness, *' after the first snrvey of her position, nrrtaiged 
his planfi, and oommenced tonput them in operation, with a oon- 
iidenoe that surprised everyoody." It is impossible hei*e to 
give any desoription of the Tarious meohanioal contrivances to 
which Captain Hotham had reoonrse in the proseontion of his 
arduous undertaking, but they are all detailed in on interesting 
ToLume published by Capt. A. C. £ey, then one of the lieute- 
nants of the ship. Sufiice it to say that after iiye months of 
difficulty and disappointment, as well as of unexampled labour 
and anxiety, and with the cordial and energetic oo*operation of 
his officers and ship's company, Captain Hotham succeeded in 
oyerooming every obstacle, and had the satisfaction of finding 
iihe Gorgon restonsd to her proper element with apparently but 
little damage. On examination she was found to have sustained 
but little injury, and Captain Hotham returned in her to the 
river Plate. In November, 1845, havtnfi^ been placed in com- 
mand of a small squadron, he ascendea the nver Parana, in 
4Mmjunotion with a french naval force under Captain Trehouart» 
iinaon the 20th of that month, after a hard day's fighting, sno- 
oeeded in efiecting the destruction of four heavy batteri» 
belonging to Genra*al Rosas, at Punta Obligado, also of a 
schooner of war carrying six guns, and of 24 vessels chained 
across the river. Towards the dose of tiie action he landed 
with 180 seamen and 145 marines, and accomplished the defeat 
of the enemy, whose numbers had originally consisted of at 
least 3,d00 men, in cavalry, infantry, and artillery, and whose 
hatteries had mounted 22 pieces of ordnance, including 10 brass 
a^uns, which latter were taken off to the ships, the remainder 
being all destroyed. The loss of the British in this very bril- 
liant affiiir amounted to 9 men killed and 24 wounded. In 
acknowledgment of the gallantry, seal, and ability displayed 
thronghout its various details by Captain Hotham, he was re* 
commended in the strongest terms of admiration by his com- 
mander-in-chief. Rear- Admiral Samuel Hood Inglefield, in his 
despatches to the Admiralty, and he was in consequence nomi- 
nated a X.C.B. on the 0th of March, 1846. On the 13th Mayin 
that year he proceeded to the coast of Africa as Commodore, his 
broad pendant successively flying in the Devasiation and Pene- 
lope steamers, and returned home suffering severely from the 
coast fever in the spring of 1849. In April, 1852, Sir Charles 
Hotham was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary, and directed 
by the Earl of Malmesbury, then Secretary of State for Foreign 
An&irs, to proceed toj^ether with M. L. de St. George, on ihje 
part of France, on a joint special mission to Brazil and to the 
Republics of the river Plate^ forthe purpose of a treaty with 
these countries, of promoting peace between them, and more 
especially for the opening up of the trade and navigation of the 
noole arteries of that great river, and for the general develop- 
ment of their vast resources. The mission involved many dim- 
enlties, and required the exercise of prudence, firmness, and 
patience. In the spring of 1853, the Earl of Clai'endon, then 



32 KNIGHTS. 

holding the seals of the Foreig^i Office, considering: the success 
of his mission to be hopeless, ordered Sir Charles Hotham home ; 
but, singularly enough, the vessel taking out this order was 
crossed on her passage by the ship which brought home the 
much-desired t^aty, which he had negotiated by his persever- 
ance, and (as stated by the Earl of Clarendon in the House of 
Lords) by the exhibition of great tact and dexterity, and which 
was arterwards ratified in due form. In April, 1854, Sir Charles 
Hotham left England to assume the government of Yictoria, 
and took his seat in the June following. '* On the 3rd of De- 
cember, 18dd," says the Melbourne Argus^ **her Majesty was 
pleased to appoint Sir Charles Hotham lieutenant-Govemor of 
this colony. His Excellency and Lady Hotham arrived in 
Hobson's Bay on the 21st of June, 1854. The following day he 
was escorted from Sandridge to the government offices, Mel- 
bourne, in much state, amid the acclamations of the assembled 
thousands, who lined all thoroughfares." Owing to the pe- 
culiar circumstances of the colony, and the agitation for ** re- 
sponsible government," this nroved a post of great difficulty, 
and one which severelv taxed Sir C. Hotham's energies, ana 
galled his ardent ana inflexible spirit. In the words of an 
Australian paper, " he could not brook the idea of indorsing 
the acts of a ministry in whose political principles he had no 
faith." 

He died at the Government House, Toorao, near Melbourne, 
December 31st, 1855, after a short illness, brought on by ex- 
citement. By the advice of the Executive Council a public 
funeral was ordered, and took place on the 4th of January, 1856. 
The funeral was attended by an immense assemblage of all 
classes of the inhabitants, who manifested both sympathy and 
respect. In a despatch from the Secretary of State for the 
Colonies to Major-General Maoarthur, the Acting Governor, 
dated Downing Street, 11th April, 1856, the Right Hon. H. 
Labouchere thus writes : — ** I am unwilling not to place upon 
record the satisfaction which it was niy intention to have ex- 
pressed with the speech of which the late Governor, Sir C. Hotham, 
sent me a copy, and also of the clear and comprehensive sum- 
mary of financial policy which is contained in that despatoh, a 
policy which appears to have been attended with the most bene- 
ficial results to the im])ortant colony which was intrusted to 
his administration." Sir Charles Hotham married, 10th De- 
cember, 1853, the Hon. Jane Sarah Hood, daughter of Lord 
Bridport, and widow of Hugh Holbech, Esq., of ramborough, 
CO. Warwick, who survives. 



SIR W. G. DAVY. 

January 25th, at Tracy Park, Gloucestershire, aged 76, 
General Sir William Gabriel Davy, K.C.H. and C.B., Colonel 
of the 60th foot. — He was the eldest son of the late Major Davy, 
East-India Company's service, who held the post of Persian 



SIfi W. H. BLEEMAN. 33 

^oretary, under the oelebrated Warren Hastinge, in India. 
The deceased general, who was bom in 1779, married, first, in 
1814, the eldest daujprhter of Thomas Arthington, Esq., of 
Arthington, county of York ; and, second, in 1840, the eldest 
daughter of Biohard Fontaine Wilson, Esq.. of the same county, 
by whom he has left, a family. He entered the service in 1797> 
and served through nearly the whole of the Peninsular war ; 
he commanded a Battalion of the 60th foot at Yimiera, Roleia, 
and Talavera, and was made a C.B. at the close of tlie war for 
his distinguished services. He was also rewarded with a medal 
and clasp, mid a " good-service pension." In 1830 he was made 
m^or-general, lieutenant-general in 1841, and became fall 
general in 1864. 

SIR W. H. SLEEMAI^r. 

Februarv lOth, at sea, on his homeward passage in the Mon- 
arch, aged 68, Major-General Sir William Henry Sleeman, 
X.C.B. — He was one of the sons of Philip and Mary Sleeman, and 
was bom at Stratton, Cornwall, in 1788. In 1808, he obtained a 
direct appointment to India, through the influence of the late 
Lord de JDunstanville, and soon distinguished himself by his 
ability and energy. 

The following SKctch of Sir W. H. Sleeman's character and 
services is extracted &om the Timea of Ms^ 20th, 1856 : — 

"The announcement of the death of oir William Henry 
Sleeman, made in our colmnns yesterday, has caused the 
greatest regret in all circles connected with India. The de- 
ceased general entered the military service of the East-India 
Company in 1808 ; so that he had devoted a life of nearly half a 
century to active employment in the East. For several years 
he had dischar^d with the greatest zeal and ability the duties 
of British resident at Lucknow, in the kingdom of Oude» 
and it is in connection with that country that his name 
will be longest remembered. In the earlier part of his official 
career he had been assistant in the Saugur and Nerbudda 
district, where he gained an immense amount of experience, 
and an accurate knowledge of Central India, which after- 
wards was turned to good account. In 1843, we find him 
Eritish resident at Gwalior; this appointment he held dur- 
ing the critical times which ultimately led to hostilities in 
that quarter, and resulted in the battle of Maharajpore. 
It may be remembered that, soon after his arrival in India, 
Ijyrd Ellenborough thought fit to make extensive changes 
among the militarvand civil officers who conducted the judi- 
cial and revenue departments in the Saugur and Nerbudda 
district. Among those whom he appwointed to the vacant posts 
was Colonel Sleeman, who lost no time in proving that, if he 
had been an efficient servant in an inferior position, he was an 
able organizer and administrator as well. It should be men- 
tioned to Colonel Sleeman's credit, that he was one of the 



34 KE^iaHTS. 

yery first persons in high authority who commenced the 
ffood work of suppressing the system known as 'Thuggee;' 
fiiat the official papers drawn up upon the suhject were mainly 
the work of his pen ; and that the department which was spe- 
cially commissioned for this important purpose was not only 
organized, but worked by him. Such being his antecedents, it 
is not surprising, therefore, that Colonel Sleeman became inti- 
mately and extensively acquainted with the native character, 
and proved himself the right-hand man of Lords Ellenborough, 
Haroinge, and Dalhousie, the latter of whom frequently refers in 
despatches to Colonel Sleeman's diary. Neither is it surprising 
that, in dealing with such a state as that of Oude, Lord Dalhousie 
idioiild have looked to his resident at Lucknow for trustworthy 
information and steady support. Colonel Sleeman had not re- 
sided in that capital without observing that its internal admin- 
istration was hopelessly corrupt, and that no course was open 
to the British Government but one>-namely, that of bringmg 
it under British laws. Colonel Sleeman beheld a fertile sou 
looking like a desert, with villages plundered and deserted ; a 
court wallowing in luxury and effeminacy ; the minister care- 
less and negligent of all public duties ; the towns infested with 
murderers and assassins, and tiie whole country marauded by 
noble robbers called * Zemindars,' at constant war with the no 
less noble body of Chucklidars, or representatives of the kin^. 
Added to this, so far had matters gone that on one occasion, in 
July, 1854, a Bengal paper, the MurkarUf states that * Colonel 
Sleeman, the able and cautious resident at Lucknow,' detected a 
letter sent horn the king of Persia to his majesty at Oude, in 
which the former monarch spoke hopefully of a Persian inva- 
sion of India, and ' promisea in that event to do all that he 
could for the stability of Oude.* As a proof of the insecurity 
of life in Lucknow, we may mention that only a few months 
^eviously an attempt was made by night upon the life of 
Colonel Sleeman himself in his own house, which attempt he 
only escaped by having fortunately changed his bedroom that 
evening. 

** In the summer of 1864, it became too evident to his Indian 
friends that Colonel Sleeman's health was breaking, and in the 
August of that year he became alarmingly unweU. * Forty- 
six years of incessant labour,' says a writer in Allen's Indian 
Mail of that date, *have had their influence even on his 
powerful frame ; he has received one of those terrible warnings 
believed to indicate the approach of paralysis. . . . With 
Colonel Sleeman will depart the last nope of any improvement 
in the condition of this imhappy country of Oude. Though 
belonging to the older class of Indian officials. Colonel Sleeman 
has never become Hindooized. He has appreciated the misery 
created by a native throne ; he has sternly and even haughtily 
pointed out to the king the miseries caused by his incapacity, 
and has frequently extorted from his fears, the mercy which it 
was vain to hope from his humanity.* 



8I£ J. 8T0BBAAT. Si 

** Later in the same year Colonel Sleeman went to the hills for 
diongfe of air and soene, and transacted the hosiness of resident 
by a deputy for some time. He had the satisfaotion of tiios 
prolonging ms life, to witness the aotaal annexation of Onde, 
and the residency superseded by Sir James Outram as oommis- 
fdoner. About the same time he was promoted to the rank of 
major-generaL Still, in spite of all the remedies of medical 
science, he gradually sank, and, after a long illness, died on his 
homeward passage xrom Calcutta, on the 10th of February last, 
in the 68th year of his age, leaving behind him a name whicn 
will be honoured both in England and in India. His name was 
submitted to her Majesty, by the Maniois of Dalhousie before 
leaving India, as deserving of some signal mark of favour and 
honour, and accordingly he was advanced to the dignity of a 
K.C.B., so lately as January last ; buthe could scarcely have re- 
ceived the intelligence of the honour bestowed upon nis signal 
merits when he left Calcutta, early in the foUowim? montJu 
His experience of Indian nations, their manners and religion, 
he embodied in a work entitled ' Rambles and Recollections of 
an Indian Official,' which was published about eight or ten 
yBars ago, and wM^ is, perhaps, the best suited of all the many 
Works written upon India, to give a European a general insight 
into Indian life." 



SIR B. P. OUTRAM. 

February 16th, at Brighton, Sir Benjamin Fonseca Outram, 
C.B., F.R.S. — ^He was a son of the late Captain Outram, of Kil- 
ham, Yorkshire. He was born about the year 1780, and married in 
1811, a daughter of William Scales, Esg., and widow of Captain 
BiemiTd Come, R.N., but was left a widower in 1852. He was 
educated at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 
M.D. in 1809, and tifter^wds became a member of the College 
of Physicians. He entered the medical department of the naval 
service in 1794, in which he gradually rose, till he became in- 
spector of fleets and hospitals in 181 1 . He served under several 
distinguished officers during the war with France, and had re- 
ceived the war medal with clasps for brilliant actions in the 
Nymphe, JBoadicea, Superb, &c. 



SIR J. STODDART. 

February 17th, in Brompton Square, aged 83, Sir John Stod- 
dart, Knight, D.C.L., late Chief Jostioeot Malta.— He was bom 
at Salisbury, February 6th, 1773 ; his father, lieut. John Stod- 
dart, R.N., who servea with distinction in the American war, re- 
presented an old Northumbrian family, which had intermarried 
with many of the principal families of the North of England. Sir 
John Stoddart's education was commenced at the grammar-school 
at Salisbury, and in the year 1791 he entered at Christ Church, 

D 2 



■Eoa 



36 KiriGKTS. 

Oxford, whjere he completed Mb studies with credit, and took 
the degrree of Bachelor of Arts and subsequeatly of Laws. In 
1801, he took the d^ree^of Doctor of Ciyil Law, and comnienced 
practising in Doctors' Commons. In 1803, he married Isabella, 
eldest daughter of the Bev. Sir Hemj Moncreiff Wellwood« 
baronet, of Tulliebose, in the shire of Kinross, and in the same 
jrearhewas appointed king's adyocate in Malta, where he re- 
sided till the year 1807, when he resigned the appointment lor 
family reasons, and returning to England, continued to piMUBtise 
in Doctors' Commons till the ye^r 1826, when his Majesty 
having nominated him Chief Justice in the idand of Malta, on 
which occasion he receiyed the honour of knighthoodt he pro- 
ceeded there and discharged the duties of that office till 1840, 
when he returned to England, which he did not again leave till 
his death. 

The life of Sir John Stoddart was one of great Uteraar 
activity. When he had scarcely arrived at manhood, he 
assisted the late Dr. Noehden in translating two of the plays 
of Sichiller, and in 1797 published a biographical criticism on 
the existing Directory of France. In 1810, he first became a 
contributor of political articles to the Times, under the sig- 
nature of J. S., and from 1812 to 1816 he supplied the greater 
fart of the leading articles which appeared in that journal^ 
n 1817, in consequence o£-4UJupture with the proprietors 
of the Times, he established a rival morning paper called 
the NetD Times, which continued to exist down to 1828. In 
his political principles and in his style of writing, Sir J. Stod- 
dart was a follower of Edmund Burke. Besides several pam- 
phlets on legal and social questions, Sir John Stoddart was the 
author of an Essa^ on the rhilosophy of Lan^^uage, which was 
Bubsequentiy reprinted in the Encyehpisdia Metropolitana^ 
edited by ^it, W. Hazlitt ; he also wrote for the same work an. 
elaborate Introduction to the Study of Universal History. He 
was the compiler, moreover, of a statistical, administrative, and 
commercial chart of the United Kingdom, drawn ^m parlia- 
mentary and other authentic documents. He also took the 
greatest interest in the proceedings of the Law Amendmeilt 
Society, of which he was one of the earliest promoters. 

The latter years of his life, subsequently to his^ return to 
England, were mainly devoted to glossology. A biographical 
memoir of Sir John Stoddart'-s4Kfe, we are given to understand, 
will shortly appear from the pen of his ola and attached Mend 
Lord Broughfun. 

Sir John Stoddart was left a widower in 1846, and was the 
father of a numerous family, by whom he was tenderly and 
affectionately beloved. 

SIE J. H. LITTLER. 

February 18th, at Bigadon, Devon, in his 73rd year, Lieutenant- 
aeneral Sir John Hunter Littler, G.C.B., of the Hon. East- 



SIE H. W. W. WYNN. ^ 

India Company's service, Colonel of 86tli regiment of Benfiral 
Native Infantry, and late Deputy-Governor of Bengal. — Sir 
John littler had distinguished himself as an oflioer so far back 
as the years 1804-5, when he served xinder the late Lord Lake, 
in his Indian campaigns. Sabsequently, in 1811, he was em- 
l>loyed in the expedition against the iuaad of Java, and con- 
tinued upon the staff of his commanding officer till 1824. He 
rose graaually through the various steps of promotion till he 
became lieutenant-general in' 1851 ; he had previously com- 
manded a division of the Company's forces at the battle of 
Moodkee, in Dec. 1845, and had been appointed, in 1847, a pro- 
visional member of the Council in India. Two years later he 
became president of that Council and deputy-governor of 
Bmgal, but resigned those posts a year or two sinee, on his 
return to England.. He was the son of an East-India Director, 
and married, in 1827, the only daughter of the late,Captein 
Henry Btewart; whose father unsuccessfully claimed the earl* 
dom of Orkney. 

Sm J. GREY. 

Febraary 18th, at Morwick, Northumberland, aged 78, Geae^ 
ral Sir John Grey, £.C.B;--He was a son of Charles Grey, Esq., 
of Ikkirwick, a cousin of the 1st Earl Grey. He was for some 
time Commander4n-Chief at Bombay, and took an active part 
in the campaigns of the Sut^ej. He lived and died unmarried. 
He became foU general in 1853. 



sm J. E. ANDERSON. 

February 29th, in Harley-street; London, aged G5, Sir James 
Eglinton Anderson, M.D. — ^He entered the medicsd departmeiit 
of the navy in 1808, and served for some time as flag- surgeon 
in the West Indies and at Portsmouth, and was afterwards 
surffeon to the royal yachts. He was knighted in 1829, wbiM 
holoing the post of physician in ordinary to the Lord Lieutenaiit^ 
of Ireland. He married, in 1819, the third daughter of the 
Rey. W. Learmont, of Luce Abbey. 



SIR H. W. W, WYNN. 

March 28th, at Llanvoida, N.Wales, aged 72, the Right Hon. 
Sur Henrjr Watkin Williams Wynn, K.C.B.— He was the third 
son of Sir W. W. Wjmn, 4th baronet, by his second wife, a 
daughter of the Right Hon. G. Grenville, and aunt to the Duke 
of Buckingham. Having received his early education at 
Harrow, he was appointed a clerk in the Foreign Office in 
1799, and private secretary therein 1801. From 1803 to 1808, 
he was Envoy Extraordinary to the Elector of Saxony. In 
February, 1822, he was sent to Switzerland as British Envoy 



S8 XITEGHTB. 

Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, but was trans- 
ferred to Btntgardt in the following year, and to Copenhagen 
in 1824. On retiring from this post in February, lSd3, he was 
sworn a member of the Priyy Council. He sat as M.P. for 
Midhorst during a few months in the year 1807. He mar* 
ried, in 1813, the sixth daughter of the 1st Lord Carrington* 
but was left a widower in 1C(54. 



SIR W. STMOiraS. 

March dOth, at sea, between Malta and Marseilles, aged 72, 
Captain Sir William Symonds, B.N. — ^He entered the nayy in 
1785, under his father, then Captain Symonds : in 1796, took 
]rart in Lord Bridport's action against the Frenoh off Be de 
Croix. He subsequently served on the SpaniBh, French, and 
Irish coasts, and on the western station. In 1800, while in his 
Majesty's ship Cambrian^ Mr. Symonds accompanied the ejf^ 
dition sent under Sir E. Pellew and Major-General Maitland to 
co-operate with the French EoyaUsts in Quiberon Bay. He 
afterwards took part in the blockade of Toulon. Haying seen 
fiortber service imder the late Sir R. Beckerton, Sir Richard 
Strachan, and Admiral Sir Bladen Capel, in 1806, he was 
engaged in the West Indies to watch the movements of the 
Fi^eh squadron. From 1819 to 1825, he iilled the post of 
magistrate and captain of the port at Malta, and in the October 
following was promoted to the rank of commander. About 
this period he was allowed, under, we are told, a verv unusual 
and restrictive penalty, to construct a corvette, the Columbine, 
To her he was appointed December 4th, 1826 ; and so great was 
the success which attended him in the different experimental 
cruises he made during the next twelve months, that he was 
advanced, as a reward, to post rank by a commission bearing 
date December 5th, 1827. At the commencement of 1831, Can- 
tain Symonds was enabled, through the munificence of the Duke 
of Portland, to build, as an improvement upon the Columbine^ 
the 10-gun brig Pantaloon ; the triumph of which vessel led to 
i}i6 Construction, under his superintendence, of the Vernon, 50 ; 
Vestal, 26 : Snake, 16 ; and others. On June 9th, 1832, he was 
offered and accepted the appointment of Surveyor of the Navy, 
which he continued to £01 until 1847. It is here worthy of 
remark, that out of 180 vessels of difiS^rent kinds built during 
• , tkat period (all of them upon the principle of the Pantahon\ 
"' ^not one has yet foundered. In June, 1836, Captain Symonds 
received a very flattering letter from Mr. Tufhell, inivate 
secretary to the Earl of Minto, then First Lord of the Admiralty, 
inclosing an extract from one addressed to his lordship bj 
Sir Herbert Taylor, of which the following is a copy : — " His 
Majesty has ordered me to state to your lordship that, consi- 
dermg the situation which Captain Symonds holds, the able 
manner in which he fills it, and the necessity of upholding him 



SI£ J. MEEK. 39 

in it, Ms Majesty conoeives your lordship will concur witli hinoL 
in ti:ie propriety of conferring upon him the honour of knigfht- 
hood, which was eiven to his predecessor ; and his Majesty 
wishes you would aesire him to attend his levee on Wednesday 
next for the purpose of receivingr it." On the 15th of the same 
month, Captain Symonds was accordingly invested with this 
mark of royal favour. We may add tnat he received the 
thanks of the Admiralty in July, 1830, for a " Memoir con- 
taining Sailing Directions for the Adriatic Sea ;" and again, in 
Octoher, 1837, for ** the valuable qualities of his several ships* 
and for improvements introduced by him into the navy." He 
was elected a F.R.S., June 4, 1835, and nominated a K.C.B. 
(civil) May 1, 1848. 

SIR W. 0. CARIL 

A^ril 24th, at Candi, aged 53. Sir William Ojjrle Carr, Chief 
Justice of Ceylon.— He was third son of Mr. Wuliam Thomas 
Carr, of Frognal, Hampstead, and married a daughter of Colonel 
John A. Clement, R.A., who survives him. The deceased was 
admitted a student of Gray's Inn in 1820, and was called to 
the bar there in 1826. In December, 1839, he was appointed 
Second Puisne Judge of Ceylon, having been previously ad- 
mitted as Kind's Advocate at that island. In April, 1854, he 
was made Chief Justice, and upon that occasion received the 
honour of knighthood. 

SIR J. MEEK. 

May 18th, at Dfracombe, aged 77, Sir James Meek, C.B.-— 
He was a valuable pnblio servant in the Commissariat depart- 
ment and the civil service of the navy. He was bom in 1778| 
■and entered the public service in 1798. Under Lord Keith» 
tibien Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean, he was 
employed in procuring supplies from Sicily for the support of 
the army sent to invade "Egypt. For many 3rears he held the 
post of secretary to different flag officers cm the Mediterranean 
station, and, among others, to Lord Keith after the close of the 
war. In 1830, he was appointed a Commissioner of the Yic- 
tualling Board, and on the abolition of that department, was 
made Comptroller of the Yictualling of the Navy and Trans- 
port services. From these duties, which he discharged with 
zeal and effieJency, he Anally retired in December, 1850, and 
eariyinthe following year was rewarded with the honour of 
knighthood and the Companionship of the Bath.^ His name» 
however, will be longest remembered in connection with the 
commercial measures of the late Sir Robert Peel, who sent himt 
cluring the winter of 1841, on a tour through Belgium, Hol- 
land, and the north of Germany, for the purpose of collectinr 
statistical information respecting agricultural produce ana 
shipping ; and it was to a considerable extent upon the reports 



«■ 



40 KNIGHTS. 

sapplied to her Majesty's ministers by Sir James Meek that the 
then premier boused tne well-known measures of free trade 
which he introduced in 1846. Sir James represented an old 
Cheshire family, and was twice married ; first, to a daughter 
of Lieutenant Edward Down, E.N., and seeondly (having been 
left a widower nearly two years), in 1863, to the daughter of 
the late Dr. Grant, of Kingston, Jamaica. He was an acting 
magistrate for the county of Devon, and was much respedted 
in me town and neighbourhood of Dfracombe, where he had 
long resided. He was also one of the Council of the Geo- 
graphical Society, and one of its most active and useful 
members. 



SIR A. CEICHTON. 

June 4th, at the Grove, Sevenoaks, aged 93, Sir Alexander 
Crichton, M.D. — ^The deceased knight was bom in the spring 
of 1764. He was son of Mr. Alexander Crichton, and grandson 
of Patrick Crichton, of Woodhouselee and Newington. Mid- 
Lotldan. Sir Alexander was for many years physician in 
ordinar^r to the Emperor Alexander I. Of Russia, and for a 
long period physician to the late Duke of Camlnidge. He was 
one of the oldest, if not the oldest, Fellows of the Royal 
Society, having been elected in 1800, and was also a F.L.S., 
and F.G.S., and a member of the Imperial Academy of St. 
Petersburg and Imperial Society of Natural History of Moscow, 
and corresponding member of the Royal Society of Science at 
Gottingen. Sir Alexander was a Ei^ht Grand Cross of the 
Russian orders of St. Anne and St. Yladimir, and Enight of 
the Red Eagle of Prussia of the second class. On returning 
to his native country in 1820, this distinguished medical pro- 
fessor was knighted, and received the royal permission to wear 
his foreign orders. The deceased was a corresponding member 
of the Royal Institute of Medicine at Paris, and the author of 
some valuable medical works, particularly a work on ** Mental 
Derangement." He married, in 1800, Miss Dodwell, daughter 
of Mr. Edward Dodwell, of West Moulsey, Surrey, who sur- 
vived her husband only a few months. 



SIR J. HARTMANN. 

Jime 7th, at Hanover, aged 83, Sir Julius Hartmann, E.C.B. 
— He was a General of artillery, and well known in England 
on account of his long and intimate acquaintance with the late 
Duke of Wellington, whose good opinion he won by his distin- 
guished services with the King's German Legion in the Penin- 
sular war, of which legion he was a major on half^pay for 
nearly half a century. He had held also for many years 
an honorary jpost about the court at Hanover. Only a few 
days before his death he was created a baron of that king- 



BIB J. WILSON. 



don, aaftfipecialmiiTkof distinotion conferred uikiii hiro by the 
km;;— a mark tke more Tftluable inasmooh as it is the only 
honour of the same rank that has been bestowed during tha 
preMnt nign. 



SIR G. P. ADAH8. 
Jnne lOth, at Temple Hill, East Hudlei^h, Devonshire, aged 
77. General Sir Gfeorge Pownall AdaniH, h.C.H., Colonel of the 
6th (InniskilliDg) DrofooDs. Ke ectercd the service in 1793, 
aa Comet in the 2nd Drag-oon Guards, of which the colonel at 
that tame was the Marquis Townahend. who had fought at 
Dettingen. In 1K(I3 he was engaged in putting down the 
uunneotion in Iriiliind. and subsequently served in the East 
In^es, under Lord Luke, in eomm:iiid of the 25th Light 
Dragoons. Id180:< Ik- ijommanded a brigade iu the Mysore, 
and reoeiTed the tiianl;s of the Governor in Council forhia gal- 
lantservicea. Ftohl i.SlO to 1814 he ctimmanded the troops at 
Bangalore. He became a field officer in 1S19, and full general 
in \86l. The eoloneloy of the luniakilling Dragoons was con- 
ferred on him in 1S40. He was twice married; first, to a 
daughter of — Lovelace, Esq., and secondly, to a daughter of 
the late Sir "W. Elford, Bart., M.P. for PlymoutJi. by whoai he 
has left a family. His eldest son, William Glford, Oaptain, 
2nd Queen's Scyal regiment, died at the Cape of Good Hope, 
geptoaber 23rd following, 

SIR J. WILSON. 
jTme22nd,in London, aged76. General Sir John Wilson, E.C.B. 
— The gallant general hiid seen mnoh active service from the 
spring of 17S1 up to the close of the war in ISIS. Sir John 
served in the West Indies in 1796, and was present at the 
capture of St. Lucie, including the siege of Home Fortune ; 
also at the taking of St. Vincent, including the operationB 
against the forts m that island. In July following he was 
made prisoner, and oarried into Gnadaloupe. In January, 
1797, he was captured antin in the British Channel. In 1793 
be was at the taking- of Minorca. In 16(10 he took part in the 
expedition against Cadis, and in the following year proceeded 
with the army to Egypt, and was present in tne actions of the 
13th and 21st of Uaroh.BJid during the wfade of that oampugn. 
He piooeeded to the Peninsola in 1808, and fbn^t at the battle 
f vimiera, where he was severely wounded. In the fani 



that corps during an arduous period of service, in which 
he was repeatedly engaged with the enemy, being employed in 
covering Giudad Eodrigo and Almeida. He was attached to 
the Portuguese army in June, 1810; and dnrinB the subsequent 
operationE against Marshal Soult, as well in the north of Por- 



4a * KNIOHIS. 

togal as on the eastern frontier, he commanded an advanced 
wrpB of Marshal Beresf(Nrd's army. In April, 1811, he was 
appointed second in command to General Silveira, in the pro- 
vince of Tras os Montes, and acted as such during a perioa of 
the operations against Pueb^ da Sanabria, when the place was 
taken by that general. In September following he was appointed 
to the command of the advanced guard of General Barcellar's 
corps cTarmSe, and employed on Marshal Massena's rear during 
his invasion of Portufiral, being repeatedly engaged with the 
enem^.^ He took the held a^ain in April, 1812, in command of 
the nulitia of the province of Minho, and was eiu^aged in active 
operations against Marshal Mannont on the frontiers of the 
Heira. At his own request, he, in June, 1813, joined the main 
army, and was appointed to the command of the first Portuguese, 
brigade of infantry, with which he served at the sieee of San 
Sebastian, tRe passage of the Bidassoa, and the battle of the 
Wivelle ; and, on the 18th of November following, being engaged 
with his brigade, he was again severely wounded. He received 
the gold war medal for his services at the assault and capture 
of San Sebastian, and the silver medal and two clasps for 
Vimiera and Nivelle, He was also for his services rewarded 
with the knighthood of the order of St. Bento d'Avis, and 
made a Knight Commander of the Tower and Sword, and was» 
in 1837, made a Knight Commander of the order of the Bath. 
He for some years commanded the forces in Ceylon ; and in 
May, 1841, the colonelcy of the 11th regiment of foot was 

fiven to him by the Duke of Wellington. He became a general 
une 20th, 1854. 

SIE J. W. MORRISON. 

June 27th, at Snaresbrook, Essex, ased 82, Sir John William 
Morrison, late D^uty Master of the Mint. — ^He was descended 
from an old Nortnumberland family, and was the only son ci 
the late James MOTrison, Esq., fonnerly deputy master and 
worker of the Mint. He was bom in London in 1774, and 
entered the Royal Mint as a clerk in 1792. He succeeded to 
his father's post in 1808, and was knighted on his retiremenlv 
after forty-ei^ht years of public serviee, in March, 1861. In 
1809 he mamed the only £iughter of the Rev. John SimpsoBy 
of Hemsworth, Yorkshire, who survives him. 



SIR J. PRENDERGAST. 

July 4th, at Brighton, aged 87, Sir Jeffirey Prendergast, of tiie 
Madras army. He was the son of a gentleman whose family 
had been lonjp settled in Dublin, and entered the East-India 
military service at an early age. He served in the Mysore war, 
and took part in the battle of Mallavelly and the siege of Seringa- 
patam. He also for many years fiUed the office of Military 



HOX. SIR W. TEMPLE. 43 

Anditor-Gteneral at Madras. In 1804 he married a daughter of 
Sir Hew Dabrymple, of NunraT^, Scotland, by whom he left a 
large family. 



SIR J. M. DOYLE. 

Attgast 9th, at Windsor Castle, from a sudden attack of 
anffina pectoris, aged 71, Sir John Milley Doyle, K.C.B. — ^He 
haa seen much service during a brilliant militery career of 
nearly half a century. He entered the army in 1794 ; served 
in the Eg3rptian campaign of 1801 ; and afterwards in the Pen- 
insula, fiom February, 1809, to the end of that war in 1814, 
either in command of a regiment of Portuguese or a brigade, 
and was present at the action of Grijon, passage of the Douro, 
battle of Fuentes d'Onor, first siege of Badajoz, siege and assault 
of Ciudad Rodrigo, battles of Vittoria, the Pyrenees, NiveDe, 
and Orthes. Sir John received a medal for services in Egypt, 
tibe gold cross and one clasp for Fuentes d'Onor, Ciudad Bodriffo, 
Tittoria, the Pyrenees, and Orthes. He was formerly aide-dbe- 
camp to his late Imperial Majesty Don Pedro, Regent of Portugal, 
and sat in the House of Commons as M.P. for co. Carlow in 
1831-2. Her Majesty the Queen of England and his Royal 
Highness Prince Albert honoured Sir John, during his resi- 
dence at Windsor as a Military Knight, with many marks of 
their gracious condescension and kindness ; and by the special 
request of her Majesty, Sir John was recently appointed a 
serjeant-at-arms. He was buried in St. George's Chapel, Wind- 
sor, according to his wish, without military honours. 



HON. SIR W. TEMPLE. 

August 24th„ in Dover-street, London, aged 67, the Hon. Sir 
William Temple, E.C.B., brother of Viscount Palmerston, £.0*., 
and for many years British Minister at Naple8.-~-The deceased 
was second son of Henry, 2nd Viscount Palmerston, by Mary, 
tiie only daughter of Mr. Bei^jamin Mee. He was bom January 
I9th, 1788, and was tmmarried. He was brought up at St. John's 
College, Cambridge, where he graduated M. A. in 1808. He afbn> 
wards entered the diplomatic service, and was first attached to 
the embassy at the Hague, in 1814. In September of the same 
year he went in an official capacity to the Congress of Vienna ; 
and shortly afterwards was apx>ointed Secretary of Legation at 
Stockholm. He filled the same position at Frankfort from July, 
1817) until November, 1823, when he went as Secretary of 
Legation to Berlin. In January, 1828, he was appoiuted Secre- 
tai^ of Embassy at St. Petersburg ; and afterwards was prSeii 
writer to his brother. Viscount Palmerston, from January, 1831, 
to September, 1832. On the 18th of that month he was ap« 
pointed Minister to the court of Dresden, and in the following 
November Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 



44 ENIOHTS. 

to the court of Naples, the duties of which high office he dis- 
charged up to the last week of the previous month, when ill- 
health compelled him to relinquish his diplomatic ^ainctiona 
and return to his native country. His departure from Naples 
was universally regretted. He was nominated a E.C.B. for his 
diplomatic services in 1851. He discharged for nearly twentp^- 
£lve yeaxs, in times of great difficulty and excitementi tne 
duties of British Minister at the court of the king of the Two 
Sicilies, in such a prudent, cautious, and considerate manner as 
to merit at once the confidence of hiis own government, whether 
Wiiig or Tory, and the respect and esteem of the government to 
jfrtim he was accredited. 

The Naples correspondent of the I^mes thus sums up Sir W. 
Temple's character : — 

** His opinions have heen invariably ike same, and his con* 
duct was. ever in perfect harmony with his opinions. The cir- 
cumstances under which Sir William Temi^ leaves Naples 
may justify me perhaps in speaking of him not <mly as a diplo- 
matist, but as a private character. His urbanity and kindness 
will long be remembered by all who had the honour of his ac- 
quaintance ; while his charities to the poor were as extensive 
as they were secret. Many whom his bounty fed will deeplv 
lament his having left Naples." He was buried in the pansn 
church of Eomsey, Hants. 

SIR JOHN BOSS. 

August 30th, in Gillin^am-street, Fimlico, aged 78, Eear- 
Admiral Sir John Ross, A.C.B. — ^This gallant Arctic voyager 
entered the navy as far back as 1786, and was constantly en- 
gaged during the Peninsular war. His most important ser- 
vices, however, were rendered in the Arctic regions, whither he 
sailed in 1818, together with Sir W. E. Parry. The results of 
his investi^tions are detailed in his " Voyage of Discovery," 
published in 1819. He was afterwards, from Afay, 1829, until 
October, 1833, employed in the Victory steamer, on a fresh 
expedition to the Arctic regions, equipped at the expense of Sir 
Felix Booth ; and for his services he received the honour of 
knighthood, together with the Companionship of the Bath, in 
1834. In March, 1889, he was appomted Consul at Stockholm, 
where he remained until 1844. J3urinff the war Sir John Ross 
was thirteen times wounded. In consiaeration of his gallantry. 
he was presented by the Patriotic Society with a sword valued 
at £100 ; and for services performed by him in the Baltic he 
was nominated a Knight Commander of the Swedish order of 
the Sword. Sir John was also a knight of several other fareign 
orders. Among other works, he wrote " Letters to Young Sea 
Officers," *' Memoirs and Correspondence of Admiral Lcurd de 
Saumarez," and a " Treatise on Navigation by Steam." By his 
death a good-service pension reverted to the disposal of the 
First Lord of the Admiralty. 



SIR B. WESTMACOTT. 45 



SIR R. WESTMACOTT. 

September Ist, in Soath Andley-street, London, Ajg^d 81, Sir 
RiiAard Westmacott, R.A. — ^We extract the foUowin^r memoir 
from the columns of the Times : — 

"Richard Westmacott was bom' in London, in 1775, and 
showing earlv signs of his fatore vocation, ado^d the profes^ 
sion of a sculptor when he was quite a child. Having reoeived 
the first rudiments of instruction in the studio of his father, 
ho visited Rome in 1793, where he studied for a time under 
Canova. In the following year he received from the Academy 
of florenoe their first premium for sculpture, and the medal of 
his Holiness in 1795, in whioh year he was also elected a mem- 
ber of the Academy of Florence. Having passed some years in 
the classic regions of Italy, and made himself familiar with the 
best remains of ancient art, he returned to England, and esta^ 
blished himself in London, where he soon gained an extensive 
reputation. In 1805 the Royal Academy of London elected 
him an associate of their body ; and he became in 1816 a Royal 
Academician. The chief works of art by which he was best 
known, and for whioh he will be longest remembered, are his 
statues of Addison, Pitt, and Ersklne; the monuments to 
Charles James Fox, Sir Ralph Abercromby, Lord CoUingwood, 
and others/ in Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral ; 
together with the elegant and dassical figure of * Psvche,' so 
much admiredbyevery lover of art for its elegance of form and 
chc^tity of expression ; the colossal statue of AohUles in Hyde- 
park ; and a portion of the figures on the frieze of the marble 
arch originally erected at Buckingham Palace, but now stajid- 
ing at Cumberland-gate. In 1827 he succeeded Flaxman as 
professor of sculpture in the Royal Academy, and held that 
appointment until his decease ; he had not, however, exhibited 
smoe 1839. His artistic works are all strictly classical in their 
style, but partake far more of the Roman Ihan <^ the Grecian 
character. They are not abstract and ideal, or of the highest 
order of conception, but living and breathing realities, executed 
to the life in a bold and severe style. Amongst the best known 
of his prodnctions are * The Distressed Mol^er/ which he exe- 
euted in 1822 for the Marquis of Lansdowne ; his ' Euphrosyne,' 
for the late Duke of Newcastle in 1837 ; his two statues * Cupid' 
and ' Psyche,' in po»9ession of the Duke of Bedford ; together 
with a large alto-relievo, * The Death of Horace,' which he exe- 
cuted for the late Earl of Egremont, and we believe is still in 
the gallery at Petworth. He received the honour of knight- 
hood as an ackaowledgment of his artistic merits, in 1837. Sir 
Richard Westmacott married, in 1798, Dorothy Margaret, the 
daughter of Dr. Wilkinson. His son, Mr. Richard Westmacott, 
is a Royal Academician, and has inherited a large share of his 
father's genius." 



46 KNIOHTS 



SIE H. F. CAMPBELL. 

September 2nd, in Lowndes- st., Belgravia, aged 86» General 
Sir Henrv Frederick Campbell, K.C.B. — ^He was one of fhe 
senior omoers of the servioe, which he entered in 1786, just 
seventy years ago. He was a son of Lieatenaut-Colonel Alex- 
ander CampbelL imde of the 1st Lord Cawdor. He served in 
fioDand mm Febroary to May, 1793 ; in Flanders from Jtine 
to December, 1794 ; and was present at the action of Boxtel. 
In. December, 1808, he embarked for Portugal, in command of 
the second brig^e of Guards, and was present at the passu^e 
of the Dotiro, and capture of Oporto, the action, at Salamonde, 
and the battle of Talavera, where he was so severely wounded 
that he was obliged to return to England to recruit his health. 
In June, 1811, he rejoined the British army, under the Duke of 
Wellington, and resumed the command of his brigade, with 
which he was present at the siege of Ciudad Bodrigo. On the 
advance of the British army across the Agueda into Spain, he 
oommanded the first division, and was present with it at the 
battle of Salamanca, the capture of Madrid, and the siege of 
Burgos. He had received the medal and clasps for Talavera 
and Salamanca, and was created a K.C.B. at the close of the war, 
in 1815. He sat as M.P. for the counties of Nairn and Cro- 
marty in the brief parliament of 1807-8 ; and held the appoint- 
ment of Prothonotary of the Palace Court, from 1792 till its 
suppression in 1849. He was appointed to the colonelcy of the 
26th foot in 1831, and attained the rank of fall eeneral in 1837. 
In. 1808 he married a daughter of Thomas Williams, Esq., of 
lianidan, Anglesea, and relict of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas 
Knox, but was left a widower in 1847. 



SIR C. HALEETT. 

September 24th, at Chelsea Hospital, aged 82, General Sir 
Colin Halkett, G.C.B. and G.C.H.— The gallant deceased was 
eldest son of Major-GFeneral Frederidc Halkett, by his marriage 
with Miss Seaton, and having held a commission in the Dutdi 
Guards, entered the British army as ensign in the 3rd Buffs, and 
served subsequently in other regimente, until he obtained a 
lieutenant-colonelcy in 1803. He was then ordered to take part 
in the struggle in the Peninsula, and was appointed to the 
oommand of a brigade of the German Legion, and during that 
command took an active part in the battles of Albuera, Sala- 
manca, Yittoria, and the passage of the Nive, for his services at 
which he received a cross. The gallant general was also at 
Waterloo, under the command of General Lord Hill. At that 
signal victory Sir Colin's division was hotly engaged, and he 
had four horses shot under him, and also received four wounds 
— one through the face, the shot carrying away a portion of his 



SIB J. AIIONSON. 47 

palate, one at the back of the neck, another in the thigh, and 
one in his heeL Sir Colin Halkett's active military career may 
be considered to haye closed with the retom of peace. In 1830 
he was appointed colonel of the 31st foot» and in 1847 was 
transferred to the colonelcy-in-chief of the 45th (Nottingham- 
fihire) foot. 

The gallant general was appointed Lientenant-Goyemor of 
Chelsea Hospital, but had only filled that position a few months 
when the death of General Sir George Anson led to a vacancy 
of the goyemorship of that military asylum, and the Duke of 
Wellington at once conferred the nonourable appointment on 
Hie gallant deceased. Sir Colin, haying gone throuffh all the 
minor classes of the order of the Bath, was nominatea a Grand 
Cross of that military order in 1848. He was also a £n^pht 
Grand Cross of the Hanoyerian Guelphic order, a Enight Thud 
Class of Wilhelm of the Netherlands, a Enignt Commander cf 
the Bavarian order of Maximilian Joseph, and a Xnight of the 
Tower and Sword of Portugal. The late Sir Colin was maixied» 
and leaves an only son. Captain Frederick J. C. Halkett (of the 
Tlst regiment), and three daughters. Sir Colin Halkett's 
brother, ulao aistinguished for his military talents during the 
great European war, holds the high post of Commander-in* 
Chief of the Hanoyerian army. The gallant general's oom- 
missions bore date as foUows :— lieutenant-colond, 17th of 
I^^oyember, 1803 ; colonel, 1st of January, 1812 ; major-generaL 
4th of June, 1814 ; lieutenant-general, 22nd of Jul^, 1830 ; ana 
general, 9th of Kovember, 1846. His mortal remains were oon- 
dgned to t^eir final resting-place in the cemetery attached to 
Chelsea Hospital, where many of his gallant veteran prede- 
cessors are buried, on the following Thursday. His only fson. 
Captain Halkett, and a few intimate Mends, attended the 
xnoumful ceremony. 



SIR J. ATKINSON. 

October 6th, at Tonbridee Wells, aged 66, Sir Jasper Atkin- 
son, one of the Moneyers of the Mint. — He was bom at Dulwioh 
in 1790, and in 1804 entered the Mint, then existing in the 
Tower of London, as an apprentice, on the nomination of his 
father, who had served for sixty-four years previously, and 
continued attached to it and to the new establishment on 
Tower-hill up to July, 1851, when he retired. He may be 
considered as the last representative of a long line of moneyers, 
since with him dies the title "provost," which the leading 
members of the corporation had for ages sustained. He re- 
ceived the honour of knighthood by patent, for services rendered 
to the Ottoman, Russian, and French governments, by order 
of the British Government. He married, in 1819, the pnly 
daughter of Captain W. Gyll, 2nd Life Guards, and sister 
of Sir R. Gyll, of Wyrardisbury, near Staines. 



48 1Q7I6HT8. 



MGHT HON. SIR J. JERYIS. 

Noyember Ist, in London^ aged 54, the Right Hon. Sir John 
Jervis» Chief Justice of the Court of Common Fleas. — He was 
the second son of Thomas Jervis, Esq., chief justice of Chester, 
who died in 1838. He was bom in 1802. We take the follow- 
ing sketeh from the Times: — " It may not perhaps be generally 
km>wn that the late chief justice served for some tune in the 
army before tryine his fortune at the bar. Being induced, we 
know not from wnat cause, to change his profession, he was 
called to the bar in the year 1824, went the Oxford and Chester 
circuits, and soon attracted attention by his ability. Becoming 
a queen's counsel, and his reputation still continuing, he was 
raised to the digxiitv of Attorney •General in the year 1846, an 
office which he nllea with mat capacity in a very trying time, 
as our readers will rememoer when we remind tnem that Sir 
John Jenris was Attorney-General in the ^rear 1848, and that 
he succeeded, without a single exception, in convicting those 
misffuided political offenders who then attempted to disturb the 
public peace. In 1860 he was raised to the Cnief Justiceship of 
the Common Pleas, in succession to Lord Truro, who was raised 
to ihe Chancellorship. It was feared by many, that an advo- 
cate by some thought unscrupulous, and, at any rate, distin- 
guished by dextentv rather than profundity, nught not have 
worn the ermine of the bench with becoming gravity and impar- 
tialitv. This fear, we are bound to say, proved entirely without 
founoation. The common sense which Sir John Jervis possessed , 
in addition to his great professional experience, kept nim clear 
of all judicial bluiLders, and in criminal matters, wnich form so 
ItiT^e a portion of judicial duties, an abler judge in all proba- 
bility never sat on the bench. His sagacity and acuteness here 
found a fitting field, and his dexterity and sound practical sense 
stood him in good stead, whether in detecting crime, or in 
exposing the fallacies put forward by counsel. In his purely 
legal decisions he showed the same qualities, and we believe we 
oxuy utter the opinion of that profession wnich this day meets 
together after the long vacation in Westminster Hall, when we 
say that in all respects the late Sir John Jervis was an excellent 
judge. 

" In politics the late chief justice was a Liberal. He sat for 
Chester from 1832 to 1850, and invariably voted with his party, 
except on one ot two occasions about the year 1836, when he 
thought himself ill-used by the Government, who refused him* 
as we have heard, an Indian judg[eship. In this, as in so much 
else in life, what seems to a man injustice, is often good fortune 
in an unkind shape. His health would not probably have with- 
stood the change to a tropical climate, and certainly, had he 
quitted England for a seat on the Indian bench, he would never 
have lived to rise to be one of the chief judicial dignitaries of 
the mother country. An Indian judgeship is, no doubt, a high 



digiiityi ^nt IB also a high ' Bhelf,' and when a 



Suited more for his general ability, — for his qnicknesg a _ 
exterity as an advocate, than for anj[ special knowled^ of the 
law, or profound acquaintance with its origin and pnnoiples. 



^ _ inent degree, and tiie want of which has condemned 

tnany a profonnd black-letter lawyer to vegetate imseen — a lenl 
caotna— in Stone-bnildings or Figtree-coort, procured for Sir 
John Jervis not onlj a large share of professional emolument, 
but ultimately raised Him to one of the highest stations on the 
bench." 

The Daily Nev!$ remarks, — " It would probably be quite 
within the umits of tmth to say, that in the two intellectual 
gifts of rapid apprehension and rapid ratiocination, no public 
man of the present day was, within the range of his ownpro- 
fessional pursuit, the equal of the late Sir John Jervis. Even 
to those most accustemed to witness the effects of forensic train- 
ing in sharpening and quickening the uteUectual faculties, 
there was something iiL --n i in the swiftness of 

(ttanoe with which the d « took in all the bear- 

ings of a complicated anl came into oonrt was 

wholly unfamiliar to h m li y with which he detected 

every artifice, exposed v and jjursued witi an 

unerring logic the loage I -isoning to its remotest 

consequences. Asamere few exhibitions could 

be more Ratifying to a ad than to watoh Sir 

John Jervis, in the Comib n m kinc' his way through the 

intricacies of a lonf; patent cause or playnilly drawing to light 
the skilfully disguised fallacy wh ch formed the basis of some 
solemn and plausible argument, that might easily have imposed 
on a judge less skilfully astute than himself. And the mMe in 
which the whole was done made the best part of the exhibition. 
Not a word was wasted. Subtle and swift the keen shaft of 
logic was shot, and the solemn man was abated, and the pon- 
derous man came down with a crash, and—greater miracle still 
— the incessantly talkative man was silenced. Even the ablesti 
and the clearest-headed confessed tiiat there was ' no standing 
up against Jervis ;' and by a sort of tacit agreement it came to 
'' >e understood that as little nonsense as possible was to be talked 



before him. And all this was done without pedantiT, and with' 
out harshness. Everything was acoomplished with the easy, 
half-careless manner of a clear-sighted man of the world, who, 
as Mr. Carlyle would say, ' had swallowed all formulas,' abomi- 
nated learned trifling, and, above all things, loved to come to 



S9 £NiaHTS. 

tiie point. The merits of tMs style of proceeding: wez«, tliat 
tbat portion of the human race who during the time of the late 
cjhief j ustioe frequented the Court of Common Pleas were saved 
an innnite amount of weariness, vexation, and delay. The pie- 
sidin&r judge never spoke except to the point, and, as far as 
possible, repressed any deviation from this laudable habit in 
others. The consefiuenoe was, that causes were got through 
with a rapidity which, to those accustomed to the more cum- 
brous procedure of other sages of the law, seemed almost incre- 
dible. And yet this rapidi^ was not purchased at the expense 
of any slovenliness or inaccuracy. There is probably no judge 
on Uie bench against whose Nisi rrius rulings so few exceplaonB 
liave been successfully urged. Still it is undeniable that the 
IBanner of the chief justice had its disadvantages. Decorous 
Beople professed to be shocked at its total want of conventional 
o^^ty ; and even those who sob more disposed to regard sub- 
stance than f<»rm, were obliged to admit that there was a care- 
lessness, a levity, sometimes even a cynicism about the deport- 
ment of Sir John Jervis, which would on all accounts iiavelbeen 
quite as well away. But these were, after all, minor points ; 
and we beUeve we shall find a very general concurrence in the 
opinion we venture to express, that in>on the whole it will not 
be easy adequately to supply the void which the death of Sir 
John Jervis nas left on the judicial bench." 

The late Chief Justice Jervis was also a deputy lieutenant for 
Anglesea, and was married, in. I824,'to the second daughter of 
A. Mundell, Esq., of Great George-street, Westminster. 



SIR J. EOLT. 

November 8th, at Southemhay, Exeter, aged 72, Lieutenant- 
General Sir John Bolt, K.C.B., Colonel of the 2nd (or Queen's 
Boyal) regiment of foot. — He entered the army in 1800, and 
served in Egypt, imder Sir K. Abercromby, in the campaign oi* 
1801, and was shot through the bod^ on the day of landing. 
He subsequently saw some active service in the Peninsula, and 
was nresent at Busaco, Ciudad Kodrigo, and Badajoz, and com- 
manaed the I7th Portuguese regiment from 1812 to the end of 
the war. He had received a cross and one clasp for his services 
at Vittoria, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, and Toulouse. He became 
a lieutenant-general in 1854. He married, in 1824, the young- 
est daughter and coheir of George Caswall, Esq., of Sacomb 
Park, Herts, who survives him. 



SIR H. J. GUMMING. 

November 28tfa, in London, aged 85, General Sir Henry John 
Cumming, K.C.H.— He entered the 11th Light Dragoons in 
1790, was twenty-four years in liiat regiment, serving six cam- 
paigns with them. This gallant and distuiguished veteran was 



4IR n. mjtir* Jl 

toNMHt at the batlle of Famars aiii ef Catean^ the rieges •£ 
VttbBiioieimeB and Ikcakirk, and at eveiy other sieg^ battle, or 
•general aetion the British acmy was engaged in doring the 
campaigns of 1793 and 1796, in Fhinders, and the rigorens 
iirintor eampaign in Holland. In 1799 he was pvesent at everj 
ootion in the Holder expedition, and was pubhol^ thanked by 
bis Boyal Highness the Dnke of York lor having defeated, 
urath seventy-nve men, a body of French dragoons three times 
that munber. He commanded the 11th Light Dragoons witik 
«Ustinotion for npwaids of two years in the Peninsok, being 
oenstantly on outpost duty, and was present at every engage- 
jDEient excepting tiie siege of Badajoz. He was one of the three 
officers highly complimented by we late Duke of Wellington, 
Mtter ihe action of El Bodon, where he was wounded ; and on 
tiittt day the late Manpus of Londonderry was sent to him to 
express the dnke's approbation of the oondnct of the 11th Light 
Bsagoons. At the battle of Salamanca he received the gold 
medal. In 1836 he was appointed to the colonelcy of the 12tik 
Eoyal Lancers. 

filE H. HART. 

December 23rd, at tiie Boyal Hospital, Greenwich, aged 7&, 
Bear- Admiral Sir Henry Hart, K.O.B. — ^He was descended 
from the ancient family of Hart, of LuUingston, in Kent. He 
entered l^e navy in March, 1796, on board the Indefatigabh^ 
46, Captain Sir ISdward Pellew, and the year after took part, 
in ^company with the Amazon, in a vcoy ndlant engagement 
with a French 74 gun^ship, Les Droits ae VHomme^ which 
coded in the loss of that veeiael. He was next transferred with 
■Sir Edward Felkw to the ImperiefMe, 74, and had the oppor- 
tonily of distingnishin^ hims^ during the blockade of fielle- 
isle, besides the exnediMon to Ferrol, in 1600, where he com- 
manded a boat, ana assisted in catting out, under the battwies 
in Yigo Bay, of La Guepe, a vessel of 22 guns, which was 
desperately defended by the enemy. In 1802 ne was appointed 
by Lord Keith to a lieutenancy on Doard the Medusa, 32, Cap- 
tain Sir John Gore, which was afterwards confirmed by the 
Admiralty. On becoming senior of tbat ftigate* he made a 
prize, in one of her boats, of a French privateer off Gibraltar, 
and afterwards contributed to the capture of three Spanish ves- 
sels, laden with treasure, and the destruction of a fourth near 
Cape St Maij, in October, 1804 ; in November, the same year, 
io me detention of the Matilda, 36, laden with a valuable cargo 
■of quicksilver, estimated in value £200,000. Lieutenant Hurt 
subsequently aooompanied Lord Comwallis to India, where, in 
July, 1805, be becaume flag-lieutenant in the CuUoden, 74, to 
his former gaUant commander. Sir Edward Pellew, by whom, 
in 1807» he was appointed acting captain to the Terpsichore, 
and afterwards to several other frioates. While in command 
of the Caroline, Captain Hart, independently of the cutting 

E 2 



32 1IE3XBIBS OF PABLIAHEKT. 

<Kit from the coast of JaTa, in open day, of a Dutcli doop of 
war of 14 guns, was instrumental to the annihilation of Griesse, 
in Decemoer, 1807, of the dockyard and stores, and all the men* 
ef-war remaining to Holland in the East Indies, being on that 
occasion intmsted in the landing of troops and of commanding 
the seamen on shore. He afterwards, in the same frigate, par- 
took of an engagement with the batteries and gunboats at ^e 
entrance of Manilla Bay. In 1810 he was appointed to the 
eommand of the Thractan, 18, in which sloop he cruised off 
Cherbourg until posted in 181 1 . He subsequently was appointed 
to the Cyrus, 20 ; Mevenge, 74, in 1814, the ship beanng the 
flag of his former captain, Sir John Gore ; to the Sapphire, 26, 
in 1818, in which he was engaged watching, with high credit to 
himself, the British interests at Porto Bello, at a time when 
that place was attacked by a force imder Sir Gregor M'Gregor, 
in unison with the Mexican patriots ; and was next intrusted 
with a mission to the Governor-General of South America, who 
had been driven from Mexico to Carthagena. In September, 
1831, he was appointed flag-cnptain to the Melville, 74, to Sir 
J. Gore, then just appointed-<])ommander-in-Chief in tibe East 
Indies. Captain Hart, while on that station, was appointed to 
the temporary command of the Imogene, 28, ana specially 
deputed to conduct an important negotiation with the Imaum 
of Muscat. At the termination of nis successful mission, he 
went to Bombay with a ship of 74 guns, intended as a present 
irom the Imaum to the late £ing William lY., who added her 
to the British nayv, under the name of the Imaum, He 
returned in the Melville, with the Earl of CSlare, in 1835. 
Shortly after his return to England, viz., in January, 1836, he 
was nominated a E.G.B., in acknowledgment of his great 
naval services. In April, 1842, he received the captain's good- 
service pension, and in 1845 was appointed a commissioner of 
Greenwich Hospital. In October, 1846, he was made a Kear* 
Admiral on the retired list. 



MEMBERS OF FASLIAMENT. 

RIGHT HON. H. GOTJLBTJRN. 

January 12th, at Betchworth House, near Dorking, after a 
short illness, tLged 71, the Bight Hon. Henry Goulbnm, M.P. 
for the University of Cambridge. — He was the eldest son of the 
late Mr. Munbee Goulbum and the Hon. Susan Ohetwynd. 
daughter of Viscount Ohetwynd. He was born in 1784, and 
was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he gra- 
duated M. A. in 1808, having the year previous been retumea to 
the House of Commons for the borough of Horsham. In 1811, 
iust after his entrance upon official life, he married the Hon« 



sm^tm 



MB. B. GA8XELL. OS 

Jane Montagu, third daughter of Matthew, 4th Lord Rokeb;^ 
The right hon. gentleman was made Under Secretary of State 
for the Home Department in February, 1810, under the Duke of 
Portland's ministry, and under the administration of his grace's 
successor, the unfortunate Spencer Perceval. At the general 
election in 1812 he was elected for St. Carman's, and repre- 
sented that now disenfranchised borough up to 1818, having in 
1812 been appointed by Lord Liverpool Under Secretary of 
State for the Colonies — an office he held up to 1821. In 1818 he 
was returned to the House of Commons for West Looe, and sat 
for Armagh from 1826 to 1831. Mr. Goulburn accepted the 
post of Cmef Secretary for Ireland in December, 1821, and was 
then made a privy councillor. He filled that office under the 
several administrations of the £arl of Liverpool, Yisoount 
Goderich, the Eight Hon. George Canning, and the Duke of 
Wellington, when, in March, 1828, the illustrious duke selected 
him to nil the important office of Chancellor of the Exchequer; 
and he thus became a member of the cabinet, at the head of the 
financitd department of the State, until the Duke of Wellington 
retired in January, 1830, to make way for Earl Grey. At the 

general election, 1831, the members of the Ui^iversity of Cam- 
ridge were discontented with the Earl of Burlington (then Lord 
Cavendish) and Viscount Palmerston for their advocacy of the 
Eeform BiU ; and Mr. Goulbum» who hadunsuccessfuUy^ contested 
the University in 1826, and the Right Hon. William Yates 
Peel, started m opposition, and, after a severe contest, ousted 
the former noble members. Since then the right hon. gentle- 
man had continued to represent that University in Parliament. 
On the formation of Sir E. Peel's first ministry, in 1834, Mr, 
Goulbum was appointed Secretary of State for t^e Home De- 
partment, which ne held till the administration broke up in April 
following. When Sir Robert was again called upon, in Sej)- 
tember, 1841, to take office, he selected Mr. Goulburn for his 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. Since he retired with the late 
Sir R. P^, in the summer of 1846, the right hon. gentleman 
took no very active part in politics, but always supported those 
measures which he deemed necessary to fully carry out the 
views of his distinguished friend on the policy of nree trade. 
The late Sir Robert Peel appointed him one of his executors, 
Yiscount Hardinge being the other. The deceased gentleman, 
in 1839, was proposed for the office of Speaker of the House of 
Commons by the Conservative party ; but Mr. Shaw Lefevre, 
the late Speaker, gained the election ; there being for Mr. Goul- 
bum 299 votes, and for Mr. Lefevre 317. The deceased eogoyed 
the annual pension of £2,000. 

MR. B. GASKELL. 

January 21st, at Thome House, near Wakefield, aged 74, 
Benjamin GaskelL Esq., formerly M.P. for Maldon.~-He wai 
the eldest son of D. Gaskell, Esq., of Clifton Hall, Manchestexv 



A 



(H MEMBX8S «P VAMLLAXEJSfT. 

by Haimab, dauj^ter of J. Koble, E8q.» aad was educsled at 
Trinity College, Cambridge. He was first retomed &r Maldon, 
Essex, in 1806, bat unseated on petition by his opponent^ the 
]ate Lord Western. He was nnsnocessM in 1807 ; but, haTing 
been instmmental in obtaining a charter for the borongh, was 
returned in 1812, and continned to represent that constitueney, 
in the moderate Liberal interest, down to his retirement fireiii 
public life in 1826. Whilst a member of the House of Com- 
mons, he supported motions for Beform, Catholic Emanoipei303i» 
tiie Extension of Education, and the Mitigation of the Criminal 
Code. In 1807 he married Mary, eldest daughter of the late 
Dr. Brandreth, of Liverpool, by whom he left, surnTin|: issoe^ 
Mr. J. Milnes Gaakell, M.P. lor Wenlock, who is married to a 
daughter of the late Eight Hon. C. W. Williams Wynn, M.P. 

MR. E. DAWEB. 

January 27th, at Sidmouth, aged 64, Edward Dawes, Es^., of 
St. Hden's, near B^de, fEmneriy M.P. for the Isle of Wigiit» 
— He was returned in May, 1861, as the Free Trade candidKfea» 
by a majority of forty-six oyer his Protectionist opponent^ 
Captain Hamond, but did not seek the suffingea of ms eon* 
stituents again at the general election in the folfowing year. 

MB. G. ARKWBIGHT. 

February 5th, in the Albany, London, aged 48, George Ark- 
Wright, Esq., M.P. for Leominster. — ^He was the eldest son o£ 
Bobert Arkwright Eso., of Sutton HaU, Derbyabixe, by the 
daughter of S. G. Eemole, Esq., of Durham, and mat giand«> 
son of the celebrated Sir B. Arkwright. He was bom in 18*7» 
and, haying graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, was 
called to the oar at Lincoln's Inn in 1833. He had sa^ in the 
Conseryatiye interest, for Leominster since February, 1842, and 
was an unsuccessful candidate for North Derbyshire in 1837. 
He liyed and died unmarried. 



MB. JOHN SADLEIB. 

February 17th, on Hampstead Heath, aged 42, John Sad- 
leir, Esq., M.P. for Sligo. — ^His body was found on the heath, 
near Jack Straw's Castle, and a bottle of essential oil of bitter 
almonds by his side. A coroner's inquest was held, and tiie 
jury brought in a verdict of suicide. The son of a plain yeomas 
in the county of Tipperary, and himself a solicitcnr in Lreland, 
by dint of successful speculations, and a course of fraud, the 
extent of which even yet is not fully known, he procured a seat 
for Carlow in 1847, and again in 1862. In February, 1853, he 
was appointed a Lord of the Treasury under Lord Aberdeen's 
goyemment, but failed, however, to secure his re-election oa 
taking offioe. Soon afterwards, however, he came in for BligD« 



KB. J. B. CAMPBELL. 55 

His extensive frands in connection with the Tinperary Bank— 
a swindle in which his brother James, M.P. for Tipperary, was 
also deeply implicated, and for which he was expelled the 
House of Commons — ^his connection with the Soyal Swedish 
EaJlway, the Frascati Eailway» the London and County Bank, 
and the purchase of properties in the Irish Encumbered Estates 
Court, are facts too well known and remembered to need repeat- 
ing here. He died unmarried. Strange as it may sound, there 
are not wanting those who believ e (in roite of the identificatioii 
of the corpse by the coroner, Mr. W akley, who formerly sat in 
Parliament with him) that John Sadleir, after all, did not com* 
mit suicide, but simply played Ihe trick, so well known in history 
and romance, of a pretended death and a supposititious corpse. 
These persons belieye that he is still aliye, and in America. 

ME. E. SCOTT, 

Febmaiy 21st, at Stourbridge, aged 6% Bobert Soott, Esq., 
formerly M.P. for Walsall.— He was the youngest son of th* 
Bey. 0. Wellbeloyed, of York, but changed his name on marry- 
ing Sarah, only child of John Scott, Esq., of Stourbridge and 
Breat Barr. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 
1829, and went the Oxford circuit; he also held the office of a 
CSommissioner of Bankruptcy. In 1841 he was eleeted, in tha 
Liberal interest, M.P. for Walsall, but retired in 1847. A 
Bon-eon£ormist without bitterness, he lent a helping hand tQ 
all the useful and charitable institutions of his neighbonzfaood. 



ME. J. M. BALFOUE. 

February 23rd, at Madeira, aged 36, James Maitland Bal- 
four, Esq., of Whittinghame, co. Haddington, and Strathanan, 
Eoss-shire. — He was the eldest son of the late Jas. Balfour, Esq. 
(who represented Haddingtonshire in the first reformed Parlia- 
ment), and grandson of the late Earl of Lauderdale. He was 
hwa January 5th, 1820, and was educated at Eton and Trinity 
College, Cambrid^, and in 1841 was chosen to represent the 
Had£ngton district of burghs, in the ConseryatiYe interest. 
He retired from Parliament at the dissolution of 1847. He sue* 
ceeded to his father's landed estates in 1845. By his wife^ 
Lady Blanche Cecil, the younger daughter of the Marquis of 
Salisbury, E.G., Mr. Balfour left five sons and three daughters. 
The family of which Mr. Balfour was the head represents a 
branch of the Balfours of Balbimie, Fifeshire. 



ME. J. E. CAMPBELL. 

February 25th, at Malta, aged 41, John Eenton Campb^, 
Esq., of Lambreton and Mordington, co. Berwick, and for- 
merly M.P. for Berwick. — He was elected for that constituency 
as a Conseryatiye, in 1847, but was unsuccessful at the genem 



S6 MESLBEBS OP FASLIAilENT. 

eleotiou of 1852, and again on the occurrence of 'a new election 
in 1853. His landed estates have passed to his brother, Major 
Archibald Colin Campbell, late of the 42nd Highlanders, who 
has assumed the additional name of Eenton. 



MR. T. ATTWOOD. 

March 6th, at Malvern, after a long illness arising from 
paralysis, aged 72, Thomas Attwood, Esq., formerly M.P. for 
fiirmingham. — He was the third son of Matthias Attwood, 
Esq., ironmaster and banker, of Hales Owen, Salop, and a 
brother of the late Mr. M. Attwood, M.P. for Whitehaven. 
He first became distinguished as a political character by his. 
opposition totiie Orders in Council of 1812, and to the return to 
caui payments at the dose of the Peninsular war. His '* Letters 
of a Scotch Banker," first published anon3rmously in the Globe^ 
in 1828, established him as an authority on the question of 
paper currency, though they did little more than practically 
apply the principles which he had laid down in pamphlets and 
other publications in 1812 — 15. In 1829 he joined his friends^ 
Messrs. Muntz and Scholefield in the establishment of the 
Birmingham Political Union, which eventually became an 
engine of considerable power, and contributed largely towards 
the passing of the B«form Bill, as was most gracefully and 
handsomely acknowledged at the time by Earl Grey, then 
Premier. Mr. Attwood was chosen one of the first members 
for Birmingham on its enfranchisement in 1832, and continued 
to represesent that constituency until January, 1840, when he 
accepted the Chiltern Hundreds and retired into private life . 

MR. J. NEELD. 

March 24th, in Grosvenor-square, affed 67) Joseph Neeld, Esq.,, 
of GritUeton House, Wilts, who had sat as member for that 
borough for upwards of twenty-five years. — The deceased gentle- 
man, who was a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for the county 
of Wilts, high steward of Malmesbury, and one of the gentlemen 
of her Majesty's Privr Chamber, was the eldest son of the late 
Joseph Neeld, Esq., of Gloucester-place, £rom whom he inherited 
a very large fortune : his connection with the wealthy firm of 
Messrs. Rundell and Bridge is well known. He was also an exten- 
sive proprietor of Bank and East-India stock. During his long^ 
parliamentary career Mr. Joseph Neeld was a stanch adherent 
to the Protestant and Protectionist party, and voted for agricul* 
turol protection when Sir Robert Peel abandoned the cause in 
1846. ^r. John Neeld, who has represented Cricklade for 
twenty years, is a brother of the deceased gentleman, and 
Captain Boldero, his colleague in the representation of Chippen- 
ham, married his sister. Mr. Joseph Neeld married, in 1831, 
the Lady Caroline Mary Ashley-Cooper, daughter of the lat^ 
and sister of the present Earl of Shaftesbury. 



MB. W. EVANS. 57 



THE RiaHT HON. G. E. DAWSOK. 

April 3rd, in London, aged 65, the Eight Hon. George Rohert 
Dawson. — The deceased gentleman was the eldest son of the 
late Mr. Arthur Dawson, of Castle Dawson, county of London- 
derry, by a daughter of Mr. George Paul. He was ,born 
in Rutland-square, Dublin, in 1790, and received his early 
education, we believe, at Harrow : thence he proceeded to 
Christ Church, Oxford, where he closed a brilliant career 
by gaining a first class in classical honours, in Michaelmas* 
term, 1811. Being the eldest son of awealtiiy Irish squire, 
he did not adopt a profession; but, in 1815, at the age of 
twenty-five, he was returned a member, in the Tory interest, 
for his native'county, which he represented until 1830, when 
he retired, and secured his election for the Government borough 
of Harwich, the Orangemen of the north of Ireland being 
resolved not to re-elect as their member one who had so far 
betrayed the Protestant cause as to vote for Catholic Emanci- 
pation. Soon after being returned to Parliament, he married 
a sister of the late Right Hon. Sir R. Peel, and frotn 1823 
filled the post of Under-Secretary of State for the Home 
Department, unti)r January, 1828, when he was removed to the 
Secretaryship of the Treasury, a post which he held till the 
end of the Duke of Wellington's administration. When Sir 
R. Peel came into his temporal^ tenure of office in November, 

1834, he appointed Mr. Dawson Secretary of the Admiralty ; and 
he had previously been sworn a member of the Privy Council. 
He also retired from parliamentary life at the general 
election consequent upon the passing of the Reform Bill, in 
December, 1832, and resigned nis secretaryship at the Admi- 
ralty on the retirement of his Mends from office in April, 

1835. In 1841, however, on Sir R. Peel's return to office, he 
accepted a Commissionership of the Customs, from which h& 
was promoted some five years later to the deputy chairmanship 
of the Customs Board, which he held till the time of his death. 
Mr. Dawson was remarkable as having been one of the first 
'* Oranffe " members who was induced b^ the formidable pro- 
spect of public affairs in 1828 to alter ms opinions as to the 
necessity and policy of Catholic Emancipation, and frankly to 
avow his change,\an avowal which was speedily followed by 
that of Sir Robert Peel and the Duke of Wellington. He was 
left a widower in 1848, but has left a family ; one of his sons is 
rector of Great Munden, near Ware, Hertfordshire.— 2Vwc«. 



MR. W. EVANS,: 

April 8th, at Allstree Hall, Derby, aged 68, William Evans, 
Esq., a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for that county, 
and formerly M.P. for the Northern division. — He was the 
cdde8t«on of the late Mr.^W. Evans, by a daughter of Mr. Jede- 



wmmmmmmi 



d8 HEMBEBS OF PAKLIAHEITI. 

diah Strutt, of Belper. He represented East Retford from 
1818 till 1826, and in 1830 was returned unopposed for Lei- 
cester, which he had Tinsuccessfolly contested at the previous 
general election. He was agpain returned in 1831 and 1832. 
Being defeated at Leicester, in December, 1834, he remained 
out of Parliament until August, 1837, when he was chosen for 
North Derbyshire. He was re-elected in 1842 and 1847, but 
retired early in 1853 on account of the growing infirmities of 
age. He was an Alderman and one of the Town Council of 
Derby, and served the office of High Sheriff of that county in 
1829. He married, in 1820, Mary, daughter of the Rev. T^ 
Gisbcme, by whom he has left an only son, Mr. T. W. Evans, 
recentiy ohos^i M.P. for South Derbyshire. 



MR. P. LALOR. 

A^ril 10th, at Tinnakill, Queen's Ck)unty, aged 69, died 
Patrick Lalor, Esq., a magistrate for that county, which he 
represented in the first Reformed Parliament, from December, 
1S32, to 1834. — ^He was elected in opposition to the late Lord 
Oongletbn, then Sir Henry Pamell, who declined to support a 
repeal of the Union. He was an active and zealous opponent 
of the Established Church in Ireland, and a supporter of the 
ballot and tenant-right. The Tablet states that ne was ** the 
very incarnation of personal and political integrity, always at 
his ^ost in Parliament, and the able and determined advocate 
of ms country's rights and independence. His public purity," 
adds the same authority, " was unquestioned, and his nonesty 
almost a proverb." 

MR. C. J. W. DEANS DUNDAS. 

April 11th, at Edinburgh, aged 45, Charles John Whitley 
Deans Dundas, Esq., late of the Coldstream Guards. — He was 
the eldest son of vice- Admiral Sir James W. Deans Dundas, 
G-.C.B., who lately held the chief command of a fleet in the 
Black Sea, by his first wife, the Hon. Janet Whitley Dundas» 
only daughter of the late Lord Amesbury. Mr. Dundas sat as 
member for the Flint Burghs in the Liberal interest from 1837 
to 1841. He was married to his cousin, Miss Jardine, grand- 
daughter of Bruce, the celebrated Abyssinian traveller. From 
the ancient family of Whitley of Aston, he would have suc- 
ceeded to large estates in the county of Flint. His £Either, the 
Admiral, was a son of the late James Deans, Esq., M.D., of 
Calcutta, by a daughter of the* Hon. Thomas Dundas, M.P., 
and assumed that name on occasion of his first marriage. 



THE RIGHT HON. G. L. DAWSON DAMER, C.B. 

April 14th, in Wilton-place, aged 57, died the Right Hon. 
George Lionel Dawson Darner, many years M.P. for Portarlin^- 



av^v^^^^^^'^v^^^ 



Va. J. F. B. MiACKBTT. 59 

ton a&d Dorchester. — He was xmele of and heir-presumptiye to 
tlie present Earl of Portariington, being the second son of John 
Bawson» Ist earl, by the Lady Oaromie Stuart, daughter of 
John, 3rd Earl of Bute. He was bom in the Queen's County, 
Ireland, in 1788 ; and married, in 1826, Mary Geoigiana Emma, 
saoond daup^hter of the late Lord Huffh Seymour, and ^rand- 
dan^iter oxthe Ist Marquis of Hertford, but wu left a widower 
about ei^ht years sinoe. He entered the army at an early age, 
and haying served in the Waterloo campaign, he attained tiift 
rank of colonel in the army, and was made a Companion of the 
Order of the Bath in 1816. He assumed the name of Damer in 
addition to the family name of Dawson on the death of his 
aunt, the lato Lady Caroline Damer, from whom he inherited 
the property of Came Abbey, in Dorsetshire. He held tha 
office of Comptroller of the Household under Sir £obert Peel's 
administration from 1841 to 1846, when he was also sw<»n a 
member of the Priyy Council; he represented the family 
bmrough of Portarlingtcm in the Conservatiy^ interest from 
December, 1834, to the dissolution in 1847, when he was elected 
for Dorchester; for which he was an unsuooessful candidate m 
1662. He has left issue an onlyTson, Lionel, an officer in ths 
Scots Fusilier Guards, now M.P. for Portarlington, and also 
f<mr daughters, the eldest of whom is Viscountess Ebrington. 

MB,. J. F. B. BLACKETT. 

April 25th, atVille-neuTe-sur-Yonne, in the south of France, 
wiuther he had gone for the benefit of his health, aged 34, John 
Eenwick Bui^yne Blaokett, Esq., M.P. for NewoasUe-on-Tyne. 
•—He was the eldest son of Mr. Christopher Blackett, of Wylam 
Hall, Northumberland (who represented the Southern diyisioa 
of thai county in the Liberal interest £rom 1887 to_1841), by 
Elisabeth, daughter and 
younger son of the late 
Essex. He was bom in 1 
at Harrow, whence he proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford. In 
1841 he took his degree as a second class in classics, and in the 
following year was elected to a fellowship at Merton College. 
At this time he was an able and accomplished debater at the 
" Union," and upheld strong Liberal opinions when they were 
in anything but good odour in ahna nuUer, He did not, how- 
ever, remain long in residence, but came to reside in London* 
where he studied for the bar. After coming to London, he 
became a frequent contributor to the Olobe, JSamburgh Eemew^ 
and other periodical literature. In Jul^r, 1862, he attained— 
what had long been the object of his ambition-— a seat in Parlia- 
ment, being chosen to represent his native town of Newcastle. 
As a member of Parliament he was regular and punctual in his 
attendance, and a frequent speaker, strongly advocating an ex- 
tension of parliamentary and civil service reform, of the electoral 
firsaohise, and of national education ; he also supported the ballots 




wm 



60 HEMBEBS OF PARLIAMENT. 

and refased to pledge himself to vote for the withdrawal of 
the Maynooth grant. He also showed a wide and extended 
acquaintance with Indian and colonial snhjects. Worn out 

grematurely with hard work, he was obhged to withdraw 
imself some months before his death from active emplo3rment ; 
and, finding his health growinj? worse at the commencement of 
the new year, he accepted the Ghiltem Hundreds at the openinG" 
of the session, and went to the continent to recruit his prostrated 

energies. 

■ ■ * 

MR. W. EGERTON. 

April 25th, at Tatton Park, Cheshire, aged 76, Wilbraham 
Egerton, Esq., formerly M.P. for Cheshire.— Mr. Egerton was 
the representative in the male line of the ancient family of 
Tatton, of Withenshaw, in Cheshire, being the eldest surviving 
son of the late W. Tatton Egerton, Esq., of Tatton and Withen- 
shaw, by his second wife, Mary, sister of the Ist Lord Skelmers- 
dale. Bv the marriage of his grandfather, William Tatton, 
Esq., with Hester, the only surviving child of the Hon. Thomas 
Egerton, son of John, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, the family 
became possessed of Tatton Park, and the other Cheshire ana 
Lancashire estates of the celebrated Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, 
when the name of Egerton was assumed. Mr. Eg:erton was 
bom on the 1st September, 1780, and succeeded his father in 
1806. He was a magistrate and deputy lieutenant for Cheshire, 
and lieutenant-colonel of the Cheshire Yeomanry and county 
militia, and served the office of high sheriff of the County Pala- 
tine in 1808. He was a warm-hearted, generous, and hospitable 
man, and one of the best specimens of the ** £ne old English 
gentleman." He represented the county of Chester in the 
Torv interest from the year 1812 till the passing of the Reform 
Bill in 1831, in five successive parliaments. In 1806 he mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of the late Sir C. Sykes, Bart., by 
whom he had three daughters and five sons. His eldest son, 
who has succeeded to the Tatton property, has sat for North 
Cheshire since 1832. 



MR. R. M. FOX. 

April 26th, at St. Leonard*s-on-Sea, aged 40, Richard Max- 
well Fox, Esq., M.P. for the county of Longford.— He was 
educated at Winchester and University CoUete, Oxford, and 
inarried in 1835 Susan Amelk, daughter of me late Admiral 
Sir L. Halsted, G.C.B. He was a magistrate and deputy-lieut. 
for Longford, which he had represented in two Parliaments, 
having been first elected in 1847. He was a Liberal of a some- 
what advanced school, but never took a prominent part in 
Parliament. Although a Protestant, the deceased was one of 
^e most stanch adherents of the Roman Catholic party in the 
House of Commons, and of late years was very popular with the 



HB. T, B. ISJSnSfARD, 61 

bod]f generally. His death was accelerated by the shock caused 
to ms system oy the sadden death of his son, who was drowned 
a few months prcTionslj whilst on a boating ezcnrsion in Ire- 
land with the son of his friend and neighbour, Col. H. White, 
M.P, 



MR. C. RUSSELt. 

May 15th, in Argyll Street, aged 69, Charles Russell, Esq., 
many years M.P. &t Reading, Deputy Chairman of the Albion 
Life OfSce, and late Chairman of the Great Western Railway. — 
He died by his own hand. He was the second son of the late 
Right Hon. Sir H. Russell, Bart., formerly Chief Justice at 
Bengal, by Anna Barbara, daughter of Sir C. Whitworth, and 
sister of the late Earl Whitworth. He was born Jidy 22nd, 
1786, and was unmarried. He sat in the Conservative interest 
as M.P. for Reading from 1830 till 1837» and again from 1841 
till 1847. 



MR. R. GARDNER. 

June 4th, in Eaton-square, aged 43, after a few days' illness, 
Richard Gardner, Esq., M.P. for Leicester. — He was educated 
at the Charter House and at Wadham College, Oxford, where he 
graduated B.A. in 1838. He was a Liberalof rather advanced 
opinions, beinf opposed to the union of church and state, and 
to the principle of religious endowments. He was elected for 
the borough m 1847, but unseated on petition, though he was 
fortunate enough to secure his seat again at the last election. 
He married Lucy, daughter of the Count de Mandesloh, late 
ambassador to this court from Wurtemberg, by whom he has 
left an infant family. 

MR. T. B. LENNARD. 

June 9th, at Brighton, aged 68, Thomas Barrett Lexmard, 
Esq., late M.P. for Maldon. — This gentleman, whose name 
figures so prominently in the political annals of Essex for more 
than the last quarter of a century, had contested the represent- 
ation of Maldon, with one exception, in every election that had 
taken place since the passing of the Reform Bill ; and the me- 
morable struggle in which ne was engaged before that great 
change occurred, when the poll was kept open for fifteen days, 
is a nousehold history amongst the electors of the borough. 
That struggle took place in 1826, Mr. Lennard's first a|)peax- 
ance in the borough, and he was returned by a majority of 
fiftjr-three over Mr. Q. Dick. Prior to that, Mr. Lennard had 
sat in Parliament for Ipswich, having contested the representa- 
tion with Mr. J. Round, whom he unseated upon petition ; and 
the sums which are stated to have been expended in these two 
contests would appear fabulous in these days of economy and 



6S HEMBEKS 01* PAlUJiAlflBNT. 

dimiiiidied eleotion oiitLay. The hon. g^itleinaii was koked up 
to as one of the chief supporters of the Liberal cause, and few 
•had made firreater sacrifices for its support ; and tiioit|»h tbese 
endting: contests naturally brougrfat mm into angry oomiicteaL 
the hu8tinfl:s, his gentlemanly bearing, which was often a«- 
knowledged by his political opponents, secured for him person- 
ally their respect, it had been the intention of Mr. Lennard to 
offer himself again for Maldon whenever a dissolution occurred ; 
and his death, we are sure, will be a great disappointment and 
4Bouroe of deep regret to his private Mends ana political aap^ 
porters in that borough. The hon. gentleman, who, being of 
letiied and studious habits, took little part in the general 
business of the county, was born in 1788. He was twice 
Biarried ; first to Margaret, second daughter of Mr. John Whar- 
ton, of Skelton Castle, York, and secondly to the heiress of 
Mr. Bartlett Bridger Shedd<»i, of Aldham Hall, Suffolk. By 
the latter, who died in Italy, in 1844, he leaves seven sons (t^e 
eldest of whom, and now heir direct to the baronetcy, is 
married to a daughter of Sir W. Page Wood) and three daugh- 
ters. The venerable Sir Thomas Barrett Lennard, the father of 
the deceased, is now in his 96th year. — Ipswich Express, 

{ytt, Leni^ffd, jun., has EHieceeded to the baronetoiy, -by the 
death of his grandfatfaer, whilst these sheets are passing througE 
•tiie press.— -August, 1857]. 

THE RIGHT HOIT. G. BANKES. 

July 6th, in Old Palace-yard, aged 70, the Right Hon. Oeorge 
Bankes, M.P. for Dorset.— The deceased gentleman was seoond 
son of the late Mr. Henry Bankes, foomerly for many yews 
M JP. for tiie copnty of Dorset. He was educated at Westmin- 
ster school, and afterwards proceeded to Cambridge to oomplete 
his studies. He then adopted the legal profession, and was 
called to the bar at Lincoln s Inn in 1813. In 1822 he was ap- 
pointed one of tho B^ikruptcy Commissioners ; and was after- 
wards appointed eunitor baron, and had for many years been 
ofaairman of the Dorsetshire sessions. He was Reoarder of 
Weymouth. Mr. Baakes first entered on official life under tliB 
Duke of Wellington's administration, when he was appointed 
CSuef Secretary of the Board of Control ; and in 1830 was «p> 
pHointed a junior Lord of the Treasury, and one of the Gommis- 
cdoners for the Affairs of India. On the formation of the £arl 
«f Derby's government, in March, 18d2, he was ai^pointed 
Judge- Advoc£Ue-General, wMoh he held up to tlie resignation 
of Lord Derby in December, the same year. The deceased 
entered Parliament as representative for Oorfe Castle, in 1816» 
and continued to represent that constituency up to its being 
united with Wareham, in 1832. At the general election in 
1841 he was retomed to the House of Commons for Dorsetshire, 
which he has since represented. He was a stzenuous supporter 
of the high Conservative principles, opposing the commercial 



KK. J. Tsonxs. 



measures of the late Sir Robert Peel. Mr. Bankes married Miss 
Kugrent, only child of the late Admiral of the fleet, Sir Charles 
Kuffent, G.C.B., who died in 1844, by whom he leayes a family 
of £>nr sons and three daughters. — Times, 



THE HON. JOHN JAMES KNOX. 

July 9th, at Brighton, aged 66, Colonel the Hon. John James 
£nox, fourth son of Thomas, 1st Earl of Eanfurly, and brother 
of the present Peer. — He was bom 1790, and married, in 1824, 
Mary Louisa, eldest daughter of £. Taylor, Esq., of Bifrons, oo. 
Kent, by whom he has left an only child, Emily Louisa, mar- 
ried in 1845 to E. Dundas, Esq., of Arniston, N.B. Colonel 
Knox sat as M.P. for Dunprannon, in the ConseryatiYe interest* 
from 1832 till the dissolution in July, 1837. 



MR. C. FITZSIMON. 

July 25th, at Macerata, in the Roman States, aged 64, Chris- 
topher Fitzsimon, Esq., Clerk of the Hanaper in Ireland, and 
formerljr M.P. for co. Dublin. — The deceased gentleman was 
the 8001-in-law of the late Daniel O'Connell, with whom he was 
united in friendship and political action during a long course of 
years. He was first elected M.P. for co. Dublin in Deeember, 
1832, and was re-elected in 1835 and 1837. He aeoepted the 
Chihem Hundreds in 1840, on being appointed to the luoratiye 
office of Clerk of the Hanaper at Dublin, which he held down 
to the date of his death. In private life he was, perhaps, one 
of the most popular of country gentlemen, alike a favoorite 
with Protestant and Roman Catholic. 



E. PROTHEROE, ESQ. 

August 24th, at Brighton, aged 81, Edward Protheroe, Esq., 
M.P. for Bristol from 1812 to 1820, and father of Mr. E. Pro- 
theroe, jun., who sat for Bristol in 1831-2, and represented 
Kalffay from 1837 to 1847. — He was for many years the head 
of one of the largest West-Indiui houses in uie city which 
he represented. 

MR. J. TROTTER. 

August 31st, at Horton-place, Epsom, aged 77, John Trotter, 
Sm., formerly M.P. for West Surrey.— Be was bom in 1780, 
ana early in me served in Spain as Commissary-Gteneral, under 
the late Duke of Wellington ; and as Storekeeper-General 
in the short and glorious campaign which terminated the 
Peninsular war. He was returned for West Surrey in July, 
1840, on the accession of Colonel Peroeval to the peerage, and 
was re-ekoted in 1841, but retired at the dissolution of 1847. 



64 MEMB£BS OF FABLIAKEKT. 



MR. A. WHITE. 




1792. In 1814 he married Ophelia, daughter of Huffh Dixon, 
Esq., shipowner, of that place. He was a coal and shipowner, 
glass and iron manufacturer, in Sunderland ; a justice of the 
peace for that borough, and for co. Durham ; chairman of the 
Sunderland Joint-Stock Bank, president of the Sunderhmd 
Mechanics' Institute, and connected with almost every chari- 
table institution in that town. He was elected the first mayor 
of Sunderland under the Municipal Corporations Act, and 
again re-elected in 1836, and represented that borough, as a 
supporter of Lord Melbourne's government, £rom 1837 to 1841. 
He was the author of a small work ** recommending Christian 
charity and mutual forbearance among various religious deno- 
minations." 



MR. J. WOOD. 

October lOth, at Bath, aged 66, John Wood, Esq.. Chairman 
of the Inland Board of Revenue, and formerly M.P. for Preston. 
— He was the son of the late Mr. 0. Wood, merchant, of Liver- 
pool, and was originally brought up in a counting-house. He 
afterwards, however, was called to the bar, and rei)re8ented 
Preston in the Liberal interest for some years previous and 
subsequent to the passing of the Reform Bill. Professor De 
Morgan, in his introductory lecture delivered in October last at 
the opening of the autumn session of the Faculty of Arts and 
Laws at University College, London, paid a warm tribute to 
the memory of Mr. Wood, '^in Whom," he said, "the college 
had lost one of its best friends. During the twenty-one jears 
Mr. Wood had been a member of the council, he had continued 
to devote a large portion of his attention to the welfare of the 
University of London; and if anything could obliterate the 
memory of his former services, it was only the greater value of 
those which from time to time had succeeded them. He (the 
Professor) doubted if we had a more able public man left— he 
was sure we had not a more honest one." 



MR. W. N. MACNAMARA. 

November 11th, at Ennistymon, co. Clare, aged 80, Colonel 
William Nugent Macnamara, formerly M.P. for co. Clare. — 
The deceased gentleman, who represented a branch of the old 
Milesian house of Macnamara, lone resident at Ballynacragie 
Castle, was descended from the old native Irish families of 
Thomond, Inchiquin, Macdonnell of Antrim, and O'Neill of 
Tyrone. He also traced his descent to the ancient admirals of 



11 B. W, LOCKHABT. 69 

Monster, whose office is said to have oiieinated the name of 
** Mac-na-Mara," or ** Soa of the Sea." He was horn in 1776, 
and married in 1798, Susannah, daughter and eventually heir 
of the late Hon. Matthias Finucane, Judge of the Common 
Pleas in Ireland, hy Anne, daughter of Edward O'Brien, Esq., 
of Ennistymon. Colonel Maonamara was one of the most po- 
pular men of his day in the times immediatelypi^eceding the 
pa8sing[ of the Catholic Belief Bill, and was Connell's "se- 
OQnd" in his memorable duel with Mr. D'Esterre, in 1815. He 
represented his native county of Clare, as a ** Repealer," in 
several Parliaments, from 1830 down to his retirement from 
political life in 1852. 

MR. W. LOCKHART. 

November 25th, at Milton Lockhart, aged 69, William Look- 
hart, Esq., M.P. for oo. Lanark. — ^This esteemed ^ntleman, 
whose sudden death cast a gloom over the county wmch he had 
so lon^ represented, was bom at Gtermiston House, Lanark- 
shire, in 1787. In early life he went to Bengal in the military 
service of the Hon. East-India Company, rose to the rank of 
Oaptain and received a medal for services in Nepaul. In 1817 
he came to England on furlough, and in 1819, having succeeded 
to tiie estates of a cousin, he retired from the service. From 
that time forward he took a deep interest in his native county, 
and zealously abetted any measure which promised to advance 
its prosperitj. In 1841 ne was returned to Parliament with- 
out opposition as Conservative M.P. for Lanarkshire, and 
during the fifteen years of his parliamentary career, he was the 
uniform and unflinching supporter of Conservative principles. 
He opposed every measure which, in his opinion, tended directly 
or indirectly to injure the Church of Scotland, was an oppo- 
nent of the Ma3mooth grant, voted for agricultural protection 
in 1846, and had a principal share in defeating the attempts 
made in Parliament to remove the parish schools of Scothmd 
from the superintendence and control of the Established 
-Church. Yet, notwithstanding his high Conservative princi- 
ples and frequentlv unpopular votes, he stood in such favour 
*with all classes of his constituents, that it was quite under- 
stood no opposition would be made to his return to Parliament 
from Lanarkshire, so long as he lived and chose to be a candi- 
date. He was admitted on all hands to be one of the most inde- 
fatigable and useful members that Scotland ever produced. The 
orderly habits of his early military life never left him. Though 
he was without any pretensions as a speaker, the House of Com- 
mons did not possess a better man of business, or one who 
studied more attentively the interest of his constituents. When 
he did venture to address the House, which was but rarely, it 
was never without having mastered his subject, and he uni- 
formly commanded attention from all parties. In his public 
oapacity he knew no party among his constituents, and made 



f(6 KEHBBBS OF PABIIAKEKT. 

no diffeienoe between Whig and Tory. To this cause, as well as 
to the high sense of honour wMoh regulated all tiie actions of 
his life, he owed that general esteem in which he was held. As 
a country gentleman no man stood higher ; and no more gene- 
rous or utelligent spirit could preside over the elegant hospi- 
talities of Miiton-Lockart, while in the intercourse of pri- 
vate life, his friendly nature and strong practi(»9d benevolence 
endeared him to a larflre circle of ^cerely attached Mends. 

The efficient state of the Lanarkshire Yeomanry Cavalry, of 
which he was Lieutenant-colonel-commandant, was mainly 
owing to his zeal and energy. He was again and again elected 
Dean of Faculties of the University of Glasgow, whose senate 
recorded in their minutes a flattering compliment to his memory 
before the close of the session of 1856. 

Mr. Lockhart represented one of the most ancient families in 
tlie county. He was married in early life to the eldest daughter 
of the Late Sir Hugh Pdliser, baronet, but dying without issue*, 
was succeeded in the entailed estates of Milton-Lockhart and 
Germiston by his fourth surviving brother, the Eev. Lawrence 
Lockhart, D.D. 

ME. P. KIEK. 

November 2nd, at Torq^y, aged 66, Peter Eirk, formeriy 
M.P. for Carrickfergtts.— -He was a son of the late Sir Peter 
Eirk, Knight, of lliomfleld, and married, in 1821, a daughter 
ot' A. Dalway, Esq. He was a magistrate and deputy-lieu- 
tenant for CO. Antrim, and was five times chosen mayor of Oar- 
rickfergtts, which he represented from 1835 to 1847. 



T. MACKEI^ZIE, ESQ. 
(Date unknown), in Heriot-row, Edinburgh, died Thomas 
Mackenzie, Esq.,. oi Applecross, formerly M.P. for the combined 
counties} of Ross and Cromarty. — ^He was a son of the late Ken- 
neth Mackenzie, Esq., and was bom in 1793; he became a 
Writer to the Si^et, and first entered Parliunent in May» 
18^7; on the appomtment of his relative, t^he Eight Hon. J. A. 
Stewart Mackenzie, to the governorship of Ceylon. He con- 
tinued to sit in Parliament as a supporter of Sir Robert Peel 
until 1847, when he retired. He married a daughter of the lat& 
G. Mackenzie, Es^* 



67 



KILIIAST. 

ENSIGH^ FrrZGERALD. • 

Jannaiy 2nd, at Malta, from the effects of a wound reoeived 
on the memorable 8th of September, Ensign lionel Edward 




upon the world at an early age 
fortune ; and having first tried a ciyil employment, to which 
he had been appointed through the influence of the Hon. Thomas 
Tesey, now Viscount de Yesci, he enlisted about twelve years 
ago in the corps to which he remained attached until his death. 
As colour-sergeant he accompanied his regiment to the East, 
and bore his part in all the deadly conflicts and arduous duties 
which devolved upon that distinguished corps until the fall of 
Sebastopol. In the assault of the Bedan his name is recorded 
by the General of IHvinon among those generous spirits who so 
worthily merited a civic crown by volunteering to place them-- 
selves under a murderous fire, in order to brinf away their 
wounded comrades to a place of safety. It was while engaged 
in that noble service that he received the wound which, after 
much suffering, has brought him to an early but honourable 
grave. For his conduct on that occasion, he was promoted to 
an ensigncy, to the great satisfEustion t>f the whole regiment^ 
both officers and men, by whom he had always been highly 
esteemed. — Dublin Evening Mail, 



LIEUT. PLUNKETT. 

January 3rd, at Jamestown House, Dublin, after a lono: ill- 
ness, contracted in the West Indies, Anthony Sydney Shawe 
Plunkett, late Lieut. 8th foot.— He was the seventh son of 
the late Hon. Matthew Plunkett, second son of River, tenth 
Lord Louth, by Sydney, daughter of Col. Shawe, of Parsons* 
town, Eong's County. 



COL. BONHAM. 

February 6th, at Brighton, aged 46, when he was in com- 
mand of the Cavalry Dep6t, Colonel Hei:^ Frederick Bonham, 
of Carlton Hall, Simblk, and of Orsett, Es8ex.-^The deceased, 
irho was bom in 1809, entered the service in 1829, and was for 
some time Lieutenant-Colonel of the 10th Royal Hussars. He 
had only recently retired from active sorvioe, and was placed 
on half-pay in 1862. 

p 2 



MILITABT. 



CAPT. MAHER. 

February 7th, at Swansea, Capt. Maher.—- This gentleman, 
who had recently succeeded Captain Gompertz in the command 
•f the recruiting staff at Swansea, met with his death in a 
shocking manner. The captain went to a party the preceding 
•vening, and returned to his lodgings at an early hour the fol- 
lowing morning. About six o'clock a smell of Duming linen 
was perceptible in the house. A gentleman named Tomlinson. 
«n entering Captain Maher's room, found it full of smoke, ana 
the bed furniture on fire. When the flames were extinguished, 
the lifeless body of Captain Maher was found on the floor, and 
«lose beside him his favourite dog, also dead. It is supposed 
that while undressing himself on a chair the deceased, fatigued 
with being up all night, had fallen asleep, and allowed the 
oandle to fall against the bed-curtains. Deceased was partially 
dressed, and had evidently been suflbcated by the smoke. 



COL. CLAEKE. 

February 23rd, at Bristol, aged 64, Colonel John Frederick 
Sales Clarke. — This gallant officer was in command of the South 
Wales district, and lately assistant quartermaster-general at 
the Horse Guards. Colonel Clarke was bom in 1802, entered 
the service in 1818, and attained the rank of colonel in 1851. 

COL. ANSTRUTHER. 

February 20th, at Chepstow Villas, Bayswater, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Robert Anstruther, of Thirdi>ort, N. B. 

MAJOR O. RANKEN, R.E. 

February 28th, at Sebastopol, aged 28, from an accidental 
•xplosion of a mine whilst superintending the destruction of 
the White Barracks in the Earabelnaia, Major George RaDken, 
Royal Engineers. — He had the melancholy oistinction of being 
the last English officer killed during the Crimean war. He 
was born in London, in 1828, and was educated under the Rev. 
Br. Smith, at Rottingdean, near Brighton. In 1841 he became 
a private pupil of the Rev. William Moore, at Ryde. In 1843, 
having received a nomination from the late Right Hon. H. 
©oulbum, he entered the Royal Militwy Academy, Woolwich, 
as a cadet, and in 1847 was commissioned as 2na Lieutenant 
of the Rojal Engineers, after having passed a most excellent 
examination, in which he held the fourth place in the remove 
amongst forty competitors, and being flrst in the mathematical 
list. In 1850 he became a 1st Lieutenant, and in April in that 
year left England for Canada. Whilst stationed at Quebec, he 



XAJOB WILLIKD. ^ 

eminently distin^ished himself on the oooasion of two serious 
fires there, especially in 1854, when the Parliament hnildinn 
were burnt, and when, together with other officers present, he 
saved the valuable library, and other contents of the Literary 
and Historical Society, and for their exertions received the 
tibanks of the Legislature of Canada. Whilst this fire was 
raging. Lieutenant Banken rescued a man from a position of 
the greatest danger, rushing in amongst the flames and bearing 
him to a place of safety. 

During the visitation of the cholera at Quebec, in the sum- 
mer of 1854, he caused the cholera regulations of the Genend 
Board of Health (of England) to be printed and distributed at 
his own expense, and contributed largely towards the relief of 
various sufferers. He sent many letters, full of most usefal 
suggestions, to the " Canadian Press," in which they appeared 
under the nom-de-plume of ** Delta ;" and on his return te 
England, in his communications to the Morning Post, under 
the same signature, was, probably, the ori^ator, through 
the press, of many valuable ideas ; amongst wmch may be men- 
tioned that of increasing the pav of our soldiers whilst serving 
in the field, as an inducement lor the militia to volunteer into 
the line ; that on the subject of the formation of the several 
camns that have since been established in England, and that 
on the means of obtaining assistance in the war from India 
and the Colonies. In October, 1854, he arrived in England 
from Canada, and in July, 1855, started for the Crimea, where 
he greatly distinguished himself as the leader of the forlorn 
hope, at the assault of the Hedan on the memorable 8th of 
September. A memoir of his career in the Crimea has been 

Jublished bv his brother, W. B. Banken, Esq., entitled '* Six 
[onths at Sebastopol " (Waterton). 



GENERAL WEIGHT, R.E. 

March 5th, at Cheltenham, aged 80, General George Wright, 
Colonel Commandant of the Boyal Engineers. — ^He obtained his 
commission as 2nd Lieutenant, 1796, served in the West Indies 
from 1800 to 1805, and shared in the capture of Saint Lucia and 
Tobago. He also served in North America and Canada, and 
was Deputy Quartermaster-General in Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick. He volunteered bis services to Ceylon during the 
rebellion of the Kan d Ian provinces, and paid an official visit te 
the court of Persia. In 1847 he became Major-Gbneral, was 
appointed Colonel Commandant of the Royal Engineers in 185lt 
and attained the fuU rank of general in 1854. 



MAJOR WILLARD. 

March 12th, at Eastbourne, Sussex, in the 80th year of his 
age, Major Leonard Eilham Willard, a magistrate for the county* 



70 Ifn.TTATlY. 

of Sufisez. — He was formerly of the llliL Battalion Eoyal 
VeteranB, and it is supposed that he was the last sarvivor of the 
large and gallant force which fought at the battle of Laswazree^ 
in me East Indies, nnder Lord Lake, in 1802. He had long re- 
tired frcaoa. active service and taken up his residence at East- 
bourne, where he was much respected as a magistrate and country 
gentleman. 



LIEUT.-COL. FOX, 

March 31st, aged 68, Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Pox, of 
Foxlands, St. Mary's Qiurch, near Torquay.— He was an old 
Peninsular officer, and served for many years in the 30th regi- 
ment of foot. He was present at the defences of Cadiz and 
Tarifa, and at Massena's retreat, and had received a medal for 
the action at Fuentes d'Onor. He subsequently served for 
eleven years in India. 



GENERAL WILSON, C.B. 

April 2nd, at Fronderw, Llanewst, co. Denbigh, aged 76, 
Lieut. 'General Thomas Wilson, C.B., of Beaurepaire.--Be en- 
tered the Bengal army in 1795, and saw some active service 
during the Govemor-Generalshins of Lords Wellesley and 
Hastings. He was appointed Colonel of the 2nd regiment of 
Native InlEUitry in 1830, and attained the rank of a lieutenant- 
general in 1851. 



LIEUT. STROVER, R.E. 

April 3rd, from an accident, Lieutenant William Strover, of 
the Madras Engineers, who soooeeded Mr. Tyrrell in the suj>er- 
intendence of the large works destined to irrigate the districts 
of Trichinopoly, adjacent to the Coleroon. — It ai)pears that the 
ill-fated young gentleman was in the habit of going to the Car- 
poor jungle every evening from 4 to 7, when ne used to bathe 
and shoot large game. He was last seen alive on the evening 
of the 3rd of April, proceeding thither with his double-barrelled 
ride in hand. On his not returning by 8 o'clock, his servants, 
becoming alarmed, procured torches and proceeded in search of 
their master, hoping that if he had missed his road the lights 
would speediljr attract him. Towards the morning they re^- 
larl^r beat the jungle, first in a body, then in small companies, 
till just at daylight the bod^ of the young man was discovered 
in the thickest part of the jungle, cold and stiff. The ri^ht 
side of the head was fearfully wounded, one barrel of his nfle 
having gone off, and the ball entered at the right side of the 
head, near the eye ; death must have been instentaneous. In 
ail probabilil^ he was pressing eagerly forward in pursuit of 



COLOKBL PAXXISSOK. 71 

fiome game whioli he had roused, when the ffttal aoeident oe- 
onrKd. He had only entered the service in September, 1855.-^ 
Madras Atkerueum, 



CAPT. CLARKE, R.N. 

April 6th, aged 42, Captain Thomas Jordaine Clarke, R.N. — 
He was the son of uie mte William Stanley Clarke, £sq., and 
entered the navy in 1828, on board the Madaffascar, 76 ; was 
made lieutenant 1834, in the Actasoriy 26, and m 1837 was ap- 
pointed flag-lieutenant of the Melville at the Cape of Good 
Hope. In 1840 he was ax)pointed to command the Columbine 
sloop, and having distinguished himself in China, was advanced 
to the rank of captain in 1841. 



COL. FARftUHARSON. 

April 7th, at Southampton, ag^d 59, Colonel Frederick Fai*- 
'quharson. Colonel of the 7th Fusiliers. — When the 7th Fusiliess 
embarkea for the East at Southampton Docks, the oolonel was 
present to see them depart. The soldiers recognized and 
clamoured round him, crying out, "There's our dear old 
oolonel ; let him come with us ; we'll ^o anywhere with him." 
Farquharson was so much aflected with the soldiers' attach- 
ment that he was obliged to leave the docks. Colonel Yea and 
Major Sir T. Troubridge, of the 7th Fusiliers, lunched with 
their fine old commander before they left Southami>ton. Far- 
quharson gave Sir Thomas his sword and sash, saying that he 
would never disofrace them. Poor Tea was killea, and Trou- 
bridge lost both nis legs in the Crimea. Colonel Farquharson. 
belonged to the Borsetsnire family of Farquharson ; ten of his 
brothers survive him. — Home News, 



COL. PATTISSON, 

May 2nd, aged 67, Colonel Robert Pattisson, late of the 13th 
light infantry. — He entered the service in March, 1808; 
became lieutenant January, 1810; captain, October, 1831; 
major, July, 1842 ; lieutenant-colonel in October of the same 
year ; and promoted to his late rank in November, 1854. The 
following summary of his services is taken from Hart*s Army 
Ijist:—Ke served with the 13th at the capture of Martinique 
in 1809, and of Guadaloupe in 1810; in Canada during the 
American war in 1813 and 1814 ; in the Burmese war in 1824, 
1825, and 1826, including the capture of Rangoon, storming the 
49tockades of Eumaroot, Eokien (severely wounded), Napadee, 
Melloon, and Pagahm Mew ; and he was also present at the 
repulse of the enemy before the lines of Rangoon on the 1st 
December, 1824. Served also throughout the operations in AiP- 
^hanistan and Beloochistan, and was present at the storm and 



72 XTUTABT. 

oaptoxe of Ghuznee, operations in Eohistan, includinp: the oap* 
tore of Tootomdixnali and Joolf hur ; and he was afterwards at 
Jellalabad daring its fiEunous defence by Sir Eob^ Sale. He 
received the silver war medal with two clasps for Martdnique 
and Giiadaloupe, and also medals for Ghuznee and Jellalabad. 



LIEUT. JOHNSTON. 

May 3rd, at his mother's residence, George Conway Montagu 
Souter Johnston, Esq., lieutenant 38th toot. — This gallant 
officer served witli his regiment in the last Burmese war. He 
was son of the late Lieut. Souter Johnston, of the Eoyal 
Marines. 

LIEUT.-COL. HORNBROOK. 

May 4th, at Devonport, Colonel Richard Lyde Hombrook, on 
the retired ^ill-pay ust of the Royal Marines as a lieutenant- 
colonel. — He entered the service in February, 1806, and served 
with the battalion in the north of Spain in 1836-38. 



LIEUT.-COL. WILDER. 

May 4th, in Bond-street, aged 48, Charles Philips 
Wilder, Esq., lieutenant-Colonel of the 6th Madras light 
cavalry.— He was the second surviving son of the late lieu- 
tenant-General Sir Francis John Wilder, of the Manor House, 
Binfield» Berks, and was bom in 1808. He entered the Madras 
army in 1825, and obtained the regimental rank of captain, in 
the 6th light cavalry, in 1840. At the time of his death he 
was at home on furlough. 

CAPT. PATTISON. 

May 8th, at Armagh, Captain John Robert Graham Pattison, 
of the 2nd Regiment of Warwickshire Militia.— He was the only 
«on of the late Lieut. -Colonel Alexander Hope Pattison, R.N», 
commander of the forces in the Bahamas. He was formerly 
captain in her Majesty's 10th regiment of foot, in which he 
served all through the late war in India. 



LIEUT.-COL. CAMERON. 

May 26th, at Nea House, near Christchurch, aged 65, 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Gordon Cameron, E.H.— %e was 
the eldest son of General Cameron, of the East-India Com- 
pany's service, and was bom at Chunar on the 14th of June , 
1790. Entering the army early in life, he served in the Grena- 
dier Guards during the latter years of the Peninsular wax. 



MAJOB H. B. THOMPSOIT. 73 

and was wounded at Barossa. Colonel Cameron had the 
honour of heing attached to the staff of the ^eat duke at 
Waterloo, and on that memorable day lost his nght arm, and 
received other seyere wounds, which incapacitated him from 
further active ex^ion in the military service of his country. 



LIEUT.-GENERAL MACDONALD, C.B. 

May dlst, at Aix-la-Chapelle, Lieutenant-General Mac- 
donald, C.B., of the Eoyal Artillery. — ^The record of his services 
tells the story — and no inglorious one— of his life. He was 
present at the capture of the Cai}e of Good Hope in 1806, and 
proceeded thence on the expedition to Buenos Ayres, where he 
was twice severely wounded and taken prisoner. He served in 
the Peninsula and south of France from June 1809 to July 1814^, 
including the battles of the Coa and Busaoo, affairs of B.e- 
dinha, Pombal, Condeixa, and Foz d' Arouce ; battles of Fuentes 
d'Onor and Salamanca, affair of San Munos, battle of Yittoria^ 
siege of San Sebastian, battles of the Pyrenees, affEurs of the 
Gave d'Oleron and Aire, and battle of Toulouse. He also 
served the campaign of 1815, including the battle of Water- 
loo (where he was severely wounded) and capture of Paris. He 
received the silver war-medal with eight clasps. He was the 
Toungrer brother of the late lieutenant-General Sir John Mac- 
aonaid, G.C.B., who died while holding the office of Adjutant- 
General to the Army. 

LIEUT, ALBERT. 

June 5th, suddenly, at Maidstone. Lieutenant and Adjutant 
Albert. — *' During the inspection of the West Kent Yeomanry 
Cavalry, at Maidstone, by Colonel Balders, C.B., on reaching 
tiie seventh movement, * Change front to the right,' an ex- 
ceedingly melancholy episode occurred. It was noticed by 
several persons that Lieutenant Albert seemed anxious that the 
manoeuvre i^ould be carried out correctly, and that he shouted 
very earnestly to the men. In a few seconds afterwards he 
turned his horse slowly towards a clump of trees, at the edge of 
the review-ground, but before reaching this place he was seen 
to totter by some of the spectators, one of whom, a groom, has- 
tened to meet him, and held the bridle of his horse whilst he 
dismounted. He lay down, and died in a few minutes." 



MAJOR H. B. THOMPSON. 

June 12Ui, in Gloucester-street, Pimlico, aged 26, Major 
Henry Lanffhome Thompson, one of the gallant defenders of 
S!ars.-~-He had landed at Hull, in bad [health, but a few days 
previous to his death, which was occasioned by bronchitis. The 



74 Tffn.TTABY. 

following memoir of liis career appeared in the Times of the 
14th of lae same month : — 

** He was liie son of a ^^entleman who held an importaoit 
offioial appointment as reoeiver-general for orown rents for the 
northern ooimties, was edneated at Eton, and in 1846 entered 
the military profession, of which he became so early an orna- 
ment. He was appointed to an ensigncy in the 68th regiment 
of Bengal Native Infantry in that year. On the 12th February, 
1850, he was promoted to a lieutenancy, and in the second Bur- 
mese war received a wound, from which he had not recovered 
when he returned to England, after nearly ten years' service, 
in the autumn of 1854. When the demand was felt for Indian 
officers to aid in the proposed campaign in Asia against tiie 
^Russians, Lieutenant Thompson, his wounded arm still in a 
sling, volunteered, and, after visiting the seat of war in the 
Crimea, returned to Constentinople, and proceeded to Erzeromn 
and Ears. In consequence of his g^ant behaviour at Ears, he 
was ai^ointed in the winter of last year a captain (unattacned) 
<xf the royal army, and it recently pleased her Majesty to confer 
on him, as well as his valorous comrades, a Companionship of 
the Bath. 

*' His conduct under the command of General Sir Fenwipk 
Williams is matter for history, and must command the eulogies 
which even histcrf is dow to pronounce on those not holding 
high command. It is perhaps fortunate for the memory of this 
brave young officer, out off in his early prime — for he had only 
reached his twenty-seventh year — ^that he was one of * a small 
band of heroes.' His name wiH be for ever associated with 
those of Williams and Lake, and Teesdale and Sandwith, and 
other gallant men. This is no time, while his family and friends 
are weeing for him, to enumerate his vigHant defence of the 
heights of the Earadagh, or to speak of the tact and strategy 
by which he, on tiie memorable 29th of September, got a heavy 
gun into position, and materially assisted in winning that 
victory by the deadly fire which he poured into the Eussiaa. 
ranks. We would rather call to mind at this moment his exoel^ 
lent social qualities, his kindness and cheerfulness, and thoroi:^ 
goodness of heart Between him and his brotiier officers isbaee 
aeems to have existed a feeling of more than fraternal friend* 
shin. It was but a day or two ago that I heard his brave friend 
ana fellow-soldier, Colonel Lake, bear warm testam<my to his 
conspicuous merits as an officer and a man. 

" Thd admiration which his valour aroused in the minds of 
his generous enemy the world may some day learn, for the pro- 
gress of himself and his brother captives through Russia was an 
ovation throughout. 

** The sword that Mouravieff returned to him, ' in admiration 
of noble and devoted courage, as a marie of honour and respect,' 
will be cherished in his bereaved and now sorrowing family as 
a predous heirloom. In what victorious fields he might na,ye 
hereafter worn it, had Heaven spared his life ! 



LIEUTENAjrT TEMPLE, B.A. 7i 

'* The following letter irom General Williams will show tha 
estimatiozi in which he was held by his gallant chief : — * Tiflis^ 
March 24.— My dear Thompson,— One little line, to beg you to 
give my love to Lake, and to thank yon for your letter written 
en route. I am, thank God, quite well again, and start for 
Blazon on Tuesday morning, at ten o'clock, haying every hope 
that— peace or war — ^we shall all meet at Moscow as soon as I 
report myself from Riazon to Petersburg. Teesdale sends love 
to you both. Wherever my fortunes may fall, there I hope ta 
see you by my side. — Affectionately yours, 

" • W. F. WlLUAMS.' 

" It woidd ill become any to intrude on the sanctity of 
domestic sorrow, but there can be nothing short of a national 
sympathy with the grief-oppressed heart of a widowed mother, 
and sisters and brothers, who have so unexpectedly lost one of 
whom they were so justly proud, and who had so lately been 
* the theme of honour's tongue.' " 

A letter was subsequently published from one of the nearest 
relations of Mrs. Thompson, the mother of the late Major 
Thompson, stating that she ** received, within four-and-twenty 
hours of the death of her son, so kind, so sympathizinpr, so nobly 
and ^neroudy expressed a ktter on the part oi her Most 
Gbacious Majesty the Sovereign, that if an3rthii)g could alle- 
viate the bitterness of the loss she has sustained, tne condolence 
of that noble-minded lady would go far to render the blow less 
afflicting." 

MAJOR-GEN. PEACOCKE. 

June 21st, at his residence, Palmobier, near Tours, aged 80, 
Major-General Thomas Peacoeke. — ^This general, who entered 
the army in 1806, had seen considerable service during the 
Peninsular war, durixig the greater portion of time being in the 
Poartoguese service. He was present at the Busaco, Albuera, 
Ciudad Rodri^o, Badajoz, Yittoria, Pyrenees, and Nivelle, for 
whidi he received the silver war-medal and seven clasps. So<m 
after the dose of the war the gallant officer retired on half-pay. 



LIEUT, KIRWAIS^. 

July 7th, at Great Bardfield, Essex (on a visit to his brother 
the Rev. R. Kirwan), six weeks after his return from the 
Crimea, Robert Eirwan, Esq., first Lieutenant in the Royal 
Marine Artillery. — He was third and youngest son of the late 
Captain Richard Kirwan, 7th Royal Fusiliers, of Brighton. 



LIEUT. TEMPLE. 

July 12th, of cholera, on board H.M.S. Firehrandy on his 
passage home from the Crimea, Lieutenant Francis Temple, 



76 lULITABT. 

B.N.— He was the only snrvivinfr son of Admiral Temple, of 
Truro, by Susan, youngest dangnter of the late G. Warren, 
Esq., of Fenpool, Cfomwall. 



CAPT. BOURNE. 

July 14th, at Llandudno, near Camanron, aged 34, Captain. 
Johnson Bourne, of 1st Berber Militia. — ^He entered the army in. 
1839, and served in India with the 17th and 4l8t regiments. 
Having become captain in 1852, he accompanied Lord Kaglan's 
expedition to the Crimea in September, 1854 ; was present at 
Alma and Inkermann, and at the repulse of the nreat sortie 
from Sebastopol on October 26th. Ue was invalided home 
early in 1855, and sold his commission, there being noprospect 
of his health allowing of his return to the Crimea. He subse- 
quently accepted a captaincy in the Derby Militia. 



CAPT. DENYSE. 

July 20th, at Flatbush, Indiana, aged 96, Capt. Denyse, one of 
the few surviving heroes of the American Revolution. — He was 
bom in the town of New Utrecht, October 18th, 1760, and took 
part in the battles of Long Island, Trenton, and Princeton, be- 
sides other lesser engagements. In the war of 1812 he received 
a captain's commission, and was stationed at Fort Greene. He 
was also present at the evacuation of New York by the British 
forces. 

LIEUT-GENERAL P. HAY. 

August 8th, in St. Mary's Square, Lambeth, aged 82, lieut.- 
General Philips Hay. — ^Tne deceased officer saw considerable 
service during the Peninsular war, and had received the silver 
war-medal for Sahagun and Benevente, being at that time in 
the 25th Dragoons. His commissions bore date as follows : — 
Lieutenant, June 14, 1794 ; captain, July 25, 1795 ; major, April 
25, 1808 ; Heutenant-colonel, June 4, 1815 ; colonel, January 
10, 1837 ; major-general, November 10, 1851 ; and lieutenant- 
general, June 20, 1854. He was placed on half-pay in February, 
1821. 

LIEUT.-GENERAL W. A. GORDON, C.B. 

August 10th, at Nairn, N.B., aged 87, Lieut. -(General William 
Alexander Gk>rdon, C.B., Colonel of the 54th regiment. — ^The 
gallant general entered the army in 1794, in, we believe, the 
95th foot. He served in Holland in 1799, at Walcheren in 
1809, and in the following year proceeded to the Peninsula with 
his regiment, where he served until the end of that war in 1814. 
He was present at the battle of Fuentes d'Onor, the action at 



U£UTEKA17I H. FLEMING. 77 

Aroja de Molino, the battles of Yittoria and the Nive, besides 
yanouB minor aftairs. The gallant ofiioer was severely wounded 
in the left ann at Yittoria, and again in the right foot at Has- 
paine on the 14th of February, 1814. The deceased general re- 
ceived a medal for the Nive, and the silver war -medal for 
Fuentes d'Onor and Yittoria. The gallant general was ap* 
pointed Colonel of the 54th (West Norfolk) regiment in 1850, 
which by his death becomes at the disposal of the Commander- 
in-Chief. His commissions bore date as follows: — Ensign, 
October 2, 1794 ; lieutenant, December 29, 1794 :. captain, Octo- 
ber 2, 1801 ; major, June 4, 1813 ; Heutenant-colonel, December 
26, 1813 ; colonel, tfuly 22, 1830 ; major-general, November 23, 
1841 ; and lieutenant-general, November 11, 1851. 

MAJOR DE MOLEYNS. 

August 17th, in Upper Mount-streeL Dublin, aged 28, Mi^oi^ 
Edward Charles De Moleyns, B.E. — He was the eldest son of 
Thomas De Moleyns, Esq., one of her Majesty's counsel in Ire- 
land, and great-grandson of the 1st Lord Yentry. He was bom 
in January, 1828 ; entered the service as seoondlieutenant in 1845 ; 
became captain in 1854, and had served ten years on fall pay. 

COL. RAMSAY. 

August 23rd, suddenly, at Thurso, N.B., Lieutenant-Colonel 
John Ramsav, formerly of the Bombay Fusiliers. — ^He was fifth 
son of the late lieutenant-General the Hon. John Ramsay 
(younger brother of the 9th Earl of Dalhousie and of the 1st 
Lord Panmure), by Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Glen, Esq. 
He was born Janaary 24th, 1811, and was unmarried. He 
entered the East-India Company's arrnvj Bombay, in 1828, and, 
having seen some active service, retired in 1855. 



LIETJT. H. FLEMING. 

August 30th, at the Castle, Windsor, Lieutenant Hugh Flem- 
ing, Military Anight of Windsor.— He had seen much service, 
having served in the campaigns of Flanders in 1793, 1794, and 
1795 ; in Holland in 1799, in Germany in 1805, at Copenhagen 
in 1807, and in the Peninsula from 1809 to 1814. He was pre- 
sent in the actions of St. Amand, Famars, lincelles, Dunkirk, 
Lannoi, Yauz, Cateau, Robaiz, Moveauz, Tomay, Fort St. An- 
-dr^, Helder, Zuyp, Walmenhuysen, Bergen (wounded). Oporto, 
Rusaco, Espinhal^ Foz d'Arouce, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, 
Yittoria, Pyrenees, Echalar (wounded), Nivelle. and Orthes : 
and the sieges of Yalenciennes (wounded), Copenhuren, Ciudad 
Rodrigo, and Burgos. He was taken prisoner at rlacentia on 
the 2nd of August, 1809, but escaped ten days afterwards, and 
rejoined the army. He had received tlie war-medal with eight 
<clasps. 



78 MILITAET. 



CAPT. DALEYMPLE. 

An^st — , at Athens, George Dalirmple, Esq.» Captain 91st 
foot, — He was third son of the late Colonel Hew Dalrrmpte ci 
the 49th regiment, by Marianne, grand-danghter of the Hon. 
James Bmoe, of Qartlet, co. Clackmannan (some time Chief 
Justice of Barbadoes), and nnihew of the late Conntess of Had- 
dington and the Countess of Stair. He formerly served in the 
1st Royals; and was appointed, in 1840, Paymaster of the 91st 
regiment. 



MAJOR-GEN. J. JONES, K.H. 

September 22nd, in Jermyn-street, aged 74, Major-General 
James Jones. K.H. — ^This Peninsular offioer was the KmithsoB of 
&e late Mionael Jones, £s<^, formerly of Caton, Lanoashire, who 
himself also senred in the Peninsula. He was formerly in the 
16th Dragoons, from which he retired on half-pay in Auffost, 
1815. Beflides nnmerons minor afSdrs, he was engaged wit£ his 
regiment at Talarera and Barossa, for ^diich he was granted 
the silver medal. His commissions bore date as follows : — Cor- 
net, November 6th, 1801; lieutenant, November 23rd, 1804; 
captain, August 17th, 1808; major, April 14th, 1813; lieut.- 
oolonel, July 22nd, 1813; odonel, November 9th, 1846^; and 
major-general, June 20th, 1864. He was a Knight CompaBionr 
of the Hanoverian Guelphic order, and Knight of the order of 
Charles III. of Spain. 

COL. SHEWELL, C.B. 

October 1st, at Gk>Bden, near Guildford, aged 47, Colonel 
Frederick G^rge Shewell, C.B., of the 8th Hussars. — Colonel 
SheweU had been thirty years in the service, and commanded 
the 8th Hussars at the famous Balaklava charge, where he 
brought a portion of the brigade out of action. He subse- 
quently held the rank of Brigadier-General in the Crimea, for 
which he was made a C.B., and awarded a pension for dis- 
tinguished services. Colonel Shewell was in every sense of the 
wora a good officer, and high in the esteem of all who knew 
him. 



HON. C. GRIMSTON. 

October 8tli, ined 38, tiie Hon. Charles Grimston, formerly 
Cantain in the Coldstream Guards. — The deceased gentleman, 
haa been out to the East just before the conclusion of peace, 
and on his arrival at Constantinople was assailed by fever,, 
from the effects of yvbioh. he never entirely recovered. He was 
third son of the late" Earl of Verulam, and brother of the 



OENZBAL QTJYOK, 79 

preaeut peer, the Countess of Clazendoii» the Coonteie Ciwrm^ 
the Couatess of Galedon, and Yisoountess Folkestone. He waa 
bom October 3rd, 1818. 



SEEGT. WILLIAM JOWETT. 

October 11th, in Pljmonth Hospital, aged 26, Sergeant Wil> 
liom Jowett, of the 7th Fusiliers.— He was a natiye of Beeston, 
and enlisted in 1847. He served thronghont the whole of the 
Crimean campaign; waswonnded at the Alma; was engaged 
in the thickest of the fight at Balaklava and Inkermann, and at 
each attack on the Redan. At the final assanlt he was struck 
by a shell, had his leg amputated, and was brought back to 
Ijigland in the May foUowmg. He kept a diary of all the 
events of importance in the Crimea, in which he describes 
scenery, manners, persons, incidents, battles, and adventares, 
in a way not often surpassed by educated tourists, and whicn 
many of his officers perused with pleasure. 



GENERAL GTJYON. 

October 11th, at Constantinople, of cholera, aged 43, General 
Bichard Debaxifre Guyon (Eurschid Pasha, of the Turkish ser> 
vice), a name of which Bath and the county of Somerset 
have reason to be proud. — Gnyon, *' the patriot and the hero," 
and the first individual who ever rose to a command in ^e 
Turkish serviee without being forced to adopt the Mussulman 
faith, was a native of Bath, and was bom March Slst, 1813. 
We extract the following sketch of his services from the Bath 
Journal: — 

** The career of this distinguished soldier was chequered by 
adversities. The most advanced posts of danger were ever 
selected by him as his sphere of action, and on the Danube in 
1849, and beyond the Caucasus in 1864, he fought in fields 
which France and England have fiedled to defend, and which 
haive since been occupied by the Russians. His efforts in 1849- 
did not prevent ihe catastrophe to avert which he struggled. 
Hungary, with shame be it said, was overthrown and trampled 
on, and was declared by the Russian general. Prince Paskie- 
witch, to be at the feet of the Emperor of Russia. From that 
tmhappy position the treacherous hand of Anstria has been 
incapable of raising the Hungarian nation. Austrian imperial 
pageantry is now about to try its charms, and probably to prove 
its impotency to win a people who have been basely betifayed 
and crushed. The cause for which brave Guyon strnggifid was. 
mutual fidelity between the Huiu^arian sovereign ana people, 
the only basis on which the swora of Hnngary will ever serve 
the allies of Austria. By treason towards tiie Hungarian 
crown and people, Austria has vitiated the sources of her power 
and paralyzed her independence. The house of Hapsburg i& 



80 HILITABY. 

now subjected to the caprices of the Emperor of Russia, and 
from this dilemma there IS no escape, but by that hononrable 
oonrse of respecting ancient laws and fulfilling: sworn engage- 
ments, which is belieyed to b& the last poHoy that Austria will 
«yer be Hkely to adopt. History will do justice to the memory 
of General unyon, aud applaud his foresight and the resolute 
honesty of his conduct. 

'* In Asia, brave Guyon, under the title of Eurschid Pasha, 
took up his post at Ears, before France and England issued 
their declarations of war against Russia. His efforts there met 
with defectiTe support, ana the neglect with which the Turkish 
Asiatic army was treated produced many of the disasters of the 
war, tiie causes and effects of which men are now more eompe- 
tent to appreciate. The want of vigour displayed by the allies 
in tile campaign beyond the Caucasus has de^actea seriously 
from the value of the results which should have been obtained 
hj the peace. Guyon was withdrawn from his post before the 
siege and fall of Ears. 

"Without fee or reward from the English "War-office, Guyon 
has fought his country's battles and served her interests. His 
inllant^ and the importance of his services to the Turkish 
Government were recognized in the House of Commons in Juljr, 
1866, by Lord Falmerston, who expressed great pleasure in 
bearing testimony in his favour." 

As it is, however, he has died respected by his countrymen. 
The Emperor Louis Napoleon has generously provided for the 
education of his sons in the Military Colleges of France. 

A narrative of Guyon's career hais since been published by 
Mr. Arthur Eingslake, of Weston-super-Mare, in the hope of 
drawing public attention to the merits of one whom he rightiy 
styles a patriot and a hero." 

The following is from the Bath Express :— " Before France and 
England drifted into war against Russia, Guyon boldly advanced 
to the front in Hungary, and there strenuously opposed the 
Austro-Muscovite coalition, which had for object the overthrow 
of the Hungarian nation. Hungary in her lawful independ- 
ence formed a national bulwark, more trustworthy against 
Russian aggressive policy than millions of Hapsburgers ; but 
she was abandoned by Europe xmder the influence of vacillating^ 
councils. In her de&nce, General Guyon was England's noblest 
representative. Her fall facilitated Russia's designs on Turkev. 
Himgary being prostrated. General Guyon, true to his noble 
instincts, sought again a foremost place where danger menaced 
England's interests. He fought in the fleld for the defence of 
Ears, and commenced some of those fortifications which have 
since ac<][uired so great celebrity, and which will again in all 
probability be the centre of desperate struggles." 

The Athenaum thus speaks of General Guyon in a review of 
'* Ears and Our Captivity in Russia," by Col. Atwell Lake : 
-7" In Colonel Lake's book we find less about the Turks and Rus* 
sians than about the heroes of Ears. Scarcely a word of praise 



U 



6ENSBAL 6T7TON. SI 

is Youohsafed to that Mnshir— commander of the armies of 
Asia— who, seeing the superior military abilities of Colonel 
WilUams, had the rare oouraf^ and self-denial to allow his 
^est to exercise the real military command. Not one word 
is nyen to General Gnyon, the intrepid English soldier who 
rallied the routed forces of Kurak Deri and put the fortress of 
Kars into an attitude of defence. But, instead, we have a 
good deal about the genius, the beauty, the heroism, the suc- 
cesses, the amusements, of the Heroes of Kars. Everybody 
compliments everybody. General Williams and his comrades 
have done a fine tning ; England has been swift to acknowledge 
their merit : and the warmth of their reward should have maae 
them liberal, and even generous, towards the claims of those 
who have been less fortunate, though not less meritorious. We 
are sorry to find in the published works of the Heroes of Kars 
few traces of liberality or generosity. Thev seem unconscious 
of everything going on outside the walls of their petty Arme- 
nian fortress. They consider themselves the lords of the war. 
All other names and fames are sunk in their narratives, as if 
the conflicts in the Baltic and Black Sea were nothing but inci- 
dents in the blockade of Ears. When they venture — on rare 
occasions— to refer to a contemporary, not one of themselves, 
and not connected with the Foreign Office, it is almost invari- 
ablv in a tone of disparagement. 

Perhaps the most conspicuous injustice of the Heroes of Kars 
is their silence with regard to the great merits and imrewarded 
services of General Guyon. Colonel Lake carefully conceals 
the name of this officer. * The position of Kars is strong and 
to some extent tenable. ... In the condition in which toe 
found it, it is questionable whether they could have held it for 
three hours,' says Colonel Lake, in a paragraph which will call 
down vigorous denials from military men who know the Arme- 
nian frontier. * Suffice it that, with the able assistance of 
Captain Thompson, /did all that lay in m]^ power to make the 
place impregnable.' General Mouravieff will smile at such a 
boast, should his eye ever meet it. No man, we believe, knew 
more about Kars— its past state and its present state — l^an 
Mouravieff; for he had served against it in the war under 
Poskievitch, and was so well informed by his spies, that he 
knew the position of every gun and the strength of every 
breastwork ; yet, although this renowned soldier lay at a few 
hours' distance, master of a fine army and a matchless siege- 
train, he required months of preparation before he ventured to 
appear under the walls of Kars. No doubt Colonel Lake and 
Cantain Thompson strengthened the defences of the fortress, 
and defended tnem most nobly when they were assailed, but it 
is eauolly clear that the place had been prepared to their hands 
by General Guyon and tne Hungarian officers who served with 
him, and who were most ungratefally set aside, and are still 
ungraciouslv ignored, out of deference to our aUy ' to a certain 
extent.' Tne Heroes of Kars, having no fear of Austria before 



82 . OHIi:.ITA.!BY; i 

their eyes^ woiild have won gjolden opinions from t&e'pnblioiand 
the 'prbfession, by ehowing uiemselyes jealous for the fame of a 
brother officer who is most unjustly neglected. They have not 
diown the generous ardour of soldiers, but have added their 
flileaoe to the neglect of the Foreign Office. We record such a 
fact with regret." 

> A monument to the memory of General Ghiyon has been 
erected in the Lyncombe Cemetery, at Bath. 



GENERAL BFTTERWOETH. 

November 4th, at MUlmead House, Guildfbrd, aged 55, Gene- 
ral William J. Butterworth. — In early life he had se^ii some 
iLctive service, and in 1843 was appointed to the Gt)Yemorship 
of Prince of Wales' Island, Singa]3ore, and Malacca. This- 
high and responsible post he hela till the year 1855, When he 
retnmed to England with enfeebled health, but nbt until the' 
inhabitants of the settlements oyer which he presided had pre- 
sented him with a handsome service of plate, to the value of 
£700, in acknowledgment of his valuable services and high 
character. 

COL. G. DRUMMOND. 

Novomber 8th, suddenly, at the residence of W. E. WoUer,. 
Esq., Durham, aged 47, Colonel Gordon Brummond, of the 
Coldstream Guaros.^— He was the eldest son of the late Gf!neral< 
Sir Gordon Drummond, G.C.B., who'married the eldaat daugh- 
ter of William Eussell, Esq., ef Brancepeth Caistle; Durham 
(aunt to the Yiscountess Boyne), by whom; in addition to the 
oolonel, now deceased, he had a younger son, Russell, R.N.^ 
killed in South America, and one aaughter, Eliza, married, in' 
1682, to Henry, 2nd and present Earl of Effingham. At the 
oommencem^nt of the late war, in February, 1854, deceased went 
o&twitii the Guards, and returned from Biilgfluia in the fol- 
lowing July, to commimd the second battalion. On his way 
home ne srmered from an attack of illness of the same nature 
sCs that which caused his death* He' proceeded to tiie Crimea: 
in May, 1855, to command the first or Crimean battalion. Whilst^ 
there he had ' two severe attacks of illness \ and during the 
last one, which occurred in the winter, for some days it was 
not expected that he woiild recover. He remained, nowever, 
in command of the battalion, . and returned with the Guards,' 
entering London with his regiment in June last. -Cdlonel 
Drummond was never married. His body Was interred in the 
Kensal-green Cemetery. 

; LIEUT.rCOL. POWER. 

November 17th, in Grosvenor-terrace, Pimlico, aged 64, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel John Francis Power, commanding the depot o£ 



HOX. GBNXSA.L BUTLEB. 88 

the British German Lesion at Shomcliffe. — He was late of the 
^th foot, and formerly served in the 3rd Hussars, King's 
German Legion. 

HON. LIEUT. MORETOISr. 

- November 27th, at Tortworth Court, Wotton-nnder-Edge, 
aged 19, the Hen. Howard Moreton, Lieutenant 7th Roval 
Fusiliers. — He was the seventh son of the late earl, and brother 
of the present Earl Ducie, and had only entered the army in 
1855. 



GENERAL MOODY. 

November 28th, in Porchester-square, Hyde-nark, Mfgor- 
General Stephen Moody, of the. Bengal establianment of the 
Hon.' East-India Company. — He entered the 'servioe in 1805, 
and attained his rank in the Bengal army in November, 1854. 
In October, 1852, he was appointed to the colonelcy of the 17th 
regiment of Native Infantiy. 



CAPT. COWPER, R.E. 

December 3rd, killed at Canton, China, in the disoharge of 
iiB professional duties, William Cowper, Esq., Captain, com- 
manding the Royal Engineers.-^He was the eldest son of the 
late Lieutenant-Colonel Cowper, of the Bombay Engineers. 



HON. GENERAL BUTLER. 

December 7th, in Paris, aged 76, General the Hon. Henry 
Edward Bntier. — ^This gallant veteran, oolonel of the 55th foot, 
•was unde of the Ean of Carrick, though possibly better 
known as the father of three heroes who fell in their oonntrv's 
service within a space of six months. The Hon. Henry Butler 
entered the army as ensign in the .27th, in 1800 ; he became a 
iieutcmant in the same year ; eaptain, May, 1804 ; migor. May, 
1911 ; lieutenant-colonel, July,! 1816; colonel and major-geBenu* 
January 1837 ; lieutenant-general, June, 1854. He was colonel 
of the 55th in 1855, being transferred to it from the 94th. He 
served with the Portusruese army in 1810 and 1811, was 
wounded at Busaco, ana received the Peninsula medal with 
two clasps for Egypt and Busaco. On the 6th of January, 
1812, he married Jane, daughter of Clotwordiy Gowan, Esq., 
bv whom, who died in 1836, he had issue four sons, only one 
of whom (Pierce, in holy orders) survives him. His eldest son, 
Henry Thomas, oaptabi 55th foot, bom in 1813, was deputy- 
<Assistant-adjutant-general in the Crimean expedition, ana was 
killed at Inkermann, November 5th, 1854, aged 41 . His second son, 
Charles George, captain in the .86th. foot, was bom in 1823, and 

a 2 



84 MIUTABT. 

died in India, December, 1864, aged 31. Hifl fourth son, 
James Armar, captain in the Ceylon Bifles, bom in 1827, 
was the hero of Sihstria, but did not liye to receive the honours 
which awaited his colleaene. Lieutenant (now Major) Nasmyth 
in England, for the gallant and successful defence of that 
fortress. He died from fatigue and sickness in July, 1854, 
aged 27. General Butler married again in 18d0, and leaves one 
ton, aged 14, and a daughter to mourn his loss. 



LIEUT. MACARTNEY. 

December 7th, at Malta, aged 19, Lieutenant John Goooh 
Macartney, 67th regiment.— He was a son of Brigadier-Major 
Macartney, formerly of the 7th Dragoon Guards and 9th B,oyal 
Lancers. He entered the army in 1854, served during the 
greater part of the Crimean campaign, and was present at the 
attack on the Bedan, and at the capture of Sebastopol. 



CAPT. WEST. 

December 8th, at Greenwood, Hants, aged 35, Captain William 
Henry West, of the 1st Madras Fusuiers. — ^He was fourth son 
of Lieutenant-Colonel West, late Scots Fusilier Guards, and 
grandson of the late Lieutenant- Colonel West, of the same 
regiment, Lieutenant-Governor of Land^uard Fort. He entered 
^e service in 1839, and became captain m October, 1850. 



UEUT.-COL. MALET. 

December 9th, killed at the storming of the fort of Bushire, 
Ml the Persian Gulf, aged 51, lieutenant-Colonel George Gren- 
ville Malet, of the Bombay army, fourth son of the late Sir 
C. W. Malet, Bart.-— He was bom in 1805, and educated at 
Charter-house and HaileyburY; but, owing to an accidental 
eircumstance which altered his plan of life, he declined the 
oivil service, and accepted a oadetship to Bombay in 1822. In 
1824 he saw active service while attached to the 9th Native 
Infantry, from which he soon afterwards exchauffed into the 
drd Bombay Light Cavalry. Social, good-natured, and gene- 
rous, he was generally beloved both by officers and men ; and 
when before long he was placed on the staff of his regiment, he 
eontributed greatly to its efficiency. He was also fond of wild 
aports; and more than one adventure and hair-breadth escape 
with tigers and lions is told of him by his comrades. He gained 
a high reputation for ability and energy during tiie campaigns 
in Afghanistan and Sdnde. In the former he was wounded, 
and narrowly escaped with his Hfe. He was selected by the 
late General Sir Charles J. Nai^ier, from among the numerous 
officers who had served xmder mm in Scinde, as Besident at the 
oourt of Meer All Morad, from which post he was, in course of 



i 



BBIGADIXB STOPFOBB, C.B. S5 

time, transferred to the command of the Gnicowar's Horse, in 
the proyince of Katty war, combining with it also the discharge 
of civil duties. Whilst holding this position, his regiment was 
ordered on the Persian expedition. He volunteered for service, 
intending to retire from the service at the close of the campaign. 
He had scarcely landed his troops before Bushire, when the 
attack commenced. The enemy were put to flight ; and he was 
in the act of ordering his men to spare the fugitives, when be 
fell by a shot flred by one of the laUer. His bodv reposes in an 
Armenian church, on the shores of Persia, in the same grave 
with several of his gallant comrades ; and he has left behind 
him tbe memory of a good officer, a dutiful son, a kind husband* 
a gentie father, and a sincere friend. 

Colonel Malet married, in 1861, Mary Fleming, daughter 
of Colonel J. Taylor, by whom he has left four young 
children. 

Lord Elphinstone, the Governor of Bombay, in a letter 
addressed oy him to the brother of the deceased, sneaks of 
Colonel Malet in terms of the highest praise, and adds, *' He 
died not only in the discharge of his duties as a soldier, but in 
the exercise of the higher duty of a Christian, in sparing his 
enemies, and in saving the very life of the man who shot nun. 
It must afford you a melancholy pleasure to know how your 
brother was beloved and regretted." General Stalker, who 
commanded the expedition, writes : — ** The death of your poor 
brother damped all, and made the victory a very, very dear 
one. He was beloved by all—men and officers ; and a more 
gallant and kind-hearted soldier never breathed." 



LIEUT. UTTERSON. 

December 9th, in the Persian Gulf, from wounds received in 
the storming of the fort of Bushire, aged 24, Lieutenant Matthews 
Corsellis Utterson, of the 20th regiment of Bombay Native 
Infantry. — ^He was the second son of the late Rev. A. G. tltterson. 
Rector of Layer Mamey, Essex. He entered the service in 1 849« 



BRIGADIER STOPFORD, C.B. 

December 9th, in the storming of the fort of Bushire, Persia, 
Brigadier James Sto^ord, C.B. — ^He was the son of the late 
Rev. James Stopford, Rector of Blarney, co. Cork. — He obtained 
his commission as ensign in 1826, and served with the 40th 
foot through all the operations in Kandahar and in Affghan- 
istan in 1841-42, for which he had received the medal, and 
commanded that regiment in tiie action at Maharajpore, Dec. 
29th, 1843, where he was severely wounded, and had his horse 
cat down under him. He was buried in the same grave with 
Lieutenant Utterson. 



86 MIIJTAB3r« 



LIETJT. WARREN. 

December 10th, &om wounds reoeived in the stonningr of. 
Bnshire, aged 24, Lieutenant William Blaokbnm Warren, 
20th regiment Bombay Native Infantry. — ^He was second son of 
the late Lieutenant Dawson Warren, R.A., and entered the 
seryiee in 1849. He attained the rank of lieutenant in 1853. 



GENERAL MILMAN. 

December llth, in Berkeley-square, Lieutenant-General 
Francis Miles MOman. — The gallant general entered the army 
in 1800, in tiie Coldstream Guards, and saw much service in 
the Peninsula. He took t)art in the battle of Talavera, where 
he was most seriously wounded, .and . was only saved by a 
private soldier of the Guards from being burnt on the field of 
battle. The deceased general was made prisoner in the hos- 
pital of Talavera, and detained in France until 1814. The 
fallant general rose to the command of the Coldstream Guards, 
[e was appointed colonel-in-chief of the d2nd regiment, the 
Prince of Wales' Volunteers, in November, 1860. 



CAPT. HORTON. 

December llth, at Worcester, Captain Horton. — ^Hewas a 
native of Wcdverhampton, and in early life purchased a com- 
mission in the Queen s Bays, and went to the Continent with 
the Duke of Welliagton. He was in the army of reserve at 
Waterloo, and accompanied the victorious troops to Paris. Hav- 
ing spent l^ee years in Picardy, he returned to England, and 
sold out in 1827. He had resided many years at Worcester ; he 
was of eccentric habits, and has left a large fortune to his cousin 
and heir. Colonel Horton, who resides near Stafford. 



HON. GENERAL GARDNER. 

December nth, at Bishopsteighton, Devon, aged 82, General 
the Hon. William Henry Gardner, Colonel-Commandant of the 
10th battalion of the Koj&l Artillery.— The venerable general 
was the 3rd but eldest surviving son of Alan, first Baron 
€hirdner, and was bom October 6th, 1774. He married iii 
February, 1803, Eliza Lydia, third daughter of Lieutenant- 
General William Fyers, by whom he leaves numerous issue. 
The military services of the deceased general commenced in 
September, 1793, and he took part in the Walcheren ex])edition, 
in which he was aide-de-camp to the Earl of Chatham, and 
was present during the siege and capture of Flushing. He 
mbsequently held the command of tiie Eastern district, and 
from 1823 to 1829 commanded the Royal Artillery at Malta. 



CAPTAIN ^ BtrSSOTTQHES* SCT 

His commissions bore date as follows : — Second lieutenant, Sep- 
tember 18th, 1793 'r fifst lieate;ifi^t» Jai^aary Ist, 1794 ; captain, 
July J6th, 1799 ; brevet major, June 4th, 1811 ; regimental 
nia^or, December 20th, 1814 ; ueutenant-colonei, Dedember 2dth, 
1814 ; colonel, July 29th, 1825 ; major-eeneral, January lOth, 
1837; lieutenant-general, November 9tQ, 184€; and general, 
June 201^, 1854. He was appointed oolonel-oommandant of 
the 10th battalion of the Royal regiment oi Artillerv in April, 
1846. A notice of his youngest son, who died in In£a in 1855^ 
will be found in the "Annual Biography for 1856," and our 
next year's publication will contain a memoir of his fourth son, 
who died in the Indian mutiny in June, 1857. 



LIEUT. CONNELL. 

December 27th, at Eskdale House, Langholme, N.B., William 
Alexander ConneU, Esq., Lieutenant 11th Native Infantry 
(Bombay). — He entered the military service of the East-India 
Company in 1846, and became lieutenant in 1852. He was for^ 
m^ly assistant civil engineer at Ehutnagherry, and in the 
Public Works department at Bombay. 



NAVAL. 

CAFE. HARNESS. 

Januaryeth, at Kensington Gore, aged 63, CaptMn Richard 
Stephens Harness, R.N.— He was the son of Dr'. John Harness, 
F lis., many years a commissioner of the Transport Board : 
he entered the navy in 1805. in the Diadem, 64, and accom- 
panied the expeditions to the Cape of Good Hope and Buenos 
Ayres. In 1807 he was at the bombardment of Copenhagen, in 
the Inflexible, 64. He was made a lieutenant in 1812, and 
served altogether for nine years on half-pay. He became a 
commander in 1814, and subsequently retired as captain under 
the Order of Council of June 25, 1851. 



CAPT. BURROTJGHES. 

January 9th, at Burlingham Hall, Norfolk^ aged 35, Keut, 
^enry Negus Burroughes, R.N., eldest surviving: son of H. N. 
Burroughes, Esq., late M.P. for the Western division of that 
county, by Jane, sister to the gallknt Sir W.^Hoste, Gapt. R.N. 
—He entered the liayy in 1833, passed his examination in 
1840, and was taade a lieutenant in 1845. 



88 KAYAL. 



CAPT. WIDDRINGTON. 

January lltib, at Newton Hall, Felton, Northumberland, ased 
^8, Samuel Edward Widdrington, Esq.. Commander, B.N.--- He 
was the eldest son of the Eey. J. Cook, bv the grandniece and 
coheir of the last male representative of the ancient family of 
Widdrington, Hauxle v, Northumberland, and assumed the name 
in 1820. He obtained his first commission in the navy in 180&, 
and served on the French and Spanish coasts. He was promoted 
to the rank of commander in 1824, at the request of Don John of 
Portugal, who had taken refuge on board his ship the Wtnelsar, 
at iLisDon. From 1829 to 1832 he resided in Spain, and the 
results of his sojourn in that countnr he gave to the world in 
1834, under tiie tiUe of " Sketches in Spain." This work gives 
the reader some ver^ interesting notions of the manners, 
customs, commerce, hne arts, and natural history of the 
Peninsula. He paid a second visit to Spain in 1843, and pub- 
lished the results of his travels in a volume entitled, ** Spain and 
the Spaniards." In 1832, Captain Widdrington married Dorothy^ 
second daughter of the late A. Davison, Esq., of Swarland 
Park, Northumberland, by whom he has left no issue. 



CAPT. KOWLATT. 

January 18th, at Belfast, aged 47, William Rowlatt, Esq.^ 
Commander, B.N. — He was a son of the Rev. W. H. Rowlatt, 
many years Reader of the Temple Church, and entered the 
navy in 1824, when sixteen years of age. Having seen some 
service in Canada and on the AMcan station, he was advanced 
to the rank of commander in 1847. His journals, letters, and 
sketches from the coast of AMca, give a faithful and affect- 
ing description of the horrors of the slave-trade. He subse- 
quently held the post of Emigration Officer in the West Indies, 
St. Helena, and in IrelandT; he was the author of several 
interesting and able articles on professional subjects in the 
weekly journals, and also of '' Sketches of a Sailor ; or. Things of 
Earth and Things of Heaven," Longmans, 18d3. Among other 
points which he advocated in his writings, was the establish- 
ment of an " Order of Merit." He has left a widow and m 
large family. 



COMMANDER JAMES GORDON. 

January 21st, at Port Macquarie, aged 67, Commander James 
Qerdon, on reserved half-pay. — ^This officer entered the navy 
in 1802, and was present in the Argo at the reduction of 
St. Lucia and Tobago. He served in the Tiaer in the pursuit 
of Villeneuve to tne West Indies and bacK, and also in the 
expedition to Egypt in 1807. He obtained promotion to the 



ASMXEAL SXMES. 89 

rank of lieutenant in 1808, and to that of commander as flag- 
lientenant to Sir H. Blackwood in the East Indies. — United 
Service Gazette. 



ADMIRAL SYME8. 

January 27th, atCrewkeme, Somerset, aged 68, Bear- Admiral 
Joseph Symes. — ^He was third son of Mr. John Symes, of Wey- 
ford House, Grewkeme, where he was bom in 1787 ; he was a 
nephew of the late Admiral Sir W. Domett, G.C.B. ; he received 
his early education at a school at Beaminster. The following 
account of his services is extracted from 0*Byme*s " NayiU 
Biography :" — " This officer entered the navy in March, 1801, as 
A.B., on board the Alkmaar, 50, Captain Eich. Foulden, lying 
at Portsmouth ; and from the following April until promoted to 
tiie rank of lieutenant, 13th March, 1806, was empl oye d on the 
Baltic, Home, Mediterranean, North- American, and West-India 
stations, as midsMpman and master's mate, in the Lj/nx and 
Sophie sloops. Captains Alex. Skene and Philip L. J. Rosen- 
hsLgen ; Dryads 36, Captain Wm. Domett ; Tonnantf 80, Cap- 
tains Sir Edward PeUew and Charles Tyler; Cerberm, 32, 
Captain William Selby ; and Veteran, 64, flag ship of Yice- 
Acuniral James Rich. Dacres. In the Tonnant he fought at the 
battle of Trafalgar, 21st October, 1805. 

'* His appointoients in the capacity of lieutenant were :— 30 th 
March, 1808, to the Meleager, 36. Captain Fred. Warren, under 
whom he was wrecked, 30th July following, on the Barebush 
Key, near Port Royal ; 6th December in the same year, to the 
Bonne Citoyenne, of 20 guns and 127 men, Captain Wm. Moun- 
sey, employed on the Halifax and Lisbon stations ; and 7th and 
27th February, 1810, to the Belvidera, 36, and Rodn ey, 74, 
Captains Heniy Baker and Sir Wm. Bolton, lying at Wool- 
wich. In Uie Bonne Citoyenne he was present 6th July, 1809, 
and was mentioned for the able assistance he afforded, at the 
capture of La Furieuse, French frigate, of 20 guns (pierced for 
48) and 200 men, armee-en-flute, which did not surrender until 
a hard-fought action of nearly seven hours had occasioned the 
British a loss of 1 man killed and 6 wounded, and herself of 35 
killed and 37 wounded. For his conduct on this occasion, Mr. 
8ymes, as soon as he had completed his two years' servitude as 
lieutenant, was promoted, 13th March, 1810, to the rank of 
commander. 

** His last appointments were 5th September, 1810, and 30th 
Au^st, 1811, to the Portia and Thracian sloops, the former 
stationed in the North Sea, the latter off Cherbourg, where he 
destroyed, 18th December, 1811, a French lugger privateer, 

Sierced for 18 guns, and full of men. He was posted 2l8t 
[arch, 1812, and advanced to his present rank 1st October, 
1846." 
He received a medal and two clasps for the above actions. 






^0 KATAI, 

Admiral Symes married Sarah, daughter of T. Phelps, Esq., of 
Orewkeme, h^r whomhe has left three dansrhters and a son, now 
medical superintendent of the county asylum at Bofchester. 



CAPT. HENDEBSPJ^. 

January — , suddenly, Captain William Honyman Hender- 
son, ;E.N., C.B., Comptroller of the Coast GNuukLt— His de&th 1 
took place while he was on his usual annual tour of inspectioli I 
on the coast of Lincolnshire. 

We extract from O'Byme's "Naval Biography'* a statet 
ment of the varied services of this most excellent officer :— 

"This officer entered the navy Deo. 25th, 1808, as first-class 
Yolunteer on hoard the Hero^ 74, Captain Newman, employed 
on the North-Sea and Baltic stations, where, and inS. AmenciL 
he afterwards, until Octoher, 1814, served as midshipman and 
master's mate in the Ardent^ 64, Captain E. Honyman, and in 
the Aquilon and Ceres frigates, Captains W. Pakenham and 
W. Bowles. He was then for some time employed at New- 
foundland in the Plover sloop. Captain John Skekel ;. after 
which he joined the Tonnant^ 80, hearing the flag of the Hon. 
Sir A. Cochrane ; and on the 14th Dec, 1814, previously to 
participating in the expedition against New Orleans, assisted 
m the hoats of that ship and of a squadron at the capture, on ^ 

Lake Borgne, of five i^nerican gunboats, under Commander 
Jones, who did not surrender until, in a severe oonflict, he had 
occasioned the British a loss of 17 men killed and 77 wounded. 
Between June, 1815, and Jan., 1820, Mr. Henderson was next 
employed on the Home, and again on the S. American statinia, 
as master's mate and Admiralty midshimnan, in the Royai 
Sovereign, 100, Captain Brou^hton ; the Childers, 16, Captain 
R. Wales; Bivoli, 74, Captains C.Ogle and A. P. Hollis; 
Dover t 28, Captains John Koss and C. H. B«id ; Creole, 42^ 
Captains W. B. Dashwood and W. Bowles ; and the Superb, 
74, Captain T. White. On leaving the latter rfiip he rejoined 
Captain Bowles as acting lieutenant on board the Creole, which 
frigate, however, he quitted soon after his official promotion^ 
wmch took place on tne 10th of the following May. His next 
appointments were, in 1824, to the Seringapatam frigate, 
Albion, 74, and Tn&wne, frigate. Captains C. Sotheby, Sir W. 
Hoste, and 0. H. Ghiion, on the Portsmouth and Lisbon star 
tions; on the 20th Feb., 1826, to the Jbr^e, 44, Captain J. 
Coghlan ; 22nd March, 1826, to the Blonde, 42, Captain Lord 
Byron, in the Pacific ; 14th Septembel*, 1827, to the Columbine 
sloop. Captains C. Crole and J. Townshend, on the HalifiEU^ 
station, wnence he returned home, and was paid off on the 1^ 
of June, 1830; in March, 1831, to the ^arAam, 50, Captain SL 
Pigot; and on the 7th May, 1831, as first lieutenant to : the 
Dublin, 50, Captain Lord J. Townshend, with whom he served* 
again in S. America, until. 1834, on the 2nd Oct., in whiok 
year the Dublin was ^ut out of cofmmission. Being advanced to 



UEUIENAiri WI£B££POBCE. 91 

the rank of commander on the 19th Dec. following, Captain 
Henderson, on the 9th Sept., 1835, was placed in charge of the 
Pheenix steamer, and immediateljr ordered to the coast of Spain, 
whete the importance of his services during the civil war was 
nltimatelv acknowledged by his investiture with the Mconcl 
class of tne order of &ji Fernando. He was superseded from 
the Fhcenixy on being awarded a post commission, dated 
27th June, 1838. His next appointment was, on the 19th June, 
1839, to the Oorgon^ another steam- vessel, in which he was for 
three years employed in the Mediterranean, participating 
during that period in the operations on the coast of Syria* 
inclumng those against Sidon and St. Jean d'Acre. He was in 
consequence nominated a C.B. Dec. 18th, 1840." 



LIEUT. DE LISLK 

Eebruarv 15th, at Calcutta, affed 34, Lieutenant Heniy De 
Lisle, R.N. — He was the fourth son of Eerdinand De Lisle, 
Esq., of Bedhill, Surrey. He passed his examination in 1844, 
and served as mate in the JPhobnix and HuU steamers; ob» 
tained his commission in 1844, and afterwards served in the 
Alfred^ 50, on the Brazilian station, and in the Frolic^ 16, in 
r the Pacific. 



ADMIRAL GODBY, 

Februarv 25tlu at Kingston, Surrey, Rear- Admiral John 
Hardy GKxiby. — ^He was a son of John (iodby, Esq., Steward of 
Greenwich Hospital, and entered the navy in 1794. Having 
seen some active service on the Mediterranean, Newfoundlan£ 
and Home stations, he was advanced to post rank in 1814, ana 
accepted tiie retirement in 1846. He was advanced to liie rank 
of a retired rear-admiral in 1850. In 1832 Admiral Godby 
married Catherine, daughter of the late John Andrews, Esq. 



LIEUT. WILBERFORCE. 

February 28th, at Torquay, from the eflfects of the fatigue and 
hardships of the Crimean campaign, aged 22, Lieutenant Her- 
bert William Wilberforce, R.i^. — He was the eldest son of 
the Right Rev. Samuel Wilberforce, Lord Bishop of Oxford, 
and Emily his wife, elder daughter of the Rev. John Sargent. 
of Lacryton, co. Sussex. He was bom June 29th, 1833, and 
was educated at Eton ; entered the navy in 1846 ; served first 
in the Mediterranean, and then in the Pacific ; joined the Black- 
Sea squadron under Admiral Dundas, and was in the action 
before Sebastopol. Having been promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant, he served in 1855 in the Baltic, and was named in 
the despatches of his captain for bravery and good conduct. 



92 KATIL. 



ADMIRAL KING. 

Eebmary — , at Grantham, near Sydney, New South 
Wales, fwed 62, Rear- Admiral Philip Parker Einsr, the first 
natiye of Australia who had risen to that rank in the ser- 
Tioe.—He was the son of .Captain P. Or, £in^* who suooeeded 
Captain Hunter as Gt)yemor of New South TVales in 1800, and 
was bom at Norfolk Island in 1793. He entered the royal navy 
in 1807, and served with considerable distinction under Sir £. 
Pellew on the Mediterranean station. He returned to Eng- 
Luid in 1823, when he published an Atlas containing the 
results of his survey of tue western coast of Australia. In 
reward of this service, he was appointed in 1825 to the Adven- 
ture sloop, but was paid off in 1830, the year in which he 
obtaiued post rank. He was an active manager of the Austra- 
lian Agricultural Society, and was successively a nominated 
and an elective member of the Leg^ative Assembly, and 
Chairman of Denominational Board of Education. He was 
also a Fellow of the Royal Society, and of the Asiatic and 
Zoological societies of London. He attained flag rank a tew 
months before his death. He married Harriet, daughter of 
Christopher Lethbridge, Esq., of Launceston, Cornwall, by 
whom he had a numerous family. 



CAPT. FLEMING. 

March 16th, at Coed Ithiel, Monmouth, aged 77, Richard 
Howell Fleming, Esq., Captain R.N., and a magistrate for that 
oountv. — ^He was bom at Britton Fleming, Devon, and repre- 
sented an old family, from which were descended the Lish 
Barons of Slane. He entered the navv in 1793, and was pre- 
sent at the recapture of Ghiadaloupe, ana subsequentiy served in 
the Culloden, under Sir E. Pellew (afterwards Lord Ezmouth), 
bv whom he was invested, in 1812, with the command of the 
Pyladee gun-brig, captured several French vessels on the coasts 
of G«noa and Tuscanv. He was sent to £ing Ferdinand^ at 
Messina, in charge of the despatches announcing the fall of 
Naples. He took part in the bombardment of Algiers, and soon 
afterwards was promoted to the rank of commander. He was 
rewarded for his services with the foreign orders of Sicily and 
Sardinia ; and being of an ingenious turn of mind, he devoted 
much time to mechanical appliances, and claimed to have in- 
vented the Archimedean screw. 



CAPT. IRVINE. 

March 18th, in Upper Albany-street, Regent's Park, aged 84» 
Captain Charles Chamberlayne Irvine, R.N.— -He entered the 
navy in 1789, as midshipman in the Oriant 74, Capt. Cham- 



UETJTEirAKT HA8SET. 93 

berlayne, and in 1795 was in the Censeur, 74, when she was 
taken by Admiral Bichery* In 1799 he was made lieutenant 
in the Jrrincess Itoyal, and. in 1800, in the Melpomene ^ was pre- 
sent at the capture of Gt)ree, of which island he was for some 
time lieutenant-goyemor. Having served as acting captain of 
the Glutton^ 64, he was made commander into the Duches9 of 
Bedford, 18. In 1840 he accepted the rank of a retired cap- 
tain. He married Susanna, daughter of Thomas Beade, Esq., 
and cousin of Sir John Reade, Bart., by whom he had an only 
son, Charles Eeade, who predeceased him in 1850. 



LIEUT. WADESON. 

March 19th, at Brighton, aged 62, Charles Wadeson, Esq., 
Lieutenant B.N. He entered the service in 1806, on board the 
Plantagenety 74, and served for nine years on full pay ; but after 
xeoeiving his commission in 1815, he was not farther employed. 



COMMANDEB YOUNG. 

April 14th, at Deptford, aged 71, Commander Greorj^e Youn^. 
— H^ was in the receipt of the Greenwich out-pension. This 
officer served as midshipman and mate of the Sceptre, from 1803 
till 1808, in the East Indies, and at the Isle of Eiunce. He was 
lieutenant of Ihe Bermuda, in the Flushing expedition, 1809, 
and of the Lion at the capture of Java, and of the Flotilla at that 
place, for which he had the naval medal. He retired £rom the 
service in 1830, under the Order in Council. — United Service 
Gazette, 

CAPT. WOOD. 

Apnl 18th, at San Paolo, Yaletta, in the island of Malta, 
aged 38, Granville Hamilton Wood, formerly Commander B.N. 
— He entered tiie navy in 1832, passed his examination in 1837, 
and after having been for some time mate in the Electra, 18, 
was promoted to the rank of lieutenant, in 1841. From that 
time till he was paid off, in 1845, he served in the Cambrian, 
36, in the East Indies. He was made a commander in 1846, 
and in the Jime of that year was appointed to the Hound, 8. 
in which he was employed on the African, North- American, and 
West-India stations. He subsequentiy was received iuto the 
Catholic Church, and at the time of his death was preparing 
to receive the priesthood. 

LIEUT. MASSEY. 

May 4th, at Fort Boyal, Jamaica, of yellow fever. W. 0. 
Massey, Esq., Acting Lieutenant to her Majesty's ship Malacca, 
— He was the eldest son of Mr. Massey. M.P. in the last Parlia- 
ment for Newport, and in the present tor Salford. 



•4 KATAX. 



1 



PAYMASTER LEY. 

May 5ih, A88i8taat-Pa3rinaster George A. S. Ley, serying as 
Asaistant-Paymaster in charge of the Volcano, — He was the 
'eldest son of Lieutenant George Ley, R.N., of Rochester. He 
died, after great suffering, occasioned by exposure in tlie 
Baltic, aged 36. — United Service Gazette, 



CAPT, SPENCE. 

May 6th, at Plymouth, Commander H^nry Francis Spence. — 
This officer entered th!e navy in 1'803. 'He served as acting 
li§u£enant at the reduction of Martinique ; was present in the 
Belleisle at the attack upon Flushing, and co-operated in the 
Mil ford at the defence of Cadiz. He was promoted to the 
rank of lieutenant ^Ist March, 1812, and w*a8 a^Oilited to tiie 
Wolfe, 24, on the lakes of Canada, where he continued to 

serve nil the peace. 

■■* ■ ' ' ' • 

CAPT. COLE. 

< May I6th, at Lechlade, Captain William J. Cole, R.N.— Bom 
in London, he entered the navy in 1802, and was employed ixt 
rarveying-duty at the first settlement of Van Diemen's Land. 
He returned to England in 1805. He served for many years 
on the Channel, Lisbon, Mediterranean, and Newfoundland 
stations. . Hev attained the rank of Commander in 1828, and 
as first lieutenant to King William lY. whilst Lord Hieh 
Admiral, was mentioned in the despatches of Sir W. Fremantle, 
for his exertions in conyeyinpf the Cti^en of Wurtemburg to 
Holland during a storm. ' He sub^equentiy held a coast-guard 
eomihand, aiid retired on half-pay on att^iiinfa: post ^ank in 
1838. He was married to Elizabetn, daughter of K. Wace, Esq.^ 
of Lechlade, Gloucestershire. 



REAR-ADMIRAL LORD A. FITZCLARENCE. 

' May 17th, at Newburgh Park, the seat of Sir G. Wombwell, 
Bart., Rear- Admiral Lord Adolphus Fitzolarence.— He was 
third son of his late Majesty Wimam lY. by Mrs. Jordan, and 
was. boiH; 18th/ February,. 1802^ His lordship entered the nayy 
soon after he had completed his sixteenth year, as piidshipman, 
on board the Spartan, 46, Captain W. F. Wise, C.B. He was 
made a lieutenant 23rd April, 1821, and appointed to the 
Euryalus, 42, that year ; and was- made commander on May 17, 
1823. The gallaht officer was promoted to the rank of post- 
captain 24th December, 1824, and conveyed the late Eiurl of 
BtHhousie, late Governor-General of Canada, from Quebec to 
England ; and subsequently, in. 1828, took that nobleman in 



yiCE-ADJaXAI. WAED. ^5 

iiie Baltds, 42» as Commander-in-Chief in tiie East Indies, and, 
also the Lord Bishop of Calcutta to Bengal. After his father 
ascended the throne, ne was made captain of the JtoyiU George: 
yadit, whidi ap])ointment he held until he obtained his flag 
rank of rear-adnural, 17th September, .1863. In 1832 his lord- 
ship conveyed to the late King of Prussia a beautiful miniature 
fri^te. a present from William lY., and was on tb9>t ooeasion 
oreated a £jiight of the Eed Eagle of Prussia of the first class. 
He was also a £ni^ht Gfrand Cross of the Eoyal fianoyerian 
Guelphic order. His lordship died unmamed. 



HON. VILLIAM ANSON. 

May 26th, on board her Jtfajesty's ship Tartar, at Portsmouth^ 
the Bion. William Anson, E^IST.-— This gentleman, brother of the' 
Earl of Lichfield, had been sufiering &om bilious fever for some 
days ; but no appreheneions were entertained, when suddenly 
alarming symptoms set ih, and he expired in half an hour. 



' ' CAPT. NORTHHOUSK 

. June 25tli> at Havannah, of yellow fever, aged 28, Captain 
Thomas Northhousei, of the s]up . Quee^ Victoria, the son of 
Mr. Hf T. I^orthhouse, of .HuQ.— He had been twice on a 
voyage to ,the. Arctic regions in search of Sir J., Pranklin, where 
he suffered great privations. Since then he had been twice 
ahipwred^ed,— at Tampico and on the co^st of Turkey. 



VICE- ADMIRAL WARD. ' 

' June 26th, at Southampton, aged 73, Yice- Admiral Ward.^ 
Southampton was his native place, and there:hi8 memory inll 
belong revered as one who has left behind him, if not a bril-. 
liant, a career* of honourable distinction aitd usefulness. We 
collect the following account of his services frcnn O'Byme's- 
*' Naval Biography 2"-^ > . 

" This officer entered the navy March 4th« 1793, as first-class 
voluntees, on board the- Sceptrt, 74,' Captain Daores^ On June 
1st, 1794, he was present, in company wiUhti^e .Belliqueux, 64» 
at the capture, after /a sharp action lof some houra^ of Fort 
Brissoton, near Port-au-Prince. In June, 1795, having rejoined 
Gaptain Dacres in the Barfleur, 98, he took part in the actions 
off the Isle de Croix and Cape Sti Vincent, on Februarv 14th, 
1797^1 He assisted also at the cutting out .of three Erencn pien- 
of-war &om Tunis Bay, and at the blockade and bombardment 
of Cadiz. ^ In the same year, having removed to the Arethusa,. 
38, Captain Wolley, he was often, during- a long and close 
bloekade of Havre, engaged. witii the enemy's fiotiQa and bat- 
teries* On January lOtn^ 1800, he was made lieutenant into 
the Discovery y boqio. Captain Dick ; and was then suooessively 



96 NATAL. 

appointed to the JIarlborough, 74, Captain Sotheby, in which 
he was wrecked on a sunken rock near Belle-Isle, Koyember 
4th, 1800 ; the Oiseau, 36, Captain linzee ; and La Pique, 36, 
Captain Cumberland, on the Home and West-India stations. 
As first of La Pique, in 1803, he was at the taking of Aox 
Cayes and Cape Fran9oi8, St. Domingo ; and at the oaptoie, in 
1804-5. of Le Terreur, a French cutter of 10 guns and 75 men, 
and 01 the Spanish ships-of-war Diliqentia and Orquigo, In 
March, 1806, ne boarded, in the gig and yawl, and took, after a 
smart struggle, a schooner, the Santa Anna, carrying one nine- 
pounder ana 28 men, and completely equipped for the purposes 
of war ; and two days afterwards he signalized himself at the 
capture of the French corvettes Phaeton and Vbltigeur, of 16 
guns and 115 men each. The former, after twe nty minutes of 
destructiye firing, was boarded by Lieutenant Ward, at the 
head of about thirty men : her decks were defended inch by 
indi with desperate obstinacy, and the slaufiphter on both sides 
was dreadful, amounting to nine killed and fourteen wounded 
on the part of the British, one-half of the enemy being either 
mied or wounded. Amongst the dangerously wounded was 
Mr. Ward, whose 'good conduct' (from his captain's official 
letter) ' haid at all times merited his highest approbation, and 
now induced him to recommend him to the notice of the com- 
mander-in-chief.' As a reward for his gallantry, he was offered 
the command of either of the two prizes, and, choosing the one 
he had boarded, its name was changed to the Pelican, and his 
appointment was accordingly confirmed on July 23rd Ibllowing. 
He was also presented by the Patriotic Society with the sum of 
£100. In 1807 he accompanied the expedition to Copenhagen. 
In 1808, having returned to the West Indies, he served at the 
reduction of Deseada; and, being nominated to that station 
acting captain of the Disdalus, 32, he was there posted, June 
lOIJi, 1808, into the BaccJutnte, 38. which Mgate, in the spring 
of 1809, he brought home and paid off. He was then appomted 
to the Itesolution 74, and sailed with the expedition to Wal- 
cheren ; during the operations in the Scheldt, he served with 
the flotilla in an attack on Ter Yer, and commanded a division 
of armed transports employed in the investment of Flushing. 
He lost a lieutenant and two men in passing iAie enemy's bat- 
teries. He went on half -pay in January, 1810, since which, 
notwithstanding his frequent applications, he was never able to 
obtain any appointment. He attained flag-rank November 9th, 
1846. Although for so many years disappointed in obtaining 
professional employment, he has never remained inactive. 
Being a magistrate of the town of Southampton, his energies 
were devoted to the service of his native place. He was 
amongst the fopemost, in conjunction with the late Colonel 
Henderson, R.E., and the Hon. Mr. De Belaquiere, to project 
the South- Western Bailway; and, having accomplished that 
important work, he in like manner promoted the construction 
of the Southampton Docks, raising thereby that town £roqi 



LIEUTSNAKT BAKEB. 97 

eomparative insignificanoe to the important position it now 
holds in relation to the commercial and military interests of 
the nation. He was ever zealons in promoting and aiding, to 
the best of his power and ability, all objects of a beneyolent 
and charitable character. His death on that account will be 
seyerely felt. Admiral Ward married, December 9th, 1811, 
Sophia Marv, youngest daughter of E. J. Mallough, £s^., of 
Mitcham, wno survives him, oy whom he leaves six surviving 
aons and two daughters." 

CAPT. BAGUE. 

June — , Captain Bague, R.N. — He was one of the com- 
panions of Nelson, having served at the battle of Trafalgar, 
and previously in many other engagements. Captain Bague 
was a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for the county of 
Middlesex. 



ADMIRAL GLYNN. 

July 20th, at Bideford, Devon, aged 87, Admiral Henry 
Eichard Glynn. — ^The admiral was the son of Seijeant Glynn, 
formerly M.P. for Middlesex. He entered the navy as nrst- 
olass volunteer in 1780. The deceased had received the silver 
war-medal and two clasps, and also the medal awarded to the 
officers who served in Lord Howe's fleet from the 1st of June. 
The late admiral served the office of mayor of Plymouth in 1838. 

CAPT. ONSLOW. 

August 24th, at Blofield, Norvdch, aged 60, John James 
Onslow, Esq., Post-Cantain, R.N. — ^He was the only survivinaj 
son of the late Admiral Sir Kichard Onslow, Bart., G.C.B., ana 
uncle of Sir H. Onslow, Bart., of Hengar House, Cornwall. 



CAPT. MOUBRAY. 

1 1 September 20th, at Greenwich, aged 84, George Moubray, one 
of the Captains of Greenwich Hospital. — He entered the navy 
February, 1789, as midshipman. Me had been in many engage- 
ments, and was a brave and energetic sailor. He was promoted 
in 1794 to the rank of lieutenant, and obtained post rank in 
August, 1812. He was not again employed until September, 
1844, when he obtained command of the Victory, 104, at Ports- 
mouth, which he retained until admitted into Greenwich 
Hospital, in March, 1846. 

LIEUT. BAKER. 

October 16th, at Port Leo, Tregony, Cornwall, aged 53, 
Lieutenant Joseph Francis Baker, R.N.> brother of R. W. 



99 KATAI* 

Baker, Esq., of Cottesmore. — ^He had seen much service in hi» 
early days, and in the last American war was in the action 
between the United States and the Macedonian, when the latter 
struck to the American. He was in one of the accompanyinff 
ships when Bonaparte snrrendered, and was wrecked in the 
Macehorse. For the last twenty years he had been in the 
Coast Guard service. 



ADMIRAL JOHNSTON. 

October 16th, at Cowhill, DmoMes, N.B., affed 92, Vice- 
Admiral Charles James Johnston, on reserved half-pay. — He 
became captain in 1806, rear-admiral in 1841, and vice-admiral 
in 1850 ; in 1854 he was placed on the reserved list. He was 
lieutenant of the Ruhy, 46, at the capture of the Cape of Good 
Hope in 1796 ; lieutenant of the Arrogant, 74, at the surrender 
of Colombo, and the destruction of armed vessels in the Java 
Seas, in 1796 ; and captain of the Cornwallisy 50, in the attack 
on tne shipping in ^. Paul's Bay, Isle of Bourbon, in 1806. 
He also commanded the Powerful, 74, in the Walcheren 
expedition. 

HON. ADMIRAL PERCY. 

October lOthj at his seat at Rickmansworth, Herts, Admiral 
the Hon. Joceline Percy, C.B. — His illness was of short dura- 
tion, and he only survived a few months his brothers, the late 
Bishop of Carlisle and Rear- Admiral the Hon. W. H. Percy. The 
gallant deceased was second surviving son of Algernon, 1st 
Earl of Beverley, and Isabella Susannah, second daughter of 
Mr. Peter Burrell, and sister of the 1st Lord Gwydyr. He was 
bom January 29, 1784, and was twin brother to jDt. Percy, late 
Bishop of Carlisle, of whom a memoir will be found below. 

The deceased married, in 1820, SophiaElizabeth, third daughter 
of Mr. Morton Walhouse, and sister of Lord Hatherton. The 
gallant admiral entered the navy in February, 1797, as a volun- 
teer on board the Sanapareil, and afterw^s removed, as mid- 
shipman, to the Ampnion, He afterwards joined, off Toulon, 
the Victory, flagship of ,Lord Nelson, and in October the same 
year was nominated actiag lieutenant to the Medusa, and sub- 
sequently assisted in the Viadem at the reduction of the Cape 
of Good Hope. In 1806 he was appointed to the command of 
the Espoir brig, but never took the command, from circum- 
stances beyond nis control, and again joined the Diadem as a 
volunteer. On having his post rank confirmed by the Admi- 
ralty, he afterwards commanded the Comus, La Jsymphe, and 
Hotspur, in succession — ^the latter ship he commanded five 
years. He held the chief command at the Cape of Good Hope 
up to the spring of 1846, and was for some years captain-superin- 
tendent of Sheemess Dockyard, until succeeded by Kear- Aomiral 
the Hon. W. Gordon, brother of the Earl of Aberdeen. 



ASMT&AL BEECHEY. 99 



HON. EEAR-ADMIRAL HOTHAM. 

October 19tli, at 3, Royal-cresoent, Bath, aged 57, Rear- 
Admiral the Hon. G. F. Hotham. — ^He had been much engaged 
in railway affairs of late years. He entered the navy on the 
16th of September, 1810, as a yolonteer of the first class on 
board the Northumberland, 74, commanded by his uncle, the 
Hon. Henry Hotham, and served at the destruction of the 
French 40-g^un frinites Arienne and Andromaque, and the 
16-gan [brig Mametouck, off L'Orient, in 1812 ; midshipman 
of the families, 74, during the onerations on the coast of 
America (including Moose Island, Baltimore, and New Orleans), 
and of the Minden, 74, at Algiers. 



ADMIRAL BEECHEY. 

October 29th, at his residence in Westboume-cresoent, Hyde 
Park, aged 60, Bear- Admiral Frederick William Beechey, the 
well-known arctic navigator. — He was a son of the late emi- 
nent i)ortrait-painter, SirWiUiam Beechey, and was bom in 
the year 1796. He entered the nayy in 1806, as a first-class 
volunteer, on board the Hibernian 74, the fiag-ship of Earl 
Bt. Vincent, in which he remained for two years. Aner a brief 
service in the Minotaur, he accompanied Sir Sidney Smith, in 
the Foudroyant, 80, to Bio Janeiro, returning to England in 
1810, in the Elizabeth, 74. In 1811, when in company, off 
Madagascar, with the Phoebe and Galatea Mgates, he assisted, 
after a long and gallant action, at the capti^ of the French 
frigates BenommSe, Clarinde, and KSrSide. On his return to 
England in 1812, after some Channel service, he was attached 
to the Vengeur, 74, sent with the Tonnant to New Orleans, and 
was with the boats when they crossed the Mississippi with a 
body of seamen and marines, to make a diversion in favour of 
the general attack on the enemy's lines. In 1815 Mr. Beeohev 
was appointed lieutenant of the Niger, 38, on the North 
American station. On the 14th of January, 1818, he accom- 
panied Sir John Franklin and Captain Buchanan to Spitz - 
bergen, on the first expedition of the former officer, and in 1819 
was appointed to the Hecla, Lieutenant Commander Edward 
Parry, in which ship he penetrated into longitude 113^ 54' 53" W. 
within the arctic circle. Whilst on board the !ZVcw< he acted 
as artist to the expedition, and, on his return home, received a 
parliamentary grant of £200 as a reward. On the 5th Novem- 
ber, 1821, he was appointed, in conjunction with his brother, 
Mr. Henry H. Beechey, to co-operate with Commander H. 
Smith, in the Adventure, on a voyage of discovery in conduct- 
ing a survey of the north coast of Africa. The results of his 
researches, which extended as far eastward as Derua, and 

H 2 



lasted until July, 1822, have been folly detailed by Captain 
Beechey in his ** Proceedings of the Expedition to explore the 
Northern Coast of AMca from Tripoli.' He was advanced to 
the rank of commander in 1825, and received an appointment 
to the Blossom, 24, fitting a,t Woolwich for a voya^ of dis- 
covery via Cape Horn to Behring Strait, there to act in concert 
with the expedition of Captains Franidin and Parry in their 
efforts to ascertain the existence of a north-west passage. 
During the three years and a half that Captain Beechey was 
absent from Engluid he took nossession, in the Pacific, of the 
idands named after Admiral dambier ; discovered &ve others, 
to which he gave the names of Barrow, Cockbum, Byam 
Martin, Cooper, and Melville ; having passed Behring Strait, 
and penetrated, in August, 1826, to a point north of Icy Cape 
only 146 miles from the exixeme point attained by Franklin. 
He afterwards examined the sea eastward of Loo Choo, where 
he discovered the Ylas del Arzobispo ; and on again visiting 
the frozen regions, in 1827> he entered, for the first time, a 
spacious and important haven to the S.E. of Cape Prince of 
ndes, leading to a seciure inner harbour well adapted for 
repairing ships, to which he gave the names of Port Clarence 
and Grantley Harbour. After a voyage of 73,000 miles, in 
which she rendered most essential services to science, the 
Blossom returned to Sheemess, bringing with her the ambas- 
sador for the Brazils, and a million and a half of specie. Com- 
mander Beechey became a post-captain in 1827. For the next 
ten years he was appointed to survey the coasts of South 
America and Ireland. In 1854 he was promoted to the rank of 
rear-admiral. His name was also well jmo?m in the soientifio 
world : he was a Fellow of the Royal Societv, and President of 
the Geographical Society ; and it is not a little singular that his 
name occurs among those api>ended to the requisition for a 
farther search after the remains of Sir J. Franklin, which 
appeared in the columns of the papers of the day on which his 
death was recorded. 



CAPT. GLANVILLE. 

October 30th, at South Down, aged 86, Captain George Glan- 
ville, R.N. — He was first-lieutenant in H.M.S. Unicorn in the 
action fouf^t, in 1801, on the French coast, near Haverdewaok 
and Bass Island, with a French frigate, which lost 100 men, 
while not a single person was killed on board his own ship. 



CAPT. THUBTELL. 

November 7th, at Calais, aged 60, Captain Chas. Thurtell, B..N. , 
son of the late Mr. T. ThurteD, of Takenham, Norfolk.— He 
was bom at Bradwell, Suffolk, in 1796, entered the navy in 
1807, and was present at the attack on Copenhagen. In 1821 



UEUTEKAirr BLTTH. 191 

he obtained a oommission, and in that year was enabled to 
render essential service to the English residents at Palermo. 
The history of this incident was duly transmitted home by 
Lord Heytesbnry, then ambassador at the court of Nappies ; but 
Captain Thurtell obtained neither reward nor promotion. He 
became captain in 1843, when he retired on half-pay. 



LIEUT. PARR. 

November 9th, in Haslar Hospital, of paralysis, aged 70i, 
Lieutenant Alexander Forsyth Parr. — ^He had fought at the 
Nile and Trafalgar ; and his death deprives the service and 
society of one of the finest specimens of the " men of war " of 
those stirring times. He had been fiftj years a lieutenant, and 
for the last ^enty-five a lieutenant of Haslar Hospital, which 
establishment has suffered a great loss in his death. 



ADMIRAL WATKINS. 

Nov. — , Admiral Frederick Watkins, one of the oldest admirals 
in the nav^. — His commission bears date so far back as 1790. 
He was senior lieutenant of the Blanche at the capture of the 
French frigate Pique in 1795, when, Captain Faulkner being 
killed, he was posted. The gallant admiral was placed on the 
reserved list in 1851, and was in receipt of a service-pension of 
£150 a year, in addition to his half-pay. 



LIEUT. BLYTH. 

November 20th, suddenly, at Eillybegs, co. Donegal, Lieu- 
tenant Charles Blyth, Inspecting Lieutenant of Eillybegs 
Coast Guard station. — ^He was one of the war veterans, having 
entered ti^e naval service as midshipman in the year 1807, under 
the auspices of the late Sir Robert Stopford, with whom he 
served many years. He was at Copenhaigen, and at Java, for 
which he received a medal. Mr. Blyth passed his examination 
in 1814, just too late to be included in what was then termed 
the "charity promotion;" and he did not receive his com- 
mission as lieutenant till eleven years afterwards, in 1825, when 
serving in the West Indies. Promotion came at a time wh^ 
with a reduced fleet and a superabundant list of officers, powerful 
interest was required to get a lieutenant afloat. Had the same 
good fortune attended Mr. Blvth that attended some of his 
messmates in the early days with Sir Robert Stopford, he would 
have died a flag officer, instead of a i>oor lieutenant, leaving a 
widow and six children. Lieutenant Blyth had the credit of 
being an excellent seaman, an accomplished navigator, and a 
warm-hearted messmate. — Morning Herald, 



102 KAYAL. 



LIEUT. BIVEES. 

December 5tli, at Oreenwioh, Lieutenant BiTers, one of the 
lientenants of Greenwieli Hospital. — He was a sailor of the 

freat days of our naval history. A first-class volunteer on 
oard the Victory in 1795, he was j)resent and wonnded in Lord 
Hotham's second partial action in July of that year ; and in 
1797, under Sir John Jervis, at the battle off Cape St. Yincent. 
Rejoining the Victory in 1803, he was one of Nelson's heroes at 
the battle of Trafalgar ; where he was wounded in the face, and 
his left leg was carried away by a shot. This, however, did 
not terminate his naval career. He served afterwaras as 
lieutenant in the Princess of Orange, 74, and the Cossack, 24 ; 
took part in the expedition under Gambier to Copenhagen : and 
brought home the late Marquis of An^lesev, ana the despatches 
announcing the retreat and death of Sir Jonn Moore at Corunna. 
After all these distinguished services, he died a lieutenant and 
a pensioner at Greenwich Hospital. 



ADMIRAL CAMPBELL. 

December 16th, at Barbruk House, Craignish, co. Arryll, 
Rear Admiral Donald Campbell, eldest son of the late GDlin 
Campbell, Esq^ of Auchendoun, co. Argyll, and brother of 
Lieutenant D. F. Campbell, R.K., and of two gallant officers in 
the army, who lost their lives respectively in Java and 
Walcheren. — He was bom in 1788, and entered the navv in 
1791, and served with distinction on the Irish and West-Inoian 
stations, and on the coast of Norway, where he captured a 
French letter of maroue. He was also present at Camperdown. 
He obtained poet-rank in 1811, and flag-nuik in 1846. He was 
a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for his native countv, and 
was twice married ; first, in 1801, to Anne, daughter of the late 
Rear-Admiral Sir C. Douglas, Bart. ; and secondly, in 1819, to 
Isabella, daughter of John Campbell, Esq., of Croigmore, co. 
Argyll, and leaves a family by each marriage. 



CAPT. CAMPBELL. 

December 18, at Ezmouth, a^ed 77, Duncan Campbell, Esq., 
Cai>tain (half-pay) Royal Marines. — He formerly held the post 
of civil commissioner at the Cape of Good Hope. 



REAR-ADMIRAL THOMAS. 

December 19th, at Southampton, Rear- Admiral Frederick 
Jennings Thomas. — He was miashipman on board the Prince 
of Wales in Calder's action, and acting lieutenant of the 



CLERGY. lOS 

JSimrtiate at Trafalgar. In 1811-12, he was second in command 
of the Cadiz flotilla, and was at the storminff of twelve batteries, 
and destraction of 150 sail of yessels. He received the silver 
naval medal and one clasp for distingnished services ailoat. 



ADMIRAL WETHERALL. 

December 21st, in Dublin, aged 68. Rear-Admiral Frederick 
Augustus Wetherall, of Ealing, Middlesex. — He was bom in 
1788, and entered the navy in 1800. He first served on the 
North- American station, and assisted under the late Admiral 
the Hon. Sir John Talbot, G.C.B., in the Leander^ in the 
capture of the Vtlle de Milan^ 46, and the recapture of her 
prize the Cleopatra, Becoming lieutenant in 1807» he served 
&om that date tUl 1810 on the North-American and West- 
Indian stations, and subsequently on the East Indian coast. 
He became commander in 1814, was posted in 1826, and again 
served in the East Indies in the Ply^ 18, during the iirst 
Burmese war, and took part in the capture of Ran^n. He 
4iccepted the retirement in 1846, and became a retired rear- 
admiral in July, 1854. He married Mary, daughter of 
H. Hamilton, Esq., by whom he left issue five children.) 



CLEBOT. 

REV. DR. WEBB. 

January 4th, at littlington Vicarage, Cambridgeshire, aged 
79, the Rev. Wm. Webb, D.D..F.L.S.,Ma8ter of Clare Hall, Cam- 
bridge. — He was a native of Sutton Coldfield, near Birmingham. 
His father was master of Bishop Vesej's Grammar School at 
Sutton Coldfield. and his mother's maklen name was Barratt. 
He was educated at home until sent to Clare Hall, Cambridge, 
in 1793. He graduated there in 1797, and was subsequently a 
fellow and tutor of the college. He succeeded Dr. Torkington, 
as its master, in 1815, and became soon after Vicar of Littuxig- 
ton. He married, in 1815, Ann, daughter of the Rev. V. 
Gould, late Rector of Fomham, by whien lady (who survives 
him) he has had two sons and a daughter, of whom the youngest 
alone is now living, T. V. Webb, Esq., of Great Gransaon, 
Hunts. In politics Dr. Webb was a stanch Tory; he was 
•chairman of the Tory election committees, and consistently 
opposed to University Reform. He was an antiquarian and 
botanist, and has left a very valuable library of topographical, 
•antiquarian, and botanical works. 



104 CLEBaT. 



REV. C. EUSTACE. 

January 5th, at an adyanoed age, the Key. Charles Eustace, 
heir and representative of the last Yiscount Baltinglass, and 
brother of General Sir John E. Eustace, and of the late General 
Sir WilUam Comwallis Eastace, a memoir of whom will be 
fonnd in the preceding yolmne. — He was eldest son of the late 
Lieutenant-Genend Charles Eastace, who served with distinc- 
tion in the Irish rebellion of 1798, and married Cassandra^ 
daughter of the late John Stannard, Esq., of Balladoyle, county 
of dork, by whom he leaves four daughters and a son, Charles 
Stannard Eustace, captain E.N., now heir and representative 
of the Baltinglass title. A claim to this title was preferred by 
the subject of this notice in 1839, with a petition to the Crown 
that his riffht mij^ht be acknowledged. The petition was 
referred by her Majestjr to the legal authorities in Ireland, who 
reported tnat " the j)eutioner had shown sufficient evidence of 
his right to the dignity of Yiscount Baltinglass, in case the 
attainder of James, third Yiscount, temp. Elizabeth, were 
reversed." Mr. Eustace, however, unfortunatelj, never pos^ 
sessed sufficient political interest to move her Majesty's Govern- 
ment to recommend the reversal of the attainted tiUe, and he 
consequently learned by experience that it is one thing to 
establish, and another to eniorce a legal claim. 



KEY. JOHN DUDLEY. 

January 7th, aged 93, the Rev. John Dudley.—This venerable 
divine was the eldest son of the Bev. John Dudley, thirty-four 
years Yicar of Humberstone, in Leicestershire, and grandson of 
the Bev. Paul Dudley, also Yicar of Humberstone forty-five 
years. He was bom in 1762, and was educated at Uppingham 
School. In 1784, he proceeded to Clare Hall, Cambridge ; and 
obtained honours in 1785, as second wrangler and mathematical 
TOizeman. He was elected Fellow in 1787, and Tutor in 1788. 
He vacated in 1794, andlsucceeded his father as Yicar of Hum- 
berstone. He was presented to the Yicarage of Sileby, in 179d» 
by the patron, the late William Pochin, Esq., and was appointed 
Domestic Chaplain to the Marquis of Exeter. On his leaving^ 
college, a handsome testimonial of plate was given to him by 
his pupils. In 1809, he was elected by the University Senate 
to preach the Buchanan Sermon. He has been a great bene- 
factor to both his parishes, not only by his kindness and 
liberality to the poor, but also by restoring and beautifying^ 
the churches of both. He entirely repaved and built a new 
porch to Humberstone Church at his own expense, besides 
otherwise restoring it. He gave three handsome painted win- 
dows to Sileby Church, and other decorations. He rebuilt the 
old bridge in the village ; and by his active exertions, and some 



BEY. H. B. BOMYILE. 106 

oost to himself, he enforced the lebiulding: of another bridge in 
the parish of Sileby, which, from its dangerous state for along 
period of time, had been the canse of many accidents. In 
1854, a handsome silver epergne was. presented to him by his 
parishioners of Sileby (solely), as a tribute of their esteem and 
respect. He was a liberal donor to many of the charitable 
institutions of the county, and to the building of new churches. 
For forty-seven years he was one of her Majesty's most able 
and^ active justices of the peace ; and for several years acted as 
chairman of the Quarter Sessions held at Leicester Castle, in 
the second court — occasionally in the first. He was the author 
of several learned works ; viz., ** The Metamorphosis of Sona" 
— a Hindoo leirend in verse, after the manner of Ovid ; " An 
Essay on the Rivers Niger and Nile," " Neology," " The Anti- 
materialist, denying^ the reality of Matter, and showing the 
imiversality of Spirit." He preached regularly in both 
churches until September, 1854, and since that time occa- 
sionally. He preached his last sermon on the 16th December 
previous to his death, and the severe weather during the follow- 
ing week brought on an attack of bronchitis, which proved fatal. 



EEV. J. CROWTHER. 

January 16th, at Leeds, aged 81, the Rev. Jonathan Crow- 
ther, an eminent Wesleyan clergyman. — He was for many 
years classical tutor of the Wesleyan Theological Institution at 
iMdsbun^, and editor of the London QiMtrterly Beview, in 
early life he had laboured as a missionary in India. He is 
described as having been an elegant scholar, a faithful minister, 
a sincere friend, and a Christian gentleman. 



REV. C. CRAWLEY. 

January 17th, at Hartpury. Gloucestershire, aged 75, the 
Rev. Charles Crawley, Yicar oi that parish, Rural Dean of the 
Forest of Dean, and a Hon. Canon of Gloucester. — He was also 
a ma^trate and deputy-lieutenant fi^r the county. He was 
the third son of the late Sir T. Crawley-Boevy, Bart., and gra- 
duated at Pembroke College, Oxford, in 1804. and was insti- 
tuted to Hartpury in 1838. By his wife, a daughter of the 
Rev. Duke Yonge, he had issue an only son, the Rev. C. Y. 
Crawley, of Oriel College, Oxford. 

REV. H. B. DOMVILE. 

January 20th, at Fenoombe, Herefordshire, aged 45, the 
Rev. Heni^ Barry Domvile, Rector of that parish, to which he was 
preferred m 1831.— He was'the third son of the late Sir Charles 
Domvile, Bart., of Santry House, co. Dublin. He graduated at 
University College, Oxford, in 1833. 



106 CLEB0T. 



BISHOP BKOWN. 

January 25th, eniddenly, aged 67> at his residence, Catherine- 
street, Liyerpool, the Right Rev. Dr. George Brown, Roman 
Oatholic Bishop of Liverpool. — ^The deoeasea prelate was edu- 
cated at St. Cuthbert's, Ushaw, where he was a fayoorite pupil 
of Dr. lingard, and in which college he became successively 
Prefect of Studies and Yice-President. He for some years 
occupied the Catholic mission at Lancaster, until 1840, when 
he was consecrated one of tiie Yicars- Apostolic, with the title 
of Bishop of Moz, in partibus. In 1850 he was appointed to 
the Roman Catholic see of liyerpool. He was Domestic Pre- 
late and Bishop Assistant at the Pontifical Throne to his 
Holiness. 



REV. T. A. BUCKLEY. 

January 30th, in London, aged 31, the Rev. Theodore Alois 
Buckley. — ^Mr. Buckley was of humble origin, and was sent 
as a servitor, by the assistance of Mends, to Christ Church, 
Oxford, where he graduated, and of which he became chap- 
lain. He edited seyeral volumes of Mr. Bohn's ** Classical 
library," and wrote for Messrs. Routledfife, ** The Great Cities 
of the Ancient World," and translated the " Catechism " and 
" Decrees " of the Council of Trent. He was also a large con- 
tributor to periodical literature. 



YERY REY. DEAN M'KAFFERTY. 

February 3rd, at Priest-town, near Cam, in his 95th year, 
the Yery liev. William M'Eafferty, parish priest of Donagh, and 
Roman Catholic Dean of Derry. — He was the oldest member of 
the Catholic priesthood in Ireland. Having been educated at 
daudy, he was ordained a priest in 1792, and entered Maymooth 
College in 1795, the year of its first opening. He was, in the 
words of a contemporary, ** a hard-working mountain mis* 
sionary, and his life was spent in tiie hovels of the poor." His 
remains were carried to the grave on the 5th, attended by the 
Roman Catholic bishop, nearly all tke clergy of the Ennishowen 
district, and by a large concourse of persons of all creeds, among 
whom he had uved and died respected. — Illustrated Times, 



YERY REY. DEAN WOOD. 

February 4th, at Middleton Yiearage, Norfolk, a^d 70, the 
Yery Rev. Peter Scrimshire Wood, Yicar of that parish. Rector 
of llttleton, near Staines, and Dean of Middleton, Yorkshire. — 
He was the fifdi son of Thomas Wood, Esq., of Littleton, by 
Mary, only daughter and heir of the late Sir £. Williams, Bart. 



BEY. SB. XTON. 107 

He graduated at Oriel CQ]leg;e, Oxford ; was i)ieferred to Mid- 
dleton in 1810, to Littleton in 1813, and to ma deanery in the 
following year. 



BISHOP OF CARLISLE. 

Febmary 16th, at Rose Castle, Carlisle, a^d 71, the Hon. 
and Right Rev. Dr. Herbert Percy.— This prelate was the third 
son of the first Earl of Beverley, and was bom in the year 1784. 
He ^duated M.A. of Trinity College, Cambridgpe, in 1805, and 
having married a daughter of the late Archbishop (Manners- 
Sntton) of Canterbury, was preferred by him to the rectories of 
Bishopsboume and Ivychurcn, in Kent. He was made Dean of 
Canterbury in 1825, and was consecrated Bishop of Rochester 
in June, 1827 ; from whence, in the September following, he was 
translated to the see of Carlisle. The deceased prelate was also 
a Prebendary of St. Paul's, having been appointed to that 
sinecure di^itv in 1816, and Chancellor of Salisbury. He had 
a large family oy his first wife, and having been left a widower 
inU831, he married, seoondlv, in 1840, the Hon. Miss Hope- 
Johnstone, one of the maids of honour to the late Queen 
Dowager : she died in 1851. The local papers announce that 
it has been proposed, and subscriptions have been entered into 
amounting to £300, to set up a stained fflass window to his 
lordship's memory in the Cathedral, Carlisle. 



REV. DR. LYON. 

February 29th, at Weymouth, aged 60, the Rev. Ralph Lron, 
D.D., Rector of Bishop's Caundle, and Yicar of Haydon, Dor- 
set, and formerly head master of the King's School, Sherborne, 
Dorset. — The suoject of the present memoir was bom at Hex- 
ham, Northumberland, March 14th, 1795. He was the son of 
William Lvon, a manufacturer in that place. He received his 
education nrst at the grammar-school of his native town, and 
afterwards at Appleby. He earl3r ^ve promise of his future 
success, and when he entered at Trinity College, Cambrid^, in 
1816, he soon took a place among those of whom the highest 
expectations were formed that they woidd obtain distinguished 
academical honours. Having maintained his place in the first 
class at the college examinations during the three years of his 
residence, and having been elected a scholar of Tnnity when 
the mathematical tnpos list appeared in January, 1820, his 
name was fifth in the list of wranglers. He afterwards ob- 
tained one of the ** members' prizes" for Latin composition, 
and in the year 1822 only failedf in gaining a fellowship from 
the unusual circumstance of there beine but one vacancy. He 
was, however, intended for a more laborious and active life 
than that of a fellow of a college, and in 1823 he was elected to 
the head mastership of King Edward YI.'s grammar-school at 



108 CLEBOT. 

gherbome. He had been already ordained to the Curacy of St. 
fiotolph's Churoh in Cambridge; and soon after he came to 
Sherborne he married Miss Elizabeth Gt)odfellow, of Stamford- 
ham, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Under his care the school rapidlv increased in numbers and 
in reputation, many of his pupils obtaining high distinction at 
both universities. To quote the words of one who knew him 
well — " He was eminently qualified for the station which he 
filled. He was thoroughly and invariably conscientious in the 
discharge of his anxious and arduous duties. He was not only 
a man of sound religious principle, a ripe and elegant scholar, 
and a first-rate mathematician, but he was also a man of strong 
common sense, combined with an exact judgment and system- 
atic arrangement. He was also possessed of firmness of pur- 
pose and energy of character, of unwearied diligence and 
untiring patience. The great secret, however, of his success* 
under God, as a schoolmaster, and the great hold which he had 
upon the greater part of the youth committed to his care, was 
the parental character with which it was his desire and aim to 
invest the dry, and hard, and repulsive office of a schoolmaster. 
He regarded his pupils as a family committed to his care, to 
watch over their religious and moral training, as well as their 
intellectual culture ; and there are those who have entered into 
iheir rest who sat at his feet, and who will rise up and call him 
blessed. The writer has seen the most affecting and affectionate 
acknowledgments from young clergymen who, under €k)d, have 
owed all they are to him." 

But it is necessary to speak of him not'only as a schoolmaster, 
but as a minister of the Church. When he first came to Sher- 
borne he held the curacy of the neighbouring village of Po3rnt- 
ington, where his ministry was much valued, and he was much 
beloved ; and when, from the death of the incumbent, he resigned 
that cure, he occupied the pulpit of his friend, the Bev. J. 
Parsons, in the abbey church of Sherborne, every Sunday 
afternoon for man^ years. In the year 1841 he was presented 
by the late Earl Digby to the B^ctory of Bishop's Caundle, but 
he did not enter on residence till midsummer, 1845, when he 
resigned the mastership of the school, which he had held for 
twenty-two years. In the same year Lord Digby presented 
him to the vicarage of the small village of Haydon ; and these 
incumbencies he held till his death. He devoted himself now 
with all the ener^ of his character to the ministerial work ; 
and often did his humble parishioners bear witness to the 
plainness and simplicity with which he laid before them the* 
grea); truths and obliganons of Christianity. He was kind and 
accessible to all ; and all his people felt that in him they had a 
friend and counsellor on whose readiness to help they could 
depend, and on whose judsment they could safely rely. 

with respect to his reueious opinions, the most prominent 
characteristic was a mingled earnestness and sobriety of mind, 
coupled with an aversion to aU extreme views. Me had at- 



BEY. B. WAI.POLE. 109 

tended while at Cambridge the miniBtry of the late Rey. C. 
Simeon, though not personaUy acquainted with him ; and he 
had imbibed some of nis spirit of zealous energy tempered with 
sober judgment and thoughtful wisdom. 

For some years before his death, s^^toms of declining health 
manifested themselyes; his constitution, naturally not very 
robust, never fullv recoyered the strain of his arduous work at 
Sherborne. At the close of 1855 he went to Weymoutih when 
suffering under a severe attack of pneumonia ; and thouffh he 
partially recovered, yet other bad symptoms superveneo, and 
after much suffering, under which he was supported by "fTiTn 
whom he had served so long, he gradually sank. He left at 
his decease a widow, two sons (both in orders), and one daugh- 
ter. He took the degree of D.D. in 1836. 

In 1841 his former pupils presented Mrs. Lyon with his por- 
trait, i>ainted by Pickersgill ; and on his leaving Sherborne he 
received from uiose then under his care a verv elegant silver 
epergne. The principal gentlemen in the neighbourhood also 
testiBed their sense oi his high character by presenting him, on 
his retirement, with a handsome silver inkstand. 



REV. W. L. DAVIES. 

March 31st, at Itchen Parsona^fe, Southampton, the Rev. 
William Lewis Davies, Perpetual Curate of Jesus Chapel, in 
that town.— He was formerly Fellow of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, where he graduated B.A., 1818. He was for some 
years Prmcipal of Elizabeth College, Guernsey, but resigned 
that post in 1846. 

REV. E. B. ST. JOHN. 

April 4th, at Idefprd, Devon, aged 60, the Rev. Edward 
Beauchamp St. John, Rector of that parish.— He was the eldest 
son of the late Hon. G^rge St. John, colonel of the 73rd High- 
landers (son of the 11th Lord St. John of Bletsoe), who was 
browned in 1804, with his wife and four children, on his pas- 
sage from Bombay, by Lavinia, daughter of W. B. Wolsten- 
holme, Esq. He graduated B.A. at Alban Hall, Oxford, in 
1826. He had been married previously, in 1820, to Jane, second 
daughter of James Slade, Esq., by whom he had two sons, who 
pred(9ceased him, and five daughters, three married and two 
single. He was married, secondly, in 1844, to Mary, third 
daughter of the late Robert Lovell Gwatkin, Esq., who survives 
him. He was presented to the living of Ideford in 1844. 



REV. R. WALPOLE. 

April 16th, in Harewood-street, affed 75, the Rev. Robert 
Walpole, Rector of Christ Church, Marylebone.— He was the 



110 CLEBOT. 

eldest son of the late Hon. R. Walpole, some time Clerk to the 
Priyy Council, hy his first marriage. — ^Having graduated at 
Trinity CoUe^, Cambridgfe, he was presented in 1809 to the 
living of Itenngham, Norfolk, and to Christ Church in 1828. 
By his wife, a daughter of John Hyde» Esq., late Jud^ at 
Calcutta, he left a daughter and two sons, the Rey. Reginald 
Robert Walpole and the Rer. Robert Seymour Walpole. 



REV. E. RUDD. 

April 19th, at Thome, Torkshire, aged 82, the Rev. Erie 
Rudd, fifty-six years Incumbent of that parish, eldest son of 
the late Key. James Rudd, D.D., Rector of Kewton Kyme, 
and subsequently of Sutton, Torkshire. — On the death of the 
late LordDuffiis, in 1827, he was one of the unsuccessftil 
claimants of that title (forfeited in the rebellion of 1715, but 
restored in 1826), in right of his mother, Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Eric, only son of the 3rd Lord Duffus. Pater- 
nally, Mr. Rudd was descended from Dr. Rudd, who was Dean 
of G-loucester in the reign of King James I., and subsequently 
Bishop of St. Dayid's. 



REV. S. J. ALLEK. 

April 29th, aged 58, the Rey. Samuel James Allen, Vicar of 
Easingwold, Yorkshire. — He was a natiye of London, and edu- 
cated at Merchant Tailors' School, whence he proceeded to Pem- 
broke College, Cambridge, with an exhibition, in 1816, where 
he gaye great promise of literary ability. Haying graduated 
in 1820, he toot orders, and was presented to the perpetual 
curacy of Salisbury, near Blackburn, and became subsequently 
Chaplain to Lord De Tabley. In 1833 he became one of the 
select preachers at Cambridge, and was subsequentlj appointed 
Master of the grammar-school of Bromley, and in 1838, by 
the Bishop of Chester, to the yioara^ of Easin^old. He was 
the author of seyeral sermons, which were printed and pub- 
lished ; and his epistolary correspondence was well worthy of 
being prepared for publication. In him the rich and the poor 
alike lost a friend. 



REV. H. MOORE. 

May 12th, at Ferns, Ireland, aged 71, the Rey. Henry Moore, 
Rector of Kilbride and Ferns. — He was heir-presumptiye to the 
earldom of Drogheda, being son and heir of the Hon. Ponsonby 
Moore, next brother of the 1st marquis and 6th earl of Drog- 
heda. By his wife Lucie, daughter of J. Currie, Esq., M.D., 
he left four daughters and three sons, of whom the eldest, Pon- 
sonby Moore, Esq., is now heir-presumptiye to the earldom. He 



BISHOP OF QJLAMAMSTOYrS. Ill 

mairied, in 1844, Aiunasta Sophia, fourth daughter of the late 
General the Hon. WiUiam Henry Ghurdner, a memoir of whom 
will be found aboye, page 86. 



BISHOP OF GRAHAMSTOWN. 

May 16th, at Grahamstown, aged 42, the Bight Rev. Jdbir 
Armstrong, D.D., Bishop of Grahamstown, Soutii AMoa. — 
The following sketch of the Bishop's career appears in the 
AnplO'African : — " He was the eldest son of Dr. Armstrong, an 
eminent physician, author of seyeral medical works, paxncu- 
larly on fe brile diseases, whose wife was Sarah* daughter of 
Chiurles Spearman, Esq., of Thomely, in the county of Durham. 
The bishop was bom at Bishopwearmouth, August 22nd, 1813. 
He lost his father at the age of sixteen. He was educated at 
Charter-house School, and was subsequently elected a Crewe 
Exhibitioner at Lincohi College, Oxford. He took his de^;xee 
of B.A., with honours, in 1836. He was soon after ordauied 
deacon on a curacy in Somersetshire, and subsequently priest. 
He was afterwards curate of Clifton, and in 1841 was elected 

Sriest-yicar of Exeter Cathedral, ana soon afterwards Saints'- 
ay preacher in that cathedral. In 1843 he was presented to 
the rectory of St. Paul's, in the same city. He married, on the 
22nd February in the same year, Frances, the daughter of 
Edward Whitemore, Esq. About this time his first paper was 
published in the British Critic, He also contributed seyeral 
articles to the Christian Rememhrancer and English Review, 
He was now a chief instrument in forming a society for the 
cultiyation of church music and a literary and scientific insti* 
tute, which rapidly attained success. He was also an aotiye 
member of the Agricultural Society in that city. In October, 
1845, he exchanged liyings with the Key. J. H. S. Burr, yicar 
of Tidenham. Glouoester^ire, to which he then remoyed. Soon 
after began the ^at work of his English life — the reform of 
the female pemtentiary system, begun by an article in the 
Quarterly, followed up hj subsequent articles on the same sub- 
ject, resulting in an entirely new system, the distinguishing 
feature of which is, that the penitents are under the care of 
unpaid gentlewomen, instead of paid matrons. He still found 
time for the efficient discharge of his duties as a parish priest. 
Two schools, used also as chapels, in outlying parts of the 

Earish, and a church, remain as monuments of his zeal at Tiden- 
am. The Tracts for the Christian Seasons, edited by him, 
and published by Parker, of Oxford, began in 1849, and met 
with surinrising success. They were followed by a second serie& 
equally successful. Then l>egan the Parochial Tracts, and 
(while these were going on) the Sermons for the Christian Sea-- 
sons, all eminently successful. He had embarked on another 
literary work when he was designated Bishop of Grahamstown, 
and consecrated on St. Andrew's day, 1863, at the parish church 



112 CLEBGT. 

of Lambeth. He wished to come out immediately, but, being 
unavoidably detained, spent the interval in publishing a volume 
of sermons, and in collecting men and means for carrving on 
the work of his diocese. The bishop arrived in Table Bav, 
September 29th, 1854, and in Granamstown October 26tn. 
The bishoi)'s funeral took place amidst the most marked 
demonstration of public sorrow, the lieutenant-governor of 
ihe colony being among the cortSge** 



BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL. 

June 6th, at Stapleton Palace, near Bristol, aged 72, the 
Right Rev. James Henry Monk, D.D., Lord Bishop of Glouces- 
ter and Bristol, and Canon of Westminster. — Dr. James Henry 
Monk was the only son of Mr. Charles Monk, an o£&oer of the 
45th regiment of foot, who served in the American war, and 
nephew of the late Sir James Monk, formeriy Chief Justice of 
Montreal, who died in 1826, and of George BLenry Monk, Esq., 
first Puisne Judge of Nova Scotia. His mother was a daughter 
of the Rev. Joshua Waddington, vicar of Harworth, Notts, and 
he was bom at Buntingford, Herts. December 13th, 1782, as 
appears from the register of old Carthusians, still kept at the 
Onarter-house. His mother having been left a widow in 1785, 
settled at Norwich, where her son received his early education 
under the Rev. Dr. Foster (the successor of Dr. Parr), but was 
removed thence to the Charter-house in 1798. Here he was 
entered in the sixth form, and during the remaining three years 
of his school life, under the then head master. Dr. Raine, who 
was his attached friend throup^h life, laid the foundation of his 
accurate scholarship by a critical study of the Latin and Greek 
languages. He was especially noted for the ease and facilitv of 
his composition, both m prose and verse, and was regarded as 
one of the most hoi^eful pupils in the school, when he was 
transferred to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was 
entered as a pensioner, and went into residence in October, 
1800, under the lato Dr. Msmsel, afterwards Bishop of Bristol, 
who at that time held the mastership : his tutor was the lato 
Mr. Jones. In the following year he was elected scholar, and 
had j^ained several college prizes and other distinctions before 
passmg the ordeal of the mathematical tripos in January, 1804, 
in which he came^ out seventh wrangler, the senior wrangler of 
the year being his own personal friend and long his colleague 
on the episcopal bench, the late Dr. Kaye, Bishop successively 
of Bristol and Lincoln. At this time, and, indeed, for many 
years subsequently, the classical tripos had not been established 
at Cambridpre: and consequently the final examination, in 
which classical attainments were not included, scarcely gave 
him a fair opportunity of measuring his strength with his 
fellows. In the same year, however, he was second chancellor's 
medallist, his fortunate competitor here again being Dr. Eaye. 



BISHOP OF GLOUCKSTEB AND BHI6T0L. 113 

It is remarkable, Howeyer, considering the fame tbat he after- 
wards attained, tnat his name does not occur among the mem- 
bers' prizemen of his year, or among Sir William Browne's 
medallists,— the oolj ouer dassioal honours then in existence : 
but for these distinctions, we belieye, he thought it useless to 
compete against Etonians, who deyoted so large a portion of 
their time at school to yerse composition. On the 1st of 
October, 1805, the first opportunity on which he was qualified 
to become a candidate, itr. Monk was unanimously elected to 
■a fellowship at Trinity, and continued for some time in resi- 
dence, taking priyate pupils, and giying himself up to his 
fayourite classical studies. In October, 1807t haying taken his 
degree of M.A., he became classical lecturer and assistant-tutor 
of tiie college, and commenced his classical lectures. He is 
represented by his contemporaries as haying contriyed to infuse 
into his lecture-room a spirit which had up to that time been 
unknown eyen in the dassio regions of Trinity. It is no slight 
testimony to Dr. Monk's merits here to add tnat in the fifteen 
years of his tutorship the greatest part of the high classical 
honours at Cambridge were carried on by his pupils, and that 
at one time all the nine gentlemen who were engaged in the 
tuition of tiie coUege, had been either his priyate or his public 

SupiLs. In September, 1808, the eccentric Professor rorson 
ied suddenly in London, and so hiffh was the opinion enter- 
tained of Mr. Monk by his seniors that he was put forward as 
a candidate for the yacancy, almost against his will, and the 
riycd candidates (Kaye, Bumey, Tate, Dobree, and others) 
haying retired, in the following month was elected by the 
unanimous yoice of the uniyersity to the professorship of 
Greek, at the age of 27. In June, 1809^ he was ordained 
deacon by the head of his college. Bishop Mansel, and priest in 
1810. In 1812 he was appointed to a Whitehall Preacnership, 
<and it was here that he nrst attracted the f ayourable notice of 
the late Lord Liyerpool, at that time Premier, and laid the 
foundation of his subsequent adyanoement. 

In his new position as Begins Professor, Dr. Monk was not 
idle. In 1812, in conjunction with his friend Dr. Blomfield, he 
compiled and published a work entitled "Porsoni Adyersaria," 
consisting of a collection of that illustrious scholar's notes, 
scattered among his loose papers and on the margins of his 
books, which had been purchased after his deatii By Trinity 
College. He also published seyeral academical tracts, in which 
he propounded the first outlines of a scheme, which some years 
tifterwards was carried into effect with some modifications, for 
establishing at Cambridge a classical tripos, witii public exami- 
nations and honours, corresponding in a measure to the plan 
which had been introduced into Oxford, witli marked success, 
by Dr. Coplestone and his Mends, about the commencement of 
the present century. Dr. Monk was also instrumental in keep- 
ing aliye a literary party in the Uniyersity of Cambridge, by 
means of the '* Museum Criticum, or Cambridge Claissiocu 

I 



114 CLEKOT. 

Besearches/' which he edited as a serial, in conjunction with 
Dr. Kaye ; Dr. Blomfileld, the late Bishop of London ; Dr. Elms- 
ley; Professor Dobree; Mr. E. Y. Blomfield, of Emmanud 
Gollefre ; and the late Dr. Rennell, of King's College. Thi» 
periodical, of which the first nnmber appeared in 1813, reached 
eight numbers, which were subseqaently reprinted as a second 
edition. In 1815 he was promoted from assistant to the rank 
of full tutor, and joined to his professional duties those of a 
public examiner ; and, for the use of his pupils and the Uni- 
versity at large, he published several useful series of classical 
examination-papers. In this year he prepared his edition of 
the " Alcestis " of Euripides, which appeared in the following 
year. It was followed by the " Hippolytus Coronifer.*' To the 
above were subsequently added editions of the *' Iphigenia in 
Anlide," and ''Iphi^nia in Tauris," published anonymously 
at the Pitt Press with English notes. The four plays have 
been recently (October 1857) republished in a single volume 
with Latin notes, bearing the name of l^eir distinguished 
editor. 

In 1818 we find Dr. Monk engaged as the champion of hi& 
University with the late Sir James Edward Smith, the president 
of the Linnsean Society, and who sought the post of Botanical 
Professor in that University, though he could not reconcile it 
with his conscience to subscribe the Thirty-nine Articles. In 
this cause Dr. Monk published a pamphlet, entitled '* A Yin* 
dication of the University," which he subsequently followed 
up by an appendix, in coxuutation of Sir James Smith's reply. 
These two pamphlets of Dr. Monk were considered at the time 
to set the question at rest in a very triumphant maimer ; they 
were in reality almost as much a defence of the Chujch of 
England as of the University of Cambridge in enforcing sub-r 
scription to religious tests ; but the controversy which gave birth 
to them has died away, and the name of Sir James Smith is 
forgotten. 

From his first appointment to the Greek professorship. 
Dr. Monk had steadily advocated the establishment of a clas- 
sical examination, with honours, for incepting B.A.'s who had 
obtained honours in the mathematical tripos. Early in 1818 he 
made a stirring appeal to the Yice-Chancellor ana examiners 
for the Chancellor's medals on this subject. In 1822 Dr. Monk 
followed up these exertions by pubHsmng a letter to the Rev. 
Dr. Kaye, then Master of Christ's College, upon ^e establish- 
ment of a classical tripos— an object for which they had both 
laboured for many years. This letter effected a considerable 
change in the opinions of the senate, which» like all great 
bodies, was slow to admit of any change ; and within a few 
months he had the satisfaction of seeing the measure, which 
had hitherto been received but coldly, carried by a large ma* 
iority, with some few modifications. The utility of the scheme 
has since been fully justified by its success. We may add our 
belief that it was mainly at Dr. Monk's suggestion that the 



SISHOP OF GLOTJCESTSS AND BEIBTOL. 115 

noble Pitt Press ait Cambridge was erected by the Umyersity 
as a public memorial in honour of the Right Hon. William 
Pitt, and of his connection with Cambridge. It is also stated, 
upon good authority, that when, on the death of Dr. Mil* 
ner, the Headship of Q,ueen's College, in the University, 
was cdsputed among the Fellows, and was expected to lapse 
to the Crown, general report gave the appointment to 
Dr. Monk. 

It was probabl^r as much by way of reward for his services to 
the Church in ms controversy with Sir James Smith, as in 
reooniition of his acknowledged merits as a most accomplicJied 
scholar, that in 1822 Lord Liverpool, at that time Premier, 
bestowed on Dr. Monk the deanery of Peterborough, vacated by 
ibe death of Dr. Kipling ; he was almost immediately afterwarcb 
created D.D. hy royal mandate. In the same year he resigned 
hifl professorwip (in which he was succeeded by Professor 
Dobree), and vacated his fellowship by marrjring Jane Smart, 
only daughter of the Rev. H. Hughes, of Nuneaton, and rector 
of Hardwicke, Northamptonshire. In right of his deanery, he 
nominated himself to tne rectory of Fiskerton, lincolnsiure, 
valued in the Clergy List at £447 a year. Here he spent his 
leisure time in the preparation of the life of Dr. Bentiey, and 
in beautifying the cathedral of Peterborough, which suffered 
more than its share of injury in the civil wars, when it was 
turned into a rope-walk. For this purpose he contributed 
Hberally himself, and collected the sum of £6,000. In 1830 a 



oanonry at Westminster was added to Dr. Jfonk's other pref er- 

Ifington 
recommended him for promotion to the see of Gloucester, tnen 



ments, and in the same year the late Duke of Wemn^ 



vacant by the translation of Dr. Bethell to the see of Exeter ; 
and accordingly he was consecrated at Lambeth on the 11th of 
Julv in that year. It is curious that this appointment was 
made by George lY., but the new bishop kissed hands to hiB 
successor. In the year 1836, the see of Ely falling vacant, the 
€K)vemment of Lord Melbourne translated Dr. Allen thither 
from Bristol, in order to carry into effect a double purpose — 
the amalgamation of the latter see with Gloucester, in accord- 
ance with the recommendation of the Ecclesiastical Commission 
(of which we may here mention that Bishop Monk was an 
original member), and the creation of a new bishopric at 
Bipon. 

Dr. Monk's name is best known to the literary word in ge- 
neral by his *'Iife of Bentiey," which he published in 1830. in 
a goodly volume quarto, and which was favourably noticed in 
the QtMrterly £eview for November, 1831. A second edition 
afterwards appeared in 2 vols. 8vo. He was also the author of 
several tracts, sermons, and charges on ecclesiastical subjects, 
and of a caneio ad clerum preached before Convocation in St. 
JPaul's Cathedral, some thirty ^ears ago. As a Quarterly Be- 
viewer he was also greatiy mstinguished. One article from his 
pen made so great a stir in the literary and political world, 

I 2 



116 CLEBGT. 

that a second edition— an eTent almost without precedent— < 
was called for and met with a ready sale. 

The political part which Dr. Monk took in the upper house 
as a member of the episcopal bench has been upon the whole hy 
no means a prominent one ; he usuaUy contented himself with 

f Lying a silent vote in favour of the Toryr interest. In the last 
ebate on the Reform Bill, he replied with considerable energy 
and vigour to the earl of Shrewsbury ; but, with this exception, 
he scarcely ever made a set speech. In fact, though a clear 
thinker and fluent writer, he was but a second-rate orator at 
the best. It should be mentioned, however, that he was always 
a supporter of the pro^sition for disfranchising boroughs when 

f roved to be corrupt in the exercise of their electoral rights, 
n religious matters, though a sound and attached churchman, 
he observed a safe and cautious line, as his easy and open na- 
ture probably inclined him ; his favour, however, was gene- 
rally shown to the High Church rather than to the Evangelical 
party, whose influence at Bristol, Clifton, Cheltenham, and 
other places in his diocese occasionally proved to him a source 
of discomfort. He could be Arm, however, when he thought 
that the occasion required, as he showed when, in 1841, he se- 
verely censured Mr. Williams* Tract for the Times on " Re- 
serve in Communicating B,eligiouB Knowledge." We also find 
his name added to those of several of his right rev. brethren 
when, in 1848, they presented a resx>ectful protest to Her Majesty 
against the proposed appointment of Dr. Hamnden to the see 
of Hereford. Me subsequentlv ^ve a guarded and qualified 
approval to the formation of tne Bristol Church Union, though 
it IS well known that he deeply regretted the fierce polemical 
line which it ultimately adopted. He steadily, however, sup- 
ported the demand for a revival of the active powers of Convo- 
cation. To all works of charity he contributed largely, and for 
many ^rears regularly devoted a tithe of his income to the aug- 
mentation of small livings in his diocese. In his primary 
charge he had expressed nis intention of devoting a tenth of 
the gross revenue of his see to the augmentation of small livings, 
and to this resolution he adhered till his death. He contributed, 
also, considerable sums towards the restoration of churches, the 
building of parsonages, and of parochial and diocesan schools. 
During the last two years of his life, he had rebuilt the parish 
church of Stapleton, at the expense of £7,000, but he did not 
live to see the good work finished. The church was consecrated 
in April, 1857, oy the Bishop of Oxford, acting as deputy for 
Dr. Baring, Bishop Monk's successor. For many years before 
his death he was a su£ferer from partial blindness, which of late 
vears he felt to be a sad impediment to him in the discharge of 
nis episcopal duties, and for the last six months he had su&red 
under almost total prostration of the physical energies. 

In 1849, the last life in a lease of the Horfield Manor Estate, 
belonging to the see of Gloucester and Bristol, having dropped. 
Bishop Monk granted a fresh lease of the property in the usual 



BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AKS BBISTOL. 11? 

maimer for three liyes— being those of the three eldest daugh- 
ters of Her Majesty Queen Victoria— to Thomas Holt, Esq., of 
Gloucester, by whom the copyholds were commuted for land, 
with one or two triflinff exceptions, caused hj a refusal on the 

J»art of those copyholdfers to enfranchise their estates except 
or a money payment, which the bishop declined to accept* 
Immediately upon the enfranchiaement oeinar completed, Mr, 
Holt bv the bishop's directions, assigned and toansferred the 
lease of July, 1849, to Yice-Chancellor Sir William Page Wood ; 
Philip W. S. Miles, Esq., M.P. ; the Venerable Thomas Thorpe, 
archdeacon of Bristol ; the Key. Thomas Murray Browne, and 
Charles James Monk, Esq^ ; to hold the same in trust for the 
benefit of poor Hyin^ in tne diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. 
The rent cnarge in lieu of tithes was deyoted by the bishop to 
the spiritual proyision for the parish of Horfield : one moiety, 
amounting to £95. 15^. per annum, has already been annexed 
permanently to the perpetual curacy of Homeld, with the 
concurrence of the archbishop of Canterbury, while the other 
moiety is held by the trustees, in trust for the future endow*> 
ment of the proposed new district of Bishopston, which will be 
mainly formed out of the populous parts of Horfield. Until 
this district be formed, the accumulations of rent-charge are 
from time to time inyested in the public funds, towards pro- 
yiding a fitting endowment. The rents of the lands are also 
equally diyided between two objects—assistance in proyiding 
parsonages for liyin^ of small yalue, in public patronage in the 
archdeaconry of Bristol, and contributing to pay curates for 
parishes throughout the whole diocese wnose incumbents are 
partially or wholly disabled by age or infirmity. 

Consequently, as soon as the conyeyance to the trustees was 
past the danger of being inyalidated by the Mortmain Act, the 
bishop confined the operation of his small Hyings fund to the 
archdeaconry of Gloucester. 

In 1856, the trustees of |' Bishop Monk's Horfield Trust" 
purchased the reyersionary interest of the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners for England in the lands comprised in the lease of 
July, 1849, for the sum of £5,600, by the desire of the bishop, 
who was permitted, just before the close of his life, to enter into 
aconlxact with the commissioners, whereby his munificent f^ 
and proyision for the spiritual wants of the diocese oyer which 
he presided for twenty-six years will be perpetuated and form 
a lasting monument to his memory. 

Although the yoice of dander has long been silenced, we 
should be failing in our duty as biographers, if we did 
not allude to a yiolent attack which was made upon the 
bishop in the House of Commons, by Mr. Horsman, the 
then member for Cockermouth, in the session of 1851. The 
bishop at the time was staying at Ems for the benefit of his 
health, where he had been sent by his medical adyisers, who 
oonsidered that absolute rest and quiet were necessary to 
restore his strength, which had been greatly impaired by oyer- 



lis CLEBGT. 

exertion in his diocese during: the spring, and to counteract a 
disease of the heurt which at that time threatened fatal results. 
A short time hefore the Horfield lease became renewable by the 
death of Mr. Shadwell, the last surviying life, the bishop had 
offered to part with his interest in the property to the liiCcle- 
siastical Commissioners for a sum considersibly below its real 
yalne, which, indeed, he had previously refused to accept from 
the lessee. This offer was accepted by the commissioners, the 
contract was sifiraed, and the transaction almost completed, 
when ike law officers of the Crown advised the commissioners 
not to effect the purchase. The bishop was thus prevented 
from carrying out nis boievolent intentions for the oenefit of 
his diocese, which he had intimated his purpose of effecting; 
with the sum to be received from the commissioners at a meet- 
ing of his rural deans. The opportunity, however, occurred 
in 1849, when the lease fell in, and the postponement proved 
in the event most beneficial to the diocese. 

In the House of Commons, after a virulent attack had been 
made by Mr. Horsman upon the absent prelate, two of the 
ablest statesmen in the house, though personally unknown to 
the bishop, the Right Hon. W. £. Gladstone and the Bight 
Hon. Sir James Graham, rose in defence of one whose publio 
character the^r admired, and completely vindicated his honesty. 
As an Ecclesiastical Commissioner Sir James Graham stated 
that there was no impression on the minds of the commissioners 
that the bishop had not a full leg:al and moral right to deal 
with this in the same manner as with any other estate belong- 
ing to his see. If it had been otherwise, the commissioners 
would not and could not have entered into a contract to pur- 
chase an interest which in that case would not have existed. 
On his return to England the bishop published a letter to 
Sir William Page Wood, which placed the whole transaction 
in its true light, and showed to the worid how noble a 
sacrifice he had unostentatiously made for the benefit of his 
diocese. 

In his last charge to the clergy of his diocese, in 1854, the 
aged prelate, in thaiiking them for their kindness towards him 
on that trying occasion, said, ** When, during my ill'-health 
and temporary absence from the country, an attack wad made 
upon my character in the House of Ciommons, conceived in 
falsehood and couched in terms of unparalleled malignity, 
my clergy everywhere made publio declarationsof their unabated 
confidence in the purity and rectitude of my conduct." 

An object that the bishop had much a,t heart was the success 
of the training college, at Stapleton, for the edueation of school- 
mistresses, which had been set on foot by him, and to the sup- 
port of which he was a liberal contributor. Of tMs establish- 
ment her Majesty's Inspector of Schools stated in his report, 
that ** the buildings are of great extent, remarkably handsome 
and commodious ; and a staff of teachers and officers has been 
engaged at an expense which sufficiently proves the liberality 



BISHOP OF GLOUCESTEB AND BfilSTOL. 119 

of the managers, and aagrurs well for the prosperity of the 
institution." 

For some years the hishop lahonred almost alone to found 
model lodging-houses in the densely-populated city of Bristol, 
and before his death he had the satisfaction to see his scheme 
matured, and in the course of being carried out, after having 
met with difficulties and discouragements which might have 
sufficed to deter a man who had not his Master's service upper- 
most in his thouffhts. An earnest and affectionate appeal mjn 
his pen at length aroused the municipal authorities &om their 
supineness, and eventually they gave their hearty co-operation 
to the scheme. 

Suffering from asthma and disease of the heart during the 
last few months of his life, the bishop remained at Stapleton, 
watching with a touching interest the building of that beautiful 
church which he felt he should not be spared to consecrate. But 
he was perfectly resigned to his Maker's wilL In April, 1857, 
the new church, built by Bishop Monk at a cost of upwards of 
j87,000, was oonsecratca by the bishop of Oxford, as stated 
above. 

The style is Middle Pointed, and of a character more than 
usually ornate. The seating throughout is of English oak and 
affords accommodation for upwards of 500 persons. The mate- 
rial is of local Pennant sandstone, of a blue tone of colour, and 
the windows, parapets, plinths, and pinnacles are of Bath-stone. 

Bejoicing over the good that he was effecting for his own 
parish, yet mindful oi the wants of others, the bishop, shortiy 
before he died, ordered the transepts of St. Mary Bedcliff 
church, in Bristol, to be filled with oak seats for the poor, as 
well as for the school-children, at his own expense. 

The immediate cause of his death was bronchitis, resulting 
£rom a cold caught while driving in a Bath-chair round the 
palace-gardens, on the Tuesday before his death. On the 
Sunday previous he received the holy communion vrith the 
congnregation in the chapel of the palace, which was used for 
service during the rebuilding of the churph. On the evening of 
the 4th June Sir James Clark was summoned by telegraph to 
see him, but, in spite of all medical aid and the unremitting 
attentions of Dr. »ymonds, he gradually sank and died, sensi- 
ble and prayerful to the last, in the presence of all his sorrow- 
ing family, of his chaplain (Mr. Murray Browne), and in the 
arms of Lis son, on Friday, June 6tn. He was buried on 
Saturday, June 14th, in the abbey church of St. Peter's, 
Westminster. 

By his wife, who survives him, his lordship has left three 
daug[hters and an only son, who graduated some years since at 
Trinity Colleffe, Cambridge, in high classical honours, and 
has published a volume of travels in Turkey and the East, 
under the title of " The Golden Horn." He is a barrister-at- 
law, and succeeded the late Dr. Phillimore as Chancellor of 
]^istol in 1855. 



120 CLEBGY. 



REV. DR. GIBSON. 

June 9tb, at Old Elvet, Durham, aged 65, the Very Rey^ 
William Fletcher, D.D.— He was the son of W. Fletcher, Esq.^ 
by Ms wife, Anne Lowe, and entered Ushaw College as a stu- 
dent in 1812. Haying passed through the ordinar^r course of 
humanities, philosophy^ and diyinity, he reoeiyed minor orders- 
in September, 1824. Haying spent some time at the college, he 
was appointed in 1827 to the united missions of the Brooma 
and EsK, which he seryed until 1838, when he was placed at 
Durham. On the appointment of Dr. Hogarth to the Roman 
Catholic see of Hexham, he was nominated yicar-general to the 
bishop, and shortly afterwards receiyed his diploma as D.D. 
In times of feyer and pestilence he was always found where a 
priest ought to be, at the bed-side of the sick and dying ; and it 
was in the discharge of these duties that he conlracted, some 
years ago a malignant feyer, from the effects of which he neyer 
iidly recoyered. — ^Abridged from the Durham Chronicle, 



REV. T. TILBURY. 

June 10th, aged 76, the Rey. Thomas Tilbury, many years 
Catholic pastor of Weymouth. — He was educatea at Stonyhurst 
College, which he entered in 1793. Haying been ordained in 
1806, he went on the mission in the course of the following 
year, and officiated as chaplain in the family of the late 
Mr. Weld, atPylewell, Hants, from whence, two years later, he 
was transferred to Chideock, Dorset. Here he remained until 
1840, when he was promoted from his quiet country yillage and 
the society of theWeld family, to whom he was deyotedly 
attached, to the more important mission of Weymouth, where 
a CathoHc church had been opened a few weeks i)reyiously. 
Here he laboured for upwards of fifteen years, enjoying the 
respect of all who knew him, both Protestants and Catholics. 
He was especially beloyed by the family of the Welds, of 
Chideock, and by the Talbote, of Rhode Hill, as well as by 
the Very Rey. Dr. Oliyer, of Exeter, who loyed him as a 
brother. He was buried at Stapehill~Ta6/6^. 



CANON ROGERS. 

June 12th, at Penrose, near Helstone, aged 77, the Rey. John 
Rogers, M.A., and Canon Residentiary of Exeter Cathedral. — 
He was a natiye of Cornwall, and was educated at Eton and 
Trinity Colle^, Oxford, where he took his degree in 1801. 
He was appointed a Canon of Exeter in 1820. The foUow- 
ixur sketeh of his character we take from the Genileman's^ 
Magazine : — 

"Full of information, which he communicated in a most 



mm 



HON. AND BEY. J. S. COCKS. 



121 



a^eeable maimer, he was a valuable member of society, and 
by his learninpr he contributed much to the pro^ss lately 
made in the difficult researches of Hebrew and Oriental criti- 
cism. Striking evidence of this was afforded by his critical 
remarks on Bishop Lowth, and by his publication in 1833 of 
'The Book of Psalms in Hebrew metrically arranged, v^th 
Selections from the Various Readings of Eennicott and De Rossi ;' 
and, a few years later, by advocating a new translation of the Pes- 
Chito. On these subjects, of deepest interest to him as connected 
with the elucidation of the Holy Scriptures, he employed his- 
active powers of mind till within a few hours of the end of a 
life of Chrislian usefolness, closed in Christian faith and hope. 
He was twice married ; first, to a daughter of the Rev. J. Jope» 
of St. Cleer, Cornwall, by whom he had a daughter and five 
sons, aU surviving ; and, secondly, to the eldest daughter of the 
late O. Furston, Esq., i?^ho survives him. An excellent husband 
and father, and a most kind landlord, he was justly beloved 
and esteemed in every relation of life." 



REV. DR. MOORE. 

June 21st, at the house of his attached Mend, John Hardman, 
Esq., Birmingham, the Very Rev. Dr. John Moore, late Presi- 
dent of St. Mary's College, Oscott. — He was bom at "Wolver- 
hampton, and when very young was sent to Sedgeley Park,, 
whence ne removed to Oscott to prepare for the priesthood. 
Whilst there he edited the Oscotian. a magazine which had 
only a short existence. On leaving Oscott, he undertook the 
mission of Sutton Coldfield, where he erected a church and 
school at his own cost. In 1840 he was removed to Birming- 
ham to superintend the erection of the cathedral of St. Chad» 
and on the completion of that edifice, in 1848, was chosen to 
succeed his Eminence Cardinal Wiseman in the presidency of 
Oscott. Shortly afterwards the degree of D.D. was conferred 
on him by his Holiness. He was a personal friend of the late 
Mr. Pugin, and took a special interest in the revival of Gothic 
ecclesiastical architecture. Having held that post for five 
years, he resigned it in 1853, and became the officiating priest 
in the church attached to the convent at Hansworth. — ^Abndged 
£:om the Tablet 



HON. AND REYTJ. S. cocks. 

July 5th, affed 66, the Hon. and Rev. James Somers Cocks, 
at Mathon Loage, Worcestershire. — ^The hon. and rev. gentle- 
men was third son of John, 2nd Baron and 1st Earl Somers,. 
heir presumptive to his nephew, the present Earl Somers, who 
has no chilcuren. He was bom January 9th, 1790 ; graduated 
B.A. at Brazenose College, Oxford, in 1809, and became canon 
of Hereford in 1824, and of Worcester in 1830. He lived and 



122 CLEBGT. 

died xuunarried. By his death the desoendants of Charles, the 
first lord, by his second wife, Anne, daughter of Repaid Pole 
Carew, Esq., of Stoke, Devonshire, beoome next in the soo- 
cession to the barony of Somers. 



REV. P. KAY. 

Aag:ast — , at Blackburn, the Bev. P. £ay, Catholic Priest 
of that place.— -The Blackburn Weekly Times contains the fol- 
lowing particulars of his life :— " The rev. gentleman came to 
reside in Blackburn as senior priest in the autumn of 18^. 
He was educated at Ushaw CoUege, Durham ; he then visited 
Borne, and was connected with the English coUege in that 
city. When he returned to England, he first haa charge of 
the CathoUc chanel. Book-street, Manchester ; and afterwards 
officiated at Bradford, Heckton-street, and St. Gorge's, Lon- 
don, whence he removed to Blackburn. He was well-known 
as a laborious and assiduous minister of the Church to which 
he belonged, and his courtesy, generosity, and charity caused 
him to be respected by all who, on ecclesiastical matters, were 
his antagonists. He was also a man of learning ; and in an 
able lecture on the ' Catacombs,' read by him at the Mechanics' 
Institution last winter, he proved, by his acquaintance with 
various languages and antiquarian research, that his education 
had been most uberal and his acquirements highly respectable. 
He was also well-known in many parts of the country as a 
preacher and a priest.'' 



y> 



CARDINAL SOGLLl. 

August 12th, at Rome, aged 76, his Eminence Cardinal 
Soglia. — The Weekly Reporter has the following : — ** It is with 
profoimd regret that we announce the death of the eminent 
and illustrious Cardinal Giovanni Soglia, of the titie of the 
' Four Crowned Saints,' Bishop of Osimo and Cingoli. This 
melancholy event occurred on the 12th August, about seven 
o'clock a.m., after receiving all the sacraments of our holy 
religion. His Eminence was bom at Casola Yalsenio, in the 
diocese of Imola, on the 11th October, 1779, and was elevated 
to the cardinalate in the secret consistory of the 12th February^ 
1838, and proclaimed in that of 1839." 



BISHOP M. MURPHY. 

Auflust Idth, at Ennisoorthy, the Right Rev. Mileaius 
Murpny, Roman Catholic Bishop of Ferns.— His death was 
sudden, a parable seizure having happened whilst he was in 
the act or confirming in the morning. He was a person of 
genuine benevolence and charity. *' As parish priest of Wex- 
ford, before his elevation to the see of Ferns, Dr. Murphy had 



BEV. DS. BUCSLAND* 123 

seonred the affection of all classes, by the practice of those 
▼irtues which marked his whole career, ana which were so 
much calculated to promote the happiness of the commnnity 
amongst which he dwelt. Dr. Mnrpny was consecrated Bishop 
of Ferns, in 1860."--Abridged from the Tablet 

EEV. DR. BUCKLAND. 

AncTLst 14th, at Clapham, aged 72, the Very Bey. William 
Buckland, D.D., Dean of Westminster, but better and more 
widely known as one of the first geologists of his day. 

William Buckland was bom at Axminster, Deyon, in the 
year 1784. He receiyed his early education at Winchester 
School, whence he remoyed to Oxford in 1801, being elected to 
a scholarship on tiie Exeter foundation of Corpus Ghristi Col- 
lege. He took his degree of B.A.. in 1805, just before the 
institution of the system of classical honours, so that we look 
in yain for his name in the Oxford class-lists. He was elected 
fellow of his college in 1808, and gained an early reputation 
for his scientific attainments in geology. Accordingly, in 1813 
he was appointed Reader in Mineralogy, and in 1818 Reader in 
Geology to the Uniyersity. His geological lectures are said to 
hayebeen characterized by such clearness andcomprehensiyenesfiL 
accompanied by aptness ^illustration, that they were attended 
with marked success. (j9>logy, as a science, at that time was 
almost in its infanc3[, and much of its yigorous adyancement 
in subsequent years is due to the interest excited among think- 
ing minds by Dr. Buckland's Oxford lectures. The geological 
museum at Oxford owes its chief excellence to Dr. Buqkland's 
industry in procuring and arranging specimens, particularly 
of the remains of the larger fossil mammalia and other anlTnalB 
from cayes and subterranean localities in England and on the 
continent. He spared neither pains nor expense in his trayels, 
which he undertook solely for the purpose of making the col- 
lection worthy of the uniyersity, and of adyancing the science 
which it was intended to illustrate. This was exemplified in 
his " Descriptiye Notes," with sections of fifty miles of the 
Irish coast, written conjointly with his old Mend Dr. Gony- 
beare, the present dean of liandaff, during a tour in Ireland, 
made in the year 1813, and published in the third yolume of 
the *' Transactions of the Geological Society." In 1818 Dr. 
Buckland was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1820 
he deliyered before the Uniyersity of Oxford a lecture, which 
was afterwards published under the title of ** Vindicise Gteo- 
logicee ; or, the Connection of Geology with Religion Explained." 
The object of this lecture was to show that the study of geology, 
so far from being irreligious or atheistic in its conse<^uencei^ 
has a tendency to confirm the eyidences of natural religion, and 
that the facts deyeloped by it are consistent with the accounts 
of the Creation and Deluge as recorded in the Book of Genesis. 
In 1822 Dr. Buckland communicated to the Royal Society an 



134 CLKEOZ. 

" Aooonnt of an Assemblage of Fossil Teeth and Bones of Me- 
phanfa, Bhmooerosee, Hippopotami, Bears, Tigera, EyEeuaa, and 
sixteen oflier kinds of AiumalB, disoovered in a cave at Eirk- 
dale, Yorkglure." For tUa pahlioatian the society awarded 
faim their highest honour — the Copley medal. This paper was 
made the foundation of a treatise published by him m 1S23, 
entitled " ReU^oife Diluviana; ; or, Observations on Organic 
liemaina atteating the Action of a Universal Selnge ;" a work 
vbioh proved of essential seirice not only in the promotion of 
geologioal science, bnt in reoonciling its study to many persons 
who viewed it with suspicion as adverse to religion. 

In 182S Dr. Buoklnnd vacated his fellowship by aooepting 
from his college the living of Stoke Charity, near Whitchurch, 
Hante ; in the s.imQ year ne wa^ prumotod to u uauonry in the 
oathedral of C'hristuhuroh, and married M:iry, the eldest 
dftnghter of Mr. Benjamin Morland, of Sheepsteod HotUh 
Abingdon. In is;)2 wo tind him presiding over the seoond 
meeting of the British Asaociation, held at Oxford. Four 
fears later, he published his celebrated Bridgewater TreatiBe, 
m 2 vols. 8vo., entitled, " Geology and Mineralogy, ooosidered 
■with reference to Katural Theology." The discovery of new 
facts by the inductive process pursued by geologiata had mate- 
rially advaaoed tkc- prDO:ress of e^"^hek.\l .science in the few 
nreoeding years. a:iJ, modiJVuig lu Lliio work the previous 
oilavial weory. Dr. Bnckland hronght the weight of his autho- 
rity to support the views now generally received upon the sub- 
ject. One of the most able of his numerous geological writings, 
as subsequently testified by Sir R. I. Uurcmson and Professor 
Sedgwick, was a Sketch of the Struotnre of the Alps, published 
ia uie " Annals of Philosophy," in which he ehowrf for the 
first time that manv crystalline rocks of that chaiu are of no 
higher antiquity tnan our own lias, oolitic, and cretaceona 
finmationB. The " Transactions of the Qeologioal Society" 
oontain a variety of oontribntions from hia ^n, all evidencing 
his skill as a geologist and a pBlseontologist. Among them, 
perhaps, the most practically valuable is his " Description of 
the South-Western Coal District of England," which he gave 
to the world in 1925. It has stood the test of more than thirty 
years, and is appealed to by all scientific persons aa a standard 
work. In 1827 Dr. Bucklaud was first chosen one of the coun- 
cil of the Hoyal Society, and was re-elected on each successive 
occasion down to the year 181D, when his mental malady- 
began to exhibit its first symptoms. He was also one of the 
earliest members of the Qeologicol Society, into which he was 
elected in 1813, and of which he was twice chosen, president. 
"HJH anniversary addresses are printed in the journal of that 
society. He was also one of the fellows of the Liniuean Society. 
In 1S47 he was appointed a trustee of the Britieh Moseuni, 
and ttm two years took the greatest intrasst in arranging and 
inoraasing the geolo^oal ooUeotdon there, as well as in the dif- 
fusion of scienafic knowledge by taking an active part in the 



HON. A1?D SBT. B. P. SIK6. 125 

meetings of philosophioal societies. We may more i>artioTdarly 
mention here the Museimi of Practical Geology* in Jermyn- 
street, in the first foundation of which he labonred diligently, 
in conjunction with the late Sir Henry de la Beche, of whom 
he was the intunate friend, as well as of Lyell, Mnrohison, 
Greenhough, Conybeare, and Sedgwick, whose names we haye 
already mentioned. 

In 1845 Dr. Buckland was preferred by the late Sir Bobert 
Peel to the deanery of Westmmster, yacated by the promotion 
of Dr. Samnel Wuberforce to the episcopal oench. In this 
capacity he was worthy of all praise for haying set an example 
to other cathedral bodies by facilitating the admission of the 
public to view the monuments and other objects of historic 
mterest contained in the Abbey Church. He also exerted him- 
self as a sanitary reformer, and especially in the endeavour to 
secure the benefits of pure water for the metropolis ; with this 
object in view, he wrote, spoke, and preached incessantly while 
allowed the use of mens sana in corpore sano. As a theologian 
he never distineuished himself. 

Unhappily, the intellectual death of Dr. Buckland dates, not 
£rom the year 1856, but from some six or seven years ago, since 
which time a cloud has come over his once active mind, and ho 
has spent the evening of his life in confinement. — Times, 

REV. W. NIND. 

August 28th, at Paris, aged 48, the Bev. William Nind, Fel- 
low of St. Peter's College, Cambridge. — He was the second 
surviving son of Benjamin Nind, Es<|., of Peckham, Surrey. 
He was bom in 1808, and graduated m honours at St. Peter s 
College, in 1832, and was subsequentiy elected to a fellowship. 
He was the author of a small volume of religious poems, called 
the '* Oratory ;" and had held the living of Cherry Hinton, 
near Cambridge, since 1838. His (][uiet and unobtrusive man- 
ners rendered mm a general favourite in the university. His 
death was occasioned by leaping £rom an upper window during 
an alarm of fire. 

REV. T. MASTERMAN. 

September 22nd, at Torquay, aged 32, the Rev. Thomas 
Masterman, youngest son of John Masterman, Esq., late M.P. 
for the city of London.— He graduated at Wadham College, 
Oxford, B.A. 1846, M.A. 1849, and for some years held the 
curacy of Garsington, Oxfordshire. 

HON. AND REV. R. F. KING. 

September 22nd, at Winkfield, Berks, aged 78, the Hon. and 
Rev. Richard Fitzgerald £ing. — He was the fourth son of 
Bobert, 2nd Earl of Kingston, and graduated at St. Mary's 



126 CLBBOY. 

Hall, Oxford, B.A. 1799, M.'A. 1828. He was formerlv Yioar 
of Great Chesterford, and Rector of Little Oliesterfora, near 
SafGran Walden, Essex. 

REV. ISAAC HILL. 

September 26th, at his house in Trinity-lane, aged 83, the 
Rev. Isaac Hill« Wednesday-evening Lecturer of the parish 
of St. Antholin, Watling-street, for upwards of fifty years. — 
He was for many years Chaplain to the Mercer's Company, and 
had officiated at St. Bartholomew's Church, EingsLEind-road, 
until the edifice was removed. This sacred structure was one 
of the most ancient in the metropolis. At the time of his death 
lie was the oldest clergyman in London. 



REV. J. G. MOUNTAIN. 

October 10th, at St. John's, Newfoundland, a«:ed 38, the Rev. 
Jacob GFeorge Mountain, thii*d son of the Rev. Jacob H. Brooke 
Mountain, D.D., rector of Blunham, Beds. — He was bom 
October 14, 1818. He was grandson of the fiM;, and nephew of 
the present Bishon of Quebec. He was educated at Eton, where 
he oistingxiished himself as a scholar, winning the Newcastle 
medal. He subsequently went to Merton College, Oxford, and 
obtained a second class m classics, in the examiliation for his 
B.A. degree, in 1841. He retumed to Eton for some fewyears, 
as private tutor to the so^ of Mr. Foljambe, of Osberton. Having 
taken orders whilst holding this situation, he began his minis<* 
terial career as assistant curate of Clewer, near Eton. On his 
removal from Eton, he entered into an engaeement with the 
Bishop of Newfoundland, who was then in England, and accom- 
panied him on his return to his diocese, in April, 1847, He was 
posted at Harbour Briton, in Fortune Bay, as its first resident 
missionary. 

Having laboured there without interruption for seven years, 
he subsequently published an elegant and interesting account of 
Ms works at this mission, entitled '* A Sowing-time on the 
Rugged Shores of Newfoundland," At the end of his seven 
years service he was appointed principal of the missionary 
college at St. John's. In 1854 he came to England, and married 
Miss Sophia Bevan, daughter of Robert and Mary Bevan, of 
Rougham Rookery, Bury St. Edmund's. He retumed soon 
afterwards to Newfounaland. In September, 1856, he was 
attacked bv fever, which soon assumed a malignant character, 
and speedily ended in his death. 

In the life of Mountain there are none of those great and 
dazzling exploits which captivate the minds and fascinate the 
imaginations of the vulgar. He was not famous, in the jud^:- 
ment of the mass of the world : but how little of what is really 
great in human nature is ever known to the bulk of mankind ! 
and if known, how little could it be comprehended or appreciated I 



EEV. DB. COX. 127 

There is a greatness of soul in disregarding the ordinary objects 
of human ambition : greatness in despising the security of com- 
fortable indolence, and preferring a career of adventurous and 
noble beneficence ; sublime greataess in renouncing all thought 
of personal adTanoement, and in resolving, not merely by pro- 
fession and in name, but zealously, sincerely, and truly to make 
the promotion of God's glory on earth the one care and pur- 

Sose of a pure and holy ambition. This greatness belongjod to 
[ountain in an eminent degree. Yet no one suspected mm of 
possessing a great soul less than Mountain himself. He was 
conspicuous for modest humiUty,— the most g^uine mark and 
most beautifiil ornament of an elevated spirit There was in 
him such a simple though manly innocence as rendered him 
unconscious of his own merits. The warmth of his heart waa 
such, and the sensibility of his affections so deep and overflow- 
ing, that it was impossible to know him without loving him. 
He cultivated and appreciated classical literature, wisely judg- 
ing that to store the mind with a knowledge of the noblest pro- 
ductions of the human intellect can be no unfitting occupatiaiL 
for him whose main duty it is to set forth the glory of tho 
Author of that intellect. His accomplishments were various, 
and his nature gentle ; so that you knew not whether to admire 
him most for the vigour of his understanding, or to love him for 
the fascinating and gracious sweetness of ms diiq^itian. His 
loss to the Church of which he was a minister may be repaired ;. 
his loss to his family as a husband, a brother, and a 8on» 
is irremediable and irreparable. 

REV. M. RYAN. 

October 25th, at St. John's Wood, the Rev. Matthew Ryan, 
after an illness of only a few hours. — ^He was a native of tiie 
county of Waterford, and was educated at Old Hall, where he 
was for some years a Professor. He afterwards entered the 
order of the Trappists, and was for some time Abbot of the 
Cistercian Monastery at Mount Melleray, co. Waterford. After 
coming to England, he was attached to missions in Jersey and 
Tirginia-street, and had been at 6t. John's Wood little more 
than four years. — Abridged from the Tciblet, 

REV. DR. COX. 

November 9th, at Southampton, of paralysis, aged about 60^ 
the Very Rev. Dr. Thomas Cos, Catholic pastor of the mission 
in that town.— He received his early education at St. Edmund's 
College, Herts, where he became first a professor, and ultimately 

§ resident, but resigned that post in 1852, on being appointed to 
outhampton. He was through life the most intimate friend, 
and after his death the executor, of the late Right Rev. Dr. 
Otiffiths, Vicar -Apostolic of the London district. — ^Abridged 
from the Tablet, 



128 CLEBGT. 



REV. T. BOWDLER. 

November 12th, at Biompton, aged 75, the Rev. Thomas 
Bowdler, M.A. — ^The deceased clergryman was descended from 
an ancient fEonily of Salop ; his |nnnd£Either held a post in the 
Admiralty tinder Pepys, and his father married, about the 
middle of the last centoiy. Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of 
Sir John Cotton, 6th and last baronet. Mr. Bowdler's father, 
James Bowdler, Esq., inherited nonjuring principles, and was 
one of the foimders of the Chnrch-building Society. His elder 
brother was well-known in the literarv world as the editor of 
expnr^ted editions of Shakspere, (Hbbon, and other works ; 
and his sister. Miss Harriet Bowdler, was the authoress of ser- 
mons and essays. Mr. Bowdler himself was bom in 1780, and 
educated at Hyde Abbej School, near Winchester, and at 
St. John's College, Cambridge. Having graduated in honours, 
he was ordained, in 1803, to the curacy of Leyton, Essex, 
and subsequentlv became incumbent of Hapten W afers, Salop ; 
of Ash and Ridley, in Kent, and afterwaras of Addinsix)n, m 
the same county. In 1834 he became incumbent of the new 
church at Sydenham, and at the same time held the chaplaincy 
of St. Eatnarine's Hospital, Regent's-park. In 1846, Mr* 
Bowdler became secretary to the Church-building Society, an 
office which he held till his death ; together with an honorary 
canonry in St. Paul's, conferred on nim by the late Bishop 
Blomfield. He was a good and benevolent man, and was mucn 
beloved in his own sphere. In 1854 he lost his wife, Phoebe, 
daughter of Joseph Cotton, Esq., since which period his health 

gradually declined. Mr. Bowdler took a deep interest in the 
hurch of England, and in the Scottish Episcopal Communion. 
He was the author of several volumes of sermons, discourses* 
&c., a volume of family prayers, and a memoir of his father. 



DEAN PEARSON. 

November 17th, at Sonning, near Reading, aged 79, the Rev. 
Hugh Nicholas Pearson, D.D., formerly Dean of Salisbury. — 
He was educated at St. John's College, Oxford, where he gra- 
duated B.A. in 180Q ; in 1807 he obtained the Buchanan prize 
for the best English essay on "Christianity in India." He 
•obtained the deanery of Salisbury in the year 1823, and re- 
signed it in the early part of 1846, from circumstances which 
were never wholly understood, but it is believed that his resig- 
nation was not quite voluntary. 



REV. H. DICKONSON. 

November 23rd, at West Retford, aged 65, the Rev. Henry 
Dickonson, Rector of that place. — He was of an ancient Not- 



BISHOP L. KUBPHY. 129 

tinghamBhire family, and graduated in 1813, at St Peter's Col- 
lege, Cambridge. Having taken orders, and served the curacies 
of Misson anof Hatfield, he married, in 1818, Miss Wynn, tiie 
daughter of a wealthy bookseller in London, by whom he had 
a large fortune. In 1836 he succeeded to tiie living of West 
Eetford, which had been purchased for him some few years 
previously. By his penurious habits he died worth between 
£40,000 and £dO,000. His property passes partly to his 
widow, who survives him, and partly to a nephew, Lacey 
Dickenson, Esq. 



REV. DANIEL GWILT. 

November 26th, aged 76, the Rev. Daniel Gwilt, Hector of 
Icklingham, Suffolk. — He was formerly Fellow of GbnviUe and 
Oaius College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1801, 
and M.A. 1804. 



REV. DR. HUSSEY. 

December 2nd, after a short illness, at his residence in Beau- 
mont-street, Oxford, the Rev. Robert Hussey, D.D., of Christ 
Church, and Regius Professor of EcdesiastioEU History. — Mr. 
Hussey was one of the most accompUshed scholars of the day, 
and by his death a void is left in the professorate that will not 
easily be filled. He was a member of an old Kentish familjr. 
in Michaelmas term, 1824, he obtained a first-class " In Literis 
Humanioribm" and also '* In Disciplinis Mat. et Phys" In 
1825 Mr. Hussey proceeded to the degree of B.A. ; in 1827, to 
that of M.A. ; and in 1837, to that of !b.D. ; and up to the time 
of his death he held the perpetual curacy of Binsey, Oxford, to 
which he was appointed by the Dean and Chapter of Christ 
€hurch, in 1845. Me took a great interest in the question of 
university reform and extension ; and, from his imiform good 
sense, judgment, candour, and courtesy, was much respected 
and beloved in his university. 



BISHOP L. MURPHY. 

December, 4th, at Fermoy, aged 67, the Right Rev. Lawrence 
Murphy, D.D., Roman Catholic Bishop of Cloyne. — He was 
ibom December 16th, 1789, and having been parish priest of 
more than one cure in the south of Lreland, was consecrated 
iSeptember 15th, 1849. He was of an amiable and gentle dispo- 
sition, but an ardent champion of religion. During his brief 
episcopate, he had founded a seminary for the priesthood, an 
educational establishment attached to the convent at Fermoy, 
and several other useful institutions. — Abridged from the 
Tablet 



FATHER MATHEW. 

December ath, at Qoeenatown, Cork, ag«d M, the Bev. 
Theobald Matbew.— The folknrinK Bketoh of his cbaiaoUr U 
taken from the Times : — 

" The departure of a great and ffood man from among us, and 
the loss of one whose charity and eood deeds were of more than. 
European reputation, seem to oall for a more extended notice 
than that wnich appeared in the oolumns of our Irish intellj- 
frenre ypsterday. The history of ' Father M athew ' ia strange 
and striking, and almoBt partakes of the character of romanoe. 
It has often been said, by way of reproach against Ireland, that 
her clergy are almost all chosen, not from the nobles or the 
landed ^ntry and middle classes of Ireland, but from ' the 
lowest of the people,' and that her priests have been chosen 
from the plougb-tail and the pig-sty. However this may be, it 
was not the case with the subject of our memoir. Theobald 
Mathew was descended from a very ancient Welsh famOy, 
whose pedigree is carried in the records of the prinoipnlitv to 
Owaytnooed, Sing of Cardigan, in direct descent from whom 
was Kr David Matbew, standard-bearer to Edward IV., whose 
monument ia to be seen in the cathedral of Liandaff. Edmund 
Mathew, hisdeeeendantin thesizth generation, was High-Sherifi* 
ef 0-lamorgan in 1S92, and had two sons, who went to Ireland 
in the reign of James I. The elder son, George, married Lady 
Thnrles, mother of ' the great ' Duke of Ormonde. From him 
was descended Francis Hathew of Annfleld, a gentleman of 
large estates, who was eventually raised to the peerage as Earl 
of Llandaff. Though at his death in 1806 hie estates are said 
to have amounted to £40,000 a year, they were greatly encum- 
bered by his successor, on whose death in 1833 they devolved 
upon his only surviving Bist«r, the late Lady Elizabeth Mathew, 
who at her death in 1843 bequeathed them to a French noble- 
man, the Viscount de Chabot, leaving her only other relative 
unprovided for, and, singularly enough, appointing him ex> 
eeutor to the very will by which she stripped her family of 
their ancestral property. Under this will, Mr. Mathew very 
naturally declined to act. 

"We believe that TheobaldMathew, son of James Mathew, of 
Thomfi'^tipwn, i.MLiiity TiiHK.Tttry, waabom at that place on the 
lOth nl (Ji'kibrr, lifu. HU grandmother was niece of the cele- 
brated (.iencral Mathew, of whom honourable mention is made 
by Shf-ridiin in his Life of Swift. Having lost his i»arents at 
on early age, Theubald MiLthew was adopted by his distant 
relative tiit Liidy Eliziilioth Mathew, mentioned above, who 
placer 'M . .1 i' I- ■! i ii, ';.)ii of the Kev. Dennis O'Donnell, 
parisl I : »unty Wat«rford, At the age of 

thirteiii 111' sins -iiiit 111 tj.. lay academy of Kilkenny, whenou 
he was removed in his twentieth year to Maynootii to pursue 
his ecclesiastical studies, having shown signs of a olerioaL 



PJLTHEB ICATHEW. 131 

Toeation. On Easter Sunday, 1814, he was ordained in Dublin 
by i^e late Archbishop Murray. After some time he returned 
to Kilkenny, with the intention of joining: the mission of two 
Capuchin mars there ; but before long he removed to Cork. 
By a rescript from the late Pope Gregory XTI. he receiyed the 
degree of Doctor in Divinity, together with a dispensation 
allowing him to possess property. From the moment of enter- 
ing upon his missionary duties at Cork he began to show the 
43terling worth of his character. Ever diligent in his work of 
the pulpit, the confessional, and the sick man's bed-side, he 
devoted all his snare time to the temporal and spiritual wants 
of the poor, to wnom he acted as counsellor, friend, treasurer, 
and executor. 'The dying father,' says one who knew him 
well, 'committed his bereaved family to the care of Father 
Mathew ; the widowed mother, threatened at her death with 
the unproteotedness of her children, drew composure and re- 
signation from her confidence in him. Every da^r mxdtiplied 
the demands on his attention and widened the circle of his 
untiring usefulness. He acted as a magistrate as well as a 
minister, and thus composed feuds, secured justice to the 
oppressed, and healed the broken i>eace of many a family. His 
charities kept pace with his exertions, and were only limited 
by his means. Amonp: other good deeds, we may mention that 
wnen the graveyards m Cork were full. Father Mathew himself 
purchased the Botanic Gardens of that city, and, allowing 
them to retain their former agreeable walks and statuary (the 
best specimens of Hogan's native genius), he converted them 
into a cemetery, not for Catholics alone, but for members of 
every other denomination. To the poor burial was allowed 
gratuitously, and the fees derived from all other interments 
were devoted to charity. The Northern Infirmary in Cork for 
many years derived an income of two guineas weekly from this 
Bource. About the same time he commenced buildmg a beau« 
tifnl Gothic church at the cost of about £15,000.' 

" Thus, by the force of his well-known character as a 
gfenuine Christian patriot, even before the commencement of 
the temperance movement in the south of Ireland, Father 
Mathew nad risen to the highest estimation among his people. 
The affability of his manners, his readiness to listen to every 
grief and care, and, if possible, to remove it, the pure and selt^ 
BEorificing spirit of his entire career, were eminentiy calcxdated 
to sei2e upon the quick, warm impulses of the Irish heart, and 
to make nis word law. Bome twenty years ago there was no 
country in which the vice of intoxication had spread mort 
deyastation than in Ireland. All efforts to restrain it were in 
Yain. The late Sir Michael O'Loghlen's Act for the sup- 
pression of drunkenness was a dead letter ; many even of toe 
•^ge and good deemed it hopeless and incurable ; and it waf 
gaid that the Irish woxdd abandon their nature before the}" 
abandoned their whisky. 

< ' There were those who thought otherwise. Some numbers of 

K 2 



132 CLERGY. 

tiie Society of Friends and a few other individuals at Cork had 
bound themselves into an association for the sappression of 
drunkenness, but found that they were unable to make head 
against the torrent. In their despair these g^entlemen, though 
iTotestants, applied to Father Mathew ; one of them, more 
bold and energetic than the others, is said to have exclaimed, 
*Mr. Mathew, you have now got a mission wortiiy of yourself ; 
do not reject it.' 

** Father Mathew responded to the call ; with what success ulti- 
mately we suppose that our readers are all well aware. The work, 
however, was not the work of aday. For a year and ahalf he toilea 
and laboured against the deep-rooted degradation of the * boys' of 
Gork, the ridicule and detraction of many doubtful friends, and 
the discountenance of many others from whom he had expected 
support. He held his regular meetings twice a week in the 
Horse Bazaar. At length ne had the satisfaction of seeing the 
mighty mass of obdurate indifference bejgin to move. He con- 
tinued to apply the lever, and the motion increased ; some of 
the most obaurate drunkards in Cork enrolled their names in 
his * Total Abstinence Association.' His fame began to travel 
along the banks of the Shannon. First, the men of Kilruah 
came in to be received, then some hundreds from Kerry and 
Limerick; until, early in the month of August, 1839, the 
movement burst out into one universal flame. The first great 
outbreak was at Limerick, where Father Mathew had engaged 
to preach at the request of the bishop ; and the mayor of which 
city declared that within ten months no less than 150 inquests 
haa been held in the county, one half of which were on persons 
whose deaths had been occasioned by intoxication. As soon as 
the country people heard that Father Mathew was in Limerick, 
they rushed into the city in thousands. So great was the crush, 
that though no violence was used, the iron railings which sur- 
rounded the residence of ' the apostle of temperance ' were 
torn down, and some scores of people precipitated into the 
Shannon. It is said that some of the Scots Greys, who attended 
to keep order in the streets, were actually lifted from the 
l^ouna ; and so densely were the people thronged that several, 
in their eagerness to touch the hem of Father Mathew's gar- 
ment, ran quietly along on the heads and shoulders of the vast 
crowd. At Parsonstown order was only maintained by a body 
of the Rifles with their bayonets fixed and pointed so as to 
form a banier to the rushing multitudes in front of the chapel 
in which, in strong contrast to the striking scene without, sat 
ttie mild and unassuming man who had collected this displayof 
numerical force and had marshalled this peaceful army. We 
have not the time or the space to follow Father Mathew in his 
temperance progresses. Some idea of their results may be 
formed when we state that at Nenagh 20,000 persons are said to 
have taken the pledge in one day ; 100,000 at Qalwav in two 
days ; in Lougnrea, 80,000 in two days : between that and 
Portumna from 180,000 to 200,000; and in Dublin, about 



TATHBB IIATHEW. 133 

iro,000 darinff five days. There are few towns in Ireland which 
Father Matnew did not visit with like snocess. In 1844, he 
Tisited Liyerpool, Manchester, and London; and the enthu- 
siasm with which he was receiyed there and in other English 
cities testified equally to the need and to the progress of the 
remedy. 

'* It only remains to add that in Father Mathew the man was 
completely ahsorhed in the Christian — the man of goodwili 
towards all his fellow-men. To him the Protestant and the 
Catholic were of equal interest and of equal value. Again, no 
man ever displayed a more disinterested zeal. He spent upon 
the poor all that he had of his own, and reduced to bankruptcy 
his brother, a distiller in th^ south of Ireland, whose death fol- 
lowed shortly upon the losses resxdting from the ' Temperance' 
crusade. Yet this man, and other branches of his family, though 
extensively connected witii the wine and spirit trade, not only 
bore their losses without a murmur, but even supplied Father 
Mathew with large sums of money for the prosecation of his 
work. A few years since her Majesty was pleased to settle upon 
Father Mathew an annuity of £300, in recognition of the ser-> 
vices which he had rendered to the cause of morality and order.^ 
but even this we imderstand was almost entirel^r absorbed in 
heavy payments on policies of insurance upon his life, which 
he was bound to keep up to secure his creditors ; and further 
collections were made on his behalf about four years since. 

** The personal appearance of Father Mathew was most remark- 
able. We will conclude by adding the following interesting 
and graphic account of it, ^^ch is taken from Mrs. S. C. Hall's 
work on Ireland : — 

" ' No one who sees the Rev. Mr. Mathew will hesitate to 
believe that he has been stimidated by pure benevolence to the 
work he has undertaken. The expression of his countenance is 
peculiarly mild and gracious ; his manner is persuasive to a 
de^e, simple and easy, and humble without a shadow of affec- 
tation, and his voice is low and musical — * such as moves men.* 
A man more naturally fitted to obtain influence over a people, 
easily led and proverbially swayed by the affections, we have 
never encountered. No man has borne nis honours more meekly, 
encountered opposition with greater gentleness and forbearance, 
or disarmed hostility by weapons better suited to a Christian. 
His age is somewhat above fifty, but he looks younger ; his 
£rame is strong, evidently calculated to endure great fatigue ; 
and his aspect is that of established health — a serviceable illus- 
tration of the practical value of his system. He is somewhat 
above the midole size ; his features are handsome, as well as 
expressive. Our brief internew with him confirmed the favour- 
able impression of his character we had obtained from a know- 
ledffe of the benefits derived from his labours ; and we left him 
with fervent thanks to God that a man so qualified to sway a 
multitade had so wisely, so noblj, and so virtuously applied his 
powers and directed the energies of his marvellously active 



134 C3LBSGT. 

mind, fedinr how dan^roiu he might haye proyed if thej had 
been exerted for eril and not far good.' " 

The funeral of the "apoetle of tempoance" took place in 
Cork on the following FndaT, and was perhaps tiie most re- 
markable one ey&e witnessed in that city, xhe eorteae was 
more than three miles long, and took an hour and a naif to 
pass any particular point. It was attended by the corporation 
and city officers in mourning, bysereral dignitaries and clergy- 
men of the Establiahed Church, as w^ as oy a yast number of 
the Boman Catholic derej-, with their bishop at their head, and 
by all the Roman Catholio and a great many of the Protestant 
gentry of all the surrounding country. It was estimated that 
not fewer than 50,000 people were assembled in and around the 
cemetery on the occasion ; and the deepest sympathy was ex- 
pressed by the greater number of those present, many of them 
shedding tears. A monument is about to be ereoted to hia 
memory, at Cork, by public subscription. 



REV. J. WILLIAMSON. 

December 12th, at OrangefLeld, Greenock, N.B., the Eey. 
James Williamson, late Pastor of the French and Flemisii 
Protestant Church at Louyain. — He was the autibor of " The 
Memorials of James Watt," published in 1856 ; and presented 
to the Greenock library, during his lifetime, his yaluable 
library of diyinity, to be deyoted to the use of the probationers 
and students of all denominations. 



REV. JAMES BE ALE. 

Deoember 17th, at Lagos, Africa, aged 42, the Rey. James 
Beale. — He had been emi>loyed by the Church Missionary So- 
ciety as one of its agents in Sierra Leone, since 1836. He had 
undergone great hardship during his missionary career ; among 
other matters we may mention that he was wrecked on the 
African coast, in 1852. He has left a widow and one child to 
lament his loss. 



REY. DR. HARRIS. 

Deeember 21st, at St. John's Wood, aged 52, the Rey. Dr. 
Harris, principal of the New College, St. John's Wood.— The 
doctor had been rather unwell for a i^ort time ; but he was 
enabled to deliyer a charge to the Rey. Mr. Macbriar, on his 
recognition as minister oi Barbican chapel, on the 3rd inst. In 
a few days after this, his illness assumea tne form of rheumatic 
feyer, terminating fiEitally in what is called piemia, although he 
had the adyice oi the most celebrated physicians, such at Dr. 
James Clark, Dr. Lankester. and others. The institution, of 
which he was the head, has ler its object the training of yoxmgr 



LEOAI.. Itf 

men. for the mixiistrj among Congregatioiial IToncdnfanusts. 
Dr. Harris was a gentleman of great eminenoe and iniinenoe in 
that body. He was a native of Ugboroogh^ Devon, and was 
educated in the Independent college, then existing at Hoxton, 
bat afterwards removed to Highbury^ and finally merged m the 
New College, of which he was principal at the time of his 
death. He was first settled as minister of a small Congrega- 
tional church at Epsom, where he continued for many years in 
comparative seclusion and obscurity. He was brought to public 
notice about 1835, by being the successful competitor for a prize 
of a hundred guineas, ofiered by Dr. Conquest, for the best 
essay against covetousness. This production, under the title q£ 
** Mammon," gained extraordinary popularity, and drew the at- 
tention of the religious world strongly towards the author. His 
services as a preacher were in great request, nor were the ex* 
pectations which his name inspired ever disappointed'; for 
though he possessed nothing of the fluent and theatrical om- 
toryusuallv supposed to form the attractions of popular preach- 
ing, he seldom failed to rivet the attention of the crowded audi- 
ences which usually assembled to hear hinu bv the solid 
excellence of his matter, delivered in a voice of siivery sweet- 
ness and melody. In 1837 he became professor of theologv in 
Cheshunt College, and when, in 1850, the various Independent 
colleges in and about the metropolis were consolidated into one, 
under the designation of New College, he was invited to preside 
over the institution. Besides tiie prize essay to which we have 
referred above. Dr. Harris was the author of several other 
works, displaying far greater compass and maturitv of thought 
than " Mammon/' One of these was the '* Gh^eat Commission," 
also the result of a literary competition, in which he bore awaj 
the first prize. But, besides these, he published the ** Great 
Teacher'* (his earliest work, " Man Primeval," " The Preada- 
mite Earth," *' Patriarchy," &e. Some of these works display a 
large amount of profound and patient thought, in the depart- 
ment of metaphysical theology, conveyed in a style of singular 
clearness and beauty. Dr. Hanis died in the vigour of his 
manhood, and in the fulness of intellectual and moral activity. 
— Morning Herald, • 



LEGAL. 

MR. SERJEANT ADAMS. 

January 10th, at 9, Hyde Park Street, aged 69, John Adams, 
Esq., Serjeant-at-Law, and Assistant Judge of the Middlesex 
Quarter Sessions. — He was the third son of Simon Adams, Esq., 
of Ansty Hall, in the county of Warwick, Recorder of Daventry, 
by his wife, Sarah, daughter of Cadwallader Coker, Esq., of 
Bicester. Mr. Serjeant Adams was bom in 1786 ; and, having 
early in life adopted the legal profession, he practised with 



1S6 LBOAL. 

marked suooess on the Midland Ciroait, and attained the rank 
of Seijeant-at-Law. He was also the author of a useful essay 
on tiie subject of ejectment. Some twen^ years aso Mr. 
Seijeant Adams was chosen Chairman of the Miadlasex 
Sessions ; and when the salaried office of Assistant Judge of 
those Sessions was created by Act of Parliament, he was the 
first Judge ap])ointed, and had since continued to preside at 
the Sessions tnals in Middlesex and Westminster, up to the 
time of his deatibu with credit to himself and satis£Eu>tion to the 
public. Mr. Serjeant Adams, though eccentric and somewhat 
rough and abrupt in his manner, possessed much knowledge 
and sound sense. He was a humane man, and a thoroughly 
honourable and upriffht jndffe. He had, too, an hones^ and a 
firmness of purpose that made him always respected. He took 
great interest in tiie improvement of the Criminal Law, and in 
all the plans proposed for the disposal and reformation of cul- 
prits. He frequently put forth his views and notions on these 
themes in essays and letters ably written. In private life Mr. 
Seijeant Adams was also very generally esteemed and r^pected. 
He married first, in 1811, Eliza, only daughter of William 
Nation, Esq., of Exeter ; by her (who died in 1814) he had 
two sons, viz., John Adams, Esq., a distinguished chancery 
barrister, author of *' The Doctrine of Equify," who died in 
September. 1848, and the £ev. William Adams, author of "The 
Shadow of the Cross," who died in January* 1848. Mr. Ser- 
jeant Adams married secondly, in 1817, Jane, daughter of 
Thomas Martin, Esq., of Nottingham, and by her (who died in 
1825) he had a son, the Kev. Henry Cadwallader Adams. The 
Serieant married thirdly, in 1826, Charlotte Friscilla, daughter 
ana heiress of John Coker, Esq., and by her has had three sons» 
the eldest of whom is the Rev. Coker Adams, Fellow of New 
College, Oxford. 

W. WRIGHT. ESQ. 

January 30th, in Gray's Inn Square, aged 68, William 
Wright, Esq., the Clerk of Enrolments in Chancery.— He was 
the second son of W. Wright, Esq., of Market Drayton, and 
married, in 1811, Margaret, eldest daughter of the late J. 
Masfen, Esq., of Cannock. He was formerly in partnership 
with Messrs. Anstice and Cox, solicitors, of the Temple, but 
was called to the bar in 1825 : at first he went the Oxford and 
then the Western Circuit, but afterwards practised chiefly at 
the Chancery bar. In October, 1858, he was appointed by Sir 
J. Romilly, the Master of the Kolls, to the post which he held 
till his death. 

H. PEARSON, ESa. 

February 1st, in Harley Place, aged 47, Henry Pearson, Esq.* 
Barrister-at-Law. — He was educated at Trinity College, Cann^ 



UB. J178TICB lOREENS. 137 

bridge, where he graduated B.A. as 19th wrangler in 1830, 
and was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in May, 
1841. He was the author of the following works :— ** A Sylla- 
bus of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry ;" '* A Syllabus of 
Algebra ;" ** The Statutes in force relative to Marriage in 
England ; " an edition of " Chitty's Precedents in Pleading ; '* 
and " The Common Law Procedure Act of 1854, with Notes.** — 
Gentleman's Magazine. 

T. 0*CALLAGHAN, ESQ. 

February 28th, assassinated, near Portumna, co. Galway^ 
Thaddeus 0*Ca11a^han, Esq., solicitor, of Fitz William Square,. 
Dublin. — He was a young man, and served his apprenticeship 
under the late Mr. Pierce Mahony. He had recentlj acquired 
the property of Ballinruane, and nad ejected some of the occu- 
pying tenants and introduced a Scotch steward. 



HON. R. R. CRAIG. 

March 12th, at the Grove, Camberwell, Surrey, aged 39, the 
Hon. Robert Rutledge Craig.— The deceased gentleman was a 
few years since promoted to the post of Her Majesty's Attorney 
General and Q,ueen*s Advocate for British Guiana, which he 
held until his death. He washighlv respected in his profession,, 
and was regarded as likely to have been early preferred to a colo- 
nial judgeship. 

MR. JUSTICE TORRENS. 

March 29th, at Derrynoid Lodge, co. Londonderry, after a 
few hours' illness, aged 81, Mr. Justice Torrens, one of the Jus- 
tices of the CoTirt of Common Pleas, Dublin. — ^The learned 
judge, who was a brother of the late Sir Henry Torrens, was 
raised to the bench in 1823, after having be«i many years a 
kind's Serjeant, and consequently occupied a seat upon the 
judicial bench , during the long period of thirty-three years. 
He was one of those Irish judges whose long tenure of office 
has lately been made the subject of rather severe strictures in 
the House of Commons by Sir John Shelley and others. He 
was called to the Irish bar in Michaelmas term, 1798, and was 
admitted a bencher of the Sing's Inns, Dublin, in Trinity term, 
1818. The learned judge, it will be remembered, received a few 
weeks ago, addresses from the grand juries of tiie Northern 
oironit, expressive of their oonndence in his lordship, and of 
their admiration of his high judical abilities. To these ad- 
dresses his lordship, together with Chief Baron Pennefather and 
Chief Justice Lefroy, returned an answer to the effect, that as 
long as he felt he was able to disohar^ his duties to the public 
in an efficient manner, it was not his intention to tender his 
resignation. 



138 LEGAL. 



C. BELLAMY, ESa. 

May 14th, at liis chambers in the Temple, Charles Bellamy, 
Esq., Barrister at Law, brother of the Key. J. W. Bellamy, 
B.D., formerly Master of Merchant Taylor's School. — He was 
himself elected from that school in 1815, to a Fellowship at St. 
John's College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1819, as a donUa 
first-class. He was chosen Yenerian Law Scholar in 1822, and 
afterwards Fellow. 

G. BEIOETT, ESa., Q.C. 

May 26th, at Sodylt Hall, Shropshire, a^ed 77, Gteorge Ben- 
nett, Esq., Q.C. — He was called to the Irish bar in 1802, and 
twenty jears later became one of "Her Mafesty's counsel 
learned m law." He was distin^shed as an advocate, even at 
a time when the Irish bar abounded in great names, and in his 
practice he was for many years without a rival in the equity 
and common law courts. He was the intimate friend of most 
of the celebrities of the day. For a long time he filled the 

Sost of crown prosecutor cm the Munster circuit, and at his 
eath was the "father" of the Munster bar. He quitted Mb 
profession about seven years ago, and since that time had lived 
in retirement at his country seat in Salop. 



FBANCIS KING EAGLE, ESQ. 

June 8th, at Bury St. Edmund's, aged 68, Francis King 
Eag^le, Esq., a Bencher of the Middle Temple, Judge of the 
<!oun^ CoTurts of Suffolk, and a magistrate for SuSTolk and 
Norfolk. — ^He was the second son of the late Robert Eagle, 
Esq., of Lakenheath, and graduated at Cambridge, LL.B., in 
1809. In the same year he was caUed to the bar, and went the 
Norwich Circuit for many years ; he enjoyed a high reputation 
as a tithe lawyer, and had made great and extensive research 
into that question. Eather late in life, he married Maria Char- 
lotte, eldest daughter of the late Sir James Blake, Baxt.> of 
Langham Hall, who survives, and by whom he has left a son. 



J. E. BLUNT, ESQ. 

Jane 28th, in Bolton Street, aged 59, John E. Blunt, Esq., Bar^ 
rister at Law.— Mr. Blunt graduated at Trinity College, Cam-» 
brid^, and was called to the bar as a member of Lincoln'a- 
inn, in June, 1822. He was formerly one of the commissioners 
in lunacy, and he succeeded the present accountant-general as 
junior Crown counsel in charities. On the elevation of Sir R. 
T. Kindersley, to the equity bench, Mr. Blunt was, in 1849, ap- 
pointed by Lord Cottennam as master in ordinary. Though not 



SB. HAOaA£D. 139 

a brilliant or a deeply learned man, the late Mr. Blunt was. 
both, in his profeadon and ia public aJBOedrs^ an eminently luefiil 
person. He was remarkable for good sense, firmness, and quiet 
unostentatious perseverance and energy, equally serYioeable to 
his professional clients and bis political party. At an early 

Eeriod of his life he eiijoyed consideraMe general practice ; 
iter he acted chiefly as counsel to the Crown in equity matters ; 
and when at last appointed master in chancery, after a short 
incumbency the progress of law reform abolishea the office, and 
closed his professional career. To the Liberal narty Mr. Blunt 
was most firmly and conscientiously attachea-— his time, hiB 
advice, his whole mind were at its disposal ; he was thoroughly 
acquainted with all its leading and most of its inferior mem- 
bers ; and by both classes his counsels were often sought, and 
always candidly, generally beneficially, given. 



W. BECKITT, ESa. 

September 6th, at Thome, Yorkshire, aged 71, William 
Beckitt, Esq., Solicitor.— His prdBBSsional career extended oyer 
a long series of years, having been commenced in connection 
with the late Mr. Benson, of Thome. He was the chief 
manager of the extensive changes which took place in the 
enclosure of Hatfield Chase, but nad retired some years from 
his professional labours. He leaves a family to lament his loss. 



W. CLARKSON, ESQ. 

October 24th, at Brighton, aged 62, William Clarkson^ 
Esq., Barrister at law, and Recorder of Faveraham, Kent, 
well known in London as an eminent barrister. — Some 
weeks since he underwent an operation to remove a car- 
buncle that had formed in the nape of his neck. Great 
prostration succeeded, under which he sank at last. He was 
called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1820, and enjoyed a 
large and extensive practice. He has left a widow and five 
sons. 



DE. HAGGARD. 

October 30th, at Brighton, aged 62, Dr. Haggard, fer mftny 
years Chancellor of the Diocese of Mandiester. — ^Dr. Haggard 
was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, of which c<^ege he 
was a Fellow, and he proceeded to the degree of LL.B. in 181S. 
He was appointed chancellor of Lincoln by Dr. Eaye, the late 
learned and excellent bishop of that diocese. In 1845, he was 
nominated chancellor of the diocese of Winchester by the pre- 
sent bishop, and in 1847, commissary for Surrey in the same 
diocese. In the same year, 1847, he received the appointm^t 



140 HSDICAL. 

of ohanoellor of Manchester from the present and first bishop 
of this diooese. As an editor, Dr. Haggard rendered eminent 
services to the literature of civil and ecclesiastioal law. 



J. W. UNETT. ESa. 

November 12tb, at the Oaks, Milverton, near Leaminjprton, 
aged 86, John Wilkes Unett, Esq. — He was the son of the 
Bev. T. XJnett^ Rector of Ooppenhall, Staffordshire ; he was 
admitted a solicitor in 1794, and continued in practice at Bir- 
mingham imtil the June preceding his death. He was 
honorarv Secretary of the Society of Arts, of which he was vir- 
tually tne founder ; a Governor of King Edward's School, and a 
magistrate for Warwickshire. He was much interested in 
church extension in Birmingham and its neighbourhood. 



MEDICAL. 

G. a. BABINOTON, ESQ. 

January Ist, in Q^ueen's-gardens, Bayswater, aged 61, Qeorge 
Gisbome Babington, Esq., F.R.S., formerly one of the Sur- 
geons to St. George's Hospital. — He was the fourth son of the 
late Thomas Babmgton, Esq., of Eothley Temple, Leicester- 
shire, by Jean, daughter of the Bev. John Macaulav, M.A., 
minister of Gardross. co. Dumbarton, and consequentlv cousin 
to the Bighl Hon. T. B. (now Lord) Macaulay. He lormerly 
Resided in Golden-square, and had a large West-end practice, 
which, however, he was obliged to resign some years since on 
account of failing health, and to go to the south of Europe. 
Mr. Babington married, in 1817» Ssiah Anne, daughter of Jonn 
Pearson, Esq., of Golden-square, who survives. 



S. LUPTON, ESft. 

January 28th, aged 42, Sackville Lupton, Esq., surgeon, of 
Thame. — ^He was the eldest son of Harry Lupton, surgeon, of 
Thame, and of Elizabeth, his wife, only daughter of Edward 
Wells, Esq., of Wallingford, Berks, and was bom on the 11th 
of December, IS] 8. He was descended from an ancient family 
of the township of Lupton, Westmoreland, who had inter- 
married with the famines of Middleton, Tempest, and Gas- 
ooigne. One of his collateral ancestors. Dr. Boger Lupton, was 
Provost of Eton from 1503 to 1536, installed a canon of 
Windsor, 1504. He was a munificent benefactor to Eton Col- 
lege, having built part of the great quadrangle, and given the 
manor of Pyrton, in Hertfordshire. Dr. L. also built and 



2ICHABD SATTLET, ESQ. 141 

founded the Free Sohool of Sedbergb, Torlulure, and endowed 
it witii scholarships at St. John's College, Camhridge, with 

Sreiference to the founder's kin. Some others of the family were 
ignitaries of the church connected with the see of Durham. 
S^kTiUe Lupton received a private classical education, and 
commenced his studies as a medical man with his grandmther 
and father at Thame, Oxon. He was then placed in the justly 
celebrated school of Ghiy's Hospital. He became a Licentiate 
of the Apothecary's Company, in 1836. He appears to have 
spent his time so well there that the late Sir Astley Cooi>er, 
Bart., wrote a complimentary letter to Ids father congratulating 
hini on the way in which ms son passed his examination for 
his diploma of M.R.C.S. in 1837. Soon after this he joined his 
grandfather and father as a general practitioner at Thame. In 
1839 he was elected surgeon to the union workhouse, at a 
«akry of JS40 per annum. This he retained for two years, when 
he was superseded by another medical practitioner in the 
town, who tendered to undertake the work at a lower rate, 
l^e deceased was after that for many years surgeon to the 
Thame district of the union, but at the election at Christmas, 
1852, another gentleman was most unexpectedly chosen, in 
•consequence of the absence of many of Mr. Sackville Lupton's 
Mends, and his dection was subsequently confirmed by the 
Central Board of Poor Law Commissioners, m spite of a petition 
from the vicar and churchwardens in favour of the unsuccessful 
candidate. Mr. Lupton married Miss Ellen Seymour, daughter 
of Mr. Thomas Meame Seymour, of Thame, ana left two 
infant sons. His only brother, a clerk in the Admiralty, 
died in London, of cholera, in September, 1853. Mr. Sackville 
Lupton will never cease to be affectionately remembered by 
the poor of those parishes, ^m whom till the day of his death 
he never withheld his advice or assistance. 



T. SALTER, ESQ. 

February 21st. at Poole, Dorset, aged 70, Thomas Salter, Esq.. 
F.L.S., and Fellow of the Boyal College of STU^ons.— He had 
practised in that town for fort^-eight years. He was a justice 
of the peace for the borough of Poole, and an active member of 
the provincial medical association, of the southern branch of 
which he was once President. He was made a Fellow of the 
Boyal College of Surgeons for a valuable article contributed to 
a medical work. 



EICHAED BATTLEY, ESft. 

March 4th, at Beigate, aged 86, Richard Battley, Esq^.— He 
was the second son of Mr. John Battley, an architect ot some 
eminence at Wakefield, by whom the theatre and many other 
4)on£iderable buildings in that town and neighbourhood were 



142 lOroiCAL. 

ereeted. He was bom at Wakefield, about the year 1770, and 
was educated at the ^irammar-school of that plaoe, and subse- 
quently, for the medical profession, by Mr. MitoheU, who had a 
uiffe practice at Wakefield and the neigrhbouihood. 

At uie expiration of his pupilage he went to Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, and entered into an engagement to attend the people 
employed in the collieries, whictu afforded him a large neld of 
medical and surgical practice. After remaining a few years at 
Newcastle, he resolved 'to increase his knowledge and expe- 
rience by studying in the Londou hospitals and medical schools. 
He came to London, and placed himself xrnder the instruction 
of Gline, Cooper, and oth^ celebrated teachers, at the united 
medical schools of St. Thomas's and Guy's hospitals, where he 
was distinguifdied as a pupil by his intelligence and industry, 
which acquired him the confidence and high estimation of ms 
teachers. The friendships which he formed at this period of 
his life with many of the teachers and fellow-students were 
warmly cherished, and terminated only by death. It was here 
that he became acquainted with John Cunningham Saunders, 
wbom he subsequently assisted to found the L^don Infirmary 
for curing Diseases of the Eye. 

After leaving the hospitals, Mr. Battley entered the service 
of the Navy, as an assistant-surgeon, and was present at several 
engagements under Sir Sidney Smith. He did not, however, 
continue long at sea, but returning to London, took a house in 
St. Paul's Churchyard, where he succeeded to the business of 
ICr. Brown, an apothecary, and in 1809 married a lady whose 
death and that oi their only son took place within two years 
after. He subsequently entered into business as a pharmaceu<>^ 
tical chemist, inTore Street, Cripplegate, about the year 1812. 
Eight years previously to this, the Lraidon Eye Infirmary was 
founded by Saunders ; Mr. Battley supplying, for a time, the 
necessary medicines and a dispenser at his own cost, and him- 
self perrorming the duties of secretary. The early success of 
the institution was therefore greatly promoted by his zealous 
devotion to its interests. This gratuitous service, his high re- 
putation for integrity and ability, and the excellence and purity 
of his materia medtca and laboratory preparations, procured 
him an extensive connection, and his business as a pharmaceu- 
tical chemist was sucoessfnlly established. 

He now began to carry out the favourite object of the last 
forty years of nis life, namely, the improvement of pharmacy. 
There was no Pharmaceutical Society in those days, and few 

Srivate individuals were willing to incur the obloquy of openly 
enouncing the frauds and adulterations in pharmacy, which 
custom almost seemed to sanction. However, there were a few 
who preferred the better part. Mr. Battley took his stand 
with these, and was rewarded by the unlimited confidence 
which the profession at all times placed in the purity and ex- 
cellence of nis medioines and preparations. His long experience 
in pharmacy, added to a clear intelligence and keen obs^vation,. 



BICHAKD BATILEY, ESQ. 14? 

enabled him to introduce some decided improvements in i^iar- 
maceutical operations. He maintained that cold distilled 
water was, in many oases, a preferable solvent to hot water ; 
and that a small quantity of this menstruum will offcen extract 
the medicinal properties, without taMng up the inert soluble 
matters by which the quantity of the product is increased, 
without addition, and often with detriment, to its value. On 
these principles he formed the inspissated cold infusions which 
he termed liquors, of which the most celebrated are the liquor 
opii and the liquor cinchona. He published several analyses of 
yellow bark, sarsaparilla, &c., in which he described his mode 
of making the liquor cinchona and other liquors, by infusing^ 
the bark m twice its weight of cold distilled water, evaporating' 
the infusion into S. G. 1,500, and adding rectified spirit till the 
S. Q. fell to 1,100. This, with a few other details, was the 
usual mode of preparing the liquors, though some of them, as 
the liquor opii, required further treatment for the removal of 
some of the constituents. 

Upwards of two thousand pupils who largely beneiited by 
Mr. JBattley's instructions ana the opportunioes afforded them 
wiU gratemlly remember the excellent museum of materia 
medica and the operations of pharmacy which were for manv 
years gratuitously exhibited to the pupils of all the medical 
schools, both at his own house in Fore-street, and at the 
Saunderian Institution contiguous to the Ophthalmic Hospital, 
Moorfields, at a time when a good museum of maieria medica 
was wanting in many of the liondon schools. 

While he thus taught the student to make himself practi- 
cally acquainted with genuine medicines, he took many oppor- 
tunities of inviting the attention of the older members of the 
profession to the same subject ; and at the College of Physi- 
cians, at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and at the Saunderian 
Institution, he exhibited specimens such as probably no single 
individual has ever before collected. 

Mr. Battley was highly esteemed by more than one Presi- 
dent of the CoUege of Physicians. The late Dr. John Latham 
-was his kind Mend and supporter, and Sir Henry Halford, in 
1834, testified that ** Mr. Battley had been so successful in his 
preparations of the various articles of the pharmacopcBia, and 
particularly of those of the vegetables used in physic, that he 
was anxious to facilitate his introduction to the professors of 
the several schools of medicine in the country by bearing testi- 
xaony to his merit ;" adding that, '* he offered this testimony 
with the more confidence, as t^e several censors of the College 
oi Physicians for many years past had always declared them- 
selves highly satisfied with Mr. Battley's preparations," 

A still earlier and more intimate friendship existed with the 
late Dr. Babington and with Dr. Farre : the uninterrupted 
friendship of half a century with the latter distinguished phy- 
aieian, a man venerable for nis virtues and admiraole qualities, 
as veil as for his years, commencing in the foundation of the 



144 HEBICiX. 

London Eye Infirmary and cemented by their mutual exertions 
in its behalf. 

Mr. Battley justly considered his liquors a valuable addition 
to pharmacy, and he had the satisfaction of seeing:, not only 
several of tnem, especially the liqttor oniij liquor cinchonee, ana 
Hqfwr 8enn€B, largel^r used by the profession, but one of them 
at least, the liquor cinchorue, adopted in the London Pharma- 
copoeia, under the name of infusum cinchonos apisaatum ; and 
his mode of preparation for the extracts of cinchona, oolocynth, 
and grentian, the former two of which, being prepared with hot 
water, were previously very faulty. 

It was not mere profit that induced Mr. Battlev, even when 
his slrenffth begun to fail, still to continue personally to superin- 
tend the formation of his preparations. He could not bear the 
idea that any of the care necessarjr for their perfection should 
be wanting. This anxiety made him linger over his narcotic 
extracts during their preparation, till intense headache and a 
failing pulse compelled nim to retire. The yearly repetition of 
this task more than once nearly terminated nis life, and doubt- 
less contributed to shorten it. 

Mr. Battie^ married as his second wife, in 1829, one of the 
daughters of William Dalrjnnple, Esq., surgeon, of Norwich, 
and sister of the late John Dalrymple, Esq., F.R.S., an eminent 
surgeon, who died in London, May 2nd. 1862 — ^by whom he had 
two daughters, the vounger of whom has recentiy become the 
wife of Keginald Palgrave, Esq., son of Sir Francis Palgrave, 
the deputy Keeper of the Records. 

Domestic in nis feelings, and happy in his home, Mr. Battley, 
prepared, towards the close of his me, to retire from his large 
and successful business. For this puri)ose he took as his part- 
ner Mr. Watts, to whose hands his ousiness was transferred. 

Warm in temper, and sometimes hasty in speech, Mr^ Battiey 
had a generous and feeling heart. He was sincere and constant 
in his attachments ; and kind and considerate to those whom 
he willingly assisted. He leaves many friends, who will grate- 
ftdly remember him, and he ceases from his labours esteemed, 
valued, and regretted. At the annual meeting of Governors of 
the Ophthalmic Hospital, held on the Idth April, following, it 
was unanimously resolved, ** That this meeting most gratefmly 
acknowledges the eminent services to this hospital of tiie late 
Mr. Richard Battley, to whose energy and perseverance is at- 
tributable more especially the establishment and permanent 
success of the hospital ; and that a copy of this resolution be 
presented by the chairman to Mrs. Battley, witii the expression, 
of the condolence of the friends and supporters of this hospital^ 
now assembled." — Gentleman's Magazine. 

DR. KINGDON. 

April 13th, at Stamford Hill, Stratton, Cornwall, aged 69» 
Cory Kingdon, Esq., M.D. and M.R.C.S.— He was bom at Hols- 



O. J, GtTTHKIE, ESQ. 14^ 




only daughter of the Rev. George Boughton. He practised 
several years in Cornwall as a surgeon, bnt afterwurds took out 
his diploma as physician, and in that capacity gave gratuitous 
assistance to the sick and afflicted in his neighbourhood, by 
whom his loss will be severely felt. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of the Rev. James Buckingham, vicar of Barrington, 
and rector of Doddiscombeleigh, by whom he has left issue. 



DR. HULL. 

April 13th, at Norwich, aged 61, Robert HuU, Esq., M.D., 
formerly Surgeon to the Eje Infirmary, and Physician to the 
Norfolk and Norwich Hospitals. — At the time of nis decease he 
was a magistrate for Norwich, and Physician to the Eye In- 
firmarv. Dr. Hull was the author of Cursory Notes on the 
Morbid Eye," *' Essays on Determination of Blood to the Head," 
and *'Sug^stions on Consumption," as well as of several 
brochures f including a very amusing and clever one on medical 
reform. He received his degree of M.D. from Lambeth. 



DR. H. CLUTTERBUCK. 

April 24th, in Bridge-street, Blackfriars, aged 89, Henry 
Clutterbuck, Esq., consulting physician to the Peckham Lunatio 
Asylum, to the Koyal South London Dispensary, and Western 
City Dispensary, and formerly President of the Medical Society. 
— He was a son of the late Thomas Clutterbuck, Esq., of 
Marazion, Cornwall, and received the degree of M.D. at Glas- 
gow, in 1804. He was the author of several valuable treatises 
on fever, ai>oplezy, bleeding, inflammation, and other pro- 
fessional subjects. 

G. J. GUTHRIE, ESft. 

May 1st, in Berkeley-street, aged 71, George J. Guthrie, Esq., 
F.R.S. — He was the only son of Mr. Andrew Guthrie, a cele- 
brated chiropodist, and commenced the study of the medical 
profession at thirteen, and before he was sixteen became a 
member of the College of Surgeons. He was soon after ap- 
pointed assistant-surgeon to the 49th regiment, and from 1802 
to 1807 served in North America. In 1808 he landed at 
Mondego Bay, and was at the battle of Roli9a. He was present 
also at the battle of Vimiera, at the taking of Oporto, the battle 
of Talavera, and throughout the Peninsular campaigns, and 
many instances are related of his devotion and courage in 
moments of danger. Returning to London with a large amount 
of experience, he commenced lecturing on surgery, a practice 
he continued for nearly thirty years. Mr. Guthrie was elected 

L 



146 MEDICAL. 

assiBtaiit-siuv^eoii to the WesiaiinBter Horoital in 1823; and 
foil sorgeon in 1827. In 1824 he was elected a member of the 
oonnoil of the Boyal Ck^ge of Sur^eona at an earlier age than 
any other ]>eraan so honoured— being only thirty-ei^ht years of 
age; and in 1833 was elected to the highest omce, that of 
president — an honenr again conferred on him in 1842 and 1855» 
being the only instance at present on record of a member of the 
council holding this office three times. Mr. Guthrie had also 
held the office of prelessor of anatomy and surgery. He leayea 
behind him a son, Mr. Gardiner Guthrie, surgeon to the 
Westminster and Ophthalmic Hospitals, and an unmarried 
daughter. 



R. ABTDERSON, ESQ. 

June — , aged 38, Robert Anderson, Esq., Surgeon Royal 
NaTy. — He was bom in the parish of Fettercaim, Kincardine- 
shire. Receiving his early education at the academjof Montrose^ 
hift medical studies were carried on and completed m the Univer- 
aity of Edinburgh. Entering the Royal Navy as an assistant- 
surgeon in 1838, he served successive! j^ in the Royal Adelaide^ 
the Princess Charlotte flag-ship, and in the Powerful^ being on 
board the last-mentioned ship when commanded by Sir C. 
Napier at the siege of Acre, and during other operations on the 
coast of S^a. Afterwards serving upon the East-India and 
China station in the Agineaurt, J^teful, and Deededus, and 
obtainmg the rank of surgeon, he again passed to the Sfpitefid, 
in which he returned from India in 1847. In the following year 
Mr. Anderson was appointed surgeon of her Majesty's ship 
Investigatory Captain Bird, which shared in the exx>eaition of 
Sir James Clark R.oss to the Arctic Seas ; and in 1849 he waa 
again selected for similar service as surgeon of her Majesty'a 
ship Enterprise, Captain Collinson, in which he continued to 
serve till the return of that vessel to England. With the ex- 
ception of scarcely nine months, Mr. Anderson was constantlv 
employed afloat for a period of nearly seventeen years, of which 
seven were spent in arctic service. 

Besides writinj^ extended ioumalB, Mr. Anderson made a 
large eollection of specimens iUustrative of the natural history 
ef the arctic regions. Of this collection the zoological specie 
mens were deposited in the British Museum, the &ed plants 
being sent to Sir W. J. Hooker at Kew, and the fossil remains 
to the Geologieal Society. 



DR. WILLIAMS. 

July '20th, at Nottingham, aged 60*from the effects of a 
carriage accident whilst returning from Wollaton Hall, the seat 
of Lord Middleton, Dr. John Calthorpe Williams. — He was a. 
person of considerable eminence in his pro&ssion* and tk» 



DJU PABIS. 147 

author of a valuable work on '* Si^lit." He was physician to 
the Nottingham Lunatic Asylum, and was hig^hly esteemed by 
his fellow-townsmen. 



EICHAED RIPLEY, ESQ. 

Beoember 18th, at Whitby, ag^ed 69, Richard Ripley, Esq.,, 
Surgeon, a native of the neighbourhood of Lancaster. Mr. Rip- 
ley will be long remembered for his public spirit in promoting 
tro various movemflnts, institutional and otherwise, which were 
set on foot from time to time for the improvement of that town. 
In 1822, his efforts, in eoQJ unction with those of the late 
Rev. D. Toun^, Mr. John Bird, H. Beloher, Esq., and a few 
others, were instrumental in establishing the Library and 
Philosophical Society, to the Museum of which he was a oonstant 
benefactor, and acted as its honorary secretary for many years. 



DR. PARIS. 

December 24th, aged 71, Dr. John Paris, President of the 
CoUe^ of Phyaiaians. — ^Dr. Paris was lii»ii in 1785, and had 
practised for half a eentury exactly. When he had attained 
the ripe age of threescore years and ten, the old man voluntarily 
took upon nimself the arduous duties of President ^f the Medical 
Council of tile Board of Health, and with his own hand wrote 
tii« introductory report on the cholera of 1864. Bom at Oaio- 
kddge, he became a member of Caius Colle^, in that university, 
and graduated, wken very young, in medicine. Among his con- 
teaiporaries he was distinguished for the extent and elegance 
•f his classical attainments. From Cambridge he went ta 
Edinbur^, then remai^able as a school of meoicine, and was 
the Mend and intimate companion of the many celebrated me& 
who, in the first years of the century, had congregated in the 
Scottish capital. On his return to London, at the age of twenty- 
two only, he was elected physician to the Westminster Hospital, 
but soon after vacated the appointment, as it was his wish to 
establish himself in the town of Penzance in Cornwall, where 
he distinguished himself as the founder of the Royal Geological 
Society of Cornwall, and gave to the miners the great boon of 
the ** tamping-bar," the instrument by which they are enabled 
to pursue their business amid inflammable gases without the 
&ar of striking fire from the rock. In the year 1 8 10, he returned 
to London, and for forty-five or for^-six years was actively 
occupied as a practising physician. He was elected president 
of the College of Physicians in 1844, and this office he held 
nntH the hour of his death. Dr. Paris was not only known as 
a physician of the highest eminence, he was as remarkable for 
his literary abilitv. His " Lifie of Sir Humphry Davy" will 
ever remain one of the classical lAographies of the English lan- 
guage. In conjunction with Mr. Fonmanque he also wrote the 

L2 



T4S LITERlfiT AND SCIENTIFIC. 

** Medical Jurisprudence/' "which has remained a text-book 
with lawyers until our own day. His works of a more profes- 
sional character were his treatise " On Diet," which first brought 
him into notice, and which was published at a very early age ; 
his ** Pharmacolosia," which ran through more editions than 
most books ; and his work on medical chemistry. Besides these, 
and many other acknowledged publications, his '* Philosophy 
in Sport attained an enormous popularity. The last ten days 
of Dr. Faris's life were spent in the midst of excruciating suf- 
ferings, which were borne with the most remarkable fortitude. 
His intellect remained to the last as dear as at any time of his 
Ufe, and while power of speech remained nobody who listened 
to him could believe that nis end was so near at hand. 



LITEBABT AHD SCIEHTIFIC. 

DR. S. M'KENZIE. 

January 1st, in New York, Dr. Shelton M'Eenzie, formerly 
£ditor of the Liverpool Journal^ and of several other papers in 
Scotland and England. — He assisted the late Mr. R. Alexander 
en the Lwe%pool Mail, The Rev. Dr. M'Neile, he gave out, 
operated powerfully on his spiritual life ; and Mr. William 
Keithbone was so taken with him that he paid for the diploma 
which bestowed upon the doctor the distinction of a university 
title. Although the doctor^s father was a Caledonian, he was 
himself born in Cork. Lord Brougham obtained for the doctor 
the situation of official assignee of the Manchester Bankruptcy 
Court, but he could not hold it, and a trip to America was the 
eonsequence. His literary aptitude there procured him a live-* 
Hhood. 



MR. JOSEPH HAYDN. 

January 17th, 'in Crawley-street, Oakley-square, aged 69, 
Mr. Joseph Haydn, well known as the indefatigable compiler 
of the •* Dictionary of Dates," the "Manual of Dignities," and 
other valuable works of reference. — He was of Irii^ extraction ; 
Ms father, Mr. Thomas Ha^dn, was. a private gentleman of 
Ireland ; his mother was a sister of the Knight of Glyn. The 
exact date and place of his birth are doubtful. Having received 
his youthful education abroad, he entered into business, which 
he relinquished at an early age, in order to become connected 
with the press in the Irish metropolis. In 1823 he originated 
the Evening Mail, and in 1828 the Statesman and Patriot, both, 
of which papers he conducted for some years with success and 
ability. An article in the Westminster Review for January, 
1830, especially praises Mr. Haydn as " having done more than 



J. B. FBA.SEB, ESQ. lUb 

any man for the Irish press in regard of typoffraphy ." The last 
t^per with which he was connected in Ireland was the Limerick 
Times, during the lord-lieutenancy of the Marquis of Nor- 
jnanby. He came to London in 1839, from which date hii 
pen was frequently employed in contributing to the daily 
and weekly press, and to periodical literature. Amongst other 
works of a more permanent character, we miay mention that he 
superintended the last edition of " Lewis's Typographical Dic- 
tionary," in ei^ht volumes quarto. He was also engaged for 
some time previous to his death in the record department of the 
Admiralty. Mr. Haydn was married, first, in 1811, to Maria 
Jane, daughter of Mr. Lea, of Lambeth ; and, secondly, in 1836» 
to Mary, daughter of Mr. Anthony Johnson, late of duarry 
Mount, King's County, by whom he has left two sons, and one 
daughter. His life was more than commonly chequered with 
alternations of success and adversity. Shortly before his death 
Mr. Haydn received from her Majestv's priv^ purse a pension 
of jB25 a vear, and through the kindness of Lord Palmerston 
that sum nas since been doubled and continued to his widow. 



J. B. FRASER, ESa. 

January 24th, aged 72, James Baillie Eraser, Esq., of Reelick, 
a Deputy-Lieutenant for Inverness, and widely^nown as an 
accomplished Eastern scholar and traveller, and as author of 
several works recognized as valuable contributions to our 
literature.— Mr. Eraser was bom on the 11th June, 1783, the 
eldest of four brothers, all remarkable men, sons of the late 
Edward Satohell Eraser, of Reelick. One of those brothers, 
William Eraser, enjoyed great celebrity in India as Commis* 
sioner at Delhi, where he was assassinated by a native prince in 
1835. James Baillie went early to the West Indies, but after a 
short residence there, he resolved^ like his brothers, to proceed 
to the East. Mr. Eraser returned to this countrv about the 
year 1822, and next year was married to Jane, daughter of 
Lord Woodhouselee, and sister of the late sheriff of Inverness, 
Mr. Eraser Tjrtler. This lady survives to lament her loss. Mr. 
Eraser was again in India, and was employed in a diplomatic 
mission, in the course of which he rode on horseback from Con- 
stantinople to Ispahan, the fatigues and hardships of which jour- 
ney ^ave the first shock tp his vigorous constitution. When the 
Persian Princes visited this country, he was requested by 
€h)vemment to accompany and take charge of them, and on 
their return, he went with them as far as Constantinople. 
Latterly, Mr. Eraser became a zealous improver of his High- 
land estate, which is almost unequalled, though on a limited 
scale, for its magnificent woods and romantic bum scenery. 
The works of Mr. Eraser are numerous, but all sprung out of 
his personal history and experiences. In 1820 ne published 
** A Tour through the Snowy Range of the Himalaya Moun- 



150 LITEBASY AJTD SCIENTIFIC. 

tains ; " in 1825, *' A Narratiye of a Journey into Khorasan in 
the years 1821 and 1822, inclnding an Acconnt of the Countries 
to uie North-east of Persia;" and in 1826, "Travels and 
Adventures in the Persian Provinces." In 1828, like his eon- 
temporary, Mr. Morier, he described the life and manners of 
the Persians in a fictitious narrative, ** The Enzzilbash, a Tale 
of Ehorasan." In 1838 appeared his work " A Winter Jour- 
ney from Constantinople to Teheran, with Travels throng 
various parts of Persia." He wrote, also, a history of Persia 
for the cabinet library of Oliver and Boyd, contributed various 
short pieces to the annuals, and ventured once more into the 
regions of fiction by a Scottish story, " The Hijfhland Smugr- 
i^rs." His last work was a military memoir of Colonel 
Skinner — a distinguished Indian officer, who died at Delhi in 
1841, and was buried by the side of his friend WiUiam Fraser. 
The above imperfect list shows the intellectual activity of Mr. 
Fraser ; but writing formed only one of his emplo3rments. He 
was no less accomplished as an artist than as a writer, and 
several of his drawings have been engraved. — Invem^s 
Courier, 



ME. J. DOUBLEDAY. 

January 25th, aged 56, Mr. John Doubleday, for more thaa 
nineteen years attached to the Department of Antiquities, in 
the Britisn Museum. — Mr. Doubleday was well known as one 
of the most valuable servants of that department, in which he 
was emploved in the reparation of innumerable works of Art^ 
which could not have been intrusted to more skilful or more 
patient hands. One instance of his success in this respect was 
the complete restoration of the Portiand Yase, after it had been 
wilfully broken into many hundred pieces. 



J. LALOR, ESO. 

January 27th, at Hampstead, aged 42, John Lalor, Esq.-— He 
was a native of Dublin, received his early education within 
the walls of Trinity College, and was afterwards called to the 
bar. After collecting important evidence as an Assistant Poor 
Law Commissioner in Ireland, he came to London about tiie 
year 1836, and became first a parliamentary reporter for, and 
Bubsequentiy one of the editors of the Chronicle^ and a contri* 
butor to the daily press and the monthly and quarterly re- 
viewB. When Sir John Easthope disi>osed of the Chronicle^ 
Mr. Lalor retired ^m the daily press, with his health shattered 
from over- work. His writings, as the Daily News in a friendly 
notice remarks, "were singularly pleasing and popular, ana 
throughout a critical i>erioa his counsels exercised considerable 
influence upon passing events. His style was clear and agree* 
able, and his information both copious and varied. To the 



E. WOOLKEB, ESQ. 151 

general public he will be best known by an essay on education, 
and by bis last work, entitled * Honey and Morals.' There are 
few men whose conversation possessed more charms, or whose 
temperament was more winnin? than that which distin^ished 
our deeeased collaborateur ; and so highly was he valued for 
his intellectual endowments that, during: '& lonr and trying: 
illness, his companionship was sought by several of the most 
•eminent of our writers, as well as by not a few of our 
leading politicians." — Some News, 



MRS. CLABXSOK, 

January 31st, at Flayford Hall, near Ipswich, aged 82, Mrs. 
Catherine CSarkson, the widow of the femious Thomas Clarkson. 
— ^Mrs. Clarkson was the daughter of Mr. Buck, of Bury St. 
Edmunds; one of whose nieces was the grandmother of the 
Bight Hon. Sir Charles Wood, Bart. She was an esteemed 
Mend and correspondent of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Southey, 
and Charles Lamb ^ and, while her health permitted, was the 
companion of her husband in many of his philanthropic 
journeys. I^e attended him to Paris, where he in vain strove 
to obtain from the assembled sovereigns of Europe a dedaraticn 
against the principles of slavery ; and ez^oved with him the 
triumph at the close of his career when he was presented 
with the freedom of the oity of London* in recognition of his 
fiervioes in the cause of abolition. 



D. GRAY, ESQ. 

February 10th, at Aberdeen,K.B., aged 46, David Gray. Esq^., 
Professor of Natural Philosophy in Marischal College ana Uni- 
versity. — He was a native of Kirkaldy, county of Fife, and 
was much distin^shed for the early promise which he ^ave 
-of eminence in his line of scientiffic puRuits. He had held his 
appdntment in Marischal College about eleven yean. 



PROFESSOR MENZIEa 

February 18th, at Edinbtirgh, Allan Metusies, Esq., W.6., 
Professor of Conveyancing in the University of Edinburgh. — 
€inoe 1647, when Mr. Menzies was placed in the Chair of Con- 
▼eyancing, he had filled this ioonortant station with an ability 
and success beyond all praise. The death of Professor Menzies 
will be deplored as the loss of a man of extended Christian 
benevolence, and a supporter of many schemes for the religious 
and social welfare of the commimity. — Bdinburgh Courant, 



E. WOOLMER, ESa. 

March 14th, at the Bamfield, Exeter, Edward Woolmer, 
Esq., a magistrate for the city, and many years proprietor and 



152 LIT£IU.BT AND SCIKNTIPIC. 

editor of the Exeter Gazette, — He was for many years one of 
the corporation of Exeter, and had been receiver, sherLQf, and 
mayor of that city under the old rSgime. He has left a widow 
and family. He was also one of the improTement commis- 
sioners ana took a great interest in all the public institutions 
and charities of Exeter. 



H. B. RAY, ESft. 

March 31st, in Hill-street, Berkeley-square, Henry Belwood 
Ray, Esq. — Mr. Ray held tiie office of one of the Masters in 
the Common Pleas Office. He was one of the founders of the 
Conservative Land Society in 1852, and it was ^y his le^ 
and financial knowledge that the admirable administrative 
arrangements were mainly formed and carried out. He 
remained a member of the executive committee until indis- 
position compelled him to retire from the board. Mr. 
Kay was also the originator of the Crimean Army Fund, of 
which he was deputy chairman, and generously gave the use 
of his mansion m Uill-street for the committee. Mr. Ray, 
although eccentric in his manners, was a most excellent man. 
He was most kind and hospitable, and the fetes which he gave 
to the poor, as well as rich, at his seat at Fynnes, Edmon- 
ton, will not easily be forffotten. He was highly accomplished, 
a scholar as well as a gentleman. His collections of autographs 
and china were very valuable. Mr. Ray was a widower, 
but left no children; and in him the puDlio service lost a 
valuable officer, and the charities of the country an active 
supporter. 



J. ROOKE, ESQ. 

April 26th, at Akehead, near Wigton, John Rooke, Esq., J.P., 
aged 75 years, highly and universally resi>eoted for eminent 
qualities of both head and heart. — He was of considerable cde- 
brity as an author, political economist, and geologist. 

For forty years, or more, he was in a somewhat prominent 
position before the public. His essavs on a " Proper Standard 
of Value " contain important facts and great principles ; and his 
" Principles of Safe Government" abound with maxims which 
modern statesmen might study with advantage. As a magis- 
trate his aim was to temper justice with meroyi and to recon- 
cile i>etty differences between townsmen and neighbours. Ab 
a member of society, he was most correct and imd ; always 
ready to oblige ; always ready to serve when he had the power 
and the recipient was commended to him by worth. Like other 
men, he had his peculiarities ; it would be too strong a word to 
term them faults : but whatever his failixigs they may truly be 
said to have '* leant to virtue's side." In the death of Mr. 
Rooke, the town of Wigton, and the whole country-side,. 



moTim the loss of an old and familiar friend. He was one of 
the original founders of the Wigton Mechanics* Institute, and 
filled uie office of its president many years. To the benefit 
societies in the town his death is a serious loss. He was a mem- 
ber of all, and did what he could to promote their interests. No> 
wonder, then, that he was followed to his grave by a great num- 
ber of the members of these bodies, who TOiuntaruy attended to 
eyinoe their sense of his benevolent character. These, with 
numerous family relations, and the leading gentlemen and 
tradesmen of the town and neighbourhood, constituted one of 
the largest fanerals seen in the locality for many years past. 
His remains rest in the Cemetery.— Car Ss^e Patriot, 



C. ELLIOTT, ESa. 

May — , affed 80, Charles Elliott, Esq., a sagacious and 
esteemed civil servant of the East-India Company. — He always 
strove to promote the advancement of knowled^ and g[eo-> 
graphical science, and was much beloved for his social qualities. 
Acting in various important capacities in Hindostan, he even- 
tually rose to be the senior member of the Board of Revenue in 
Bengal, and agent to the Govemor-Gleneral in the Western 
Provinces, in which oapacitv he proved a worthy successor of 
Sir Charles, afterwards Lord Metcalfe. Mr. Elliott had been, 
since the year 1832, a Fellow of the Ro^al Society, by whose 
members he was much esteemed; but it is specially in the 
Asiatic Society, of which he had been some years the treasurer,, 
and in the Geographical Society, that his loss is most felt, as 
evidenced by the annual report of those bodies, in which the 
soundness of his judgment, the integrity of his character, and 
the discrimination of nis taste are justly extolled. 



D. SHARPE, ESQ. 

May 31st. from an accident, being thrown from his horse at 
Norwood, Daniel Sharpe, Esq., F.R.S.— Mr. Sharpe, a nephew 
of the late Samuel Rogers, was bom in 1805, and was educated 
at Walthamstow. He was brought up to the business of a 
Lisbon merchant, and his pursuits having carried him to Por- 
tugal, he then first discovered and cultivated his taste for 
natural history. Subsequently he devoted his attention to 
the geology of North "Wales, was well acquainted with the 
extinct forms of animals, and was one of the few geologists 
whose knowledge of palaeontology was equi^ extensive with his 
acquaintance with physical geography. He became a Fellow 
of the Geological Society in 1826, treasurer in 1843, and in the 
present year was elected president. He was an accomplished 
linguist, took great interest in the cuneiform languages of the 
East, and undertook the translation of the Lycian inscrip- 
tions copied by Sir Charles Fellows, Captain Spratt, and 



154 LITESABY AISD 8CISNTIPIC. 

Professor Edward Forbes. The merit of those translatioss 
has never been qnestioned, and they haye given Mr. Shaipe 
a hieh position amon^ the cultivators of the science of 
philology. Mr. Sharpe died nnmarried. 



e. GWILT, ESft. 

June 27th. at his residence, Union-street, SottthMrark, a^red €1, 
Oeorge Gwilt, Esq., F.&A., the eminent architect. — We take 
the following memoir from the Illustrated London Kews: — 

" He was the elder of two sons of Hannah and Geor^ Gwilt, 
the well-known author of the ' Encyclopedia of Architecture,' 
Mr. Joseph Gwilt being the younger son. The Gwilt family 
have been connected with South wark for more than 100 years. 
The father of the subject of this notice was also an architect, 
and the surveyor for the county of Surrey. He built Horse- 
moneer-lane Gaol and l^ewington Sessions Mouse. 

** jfr. GeoTj^ Gwilt, the son, was bom on the 8th of Februanr, 
1775. His life was one of industrious effort. He received the 
rudiments of general education at a school in Hammersmith ; 
but gained that which was to serve him as his outdt in life 



nai^y by his own persevering exertions. On his leaving school 
Mr. Grwilt was placed, with other young men, in his father^s 
offioe, where he made very satisfactory progress, and his first 
<eBsay as an architect on his own account began with his build- 
ing, about the year 1801, the warehouses of the West-India 
Bocks. There was soon d6veloi>ed in his mind a decided taste 
for the study of antiquity, which caused him to devote his 
powers chiefly to restoration in architecture, and to the coUeo- 
tion of many curious objects illustrative of the past. A resi- 
dence in Italy, for the benefit of his health, in 1824, afibrded 
leisure and opportunity for the fostering and confirming of 
this taste. Previously to his sojourn in Italy Mr. Gwilt nad 
been elected a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, the date 
of his election being December 14, 1815, during the presidency 
of the Earl of Aberdeen, and when Banks, Taylor, Combe, 
Douce, and Lysons were leading names in that society. Li 
1818 we find him engaged repairing the steeple of Bow Church, 
a work requiring much care and judgment. The upi>er part 
had deviated from the perpendicular ; and, upon examinatieB, 
the injudicious use of iron in its construction, was found to be 
the cause of its then dangerous state. The stone was much 
decayed and bad in Quality ; it was found, therefore, necessasy 
to remove the obelisk and renew the peristyle of compcndte 
columns beneath. In the restoration of this part Mx. Gwilt 
displayed his reverence for Wren's design : being dissatisfied 
with the twelve columns first sent, he had a second set carved 
with greater accuracy. On the 11th July, 1820, the work was 
oompleted by fixing the vane (in the form of a dragon), which 
was accompnshed in the presence of numerous spectators. The 



C. W. O. 6T. JOHK, EBQ. 156 

cIraTOn is of copx)er, eight feet ten inches long, is of exoellent 
woi^manship, and its spindle of polished steel woi'kB npon an 
Egyptian peoble. A statemeait was at one time cinmlat^ that 
l^e steeple had snffisred onrtailment at tiie restorer's hands; 
bnt, so rar from this being the case, we are credibly informed it 
is actually six inches higher than it was orinnally. Mr. QwHt's 
connection with the chnroh of 8t Mary-le-Bow was not to end 
here. About this time the appearance of sinking was obserr- 
able, and the foundations of the church were accordingly 
examined. Due repairs were here also admirably carried oat 
bv Mr. Gwilt. The remoyal of bricks and rubbish led to iht 
identification of the crpy t as an interesting example of Norman 
work. An account of tnis discovery, with curious particulars 
Telating to it, was contributed by Mr. Gwilt to the Society of 
Antiquaries, in June, 1828 ; and, under the title of ' Observa- 
tions on the Church of 8t. Mary-le-Bow, chiefly Telatin? to its 
original structure,' was subsequently printed, with six iuustra- 
tive "^ates, in the fifth volume of the 'Vetusta Monumenta.' 

** The architectural remains of his native locality had ever 
engaged Mr. Gwilt's active and inteUigent attention, as is evi- 
denced by his researches in the remains of the episcopal palace 
at Southwark, and his writinn thereupon in the Gentleman*^ 
Magazine^ no less than by his extensive and conscientious 
lestorations of his parish church of St. Saviour's, which iie was 
mainly instrumental in saving £rom destruction in 1832, and 
which is now the work by which he will always be chi^y and 
honourably remembered. 

** The closing years of Mr. Gwilt's Kfe were jkrincipally occu- 
pied in the pursuit of his long-indulged and favourite inquiries^ 
and in addmg to those collections— a catalogue of which, we 
venture to exriress a hope, may one day be pnnted, and therebf 
rendered available to antiquaries. 

" Mr. Gwilt died after an illness which had toonfined him to 
his room about a fortnight. He was placed in his famHj 
vault, near the Lady Chapel of St. Saviour's, at his particular 
request." 

C. W. G. ST. JOHN, ESQ. 

July 12th, at Hazeleigh, Woolston, near Southampton, after 
a long illness, a^ed 46, Charles William George St. John, Esq., 
author of " Wild Sports in the Highlands," and other works. — 
He was the fourth son of the late General the Hon. Frederick 
St. John, second son of the SrdYiscount Bolingbroke and St. John, 
by his second wife, Arabella, daughter of William, 6th Lord 
Craven. "This melancholy event," writes the Iwvemets 
Chronicle^ "many a sportsman and naturalist will learn with 
sorrow. During nis residence at Aldourie, on the banks o€ 
Loch Ness, and subsequently in Morayshire, the deceased had 
endeared himself to a large circle of friends. He was an amiable 
and accomplished man, enthusiastically devoted to field sports 



156 UTERi.EY AND SCIENTIFIC. 

and natural history ; and his writmgs are marked no less by 
fine taste and feelmj? than by aocurate and extensive know- 
ledge. His ' Wild Sports \ is one of the best and most de- 
lightful works of its class in the language, and has enjoyed 
^eat popularity. To his fluent and graceful pen we were 
indebted for manv contributions ; for no natural phenomena in 
the scenes around him, and no trait of animal lire, escaped his 
observation ; and he was as liberal in communicating as ne was 
active in acquiring his various stores of information." — Mr. 
St. John married, in 1834, Anne, daughter of T. Gibson, Esq.. 
by whom he had issue three sons and a daughter. 



J. H. BELVILLE, ESQ. 

July 12th, aged 59, John Henry Belville, Esq., one of the most 
able of&oers of the Eoyal Observatory at Greenwich. — Mr. Bel- 
ville was born in the year 1796 at Bath; was educated at 
Braintree, Essex, with the view of entering the Church, but in 
1811 passed to the observatory at the time of the late astronomer 
royal s (Mr. Pond's) appointment. Whilst in office Mr. Bel- 
yiUe's duties were of the most onerous and responsible nature ; 
and he was successively intrusted with the superintendence of 
the great mural circle erected by Trou^hton, at Greenwich, in ^ 

the year 1812; with the 10-feet transit instrument, erected 
likewise by Troughton, in 1816 ; and within the last few years 
with the great transit circle, erected by the present astronomer 
royal. For many years also the rating of the Government chro- 
nometers formeanot the least part of ms official duties ; and from 
the long period above mentioned to the time of his last severe and 
most painful illness he continued to discharge with the utmost 
faithfulness and ability the duties of his office, requiring assi- 
duous attention during the hours both of day and night. Mr. 
Belville was favourably known as the author of a treatise on 
the barometer and thermometer. He was also distinguished as 
the most persevering meteorological observer of the time, his I 

private weather journal extending from the time of his school , 



aays at Braintree to within a very short period of his decease, 
and is one of the finest on record. His third daughter was i 

married in the year 1844 to Mr. Glaisher, the well-known ^^ 

meteorologist. 



ISAAC WELD, ESQ. 

August 4th, at Ravenswell, Bray^ co. Dublin, Isaac Weld, Esq. 
— Through a long life he had been identified with the progress of 
scientific investigation and the useful arts in this nis native 
country. As honorary secretary of the Royal Dublin Society* 
and as its vice-president, his constant laoour and generous 
efforts for above half a century were highlyappreciated ia 
Ireland, and known favourably abroad. Mr. Weld was a gen- 



G. A. A'SECKBTT, ESQ. 157 

tleman. of considerable literary taste ; and his yiews of political 
oonstitntions, as embodied in a work published by him many 
years since, attracted considerable attention. 



J. BREMNER, ESQ. 

August 20th, suddenly, Mr. James Bremner, G.E. and ship* 
builder at Pulteney-town. — Mr. Bremner carried on ship-buila- 
ing in Pulteney-town, Wick, for nearly forty years ; was most 
successftd in raising sunken vessels, and twng them off the 
stnmd— more than 200 haying been rescued by nim from dan- 
gerous situations. His share in removing the steam-ship Great 
JBritain off the strand in Dundrum Bay is well-known, the 
fati^e he then underwent tried his constitution very much, he 
having been almost constantly employed night and day for 
about three months. 



J. HANN, ESa. 

Aiigust 17th, in the hospital of King's Colle^, London, aged 
57, ]£. James Hann. — The y^ewcastle Chronicle thus records 
the career of this well-known mathematician : — 

** He was bom in Gateshead, about the end of the last cen- 
tury, and during some years of his early life he filled the situa- 
tion of a fireman in one of the small steam- vessels used upon 
the river for towing ships. Even in this humble position, how- 
ever, he was acquiring knowledge and overcoming difficulties 
of which few persons enjoying other opportunities of self- cul- 
ture can readily form a conception ; and while quite a younff 
man he joublished his first work, 'Mechanics for Ptacticsl 
Men' — stul a standard work,— which had the ffood fortune to 
draw attention to the position of its author, ana contributed in 
no small denree to his success. He has been for many years a 
resident in London, having been engaged as Professor of Ma- 
thematics in King's College, soon after its establishment ; and 
his conlsnbutions to the mathematical works of the day have 
been exceedingly copious and important." 



e. A. A'BECKETT, ESQ. 

August 30th, at Boulogne, of typhus fever, aged 40, Gilbert 
Abbot A'Beokett, Esq. — " Few public men have descended into 
the grave more sincerely regretted than Mr. G. A. A'Beckett. 
An earnest, wise, heartj^, and kindlv man has passed from 
amongst us, and it is fit that we snould note the loss with 
sorrow. It is much to say that a man so largely gifted with 
the power to woimd leaves no scar behind him, and that all 
men of letters now living unite in acknowled^ng the ability of 
the writer ; while his personal friends bear witness to his good- 
ness as a friend, and to his devotion to his domestic circle. The 



mm 



ISQ LITEBABY ANB SCX£NTIFIC. 

public ]itersLty labofors of Mr. A'Beckett commeiiced at the Ag» 
f^ twenty, with Figaro in London^ in which his admiraHI& 
humour and his witty saroasm, aocompanying the earliest and 
best drawing^ of Seymour, secured a large and highly remu- 
nerative popularity,— Mr. A'Beckett being one of the first of 
the select lew who made monev b^ a penny periodical. Like 
others, Mr. A'Beckett attempted vaSnly to unite wit with busi- 
ness, and embarked in several literary speeulatioiis, whioh had 
a termination disastrouB to his fortunes. Judioioosly following^ 
Ihe advice of his elder friends, Mr. A'Beekett entered himself 
at the bar ; and, refraining finr some time from literary exeitiojutp 
spplied himself studiously to the cultivation of the pvofsssioa 
Ke nad ehosen. He was called to the bar in 1841. From this 
legal retirement, the appearance of Puneh, blazing saoceflc^ally 
in ^Iden efiulgence in the literary h<^izon, first tempted kim 
to issue ; and the modest revisin^^-barrister soon was ted t» 
astonish the public with * A Comic History of England,' — a 
work at once shrewd and humorous, sensible and useful. 
After the lapse of a few years, during which Mr. A'Beckett was 
a regular contributor ox leading amdes, bearing particidar 
impress of his humour, to the Times, and of many amusmg^ 
morce€Mx to Purteht he was appointed, in 184^, to a polioe 
magistracy — an office which he has since continued to fill witih 
admirable acuteness, humanity, and impartiality: another 
proof, if more be required, that literarv talent does not neces- 
sarily incapacitate the possessor for administrative fimetiona. 
Mr. G. A'Beckett was the yoiiii^st son of Mr. A'Bedcstt, so 
long known as the Reform soHcrtor, and of high inihiance m 
the contested elections ci Westminster. The familv, like tiiat 
oi the Mayhews, with whera they had through life an early 
and steadfast friendship, are all men of exceeding talent. The 
late Mr. Or, A'BBcfcett's eldest brother is Sir William A'Beckett, 
whose merits as a cdonial judge have frequently been adcnow* 
ledffed by the press, by the €k)vemmfint, the cc^ooists, and is 
Parliament. Mr. G-. A Beckett married, in early lile, the eldest 
^au^hter of the late Mr. Olossop, a lady whose talents as a 
musician and composer are of the nicest order. As one ol the 
originators of that wise fun which has distinguished the |»sriod* 
ical literature of the present time, he must hold a conspicuous 
place ; while thousands who remember sly hits and droll turns 
of thought that bear his name as an autiior, will also remem- 
ber, as a charm, that none of them were unjust, and none made 
telling by their ill-nature. He was a just man, who never 
allowed his moral tone to be distorted by his wit, and whoL 
without makinff an enemy, secured many sincere and valuea 
friends." — Baify News. 

MRS. SCHIMMELPENNIJSrCK. 

August 31st, at Clifton, aged 75, Mrs. Schimmelpenninck, a 
well-known authoress. — We take tiie following from the Bristol 



M£S. LEE. 15^ 

Times: — "She was bom on the 26th November, 1788, in a 
ooimtry town in Staffordshire. Her father, who was a wealthy 
manufacturer, was named Daunton ; and both himself and wire 
were members of the Society of Friends, but as often went to 
the Roman Catholic chapel at Anscot as to the meeting-house^ 
Miss Daunton received ner early education, as well as her re- 
ligious impressions, from her mother, who was of a stoical and 
philosophical turn of mind, and who unfortunately beoame- 
muoh mixed up with the leaders of atheism and deism during 
tiie French revolution. Miss Daunton was of a reserved aiia. 
sensitive nature ; and this naturally led to much suffering in 
ohiidhood, and in later years to a life of seclusion. £ven 
amidst the darkness which surrounded her in childhood, the 
seeds of life were sown in her by her heavenly Father ; and 
although not then apparent, thej were destined to strike deep- 
in root, and flourish to eternal life. Her education was of the 
highest character, and she had peculiar gifts for drawing and 
music, and especially for playing on the organ. At the age 
of fourteen she had a long and severe illness, during which 
God spoke to her, and it became the tumine point in ner life. 
Shortly after she recovered from this illness sue visited Bath for 
six months, where she accidentallv became acquainted with 
some members of the Moravian boay, who rendered her much 
assistance in forming her religious views. In 1805 she was 
married to Mr. Lambert Schimmelpenninck, and came to reside 
in Bristol, shortly afterwards joining the Moravian Church, of 
which she continued a member, with but a slight int^val, until 
the day of her death." She was the authoress of the ** Theory 
of Beauty," published in 1815, as well as of " Memoirs of Port 
iloyal," and several other literary works of merit. 



MRS. LEE. 

September 2drd, at Erith, after a protracted and complicated 
illness, Mrs. Lee« formerly Mrs. Bowdich. — She accompanied 
her flrst husband to Africa, on his mission to the Sing of 
Ashantee. She was a woman of singular courage and adven- 
ture, and had been educated by her husband to share in hi£^ 
aoientiflc labours. Whilst Mr. JSowdich went up the country, 
she remained at Cape Coast Castle, of which her uncle was the 
governor, and there collected the materials for a series of 
charminff tales, called " Stories of Strange Lands," illustrating 
African life and customs. The " African Wanderers " is, how- 
ever, her best book ; the descriptions it contains of life and 
scenery, of the dense AMcan forests espeoiallY, are vivid and 
graphic, given with great precision and simplicity. After their 
return from AMca, she uved some time in Paris, where she 
exgoyed the friendship of Cuvier, Denon, and many other dis- 
tinguished men. She wrote an excellent memoir of Cuvier. 
She was the author of several well-esteemed works on natural 



wo LITEEAKY AND SCIENTIFIC. 

history, two of which—" Elements of Natural History " and a 
little volume on " Taxidermy "—are on the Privy Council list 
of class-hooks for national education. Her most considerable 
work, however, was a " History of British Fresh-water Fishes," 
which was puhlished hy suhscrintion ; the illustrations to each 
<x)py were drawn and coloured from the life by her own hand. 
She possessed a great fund of scientific information, and was 
laboriously accurate in all her fects. She workeii heavily in 
the mine, hut had not the requisite skill to elaborate her mate- 
rials; hence she did not achieve so popular a reputation as 
might have been expected from one possessing her store of 
knowledge, Lord Aberdeen granted her a pension of £50 a 
year from the Queen. In private she was most exemplary ; 
and her loss is sincerely lamented by a wide circle of friends, 
and by her surviving son and daughters. 



W. H. PEPYS, ESQ. 

August 17th, at Earl's-terrace, Kensington, aged 81, William 
Haseldine Pepvs, E8<i., F.E.S. — He was a native of this metro- 
polis, and was Dom in 1775. He succeeded to his father's trade 
in the Poultry, as cutler and maker of surrioal instruments. 
From his earliest years he devoted himself zealously, disin- 
terestedly, and uninterruptedly to the advancement oi science. 
It is now half a century since Allen and Pepys communicated 
to the Royal Society the memorable experiment by which the 
indentity of the diamond with other known forms of the element 
carbon was confirmed. It was, however, as the contriver of inge- 
nious modifications of chemical apparatus that Mr. Pepys ren- 
dered the most signal service to scientific men. During everv 
phase of the rapid process of chemistry, the gas-holder whicn 
bears his name has maintained its place, as well in the lecture- 
theatre as in the laboratory of research. We have reason to 
believe, that the arrangement of the magnificent voltaic battery, 
by which Davy decomposed the alkalies at the Eoyal Institu- 
tion, was, more or less, confided to Mr. Pepys ; hence, probably, 
ori^ated the friendly regard in which he was held by that 
eminent philosopher. In the " Philosophical Transactions for 
1823," there is a description of a voltaic apparatus, consisting of 
two elements only, for electro-magnetic research, made, under 
Mr. Pepys's directions, for the London Institution. Mr. Pepvs 
was always anxious to associate with those who, like himself, 
desired to cultivate science for iU own sake. He joined the 
Geographical Society at its commencement, and was one of the 
early promoters of the London Institution, and an original 
member in the Geological Society. He was also a member and 
an office-bearer of the Royal Institution, where he received the 
honour of one of the ten gold medals awarded for chemical 
discovery. 



i 



F. WHISHAW, BS^. 161 



W. YARRELL, ESQ. 

September 6th, a^ Tarmouth, aged 76» Mr. William TarrelL 
the celebrated naturalist. — A few particulars of the deceased 
gentleioan's life are given in a letter to the TimeSf by Mr* 
Edward Jesse. He states that Mr. Tarrell " was formerly an 
extensive newspaper agent, but, being fond of fishing and neld« 
sports, became one of our best naturalists. This was shown in 
his beautiful and valuable work on * British Birds and British 
Eishes,' and in several valuable and interestixig papers in the 
transactions of the Linnsean and Zoological Societies. Mr. Tar- 
Tell, as an ichthyologist, in ooniunction with the writer of this 
notice, solved the problem, which had perplexed naturalists 
from the days of Pliny, as to the history of the eel. He clearly 
proved that they were oviparous, had scales, and bred for the 
most part in the brackish waters at the mouths of rivers—thus 
removing many doubts and difficulties on this curious subject. 
He was also a frequent contributor to the Zoological Journal 
and Magazine of Natural History. Mr. Yarrell has left behind 
him an interesting museum, chi^y of British natural history, 
and a valuable collection of books on that subject." At the sale 
of Mr. Yarrell's effects, his fine collection of British fishes, and 
the specimens illustrative of his papers in the Linnaean Society, 
were secured for the British Museum. 



MR. CLARK. 

October — . — The abbey has lost one of its most watchful 
^ustodes in the person of Mr. Clark, whose death was recorded 
a few days since as having: taken place at litUngton Tower, 
Westminster. He resided in the cloisters, in a house so called 
after its founder^ an abbot of St. Peter's, and was well known 
in antiquarian circles. — Morning Herald, 

F. WHI8HAW, ESQ. 

October 6th, suddenly, Francis Whishaw, Esq., civil engineer, 
a name which will be remembered in connection with the 
annual gatherings of the British Association. — ^We take the 
following from a cotemporary sketch by the hand of one who 
knew him well: — "Those who were wont to meet him at the 
meeting of the Royal and other scientific societies, will miss the 
•enthusiastic smile and hasty energy with which he would relate, 
with heart and soul, the details of his last invention. Few men 
were possessed of a more fertile intellect, or one in which more 
varied thoughts were centred, or more numerous devices coined. 
Its resources produced many a patented improvement bearing 
upon railways, railway-carriages, the permanent way, the 
electric, galvanic, and hydrauho telegraphs ; and it was from 

ic 



10i LITESABY AKD SCIENTIFIC. 

his suggestions in a great measure that gutta percha was found 
to be subservient to subterranean pur]>oses. The career of 
Mr. Whishaw was one of strange vicissitude, passing freouently 
from poverty to affluence, ana from plenty to want, fitit he 
was one who viewed all things on the sunny side ; and it is only 
to be regretted that his ardent and sanguine temperament was 
in m<Mre tiian one instance an impediment to the success of his 
inventions." 

T. BAILEY, ESa 

October 23rd, at Nottingham, affed 70, Thomas Bailey, Esq.,. 
author of the '* Annals of Nottinghamshire," and other archaso- 
logical works of merit. — ^He was bom at Nottingham, July 31st, 
1785, and was an eminent type of a class of worthies almost 
pecidiar to this countrr, iHiose virtues and talents dignify their 
modest conditicm of tffe, and whose examples are a perpetual 
bene^t to all within the st^ere of their influence. After pass- 
ing through the course or education in vogue at that time in 
the day-schoois of his native town (in one of which he was for 
some vears a class-fellow of "Kirke White), and later in a 
Torksnire boarding-school, he was instmctea by his ftither in 
the local manufacture of hosiery. This occupation, however, 
he did not long continue, but entered the wine trade, in which 
he eventaalljr realized a comfortable independence. Sedulousit 
cultivating his mind by extensive reading, the study of Hebrew, 
and frequent composition in verse and prose, he would by no 
means permit the cares of business unduly to interfere with 
what he held to be the more important duties incumbent upon 
all — of developing the mental faculties of the individual, and 
assisting, according to every one's ability, in the moral and 
social improvement of mankind. He deeply interested himself 
in the grand political questions of the time ; and, being possessed 
of great intellectual activity and oratorical ability, firmness and 
presence of mind, tenacious grasp of thought, apt choice of 
words and unfaltering fluency of expression, having the power 
of identifying himself with his hearers, and being distinguished 
for graceml delivery and impressive action, his eloquence on 
various occasions had, without doubt, considerable influence in 
toning the public mind of the district. His views, always suf- 
ficiently liberal, though never strictly radicalj became, as he 
advanced in political experience, of a more decidedly conserva- 
tive character. In 1830 he contested, unsuccessfi^ly, because 
independently, and against the influence of the old corporation, 
a seat in the representaticm of the borough. In 1836, under the 
Municipal Iteform Act, he was chosen a member of the town 
council, and continued an active member of that body for seven 
succeeding years, in 1846 Mr. Bailey became proprietor and 
editor of <me of the local journals, which, though it secured the 
support of the ablest and most intelligent men of all ranks in 
the district, from the impartial tone of mind characteristic of 



T. BAILET, ESQ. 168 

its oondnctor, was not altogether calculated to win the sym* 
pathies of a provincial pablio remarkable for the ferment of 
political opinion and the nerj zeal of party spirit, His editorial 
writings, nowever, had a high character ; and several of his 
articles on the Poor Law and its operation, in which question 
he was probably as well veraed as any man of his day, received 
the rare distinction of being transferred in exteiMo to the 
Dolnmns of the '* leading jonmal in Europe." By his labours 
of this class, and bv omer writings and addresses at various 
times, he was brought not xmfrequently into contact or corre- 
spondence with many distinguished men, divers of whom have 
borne witness to the souncmess and sagacity of his political 
judgment. 

Having become in 1830 connected bv the ties of property, and 
shortly aiterwards by residence, with the vilkffe oi Basfurd, 
near Sfottingham, he laboured long and heartily in the ^ro^- 
motion of various improvements in the affidrs of the pansh. 
From the formation of the union, in 1836, for a period of twenty 
years, with but little interruption, he held, one office or other at 
the board, and was for many years vice-chairman and ulti- 
mately chairman of that body ; in which position he contri- 
buted to the alleviation of much suffering, giving effect to the 
most generous interpretation in his power of the authority 
confided to institutions of this class. To the poor in general he 
was, not only in his official capacity, but privatelv, a £riend and 
benefactor, an adviser in difficulties, an arbiter oi differences, a 
composer of disputes. For almost everv philanthropic move- 
ment, whether religious or secular, whicn originated in the 
neighbourhood, his countenance and aid, particularly if any 
public advocacy were required, was eagerly sought ; nor was 
his pecuniary contribution withheld from anj project adapted to 
promote the general good. Besides assistmg in the founda- 
tion of various literary and educational insatutionS) reading 
rooms, &c., both at NottinghafS* and Basford, and frequently 
delivering lectures and addresses highly V£dued by their 
members, he was, wh^n young, one' of those concerned in tiie 
establishment of the first Sunday school in Nottingham ; and 
for many years he practised the honourable and self-denying 
duties of a teacher to scholars of this class connected, as he 
himself was, with the general Baptist denomination. To this 
sect, to which Ms parents belonged, he originally adhered ; at 
a later period he joined the Independents; but, finally, on 
taking up his residence at Basford, he attended regularly the 
services of the Established Church. His religious sentiments, 
always warm and earnest, formed a dominant part of hie 
character. WhjQe connected witii the Independents, he was 
one of three individuals chosen to take part in a public disputa- 
tion, arranged to be held in Nottingham, between the Mends of 
Christianity and Richard Carlisle, the champion of infidelity, 
and his followers. Mr. Bailey's writings were numerous, and 
of various kinds. A " Ealogium on the Character of Robert 

H 2 



]£i LIT££AfiY AJID SCIENTIFIC. 

Haikcs, the Founder of Simday Schools," printed in 1816, was 
kis first publication. About sixteen Tears afterwards he com- 
mitted to the press another small worl, of a similar nature — a 
" Eulogfium on the Character of William Wilberforce." In 
1820 he published a didactic poem, entitled ''What is Life?" 
in 1824, " The Camiyal of Death,'* an allegorical poem, illus- 
tratiye of the horrors of war ; in 1827, *' Ireton/' a narratiye 
I>oem in honour of that hero, a local celebrity ; in 1836, " Re- 
fireations in Retirement," a miscellany of prose and yerse, 
containing some of his most pleasing compositions; in 1852, 
** The Advent of Charity," another poetical allegory; and on 
different occasions a variety of satires, epierams, odes, songs, 
and other fanciful trifles. ** A Sermon on me Death of Byron, 
by a Layman," marked, in 1825, the effect of that melancholy 
event u^on hia mind ; and, in 1830, a " Discourse on the Causes 
of Political Revolutions" was the result of his observations on 
the occurrences abroad of that period. His most important 
work, ** The Annals of Nottinghamshire," in four lar^e octavo 
volumes, for which he had been collecting materials for many 
years, published in numbers, 1853-5, is marked by laboriouB 
research, graphic delineation of character, and vivid ^et 
faithful representation of incident and] events. The fidl title 
of this^wonk is, ** The Annals of Nottinghamshire : a new and 
popular History of the Coimty of Nottingham, indudinff the 
Borough. By Thomas Bailey. It was published, like all his 
other works, by Mr. W. F. Gibson, of Nottingham. His last 
work, ** The Kecords of Long;evity," forms the most complete 
treatise yet known upon that interesting subject. 

Mr. Bailey was twice married : flrst, to Mary Taylor, of Not- 
tingham, who died in 1818, leaving four children ; and, secondly, 
to £atharina Carver, of Broughton Astley, Leicestershire, who 
survives him, alon^ with an only son, and two daughters, issue 
of his former marriage. 

MR. D. BOeUE. 

November 17th, suddenly, at Camden Town, aged 44, Mr. 
David Bogue, bookseller and publisher of fleet Street. — ^The 
Illustrated News thus speaks of him : — 

" Only last week we announced that he was busy with a new 
edition of Shakspeare. This week he is no more. On Tues- 
day evening he retired to rest in his usual health and spirits. 
The following morning he complained of a sense of suffocation ; 
he asked for a cup of tea, but before it could be brought to him 
he became s^echless, and in less than five minutes he had 
oeased to exist. Mr. Bogue was of a respectable Scottish 
family, and nephew of Dr. Bogue, of Gosport, the eminent 
Dissenting minister, author of 'The Divine Authority of the 
New Testament,' a work of standard merit. In early life Mr. 
Bo^e became assistant to Mr. Thomas Ireland, bookseller, of 
Edinburgh, with whom he remained till 1836 : when he came 



n. c. mrsEETT. 16€ 

to London, and joined the publishing establishment of Mr. 
Tilt, who, in a few years, ratired, leaving it entirely in the 
hands of Mr. Bo^e. He was a man of great intelligence and 
enterprise, strict integrity, and kind disposition ; and his loss 
will be deeply felt.*' 

MR. H. HENLAND. 

November 16th, at Hastings, aged 78, Mr. Henry Henland, a 
German, long resident in tMs country as a scientific deader in 
minerals, and for some years Foreign secretary of the Geologi- 
cal Society. —Mr. Henland commenced business in London as a 
mineralo^st some fiffcy years since, having purchased, as the 
basis of his collection, the minerals of a renowned dealer of the 
last century, commonly known to connoisseurs as ** Old Hum- 
phrey." Nearly the whole of the very fine collection of minerals 
m the British Museum, the finest collection, indeed, known, 
were supplied by Mr. Henland, or purchased by the trustees at 
his periodical sales ; and the celebrated collection of the late 
Mr. C. Hampden Turner, of Rooksnest, was formed by him. 
Through the exertions cniefiy of Mr. Henland, an important 
catalogue of this last collection was published. It was com- 
menced in 1820 by M. Levy, of the Royal Academy of Sciences 
of Brussels, and completed, with the assistance of Mr. Brookes, 
in 1837. It fills three octavo volumes of nearly five hundred 
pages each, and is accompanied by an aUas of eighty-three 
quarto plates, containing outline disqg;rams of more th^n a thou- 
sand forms of crystals, all cbawn by M. Levy, and forming the 
most valuable figures of the kind extant. 



MR. C. MUSKETT. 

November 16th, at Norwich, Mr. C. Muskett, bookseller 
and publisher of that city. — According to the Norwich Mer- 
cury ** he was a man of ripe knowledge in mediaeval Uteratore ; 
collecting old books, not alone to disperse them among the 
libraries of the noble and the rich, but for their own sake ; and 
he never parted with a rare Or a richly illustrated work with- 
out a sigh of regret that it should leave his own possession. 
Equallv with literature, he was a lover of the fine arts, and his 
own collection of drawings was a witness of his pure taste, his 
practised and enlightened knowledge. Mr. Muskett was also 
strongly devoted to the study of the antiquities of this city, 
and had made large and valuable collections for the illustration 
of this his favourite pursuit. Most of the books, within the 
last eip^ht or ten vears, which have been published on local 
antiquities, came nrom Mr. Muskett's press, while several of 
them are not only indebted in their outward appearance to his 
care as publisher, but the value of their contents increased by 
his gathered information." 



166 LITEBABT ANIk SGDOrTIFIC 



J. M. BJraDEL, ESQ. 

November 2l8t, in Kensington Palaoe Gardens, aged 56, 
Mr. James Meadows Kendel, C.E., F.E.S.— He was a native ot 
the West of England. After<^ being engaged in several large 
works in his native district, he undertook the construction of 
the cast-iron bridge over the River Lary, near Plymouth, at 
the express desire of the Earl of Morley, who had the dis- 
crimination to discover the latent talents of the yoxmB engineer^ 
then only twenty-two years of age. This was soon mllowed by 
the construction of the floating steam-bridge for crossing the 
estuary of the Dart, near Dartmouth, somewhat on the same 
principle as those subsequently established by him for cross- 
ing the Hamoaze between Tornoint and Devonport, and later 
sml, those at Saltash, at Southampton, and at Portsmouth. 
In ike year 1838 he removed from Plymouth to London, and 
soon became extensively occupied on important works, and 
was en^^aged in the Parliamentary contests of that remarkable 
period in the history of engineering. Qlie desisn for the oon- 
slruction of docks at Birkenhead, in Cheshire, of such an extent 
as to create a formidable rival to Liverpool, brought Miv 
Rendel very prominently before the world, and the protracted 
contests on this subject will be long remembered in the history 
of Parliamentary committees. The daring project of construct- 
ing a dock at Great Grimsby, by projecting the work far out 
upon the mud banks of the Biver Humber was next success- 
folly accomplished ; and he commenced the two great works* 
which alone suffice to hand down his name to posterity— the 
harbours of refuge of Holyhead and Portland. He was a 
man of great ener&y, clear preception, and correct judgment; 
his practical knowledge was well directed, and he knew how 
to make good use of the scientiiic acquirements and skill of 
all whose services he engaged. He was as amiable and kind in 

Srivate life aa he was energetic and firm in public, and his 
ecease cast a gloom over itte whole of the profession of which 
he was a brilliant ornament. 



A. B. B£AOH, ESQ. 

November 25th, at Denmark Hill, after a long illness, aged 
34, Ang:us B. Eeaoh, Esq. — ^We take the followinff from the 
Critic : — " Mr. Angus B. Reach, whose literary abilities were 
so favourably manifested in some striking novels, and in his 
charming work on the vine and olive countiies of France, and 
who was also one of the readiest and most effective journalist 
critics, has been released from sufferings of nearly two jears' 
duration. The paralytic affection whicn abruptly terminated 
his honourable career precluded him from every kind of 
exertion, but both t^e em>rts of his friends, and royal bounty. 



Si HITGHCOGX, £8^. i6f 

contributed to surround him with every oomfort, and ho 
expired without a etru^le. He was for some years ^bie dra- 
matic and musical critic of the Morning Chronicle^ but was 
best known as the author of ' Clement Lorimer,' ' Claiet and 
Olives/ • The Natural ffistory of Bores/ ' The Natural History 
of Humbugs,' and * The Romance of a Minoe<-pie.' The decease 
leaves a widow. His remains were interred in Norwood 
Cemetery." 

R. HITCHCOCK, ESa. 

December 3rd, at Boundtown, near Dublin, Richard Hiteh- 
oock, Esq., the Irish archaeolo^t. — ^Mr. Hitchcock, although 
young in years, had already distinguished himself by his extra- 
ordinary zeal and untiring labours in elucidating the ancient 
monumental remains of his eountrv, and more especially those 
of his native county of Kerry. Mr. Hitchcock was born near 
Tralee, in 1824. His father, Mr. Rodney Hitchcock, who diod 
in August, 1853, soon after his birth, occupied a small farm near 
the shore of Tralee Bay ; and his son received his education at 
one of Erasmus Smith s sdiools then existing near his father's 
residence. Here his literary tastes and inclmation were early 
observed and encouraged by Archdeacon Rowan, of Belmont 
(tiie tend^icy of whose own literary tastes has been lately 
evinced in his " Folk Lore ") who gave him access to a well- 
selected library. To his love of reading and active research 
was added a natural talent for drawing, which found ample 
43xercise in the wild and picturesque scenery and numerous 
monumental remains of his native ^strict. 

During the disastrous famine years, Mr. Hitchcock obtained 
employment as one of the coimdentlal check^derks of the 
Board of Works— a temporary duty which he discharged highly 
to t^e satisfaetiim of his employers. His services in this capa- 
4$ity were chiefly confined to the barony of Corkaguiny, where 
he had ample opportnnit^r offered him of aoquirin? that minute 
knowledge of its antiquities oi which he afterwards made such 
good account in his various literary communications. 

He had been early introduced and recommended to the Rev. 
Dr. Chades Graves, of Trinity College, Dublin, then entering 
upon those speculations connected wiui the monumental litera- 
ture of primeeval Ireland in which he has since been so promi- 
Xiently engaged. 

When his engagement on the relief-works ceased, he extended 
the sphere of his antiquarian operations, and i^ooeeded on a 
mission of O^ham exploration into parts of Kerry and Cork, and 
occasionally into other counties where he had information of 
other similar monuments. In 1847-8 we find him actively en- 
^iged in this a^ncy ; and, in a subsequent year, arriving in 
Dublin, he obtamed, through the influence of Drs. Graves and 
Todd, a permanent situation in Trinity College, as derk in the 
university library, as also assistant to the Geological Society 



168 LITBBABT Ain> SCIEKTIFIC. 

of Ireland. This situation ^ye him ffreat advantages and 
opportonities of study, of whioh, inth cnaracteristio aeyoted- 
ness, he thoroughly availed himself. The prospect hefore him 
was apparently that of a life to be passed in one long revel I 

among txwks : sed aliter visum. 

In 18d0 he married a Miss Fuller, of the neifi^bourhood of 
Dingle, but of this marriage there was no issue. His few a^r- J 

Sears were years of calm happiness, chiefly spent amid hi» ' 
omestic circle and his books. Mis name durmg this period is 
of frequent recurrence in archsaological pubUcations, and be- 
came well-known in the antiquarian world. As an aotive and 
zealous member of the Kilkenny Aroheeological Society, his i 

loss must be specially felt. He was indefatigable in recruiting \ 

for that bod]^, and promoting its efficiency in a variety of 
ways ; watching the progress of its '* Proceedings " through the 
press ; revising, correcting, and authenticating references, witii 
an industrious assiduity nardly credible, ms own oontribu* 
tions to its pages were numerous, and always of value. The 
Bev. James Graves, one of the honoraiy secretaries of that 
bod3r, when announcing, in the name of the committee, his 
demise, to the society, bore ample proof to his merits and ser- 
vices. "When you are told, he says, "tbat, owing to his 
exertions, the list of members has been increased by over one , 

hundred names ; that his able assistance in correcting the i>roof- ^ 

sheets of the Journal^ was ungrudgingly and unsparingly 
afforded to the secretaries ; and that on several occasions he had 
presented en^avines to illustrate the Journal, — ^but a very 
feeble expression will have been given of the sense entertained 
by your committee of the untiring exertions made by Mr; 
Hitchcock to advance the interests of the society. Warm in 
his friendships, characterized by principles the most honourable 
and strictly upright, he will long be regretted by his personal 
friends ; wnilst Inose whose pursuits were congenial to his own 
will retain a vivid impression of the disinterested zeal for the 
advancement of Irish arch»ology by which he was actuated. 
In the abstruse department of our ancient Ogham monnments 
his exertions were indefatigable : he devoted himself to th» 
collection and registering of such monuments, noting[ accurately 
their situations, and making fae-similes of the inscriutions 
wherever discovered. ]^fessor Graves has already puolioly 
expressed the high sense entertained by him of Mr. Hitchcock^ 
lalM>urs in this field ; indeed, his name must ever be associated 
with those of Professor Graves and Mr. Windell, in oonnectioii 
with the study of this most difficult branch of IrLsh antiquities^ 
Of the extreme accuracy and untiring diligence which were 
tiie ruling features of his mind, several j>aper8 on topographical 
subjects, chiefly connected with his native and beloved county 
of Kerry, which, from time to time, he communicated to the 
society, afford ample proof; and even in his last iUness he 
found time for a short but interesting communication, which 
has been printed in the November part of this journal." 



JOHK KENTOF, ESQ. 169 

• Mr. Graves miglit have added, bat he was not then aware of 
the fact, that, at a still later period of his life, he completed 
another paper on the miscellaneous antiquities of the same 
county, which we may shortly hope to see published. 

His researches as an antiquary were practical rather than 
specidatiye. He amassed facts, and postponed theory &nd 
opinion to an after-time. Yet on that particular subject which 
most absorbed his inquiries — ^the Ogham literature of ancient 
Ireland,— he had formed the deddea conclusion of its pagan 
oriffin. Had he possessed a knowledge of the Irish language, 
and been able to carry his investigationB into the voluminous 
remains of his country's older literature, his labours would 
luive been lightened and many difficulties removed which other* 
wise impeded his progress. 

But in the micbt of his career of exertion and usefulness, 
and whilst he was acquiring name and repute as an Irish, 
and especially a Kerry antiquarV) the seeds of disease, long 
lurking in his system, were called forth by a journey taken in 
inclement weatner, rrom Dublin to Kerry, to see his dying 
sister for the last time. His last act was characteristic. He 
had put together a small library of his own, not so remarkable 
&r the ranty or cost of the books as for the scrupulous neat- 
ness and condition of the volumes. These he so loved that, as 
he said himself, he oould not bear to think of their being dis- 
persed to Ihe book-stalls ; and, among his last requests to his 
wife, was one that she would offer them to the Koyal Irish 
Academy, ** as a mark of his sense of the rgpect and attention 
he had always received from that body." With this request it 
is needless to say Mrs. Hitchcock at once complied. 

He lies buried in Mount Jerome cemetery, and over his 
remains a monument has been raised at the expense of the 
Provost and Senior Fellows of Trinity College, as the inscrip- 
tion, declares, " as a smaU testimony to Ms integrity and 
services." 

JOHN KENYON, ESQ. 

December 3rd, aged 71, John Kenyon, Esq. — He was for some 
years at Mr. Seyer s school, at the Fort, Bristol, several of his 
companions from which seminary have since won for tiiemselves 
fame and honour in the service of literature and science. Among 
his favourite playmates were John Eagles, known in later days 
as the author of "The Sketcher," firoderip, the naturalist; 
and Andrew Crosse, the electrician. These s(mool-day Mend- 
ships remained through life, unclouded by a shadow. After 
Mr. Kenyon quitted the University of Cambridge, he spent 
some time on the continent, but, returning to England, he 
formed*friend8hips with Wordsworth, Southey, and Davy. He 
was not only the Mend of poets, but was himself a poet ; having 
published^ a few years since, at intervals, two volumes which 
show considerable originality, as well as a refined and cultivated 



^ "V 



11^ JJTSMAS.T AlTD BCOXTSnC. 

taste. These poems breaitke the spirit of a mild aad teletant 
num* wishinf well to his feUow-ereatiues, with a libenlity 
aonethixig more than orthodox, and seeioff all things in the 
sunny hue of his own generoas natare. Jit. Eenyim's appre-. 
ciation of genius and talent drew around him many savam and 
KteraH of the day, among whom his g^oial sociability seemed 
to ha/re the poww of amalgamating the mostdissinular natnrei^ . 

and of softening asperities between individuals. He was a ^ 

person to whom no man volunteered to tell the worst he knew 
of his neighbour. He liked to see, talk, and hear of pleasant 
things ; but he was one who feelingly shared the sorrows of his 
ficiends. His heart was ever hm of true sympathy, and his 
hand ever ready to assist those who required his aid. In one I 

year he spent four thousand ^unds in acts of private charity. 
AU those who knew him will feel what they have lost ; those 
who knew him but slightly will not soon f(»get his ever kind 
and bland manners. By his noble and generous wiU he divided 
his large fortune amongst his numerous living friends, and ihe 
obildxen of such of his old faends as had mfore him " gone 
to the many." ** Many a literary home," sap the AtkefUBum^ 
** has been made brighter this Christmas-time by tiie noUe 
sympathy of John Eenyon. The poet was rich as he was genial, 
ooaroelv a man or woman distinguished in the world of letters i 

with wnich he was familiar, has passed unnemembered in his ^ 

will ; and some poets and children of poets are endowed with a 
princdy munificence. Among those who have shared most 
uberally in this harvest of good*will, we hear that Mr. and 
Mrs. Bn^nung reoeive £10,000, Mr. I^oeter (Barry Cornwall) 
£6,000, and Dr. Southey a very handsome sum, we think £8,<M)0» 
There are in all about eighty legatees, many of them the old 
literary friends of the deceased." 

' MR. D. DTSOK. " 

December 12th, at Rusholme, aged 33, Mr. David Dyson, the 
well>known naturalist and indefatigable collector. — ^Originally . 

he was a weaver, but a passion for etitomology led him at the I 

age of twenty to Amerka. There, supporting himself by his | 

industry, he contrived to cross the country from Nelir York to \ 

St Lous; and he retunied to England, after an absenee of ^ 

twelve months, with upwards of 18,000 specimens of insects, 
•birds, shells, and plants. He afterwards twice explored Cen- 
tral America, ana made another large collection, fie acted 
4» onratcr to the maseuto of the late Earl. of Derbsr, until it 
was sold bv the present earl. Mr. Dyson has left behind him a 
private eoUeotion of 20,000 shells, some of them very rare. 



E. R. M*IAN, ESQ. 

December 13tili, R. R. M*Ian, Eso., of Charlotte-street 
Portman-sqaarc-rHe was unrivalled both on the stage., and 



■WJ Ul 



US. H170^ MINXES. 17^ 

with bis penoil as a delineator of nature. His first appearance 
in Lpndon as the "Dougal creature" won him a nrst-rate 
reputation, and he is to be remeoiibered as haying been tho 
jester at the Eglinton Tournament. His widow, who is a native 
of Bath, is a clever artist, and was formerly mistress of the 
School of Design in Somerset House. 



J. CALVERT, ESa. 

December 23rd, at Montrose, affed 82, James Calvert, Esq., 
for fifty years Rector of the Montrose Academy. — ^He had 
retired for some years from, active employment in his laborious 
profession, and was much beloved and respected by a large 
number of pupils, who owed to his able instructions mucn 
of their success in life. 

MR. HUGH MILLER. 

December 24th, at Edinburgh, aged 50, Mr. Hugh Miller, the 
well known writer on geology and editor of the Wttneas, — Ho 
died bjT his own hand, naving discharged a pistol through his 
breast in a paroxysm of mental excitement, the result of a brain 
over- wrought by intense study and application. 

**For some months," states the Witness^ ''his overtasked 
intellect had given evidence of disorder. He became the prey 
of false or exaggerated alarms. He fancied — ^if, indeed, it was 
a fancy — that occasionally, and for brief intervals, his faculties 
quite failed him — ^that his mind broke down. He was engaged 
at this time with a treatise on the * Testimony of the Riocks/ 
upon which he was putting out all Ms streng^, working at his 
topmost pitch of intensity. But he wrought at it too eagerly* 
Hours aner midnight the light was seen to glimmer thrqugh 
the window of that room which within the same eventful week 
was to witness the close of the volume and the close of the 
writer's life. This overworking of the brain beg^an to tell upon 
his mental health. He had always been somewhat moooily 
apprehensive of being attacked by footpads, and had carried 
loaded firearms aboTit his person. Latterly, having occasion 
sometiines to return to Fortobello from. Edinburgh at unseason- 
able hours, he had furnished himself with a revolver. But 
now, to all his old fears as to attacks upon his person, there 
was added an exciting and overmastering impression that his 
hotise, and especially that museum^ the miit of so inuch care^ 
which was contained, in a separate outer buildiuiT) were exposed 
to the assault of burglars." 

" Hugh Miller," says the Literary Gazette^ *' was bom at 
Cromarty in 1805. In his early life he worked as a labourer in 
the sandstone quarries of his native district, and afterwards as 
a stonemason in different parts of Scotland. In a work pub^ 
Jished in 1854, * My Schools and Schoolmasters, or the Story of 



172 LITKBABY Ain) SCIEKTIFIC. 



I 



my Edaoation,' Mr. Miller gives a most interesting account of 
his early history, and of the training and self-culture by which 
he rose to honourable rank in literature and science. !Notwith- 
standing the unpretending statements of this narratiye, and 
the disavowal of any other elements of success than are within 
ordinary reach, every reader of that book feels that homage is 
due to a genius original and rare, as well as to natural talentB ^ 

diUgently and judiciously cultivated. While professedly 
written for the benefit of the working classes of his own 
oountrv. there are few who may not derive j>leasant and 
profitable lessons from this most remarkable niece of auto- 
biography. After being engaged in manual laoour for about 
fifteen years, Mr. Miller was for some time manager of a bank \ 

that was established in his native town. While in this position,. I 

a pamphlet that he published on the ecclesiastical controversies 
wnich then distracted Scotland, attracted the attention of the 
leaders of the partv who now form the Free Church, and they 
invited him to oe editor of the Witness newspaper, then about 
to be established for the advocacy of their principles. Mr. 
Miller had already published a volume of * Legendary Tales of 
Cromarty,' of which the late Baron Hume, nephew of the 
historiauj himself a man of much judgment and taste, said it 
was 'written in an English style, which he had beffun to J 

regard as one of the lost arts.' The ability displayed by Mr. ' 

Muler as editor of the Witness^ and the influence exerted by 
him on ecclesiastical and educational events in Scotland are 
well known. Mr. Miller did not confine his newspaper to 
topics of local or passing interest. Jxl its columns ne made 
public his geologiocu observations and researches, and most of 
nis works originalljr appeared in the form of articles in that 
newspaper. It was in 1840, the year at which the autobiogra- 
phical memoir closes, that the name of Hugh Miller first 
oeoame widely known beyond his own country. At the meet- 
ing of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 
at Glasgow that year. Sir Roderick^ then Mr. Mnrohison. gave 
an account of the striking discoveries recently made in tne old 
red sandstone of Scotland. M. Ag^siz, who was present, 
pointed out the peculiarities and the importance of these dis- 
coveries, and it was on this occasion that he proposed to associ- 
ate the name of Mr. Miller with them bv the wonderM fossil, 
the Pterichthvs Milleri, specimens of wnich were then under 
the notice of tae section. Dr. Buckland, following M. Agassiz, 
said that * he had never been so much astonished in his ufe by 
the powers of any man as he had been by the geological de- 
scriptions of Mr. Miller. He described these objects with a 
felicity which made him ashamed of the comparative meagre- 
ness and poverty of his own descriptions in the ' Bridgewater 
Treatise,' which had cost him hours and days of labour. He 
(Dr. Buckland) would give his left hand to possess such powers 
of description as this man, and if it pleased Providence to 
spare his useful life he, if any one, woidd certainly render the 



k 



MB. HT7GE XILLSB. 173 

science attractiye and popular, and do equal service to theology 
and geology*' At the meetings of the association the language 
of panegyric and of mutual compliment is not unfre(|uent« 
ana does not signify much ; but these were spontaneous tributes 
of praise to one comparatiYely unknown. The publication of 
the Yolumeonthe * Old Ked Sandstone/ with the details of the 
author's discoyeries and researches, more than justified all the 
anticipations that had been formed. It was received with the 
highest approbation, not by men of science alone for the interest 
of its facts, but by men of letters for the beauty of its style. 
Sir Roderick Murdiison, in his address to the Geological Sociely 
that year, 'hailed the accession to their science of such a 
writer,' and said that * his work is, to a beginner, worth a thou- 
sand didactic treatises.' The £!dtnburghlteview spoke of the 
book being * as admirable for the clearness of its descriptions 
and the sweetness of its composition as for the purity and 
gracefulness that pervade it.' The impression made by such a 
testimony was the more marked that the reviewer spoke of the 
writer as a fellow-countryman^ * meritorious and self-taught.' 
In 1847 appeared * First Impressions of England and its People,' 
the result of a tour made during the previous year. Some parts 
of this book, especially the account of the pilgrimages to Strat- 
ford-on-Avon, and the Leasowes, and Olney, and other places 
memorable for their literary associations, are as fine pieces of 
descriptive writing as the English language possesses. This 
magic of style characterized all his works, whether those of a 
more popular kind, or his scientific treatises, such as the * Old 
Eed Sandstone,' and * Footprints of the Creator,' a volume sug- 

Sisted by the ' Yestiffes of Creation^' and subversive of the 
llacies of that superficial and plausible book. Not one of the 
authors of our day has approacned Hugh Miller as a master of 
English composition, for the equal of which we must go back to 
the times ox Addison. Hume, and Goldsmith. ^ Other living 
writers have now a wider celebrity, but the^owe it much to the 
peculiarity of their stvle or the popularity of their topics. 
Ml. Miller has taken subjects of science, too often rendered dry 
and repulsive, and has thrown over them an air of attractive 
romance. His writings on literature, history, and politics are 
known to comparatively few, from having appeared in the 
columns of a local newspaper. A judicious selection from his 
miscellaneous articles in the Witness would widely extend his 
fiEune, and secure for him a place in classic English literature 
as high as he held during his life as a periodical writer and as 
a scientific geologist. The personal appearance of Mr. Miller, 
or 'Old Eed,' as he was lamiliarly named by his scientiflp 
friends, will not be forgotten by any who have seen him. A 
head ofgreat massiveness, magnified bv an abundant profasion 
of sub-Celtio hair, was set on a body of muscular compactness, 
but which in later years felt the undermining influence of a 
life of unusual physical and mental toil. Generally wrapped 
in a bulky plaid, and with a garb ready for any work, he had 



Hi THBATKICAL, ETC.' 

the appearanoe of a shepherd from the Ross-shire hills father 
than an author and a man of soience. In conversation or in 
leotoring the man of origrinal genius and onltiyated mind at 
once shone out, and his ahundant information and philosophical 
aouteness were only less remarkahle than his amiahle dispo- 
sition, his generous spirit, and his consistent, humble piety, 
literature uid science have lost in him one of their brightest 
ornaments, and Scotland one of its greatest men. His * T^- 
mony of the Books,' published a few weeks after his death, was 
a great success, and was read with a melancholy interest by all 
classes, on account of the circumstances connected mm its 
production." 

W. RUFF, ESQ. 

December 30th, at 33, Doughty-street, aged 66. William 
Euff, Esq., author of "The Guide to the Turf/' and formerljT 
the repcrter of sporting intelligence to the Xondon d^y 
joumalB. — His literary career extended over a quarter of a 
century, but he retired in the spring of 1854. 



THEATBICAL, ETC. 

MR. JOHN BRAHAM. 

February 17th, in his 88rd year,' th^ celebrated John Braluoii, 
'a. singer whose name has been knowh for nearly the last seyenty 
years. — He wad of Jewish descent, and afforded a remarkabfe 
instance of the great aptitude of the Jewish race for music. 
Bom ia 1774, or, as some say, in 1773, he made his dSbtU m 
1787, under Lieoni, at the Royal Theatre, while still a child, and 
attracted the notice of the late Mr. Abraham Gbldsmid, who 
took him to Bath, and placed him under the tuition of Rauzzini, 
then director of the ancient concerts in that city. He remained 
three years under Rauzzini's tuition, of which ne always spoke 
most gratefully. In 1796 he returned to London, and made his 
appearance in that year in Storace's opera of ** Mahmoud," and 
subsequently obtained engagements at the Italian Opera-house. 
Here nis great reputation was increased by his magnificent 
delivery of ** Deeper, and deeper still," in Handel's " Jepthah.** 
Honing, howeyer, to rise still higher in his profession, he pro- 
ceeaed next year to Italy, to complete his musical education, 
and appeared in public at Florence, Milan, and Gtenoa. At the 
last-named place he studied composition under Isola. In 1801 
he returned to England with his reputation at its zenith, and 
:^m that day to the preset time he has been almost unriyaUed 
as a fayourite of the public. Some twenty years since, haying' 
amassed a large fortune, he built the St. James's Theatre, flod 



HE. u. yotiwgf; '• ITS 



optfodd it as an opera-house, bat the speoitliEtiaa Mlcd, and, 
whsD. more than sixty years of age, he was obikiged to ro over to 
Ameriea, and resume his professional engagem^its to nis bread. 
Here again, however^ suecess attended him« and his latter yean 
were passed, if not m afiuenee, yet in competence, ease, and 
comfort. He married, in 1816, Miss Bolton, of Ardwick, near 
Manchester, and had the jdeasore of seeing his • children aU 
comfortably and respectably settled in life. One of his daiig^<» 
ters was manried fi(»ne years siiace to the late Earl Walae- 
grave, and is now the wife of Mr. G-. Hareoort, of Nnneham; 
M.P. for Oxfordshire, the eldest son of the late Archbii^c^ ot 
York. Braham emoyed to the last a green and hearty old ag;e^ 
made comfortable by the filial duty (n his danffhter. Witiun 
a few weeks; of his death he was seen by ns in l^eter Hall, en- 
joyiag JennT lind's singing in ''Etyah" with the zresk 
feeling and buoyant spirits of a Toung man. His name wfll 
long uye in the memory of Englishmen as the greatest of 
English singers. It was John Braham who, beyond any otiier 
man, excited in this country a knowledge and kve of ^o 
highest musical art ; but the unbounded popularity which he 
so* long enjoyed was derired not so mu<m from uie Italian 
opera, as from the fftot that he exl^ressed, in his weU-lmowtt 
songs, with wonderful force and fire, the nationtd leelings of 
his time. — Illustrated Timei. 



HERR GRIFFITHS. 

March 13th, in Yalentine-iplace, Webber-street, Lambeth, 
Herr Griffiths, the celebrated Pantaloon. — ^At the Christmaa 
before his death he had met, with professional disappointments 
at Preston, where he had engaged to perform in coi^jpnction 
with Mr. Paul Herring. Returning to London, he obtained a 
fresh engagement at one of the metropolitan theatres; but 
something had gone wron^p, and through pecuniary difficulties 
and the fear of losing his engagement, he put an end to his- 
jcareer by cutting his throat. 



MR. C. YOUNG. 

June 29th, at Brighton, Mr. Charles Young, the celebrated 
tragedian. — ^Throughout a long life, whether on the stage or in 
private life, Charles Young always maintained a high chaoracter 
as a gentleman. His maimers were rather cold, but a reseryed 
exterior covered a warm heart. Bom of respectable parents 
and in good circumstances, and gifted with fine talents, Mr. 
Young, instead of entering upon a professional career, for 
which his family intended him, gave waj to the impulse of his 
sold, and went upon the stage, then in high favour m England^ 
where the genius of Gkurick, still fresh in m^n's recollection, 
and of the Eembles' revellmg in popular enthusiasm, had 



176 THBATSICAL, ETC 

raised the representatLyes of Shakspeare's tmdying characters 
to a position whioli ** the players " had not preyionsly enjoyed 
from the days of Thespis. This dignified position of the de> 
votees of the drama, Charles Young's conduct, and his success 
in the buskin, served considerably to uphold, even after he 
retired into private life to! enjoy in peace the comforts of 
affluence and the pleasing reminiscences of a great theatrical 
reputation. 

Though having to make his way on the stage under the dis* 
advantc^ resulting from the popmar enthusiasm in favour of 
John Eemble, then in the zenith of his glory, Charles Young 
soon won a high position, and in some characters, more than 
divided the favour of the town with ** Bosdus" himself, upon 
whose model he fashioned his own style. In the delineation of 
Eoman character Charles Young never was surpassed; and 
yet, it was in Zanaa—ihe noble creation of Dr. Young's genius 
in ** The Bevenge, a clmraoter the very antithesis of iruttts 
or Coriolanus — that Young reaped his highest triumphs. That 
fiery part he made emphatically his own ; in it he had neither 
a oompetit<nr, nor a rival. Never, certainly, was there a 
more magnificent tableau than Charles Young as the haughty 
descendant of the great Abdallah bestriding the corse of the 
slain Alonzo. It was our good fortune twice to witness un- 
questionably the finest exhibition that ever was or ever will be 
seen upon the stage, and that was Kean and Younff, in the 
tragedy of "Othello," alternating the characters of Othello 
and logo. Both were in their prime, and each put forth aU 
his powers ; and good judges, who were enchanted with the 
noble rivalry, never could determine to whom the palm was due 
in the character of the wily and malignant " ancient," though 
it was generally admitted that, taken all in all, Kean was the 
Othello of Shakespeare. 

Nor was Younr s dramatic talent confined to the creations of 
tragic muse. In high comedy he was an admirable performer : 
in proof whereof we may merely observe that playing against 
Oharles Kemble's Charles Surface and Captain Absolute^ he 
positively made Joseph Surface and Falkland really popular 
characters. 

Mr. Young retired from the stage before either his physical 
or his mental powers showed symptoms of decay, and for some 
years before his death resided at Brighton, wnere he enjoyed 
the pleasure of mixing in good society. His death terminated 
a long and severe ilmess, which he bore with fortitude and 
resignation. — Daily News, 

MADAME VESTBIS. 

August 8th; at Grove Lodge, Fulham, aged 59, after a long 
and painful illness, Mrs. Charles Mathews, better known as 
Madame Vestris. — Eliza Lucy Bartolozzi, born in London in 
4he year 1797t was the daughter of the well-known engraver of 



MAT)ATtfE TESTBIS. 177 

that name, and at an early age displayed an extraordinanr 
talent for the acquisition of music and lanipiages. She had» 
however, no intention of devoting herself to the profession of 
the stage until after her marriage with M. Armand YestiiB, 
l>rincipal dancer and hallet-master at the Kind's Theatre, 
which took place on the 28th January, 1818. This union did 
not prove a happy one. Yestris was a vulgar profligate, who, 
:finding the charms of his young wife might be made profitable 
«n the sta^, determined on bringing her before the pubHo. 
The lady willingljr consented, and, after receiving a few lessons 
in singing from Signer Corri, she made her d^but at the Italian 
Opera, on the 20th Julv, 1815, for her husband's benefit, as 
ProaerpifM, in Winter s opera of " II Batto di Proserpina," 
and had the good fortune to obtain the applause of the publio 
and tiie approbation of her Royal Highness the Princess Char- 
lotte in the part. Her histrionic talents were as yet but imper- 
fectly developed, and it was soon discovered that she had been 
imprudently tluust into parts which she was inadequate to fill. 
IShe, tiierefore, at tiie close of the season of 1816, ^oceeded with 
her husband to Paris, where she appeared as jProserpina^ at 
the Opera, and afterwards played in drama and tragedy at 
"Some of the French theatres. Having declined to accompany 
her husband to Naples, where he settled as a ballet-master, 
Madame Yestris returned to London in 1819, and entered into 
tm engagement with ElHston for Druij Lane, where she made 
tier first appearance in English opera, in the character of LiUa^ 
in the *' Siege of Belgrade. Here she speedily acquired great 
popularity. In the character of Don Otovanni, in " Giovanni 
m London," she took the town bystorm, and filled the treasurv 
'of old Drury for many a night. Her fame was now establishea, 
and she continued to feuscinate the public in London and at the 
principal metropolitan theatres for several years. In 1825 her 
nusband died. Her London performances were now principally 
confined to Covent Gkirden, and she had begun to act in comedy 
XLS well as opera with much success. Her Lydia Lanauish, 
Xetiiia Maray, and Maria Darlington, might oe classed with 
her Giovanni, Captain Macheath, and Apollo, as favourites 
with the public. In 1829 she was at the zenith of her popu- 
larity, when she became the lessee and manager of the Olympic 
Theatre, and, collecting around her a first-rate little company, 
jshe commenced her speculation on the 3rd of January, 1830, 
with a drama, called *^ Mary Queen of Scots," the burlesque of 
** Olympic Revels," " Mariette," and " Clarissa Harlowe.*^ The 
success which attended her elegant system of management in 
this " boudoir theatre," as it was called, is fresh in the memory 
of most playgoers. On ike 7th of December, 1835, Mr. Charles 
J. Mathews made his first appearance as a public performer on 
these boards, in **The Old and Young Stager." A series of 
brilliant little pieces, from the pens of the most popular authors, 
sustained the &rtunes of the house until the close of the season, 
on the 31st of May, 1838. In the month of August, in the 



178 THBATBICiX. 

same year, Madame Yestris became Mrs. Charles Mathews, and 
immeoiatdy after sailed for America — ^leaying the Olympie 
under the direction of Mr. Planchc — where they remained 
during: the wint^ returning to the Olympic on the 2nd of 
Januaij, 1839. This, however, was her last season at the 
Olympic, for in September, 1839. she entered with Mr. Matiiews 
on the management of Covent Garden Theatre. During their 
direction of this theatre, Mr. and Mrs. Mathews produced a 
succession of the most sidendid novelties and import^uit re- 
vivals; some artists, too» who have since risen to celebrity, 
made their first London appearance under their auspices. The 
speculation did not, however, prove a lucrative one, and thev 
gave up the theatre at the close of their third season, in Anril, 
1842. We next find Madame Yestris, with her husband, play- 
ing at Drurv Lane ; but, owin^ to a disagreement wim Mr. 
Macready, tney transferred their services to the Haymarket, 
where the^ made their first appearance on the 14th of Novem- 
ber, 1843, in " The School lor SoandaL" They remained at the 
Haymarket, with occasional provincial trips, until the summer 
of 1845, when they seceded from that estabUshment, and in 
March, 1846, appeared at the Princess's Theafare, where they 
played until tne following October. During the winter and 
spring of 1846-7 they were engaged in the provinces. Of her 
subsequent career, as directress of the Lyceum Theatre, during 
her husband's lesseeship of that theatre, which they rendered 
one of the most fashionable and elegant in the metropolis, we 
need say nothing ; the events are r d recent as to need no record 
here. Her last appearance in public was on July 24th, 1854, 
on the occasion of Mr. C. Mathews's benefit, when she played in 
the comedietta of " Sunshine through Clouds." She was buried 
at Kensal Green. — Morning Post, 



MR. T. LEE. 

August 10th, at the Hoop and Adze, St. John-street, Clerk- 
enwell, Mr. Thomas Lee, the well-known Irish comedian. — He 
was formerly many years a member of the Theatres Royal, 
Covent Garden and Drury Lane, and the meteopolitan theatres, 
and lately the proprietor of the Beckford's Head, Old-street, 
St. Luke's, and the Adam and Eve, St. Pancras. He had been 
in ill-health for two years past, but occasionally performed at 
the difierent theatres. He was a most kind and affectionate 
Mend to his brethren in the profession in the hour of adversity,, 
was loved and re8i>ected by all who knew him, and his deam 
has occasioned great grief amongst his surviving relatives. 



M. BAUMANN. 

August 25th, in Albert-street, Regent's Park,- aged 52, M. 
Jean Francois Baumann, the celebrated musician, whose per* 



PAIKTSBS. 179 

Ibrmances on the baseoon are well known to all frequenters of 
the Italian Opera and the Ancient Concerts. — M. Baumann was 
a Belgian by birth, and had resided in this conntry for a 
quarter of a century. As a performer of solos and an orches- 
tral plaver, he was almost without an equal. To great purity 
of tone ne added an executive faculty of marvellous skilL He 
has left a widow and one child. 



SIGNOR CEIVELLI. 

December 31st, in Upper Norton-street, Signor Crivelli. — He 
came to England in 1817 with his father, wno was engaged as 

Srinoipal tenor at the King's Theatre. Since that time he 
edicated himself to the professional teaching of singing, and 
soon gained a great name, which he retained to the last. Since 
the foundation of the Royal Academy of Music, in 1823, he had 
been the principal professor of singing at that institution ; and 
almost all our present iirst-rate singers have been his pupils. 
He was much esteemed and beloved in private life. 



PAIHTEBS. 

M. L. DUCORNET. 

March 10th, in France, aged SO, M. Louis C^sar Joseph Du- 
oomet. — He waa bom of humble and poor parents, and received 
lus early instruction in drawing froot a mend of the family^ 
M. Wateau ; the ma;ror of lille perceiving his talent, obtained 
from that municipality a bourse of 300 fruics in order to send 
the child to Paris, where he was placed in the atelier of 
Lethi^re. He ^oyed a pension of 1,200 francs during the 
reign of Charles X. Before 1830 he had painted the " Fartinff 
of Hector and Andromache," and several portraits. His chi« 
productions are ** Repentance," and the ** Death of St. Mary 
Magdalene," which gained medals at Cambray, and his *' Christ 
in the Sepulchre" (gold medal, 1845). In 1855 he exhibited 
Ms ** Edith," a commission from the Emperor. He also gained 
several medals in provincial exhibitions. His father survives 
him ; but in his old ajjfe he has had to rely for support on the ' 
sale of his son's paintings. 

J. A. HERBERT, ESQ. 

September 18th, at Muriao, in Auvergne, France, aged 22, 
£r(Hn typhus fever, John Arthur Herbert, Esq., eldest son of 
John R. Herbert, Esq., R.A.— Mr. Herbert was educated at St. 
Marp-'s College, Oseott, under Cardinal Wiseman, and after 
leaving school studied painting under his father, with whom. 

N 2 



180 PAINTE&S. 

he had spent between two and three years in Franoe. He 
was the author of ** Philip IT. of Spain Knightine Velasquez," 
one of the most admired pictures in the National Ghillery thu 
year (1856), and one whien by its genuine feeling and historio 
truth attracted the s|)ecial commendation of Her Majesty and 
Prince Albert, who highly complimented Mr. Herbert on his 
son's success and promise of future distinction. The paintinr 
itself, we bdieve, was purchased hj the ex-Lord Ma^or (Sir F. 
Moon), being selected for his lordship by an academician wh(«L 
he had commissioned to purchase the best cabinet picture in 
the exhibition.-— (Abridged from the Tablet,) 



M. P. DELAEOCHE. 

Noyember 4th, at Paris, aged 59, Paul Delaroche, one of the 
most distii^guished of the modem French school.— Though he 
had long been suffering, his death seems to have been quite 
unexpected. Durinp: we day he had been conversing with 
M. Horace Yemet, his father-in-law, with M. Qoupil, and with 
one of his medical attendants, when suddenly, without the 
slightest movement, without a sjjgph, he bent his head— and 
expired. The immediate cause of dissolution was an affection 
of the heart. 

Delaroche was one of the most remarkable of the remaining 
links between the present and the past period of French art. 
He was a pupil of^Gros, who was a pupil of David, who first 
awakened French taste from the slumber in which it had 
indulged since the dying out of the great school of landscape- 
painters. David's sole merit consisted in arousing French 
artists to a sense of the beauty, correctness, and expression of 
tiie (Ireek and Roman forms. His fault was that he could not 
comprehend the essential difference between pointing and 
sculpture. He threw nature aside, and fancied that a pcture 
mignt be composed by introducing correct Greek or Boman out- 
lines filled in with tame colour. But he exercised an influence 
on the French school which was transmitted through Gros to 
Delaroche, whose first efforts in painting betrayed the source of 
his inspiration. In the course of his career ne has gradually 
thrown off the fetters imposed upon him by his early tuition, 
and is universally recognized as one who has done much to 
elevate French art to its present high position. 

He was bom in Paris in the year 1797. He studied hard, 
and took care not to rush too early into the lists with other 
artists, and expose himself to the disgrace of defeat, or the 
danger of obtaining a premature reputation. It was not until 
1822 that he attracted public attention by his " Joas," now in 
the Luxembourg. From that time he rose in the estimation of 
the artistic world. He gained a prize in the exhibition of 
1824, and it then became a subject of remark that he was dis- 
playing a freedom from conventionalities which marked inde- 



p. OXLABOCHX. 181 

pendence and indiyiduality/ " The Death of Annibale Garaooi/' 
brought forward in 1826, and '* The Death of Queen Elizabeth/' 
in 1827, displaved these qualities in a still stronger light. It 
may be noted here, that in these two pictures he gave evident 
proofs of his dissatisfaction with the bald colouring of the 
school of Dayid. Not only was there {preater harmon:^ &iid 
richness, but there was more meaning m the colour itself. 
David used colour as an accessory simplv to fill up a space ; 
Delaroohe saw that the great painters used it to oonvey senti- 
ment; and put this knowledge into practice. His influence 
showed itself upon the rising ^nerauon of artists. He con- 
tinued to augment Ms reputation by successive works always 
oarefuUy painted, always Ixue to the principles he had adopted, 
and ahnost always displacing marks of progression. In 1836 
appeared " The Murder ofthe Due de Guise, a cabinet picture. 
This is considered by many persons his masterpiece. It has 
the usual marks of care, high finish, purity of tone, and in 
fact all his technical merits ; but it diqilays more imagination 
than is usual with him. It can seldom, m fact, be asserted 
that Delaroohe shows much imagination in his compositions. 
He rarely catches hold of a circumstance which throws a broad 
suggestive light upon the details of his picture. He always 
pins you down to the details. The mind seldom gets a sug- 
gestion which awakes a crowd of thoughts in harmony with, 
out not identical with, the great impression to be conveyed. 
You never dream over Delaroche's pictures. The plain story 
that he wishes to tell is told with aU the truth of^ which the 
painter is capable, but it raises no echo. Nevertheless, it must 
be confessed that he is always equal to what he undertakes. 
He conveys precisely what he intends to convey, without a 
single shortcoming. Above all, he is thoroughly intelli^ble. 
He does not idealize beauty like Saphael, or oolour like Titian, 
or nooks of space like Rembrandt, or atmosphere like Claude, 
or room-fumiture like Gerard Dow or Jan Steen. He gets, by 
dint of much thought we are inclined to believe, a strong 
oommon-sense view of an historical scene. He then brings 
to bear upon this all the technicalities of the art of which he is 
so great a master. He works with a conscientiousness rare 
amount modem artists, and produces a work which, if not of 
the highest order of imagination, is yet effective, true, and 
artistic. A young student would find wonderful advantage in 
looking carefidly over Delaroche's works in the order in which 
they were xMiinted. He would be able to discover the influence 
which continual study had exercised over the painter's mind« 
He would trace the eradual alteration in the colouring, from 
the rough trowel- worK and ignorance of harmony in his first 
works, to the smoothness, delicacy, and completeness of tone of 
the last. Above all, he would observe the infiuence which 
Delaroche's journey into Italy in 1834 had upon his subsequent 
productions. The simplicity, richness of colour, and, above 
all, the expression remarkable in the elder Italian compositions, 



182 WAXXTEMB. 

in spite of their inartistic groupingr, produced a ereat effect 
upon him. This is remarkahle, particidarly in nis ''Saint 
Cecilia" and "Madonna." An mdnstzions stadent shonkl 
endeavour to account for these sncoessive alterations and im- 
provements in the artist's style. He wonld receive by snch a 
process an invaluable lesson. Amoxu: the ^ctures by this 
painter which have obtained the most celebrity, we may mention 

The Baptism of Clovis," and the " Coronation of Charlemagne 
at Rome, ' and his glorious groups with which he adorned 1^ 
hemioyde of the Eoole des Beaux Arts. 

The pictures by which he is best known in England aie 
" The Sons of Edward IV. in tiie Tower," " Lord Strafford on 
hb way to Execution," " Charles I. insulted in the Guaid- 
room," and " Cromwell contemplating the Body of Charles I." 
Of these we think the two first-mentioned are immeasurably 
tiie best. The two last, although containing evidences of all 
the technical merits of Delaroche, fail, not from want of skilif 
but from want of imagination. The CromwdOL is dedd^y 
vulgar. He is short, squat, imdignified. He shows nothing af 
the oearing for whicm he was so distinguished afb» he became 
remarkable for his great deeds. There is nothing visible of the 
grandeur of the man of intdlect, of the consoions dignity of 
tiie successful soldier. The Charles I. is still less to our likmg. 
The king is not merely patient, he is pusillanimous. He shows 
neither discomfort under his own nhydcal disquiet, n(Mr wonder 
at the cruelty and insolence of tne sdldioa, nor high*mxDded 
resignation under unavoidable misfortune. « The prominent 
expresdon is dmply insensibility. 

The death of Delaroche is a ^eat loss to the Erraich school. 
Indeed, since 1837 he had exhibited nothing, and latterly he 
had retired altogether from the world. First he dosed hm 
studio, and then he declined to exhibit his pictures. He tiook 
no part in the Exhibition of 1855. At lengtii he withdrew 
entirely to the circle of his relations, liv^ with his two 
children and his most intimate friends, and devoted to his art 
whatever time the incuraUe disease with which he was afflicted 
allowed him. Yet during this period of sedudon he produced 
works which we are assured equal, if they do not surpass, those 
which have attained to notoriety. Among these are mentianed« 
"Marie Antoinette before the Revolutionary Tribunal," a 
"Desoent from the Cross," and "The Last Banquet of tlie 
Girondins." He has died in the maturity of his powers, witii 
a reputation not only French but European. He leaves the 
world which he has delimited with his genius full of wdl- 
earned honours, and will Be remembered by posterity as one of 
the most original painters of the d&j,— Daily News, 



1S3 



FOBEIOH. 

COUNT DE PRALORMO. 

January Ist, at Tarin, after a abort illness, Count Charles 
Berando de Pralormo, Enight of the Order of the Annuneiado 
and ex-Minister of State. — M. de Pralormo was appointed as 
Minister Plenipotentiary of the Eing of Sardinia at Paris, in 
1849, which post he quitted in 1851. Before coming to Paris, 
he had been for eight years Minister of the Interior under King 
Charles Albert. He was named senator in 1848, and after the 
promulgation of the constitution, was one of those who frankly 
adopted the new form of government. At the conferences 
which were opened at Milan, after the victory of the Austrians 
«t Novara, the deceased was sent there, and his influence 
modified the terms which Austria wished to impose on the 
king. 

M. V0R08MARTY. 

January — , near Pesth, Bohemia, Michael Yorosmarty, the 
Hungarian Poet. — He was bom in Weissemberg in 1800, and in 
early life devoted himself to tuition ; in 1806 he went to Pesth 
to study philosophy, and in due time obtained his diploma as 
an advocate ; but his taste and genius chalked out for him a 
different course. 

In 1821 he published his first important work, *' £ing Sola- 
man," a tragedy for the legendary history of his native country, 
which was followed by his " King Sig^smund," and ** Kort." In 
1826 he wrote a popular romantic poem, entitled " The Fairy 
Yallej;" and in 1828 appeared an epic, "Eger u Erlau, 
descriptive of the defence of that place against the Turks in 
the sixteenth century. Some of his other poems, as *' Cseiiiolm," 
** Zulan Fusan," are well known, and his " Szozat " or " The 
Appeal," is termed the Hungarian Marseillaise. Many of his 
lync effusions are translated oy Sir J. Bowring in his interest- 
ing volume on the Magyar poets. He was also one of the 
authors of the Hungarian Dictionary and Grammar published 
by the Academy, and was a great acmirer and critic of Shaks* 
peare. He was actively engaged in tiie insurrection of 1848 
and was a member of the Diet and ministerial party : his latter 
days, however, were passed in seclusion. 



M. F. EUDE. 

January — , aged 71, Fran9ois Rude, one of the most emi- 
nent sculptors of France.— He was bom at Dijon in 1784, and 



184 FOBEiay. 

in 1812 obtained the grand prize for sculptnre at Rome. The 
Emperor Napoleon early noted his genius, and the sculntor was 
always a warm supporter of the imperial rSqime, The Kestora- 
Hon was consequently a period of obscurity to Rude, and it 
was not until after the Revohition of 1830 that his fame became 
widely known. In 1833 he obtained the cross of the Legion of 
Honour for his exquisite statue of the Neapolitan Fisherman. 
He was the principal artist employed by Mohs. Thiers in 1836 
to decorate the Arc de Triomphe de I'Etoile, and his perform* 
ance on that edifice, representing the departure of the republi- 
can armies to defend the soil of France in 1795, has proved a. 
constant theme of admiration. The Grand Jury of the Ex- 
position Uniyerselle in 1855 assigned him a medal of honour. 



PRINCE DE CORSINI. 

January 6th, at Rome, aged 89, the Prince Don Tomaso Cor- 
sini. — He was bom in 1767, and during his long life occupied 
manv important diplomatic and political posts. At the time of 
his death he was councillor of state for the finances. He was. 
buried in the splendid chapel of the Corsini at St. John de 
Lateran, in that city. The eldest son of the deceased, now 
Prince Condni, is Minister for Foreign Affairs to l^e Grand 
Duke of Tuscany. 

M. DAVID. 

January 6th, aged 65, M. David (d' Angers), the celebrated 
sculptor. — He executed the frieze of the Pantheon, and may be 
said to be the inventor of the colossal style of sculpture in 
I^rance. His busts of Chateaubriand and Lord Byron are well 
known. He was the author of the monuments of General Foy 
and Marshal St. Cyr, in Pdre la Chaise ; of the statue of Dr* 
Larre^r, in Yal de Grace, and of that of Philopoemen, in the- 
Tuileries. He represented Angers in tiie Chamber of Depu- 
ties during the revolution of 1848. He was buried at P^re la 
Chaise, and his faneral was attended by an extraordinary 
crowd of eminent men in the artistic, literary, and political 
world. Among the followers were the poet Beranger, General 
Cavaignac, and M. Yillemain. The paU-bearers were alter- 
nately General Cavaignac, MM. Camot, Goudchaux. Ambroise 
Thomas, Leon Halevey, Henri Lemaire, and several pupils of 
the deceased. M. Leon Halevey pronpunced a funeral oratioa 
over the grave. 

PRINCE PASKIEWITSCH. 

, Febnuuy Ist, at Warsaw, aged 73, Ivan Fedorowitoh Paskie- 
witsch, Pnnce of Warsaw, Count of Erivan, and Field-Marshal 
and Gfeneral-in-Chief of the Russian army. — He was bom at 
Pultowa on the 12th of May, 1782, and was consequently in his 



FBINCE Fi^SSIEWITSCH. 185i 

74tlL year. At an earl^ age he entered the corns of Pages, and 
after having distinguished himself hy a hruliant course of 
study, was appointed a lieutenant in the Guard, and aide- 
de-camp to the Emperor Paul. In 1805 he made his first 
campai^ as captain in an auxiliary corps, which was sent t» 
the assistance of Austria against the French. In 1806, he 
served in the army acting against Turkey, and through the 
whole time occupied hj that expedition— 1807 to 1812— he was 
remarked for the exhibition oi great military talents. Th& 
Prince was several times employed in missions to Constantino- 
ple. When hostilities with Turke^r ceased in 1812, and war 
broke out between France and Russia, the grand army of Na- 
poleon advanced into the heart of the Czar's dominions. 
General Paskiewitsch was appointed to the command of the 
26th division of infantry, which formed part of the corps of 
Prince Bagration, and was present at the battles of Dachkofka^ 
Soultanofka, Smolensko, and Moskowa. In 1813 he com- 
manded ;in chief the blockade of Modlin. In the month of 
September of that year he was in the battle of Culm ; in the 
following month, at that of Dresden, where he commanded th& 
advancea guard ; and then at Leipsio, where his conduct pro- 
cured his promotion to the rank of lieutenant-general. He- 
was subsequently employed successively in the blockades of 
Magdeburg and Hamburg ; in 1814 he was intrusted with the 
command of the 2nd division of Grenadiers, then in France, 
and at the battle of Arcis-sur-Aube he had a horse killed under 
him. On his return to Russia, in 1815, he married Mdlle. 
Griboyedoff, a lady of noble family in Moscow. In 1817 h& 
accompanied the Grand Duke Michael on his tour through 
Germany, Holland, and Italy, and on reaching home, in 1820, 
he was appointed a chief of a division of the Imperial Guard. 
When, in 1826, war broke out between Russia and Persia, 
Paskiewitsch was nominated second in command of the armv 
of the Caucasus, at the special request of General Yermolon,. 
the general-in-chief. Here he rendered such important ser- 
vices, particularly at Elisavetpol, that he was presented by the- 
Emperor Nicholas with a sword mounted in diamonds, and 
bearing the inscription—*' To the Conqueror of the Persians at 
Elisavetpol." In the next year General Paskiewitsch succeeded 
Yermoloff in the chief command, which he retained till peace- 
was concluded with the Shah on the 10th February, 1828. In 
the war with Turkey which followed, Paskiewitsch captured 
Kars and Erzeroupi, and was marching upon Trebizond, when 
hostilities were put an end to by the signature of a treaty. The 
Polish insurrection was the next great occasion on which Mar- 
shal Paskiewitsch distinguished himself. Having succeeded 
to the command on the death of General Diebitsch, ne signally 
defeated the Poles and captured Warsaw— services for which 
he was raised to the dignity of Prince of Warsaw, with the title 
of highness, and the power of transmitting it to his heirs. He 
was, moreover, appointed viceroy of the kingdom of Poland^ 



186 TOBSIGN. 

which he held till his death. He re-appeared twice subfle- 
fluently in command of an umy ; first, in the Hungarian war, 
when Russia sent troops to aid Anstria ; and, seoondl:^, in 1858, 
at the siege of Silistna, where he reoeiTed a contasion whicli 
compelled him to retire. It is said that he did not approve of 
the aggression of Russia on this occasion, and that fill along he 
was in favour of peace. His death is stated to have removed 
the last obstacle that stood in the way of great changes in the 
administration of the kingdom of Poland. His funeral took 
place at Warsaw on March 4th with great ceremony, but his 
remains were afterwards interred, according to his wish, in 
the village of Twanowka, part of his estate, and situated near 
the fortress oi Twangorod. A combined regiment of Cossacks 
and of the line, by the emperor's order, escorted the body, and 
during Hie nine days' mournii^ which was <^ered in Poland, 
all the theatres were closed. It is said that the Czar wished 
Prince Paskiewitsch to have a public funeral, and awarded 
36,000 roubles for the purpose ; but that his widow and family 
begged that they might bury the deceased at their own expense, 
and that the 86,000 roubles might be distributed among the 
poor of Warsaw. The death of the prince was followed on the 
Idth of liay by that of his princess. 

As to the source of ^e greatness of the deceased prince, the 
French Journal du Loiret contains an anecdote which possesses 
a certain interest :— ** He had a pensioner in Paris, an old 
woman living in the Faubourg Montmartre, to whom he paid a 
sum of 200 roubles a year, the cause of which pension was as 
follows : — In the year 1815 the allied sovereigns were present 
<>n the Place de la Concorde at a religious ceremony, penormed 
in the way of thanksgiving for tne success of their arms. 
Round the temporary altar was raised a platform, upon which 
were crowded between 40,000 and 50,000 Kussians in uniform 
<8ays the journal I quote from) ; the allied sovereigns, the Czar 
Alexander in the middle, occupied the stone balcony of the 
hotel of the Minister of Marine. At the topmost step of the 
platform above mentioned stood Ma^or-General Paskiewitsch, 
who amused himself with examinmp^ the assembled crowd 
tiirough an opera-glass. All at once his eye feU upon a young 
womau, who was evidently striving, might and main, to pene- 
trate into the arena of reserved places ; and, recognizing in her 

the handsome Ad^le P , then an actress of the Varietes, he 

dei^atched an aide-de-camp to facilitate her progress, and 
then descended the platform himself to assist in placing her. 
When she was placed, Paskiewitsch prepared to regain his 
place at the top, but had no sooner tried to remount t^e steps, 
than the upper i)art of the platform, overloaded widi human 
bemgs, gave way, and a veiy large number of persons, but 
especially officers, were kiUeo, and severely wounded. Pas- 
kiewitsch immediately said that fate had taken the shape of 

Mademoiselle Addle JP , and had preserved him from a 

violent death. That same evening he paid the young actress a 



YICOMTE S'ABLIFCOUBT. 1^7 

Tisit;, and begged her to aooept a magnifioent dhanond as a mark 
of faiB gratitade. It is singplar that, not only did ^s yoonff 
girl in an indirect way influenoe PaskiewitBdi's persomu 
safety, but she was indirectly the cause of his fortune. Alex- 
ander, then under the rule of the £unous Madame Erudener, 
heard the story, and was oonyinoed that a man ao manifesdy 
lucky as this must be iMrought about himself, and employed in 
the service of the empire ; aoocmUngly he oonferrea an im- 
portant command upon him at once, and from that hour hia 
career went on more brilliantly every day ; and our readers 
may, perhaiw, recollect the speedi nuide to him by Nicholas^ 
when, early in the present war, the Gsar said he was anjdooa 
Isr his services : — * 1 do not want your talent [1 do not believe 
he ever had any] : I want your luck.' It seems that while 
tiie Russian officer marched from dignity to dignity, and from 

distinetioa to distinction, poor Ad^le P went slowly down 

hill ; and at last, in the year 18S1, just at the moment when 
Paskiewitsch had been named Prince of Warsaw, she was com* 
pelled to leave the stage, and ie^ into oblivion, and then into 
positive distress. She bethoiight her then of the general who, 
in 1815, had told her she was his ' luck,' and, as a last resource, 
wrote to Prince Paskiewitsch, telling him of her actual state. 
In answer, from 8t. Petersburg, she received 100 roubles, and a 
letter informing her she should everv six months receive the 
same sum. Tne promise was strictiy kept; and upon her 
£34 or £35 per annum she lived for many years, havmg only 
died eight or nine months sinoe." 



M. DONIZETTI. 

February 10th, at Pera, after a long and painful illness, M. 
Donizetti, brother of the celebrated composer. — ^He was gene- 
rally esteemed and respected by all classes, and displayed great 
skill and ingenuity in training the Turks and formine their 
nulitary bands, wmch had attained to considerable pronciency 
in the musical art. He had amassed a large fortune, and had 
been pensioned off by the Saltan a short time before his death, 
with the rank of pacna. — Home News. 



THE VICOMTE D'ARLINCOURT. 

February 13th, at Paris, M. le Yioomte d'Arlinoourt, the well- 
known author of " Le Ben^rat," '* Le Solitaire," '* Ipsiboe," and 
other romances written in the style originated by M. de Cha- 
teaubriand. — ^M. le Yioomte belox^ged to the anden rSgime in 
all his ways. In his " accost " tkere was a mixture of Byronio 
sadness and mystery, and of the most flowery and elaborate 
courtesies ever circulated m the most ceremonious circles of the 
the Faubourg. His personal graces, aided wil^ rouge, pearl 
powder, and all that the hairdresser's art could do, and decked 



188 FOEEiaN. 

out with a mafmificent diflplay of lewels and orders, was no less 
remarkable. Some years agoM. d'Arlincourt travelled in Eng- 
land, and wrote a book on *' The Three Kingdoms/' which of 
its kind was a veritable ooriosity. His passage throaehthe 
society of a London season—made delightrul to nimself By the 
persuasion that in every house there was a copy of " Le Soli- 
taire/' and that very beautifal Mleesa had the^ snblimest pas- 
sages of that romance b^ heart, — ^his confusion of persons^ 
places, and oelebrities, — ^his melancholy and aristocratic toler- 
ation of our social want of finish, — and the wonderfiil compli- 
ments addressed bv him with tongue and pen to such^ of 
our imaginative writers as he fEuioied were worthy of sunning 
themselves in his smile— are all so many curiosities belongiiur 
to a bygone world, which, we imagine, cannot be reproduoed. 
Curious, however, as was his literature, and wondrous as was 
his demeanour, M. le Yicomte d' Arlincourt was an upright and 
honourable gentleman, in meaning kindly and courteous. — 
Some News. 

BARON VON BIELA. 

February 18th, at Yenioe, aged 73, the Baron Yon Biela, the 
celebrated astronomer. — ^Wilhelm, Baron von Biela, a migor in 
the Austrian arm^, was bom in 1782. In the year 1826, whilst 
quartered with his regiment at Josephstadt, in Bohemia, he 
made the discovery of the comet which was called after him. 
Having retired from the army, he spent the last years of his life 
in tiie study of astronomy. 

HEINRICH HEINE. 

February 18th, at Paris, aged 57, after lyinff on a sick-bed 
during eight years, with the mind, fancy, and wit still living 
in a paralirzed body, Heinrich Heine, one or the most celebratea 
Gem^ writers of our time.-His writings are weU known to 
all students of German literature, and his reputation is Euro- 
X>ean. But it may be doubted if he ever did justice to his re- 
markable gifts. His stores of fancy, tenderness, and deep 
thought were traversed by a vein of sarcasm which spared no 
one, and a spirit of mockery which respected nothing. Henoe» 
with all the grace of his verse and the brilliancy of his prose, 
his works are not likely to maintain that place hereafter to 
which the genius they develop would be otherwise entitled. 

To use we language of a contemporary sketch :— " The an- 
nouncement of the death of Heine will not perhaps produce a 
^at effect upon old Europe, but it will cause many a throb 
in the breast of young Germany. Heine represented younip 
Germany in its most brilliant phase. Although he tried moat 
earnestly, during the few last years of his life, to transform 
himself into a Frenchman — to become the representative of 
French forms of thought in art and literature— he never sue- 



HEINBICH HXHTE. 189 

oeeded. The old Teutonic character still dang to him, and was 
yisihle throueh all the coyerinffs with which he thought he had 
concealed it uy the adoption of the mad doctrines of the New- 
Hegelians. To the English reader Heine is almost unknown. 
To the great mass of the English puhlic, he would be utterly 
unintemgihle. Nevertheless, to those who would wish to 
obtain an insight into the working of the intellect of the young 
CFermany of a feV years back, Heine is a noteworthy person- 
age. He exercised an influence over the minds of the young 
Cfermans of education in his day, certainly not inferior to that 
which Byron exerted over the British youth of his time. It 
would be unfair, howeyer, to compare the influence of Bvron 
with that of the apostles of young Qermany. Let one of the 
distinguished of the latter speak tor himself. Marr, who repre- 
sente the new faith in its greatest intensity, thus speaks of tiie 
intention of himself and his associates : — ' To attack, irrespective 
of all consequences, not only existing institutions in church and 
state, but church and state themselves ; to make workmen the 
enemies of God ; to inflame them against all existing rela- 
tions I to annihilate all feelings of religion.' ' The transcendentel 
consciousness of God,' says the same author, 'is the comer- 
stone of our whole worm-eaten society. So long as men cling 
even by a filament of thought on Heaven, there will be no sal- 
yatirai on earth.' 

'* It may be said that Heine did not advocate views like these 
in all their nakedness. He confessed in his later years, that 
monarchy might be the best form of government, and that 
something might be said in favour of religion. But he had 
educated the mind of young Gennany before he made these 
confessions, and the evil that he effected was never to be cured 
by his later writings. 

" He was bom in 1799, at Dusseldorf, of Jewish parents ; at the 
ap^of twenty-six, he recanted his faith, and professed the Chris- 
tian religion. Nothing that he ever said or did can lead us to 
the conclusion that the recantation meant anything more than a 
determination to get rid of the disabilities which Judaism in- 
flicted upon ite professors in Geraoiany. At the outbreak of the 
revolution of 1830, he betook himself to Paris, but he seemed 
soon to sicken of republican ideas. He gave up his role of poli- 
tics, and flun^ himself with enthusiasm into the pursuits of 
literature. His poems, published between 1830 and 1834, are 
without doubt the most original productions of modem German 
literature. They are fantestic in the highest sense of the word. 
They deal with the most grotesque, and occasionally, the most 
awfal of ideas. Hiey treat all the ordinary laws of rhythm 
with contempt, and yet have a strange melody of their own. 
Their effect in Germany was remarkable. They led the soul of 
young Germany captive, and the country is only slowly recover- 
ing from their demoralizing effecte. It is well, perhaps, for the 
rising generation of Europe, that Heine is untxanslatable. His 
style is so peculiarly his own, tiiat it can be imitated in no 



190 YOUEIOir. 



<yther language. We should as soon yenture to translate asonig 
of Bums into language of a drawing-room at the West-end* 
as to oiFer a version of one of Heine's lyrics. He died after 
haling exeroised an influenoe over the mind of his countrymen 
which will be felt for years, and which it will require a genits 
equal to his own to counteract." 



PRINCE DE TORELLA. 

The Prince of Torella lately died at Naples, in a very sudden 
and melancholy manner. He had passed the evening at the 
house of one of his Mends, and on nis return home was found 
dead in his carriage. He had died of an apoplectic seizure. 
The Prince was the head and representative of one of the branches 
of the ancient house of Caracciolo, which has been established 
BO many centuries in the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, and 
which has produced a succession of persons illustrious as war- 
riors, cardinals, and popes. — Illustrated Times, February 28th. 



LA COMTESSE CAUMONT LA FORCE. 

Felnruary 23rd, murdered by her man-servant, A. Baumann, 
a native of Mecklenburjgf, the Countess Caumont la Force. — 
The murderer was tried m the following April before the Court 
of Assize of the Seine, and being found guilty, was condemned 
to imprisonment, with haxd labour, for life. It appeared in 
evidence, that his mistress having found fiiult with him for 
some trifling cause, a violent altercation oisued ; and bursting 
into a paroxvsm of rage, he rushed on the countess, struck her 
a furious blow with his clenched fist on the head, which 
knocked her senseless to the ground, and then taking her up 
when in that stoto, flung her on a heap of manure. After a 
while, seeing that she remained without motion, he carried the 
body into a stable, placed it under a heap of litter, and, after 
pressing the straw on it, threw a number of jaeoes of wood over 
all, and set fire to them. 

The following sketeh of the famil^r of Caumont la Force will 
be read with interest: — The Imrdsmp of La Force, situate in 
Perigord, gave its name to two branches of the house of 
Caumont, which derives its origin from that countrj^. It was 
first possessed by Jacques Noinpar de Caumont from lus mother, 
Philippa de Beaupoil de la Force. It was raised to a mar- 
^uisate in 1609 by Henri lY., and into a duchv by Louis XIII., 
in 1637. Jacques Nompar de Caumont, first auke of La Force, 
peer and marshal of France, who was bom about 1569, was son 
of Fran9ois de Caumont, who feU in tiie massacre of 8t. Bartho- 
lomew, on the 24th of August, 1572. Several versions have hem 
given as to the place where this sangxiinary event occurred^ 
and as to the circumstances under which the youngest of the 
ehildren of Caumont escaped death. Some writers pretend that 



LA. COMTESSE CAX7M0NT LA FOBCE. 191 

it was at the Louvre that the murder was efifeoted, while others 
as positively assert that it was at the Hotel de la Force, oppo- 
site the church of St. Paul. This hotel had originally belonged 
to the brother of St. Louis, Charles d'Aujou, who becasie kug 
of Naples and Sicily. In 1292, it passed into the hands of 
Charles de Yalois and the Ceunte a'Alen^on. Charles YL, 
who before his insanity passed his time in tournaments and 
carousals, regarded this habitation with an envious eye, as, 
from its being dose to the C16ture Sainte Catherine, it was very 
convenient for his exercises of diivalry, and to repose himself 
after his combats. His desire was expressed to Pierre d'Alen^on^ 
who offered his palace and its dependencies ta the king. 
Charles YL deigned to accept them all by letters patent of t£e 
26th May, 1390. After his death the hotel passed into the 
hands of the kings of Navarre, and at a later period into those of 
the Counts de Tancarville. Cardinal de Meudon afterwards 
became propiietixr of it, and commenced rebuilding it in 1563, 
the works, nowever, not being completed bv him, but by tiie 
Chancellor de Birague. At the death of the latter, in 1583. 
Antoine de Boquelaure purchased the hotel, and aferwards sola 
it to Fran9ois d'Orleans de Longueville, Count de St. Pol. It 
was afterwards purchased by Chavi^v, and by him given as a 
dowry to his daughter, who mamea the Duke de Caumont 
la Force. At that time it changed its name for that of H6tel 
de la Force. It afterwards became the propertv of Made^ 
moiselle Toupenel, and in 1780 it was purchased by order of 
Louis XYI. and converted into a prison, which was demolished 
about two years ago. The Caumont who had so miraculously 
escaped the massacre of the Protestants became the Mend of 
Henri lY., whose confidence he always enjoyed. He was in the 
carriage with that monarch when the attempt was made on hia 
life in the Kue de la Ferronnerie. During tne first years of the 
reign of Louis XIII., some subjects of discontent removed 
De Caumont from the court. He was afterwards reconciled to 
the king, and made a marshal of France. He was sent in 
quality of lieutenant-general into Piedmont, where he distin- 

Sdshed himself on several occasions. He died at Bergerac (m 
e lOth of May, 1652, at the age of 93. His direct descendanta 
phijred important parts in state affairs up to 1764, when the 
&mily became extinct in the person of Armand Nompar de 
Caumont, sixtii duke of la Force, who left his tides te< the 
second dueal branch, which now exists, and which was then re- 
presented by Bernard de Caumont, who, in 1757, married his 
cousin, the aaughter of the Count de Beam, and, by Olympe de 
Caumont, heiress of the first branch. The family of Caumont 
la Force — one of the most distinguished of the French nobility 
— ^has constantiy rendered eminent services to the country. 
Count Augustus de Caumont la Force, now a senat(Mr, is the 
brother of the Marquis de la Force. He married Made- 
moiselle Antoine de Celle, daughter of the Count de Celle, 
isxrmeslj Belgian ambassador. This family is allied to those of 



192 FOBEIGir. 



Lagran^, Yalence, G^nlis, Mar^al Gerard, &o. Madame dd 
Oenlis, in her " Memoirs/' speaks of two girls, Pnlcherie and 
Antonine ; and it is the latter who became Madame de Canmont 
la Force, and was the victim of the late murder. 



COUNT MAGAWLY. 

March 4th, at Parma, by the hand of an assassin, Yalerio 
Count Maeawly Ceratti, Inspector-General of Prisons in that 
oity, and late of Temora, in the King's County, where he 
resided for several years, fulfilling the ordinary duties of an 
Irish countrsr gentleman, as a magistrate and a grand juror.-^ 
On the evening of the day above mentioned, as the count was 
walking home from the theatre, accomi>anied by his wife and 
'Sister, he was suddenly set upon by two young beardless 
ruffians, armed with pomted files. The courage and devoted- 
ness of his wife freed him from one of the assassins ; he fell, 
however, by the hand of the other, a sdon of the "Toung 



Italy " part^. The pretext of the murder was, that two of the 
twenty ruffians who were confined in the Central Prison, of 
which he was inspector, for their connection with the assassina- 
tion of the Prince of Parma, in July, 1851, having lately made 
their escape, and the irons of four other prisoners, navinf 
been found sawn asunder, the rules of the prison, which had 
heen relaxed in their favour, were again put in force. The 
true reason is the system of intimidation exercised upon every 
ptrominent person in that unfortunate country, upon every pos- 
4dble pretext. 

The Magawly family — of whom the late count was the last 
resident in these countries — are noticed in Sir Bernard Burke's 
recent edition of the Peerage, amongst the British subjects en* 
joying titles of foreign nobiuty with the assent of our sovereinir 
as a mmily of great antiauity in Ireland, where they are styled 
** Princes of Calry," in tine counties now known as Meath and 
Westmeath, and where they were proprietors of large estates 
until the rei^ of William and M!ary, when, remaining firm 
in their allegiance to James II., the greater portion of those 
lands came within the grasp of the escheator. In 1624. the 
Emperor Charles YI. conferred upon Field-Marshal Philip 
Henrv Magawly (who married Margaret d'Este of Austria), 
the dignity of Count of the Holy Roman Empire, and 
the rank and privileges of a grandee of Spain. fSrancis 
Philip, the father of the late count, married m 1808, Clara, 
«nly child of Giuseppe, Count Mazzuchini, and Guida Bono, 
daughter and sole heiress of the Count Ceratti, of Parma. He 
was accredited in 1812, envoy from Pope Pius \ 11. to Napoleon, 
and was subsequently Regent of the duchies of Parma and 
Placentia until tiiose states were apportioned to the ex-Em- 
press Maria Louisa in 1815 ; he was ner prime minister until 
1823, and was also ohambcnrlain to Francis I. of Austria, who 



HOST. 0. HOFFMAN. 193 

conferred many favours upon him. In 1824, he returned to 
Ireland, and took up his residence at bis family mansion of 
Temora, in the King's County, where he lived until his death 
in 1835, when he was succeeded by his eldest son Yalerio, the 
late count. 

In 1845, unfortunately for himself, this lamented gentleman 
returned to Italy, where the services of his family were at onoe 
appreciated and rewarded ; he held the responsible position of 
Mayor of Parma, with the rank of major in the army, durinfi: 
the eventful year of 1848. He was afterwards appointed 
chamberlain to the Archduchess Regent, and director of the 
Central House of Detention. His remains were interred on 
the 9th inst. in the Church of the Holy Trinity at Parma, the 
l^t resting-place of the Ceratti family. — Dvhltn Evening Pont, 



J. F. WAHLBEllG. 

March 6th, aged 44, J. F. Wahlberg, the Swedish explorer 
and naturalist, well known for his travels in South Africa in 
1843.— He was killed by an elephant on the border of a river 
about 200 miles north-east of Lake Ngami, probably the river 
Tamunakle of Livingstone. His collections have been sent to 
the Cape, His companion, Mr. Ghreen, has ascended the Tioghe 
as far as Libebe, 100 miles to the south of which he was forced 
to leave his boat on account of the rapids. M. Wahlberg, who 
was a member of the Rojral Academy of Sciences of Stockholm, 
had returned to his native land in 1844, but the indomitable 
desire to make new discoveries in natural history led him to 
revisit Southern Africa in 1854. Endowed with profound 
knowledge in zoology and botany, M. Wahlberg, being especially 
oharaotorised by a modest and unassuming manner, was truly 
beloved by all tnose who knew him, and his death occasioned 
general sorrow throughout Sweden. 



HON. 0. HOFFMAN. 

May 1st, at New York, aged 62, the Hon. Offden Hoffman, 
late Attomev-General for the state of New York. — His father 
was one of the most eminent American lawyers, and had held 
the same post before him. Mr. Hoffman was educated at 
Columbia College, and served in the navy in the war between 
America and this country, and was taken prisoner. At the 
establishment of peace, he was admitted to the American bar, 
and practised in Go^en, Orange County, New York, till 1826, 
when he* removed to New York, whicn city he represented 
in the liCgislature of the State and subsequentiy in Congress. 
He held the post of Attorney-General for New York from 
November, 1853, till January, 1856. He was a most eloquent 
and powerful advocatei and bore the highest possible character 
in private Hfe. He was twice married, and his second wif<9 
survives him. 



104 FOBEIGK 



M. V. ARNAUD. 

May 3rd, at Lyons, France, died Monsieur Victor Amaud, 
in his 68th year. — He was member of the Gonseil G6n§ral of 
the Rhone, and also a member of the Legion of Honour. He 
had suffered from a protracted illness ; but the immediate cause 
of his death was a cancer in the region of the chest. 



M. ADOLPHE ADAM. 

May 3rd, at Paris, suddenly from congestion of the brain. 
Monsieur Adolphe Adam, aged 63. — M. Adam was one of the 
most popular and voluminous composers of whom the French 
stage could boast. After producing a variety of ballets, vaude- 
viUes, and operettas at minor thea^s he made his dSbiU at the 
Opera Comique, with a one act opera, " Pierre et Catherine,** 
wnich was successful ; and from that time his reputation was 
insured. Few musicians have evinced such extraordinary 
facility as M. Adam, who would often be engaged on two or 
three operas and a ballet simultaneously. TMs facility, how* 
ever, was his bane ; and it is probable that, from among his 
numerous works, only three are likely to outlive their author 
long — the charming little opera of the " Chalet," the " Postilion 
de Longumeau," and the ballet of " Giselle" which last (as 
well as the " Diable a ftuatre") was composed for Oarlotta 
Grisi. Besides supplying every theatre in Paris with incessant 
contributions, M. Adam invaded the church, and wrote seveiul 
masses and other sacred compositions. Add to all this, he was 
successively musical feuilletoniste for the Constitutionnel and 
the AssemhUe Nationale, as well as being a constant contri- 
butor to other papers. In 1847 M. Adam joined to his other 
avocations that of Director of the Theatre Lyrique, where he 
lost a large part of his fortune. He was, moreover, Professor 
of Composition at the Conservatoire, and member of the Insti- 
tute. ^ The variety of his occupations was really astonishing, 
and his industry prodigious. He was an amiable as well as a 
clever man, ana a large circle of friends will regret his loss. 
A more active life than his was possibly never spent ; but it is 
equally possible that had he attempted less he might have done 
much more for his art and for his own enduring fame. M. 
Adolphe Adam was buried at Montmartre on the 5th May. 
A vast crowd of authors, actors, and amateurs, besides several 
members of the Institute, of which body the deceased was a 
member, Allowed the corpse to the Montmartre cemetery. 
Auber and Hal§vy were among the pall-bearers. Several 
funeral orations were pronounced over the grave on behalf of 
the Institute, the United Society of Authors, the Dramatio 
Authors, the Conservatoire, and the Choral Assooiati(His« In 



ATTGUSTIW THIEBEY. 195 

the eyening the lyrio theatres were closed, with the exception 
of the Opera, where the " Corsaire" was .performed for the 
benefit of M. Adam's widow. 



M. AUGUSTIN THIERRY. 

May 22nd, at Paris, aged 59, Mcmsieur Augastin Thierry, 
the historian of the Norman Conquest. — Bom at Blois, of poor 
and humble parents, in 1795, amid the din of the French 
Revolution, he raised himself by his own industry and perse* 
verinff inquiry to the rank of the first historians of the nine* 
teenth century. Having passed through his studies with 
marked success at the college of his native town, he came to 
Paris as a youth of sixteen, entered the normal school of that 
city, andhavingspent ayear or two as tutor in a provincial 
institution, returned to the French metropolis in 1814, a time 
when the nation was oscillating between the empire of Napo- 
leon and the sovereignty of the Bourbons. Unpledged to any ' 
E articular form of government as abstractedly the best, and 
ating alike revolutionary tyranny and the prevalent fashion 
of " aping" the British constitution, Augustin Thierry, in his 
own words, '* yearned for a future, though he knew not what 
it was — for liberty in the shape of a government embracing the 

greatest possible amount of individual guarantees with the 
ast possible amount of administrative action." 
It was not long before his natural ardour and enthusiasm led 
him to embrace the doctrines of the Socialist teacher, St. Simon, 
to whom he became warmly attached. The connexion, how* 
ever, was temporary, the disciple soon rebelled against the 

gloomy and despotic views of his master, and in 1817, aban- 
oning St. Simon, Thierry betook himself to joumalLnn. His 
first connexion was with the Censew Europien, then edited by 
MM. Comte and Dunoyer. In this journal M. Thierry first 
commenced those historical treatises which were destined to 
render his name of world-wide fame. 

The historical literature of France at this time was much 
like the traditionary stories of Rome under the kings, befo!re 
the anpearance of Niebuhr — ^based, that is, on poetic lays and 
chivalrous traditions. A century before, the Abo^ Dubois had 
endeavoured, but without success, to combat tiie high aristo- 
cratic and patrician theory of early French history. To the 
fallacies of Boullainvilliers he replied with fallacies of his 
own, and consequently he made no impression on the popular 
mind. It was otherwise with Augustin Thierry. He com- 
menced by giving in the Censeur a uetoh of the revolutions of 
England nom the Norman invasion down to the reign of 
Charles, drawing out the gradual subjection of the Saxon to 
the Norman race, and the final amalgamation of the double 
element in one nation. These were collected in a Tolume, and 
published in 1S25, entitled *' Histoire de la Conqu^te d'Angle- 
texre par les Nonnands." On the suppreisioiL of the Cenaemt 

2 



196 FOBEIOir. 

he oontmned in the Courrier Frangais a similar series of 
sketches, which were repuhlished in 1827. in a separate form, 
under the title of " Lettres snr THistoire de France." 

The appearance of such works as the ahove, and from the 
pen of an unknown writer scarcely thirty years of age, created . 
a profound sensation in Parisian society ; out the high reputa- 
tion which the^r gained for their author was dearly purchased 
hy the loss of sight. Armand Carrel, however, soon afterwards 
joined him as secretary, and, relieved hy his assistance, our 
author engaged in a plan for writing, in concert with Monsieur 
Mignet, a great national history, hut suhsequently ahandoned 
the attempt. 

In 1830, the French Institute elected Thierry a memher of 
the Academic des Inscriptions et Belles Letbres. Kot long 
after this a nervous malady was superadded to the loss of sight 
under which he already lahoured, and ended in a paralytic 
afTection of the Hmhs. Still, hereft of sij^ht, and prostrated 
in hody, he continued to exert the full vigour of nis active 
mind upon his favourite studies. *' The hlind man," writes 
his bio^apher, Hazlitt, after paying him a visit, "knows 
everythmg, recollects everything ; that which he has not seen 
with the eyes of the body, he has seen with the eyes of the 
spirit. Like Milton, he is acquainted with all the European 
languages. Never has his great mind striven with more vivid 
biilliancy than since (to use his own expression) he has ' made 
friends with darkness ; ' never has his march over the difficult 
grounds of history been made with a firmer and more assured 
step than when, as now, he is guided on his way by the bright- 
ness of the inward light alone." 

Passing his time from 1831 to 1836 between Yesoul and the 
baths of Luxeuil, he occupied himself partly in revising for 
the press his two great works already mentioned, and partly in 
collecting into a volume the various productions of his early 
youth. These were published in 1834, under the title of " Dix 
Ans des Etudes Historiques." Full of his desire to complete 
the account of the Germanic invasion, he commenced in the 
Bevue des Deux Mbndes, in 1833, a series of letters giving an 
exact picture of the civil, political, and religious life of France 
in the sixth century. These papers were republished in 1835, 
under the title or " R§cits des Temps Mferovingiens," and 
obtained for their author, from the Academic FraD9aise, the 
prize of £400, founded by Baron Gobert. During the same 
year he was invited by M. Guizot to Paris, for the purpose of 
assisting in the compilation of a ^eat national work, the 
history of the French people, as distinct from the nobility and 
clergy, drawn from tne archives of each town and village. 
This grand idea, however, has never yet been carried out, but 
it would seem one well worthy of the consideration of the 
Emperor Louis Napoleon. 

It is, however, by his " Conquest of England by the Nor- 
mans *' (which was rendered into most delightful English a few 



AUGUSTIK THIEKKY. 197 

years since by W. Hazlitt, and is about to be republished by 
Mr. n. G-. Bohn,) that the name of Thierry will always be best 
known in England. In this work he exhibits in detail the 
struggles which in Enjjland followed the Norman Conquest — 
struggles between the invaders and the conquered race — and 
pursues them, through their long wars and hostile separation* 
down to a period when " one sole nation, one common language, 
one uniform legislation," was formed by the intermixture of 
races, manners, wants, and dialects. It may be of interest 
to our readers to learn that the scene of this great drama is not 
confined to England only, but extends to France, and even to 
Ireland ; but we may here be allowed to remark that the his- 
torian is yet to come who will draw out on an equally philo- 
sophic plan the gradual conquest of Ireland by its 8axon 
invaders, and the various attempts which have been made to 
fuse the inhabitants of the two islands into one sympathetic 
mass. It may also be of interest to our readers to be informed 
that, although in his introduction to his " Norman Conquest" 
he speaks most disparagingly of the Papal power as exercised 
in Europe during the middle ages, and even professes a sym? 
pathy for ** various national Churches which the Holy See ha« 
stigmatised as heretical or schismatic," yet in his last moments 
a more religious spirit came over him. We are informed that 
shortly before his death he repeated with much emotion the 
hymn ** Adoro te devotd, latens Deltas," and (we believe) 
received with calmness and composure the last rites and sacra- 
ments of the church. His worldly philosophy, it would seem, 
forsook him on his deathbed, but only in order to be replaced 
by faith. 

His biographer, Hazlitt, sums up the character of Augus- 
tine Thierry by saying that he was l^e founder of a new and 
philosophic school of historical research, creating in the annals 
of France a glorious trace that will never be efkoed ; for no 
historian, ancient or modem, has exhibited in a higher degree 
than himself that deep human sense which is the very soul of 
history." 

In 1831 M. Thierry married Mademoiselle Julie de Quaran- 
gal, a lady of a distin^ished Breton family, who survives 
him, having for five-and-twenty years watched over his failijig 
health with the devotion of an heroic wife. She was a woman 
endowed with those rare faculties which qualified her to take a 
direct and active part in all the literary labours of her husband. 
She showed great powers both of thought and expression in 
several pieces which appeared from her pen in the Revue des 
Deux Mondes," under the signature of Philippe de Mowelle ; 
and she is also known as the authoress of another charming 
production, entitled ** Adelaide ; or, Memoires d'une Fille." A 
surviving brother of the subject of our memoir is M. Amad6e 
Thierry, himself a ^reat historian. Every one who is conver- 
sant with French literature has read his " Histoire des Gau- 
lois ;" and society at large may well lament that his important 



198 70BEI6ir. 

occupations in tlie administration of his country have pre- 
vented him hitherto from devoting himself more entirely to the 
service of literature. — Tablet. 



COUNT DE BOMBELLES. 

June 2nd. — "Two days ago," writes the Paris correspondent 
of Le Nord, " there died at Versailles, in complete obscurity, 
a personage who has a name in history — Count de Bombelles, 
who, after Napoleon I. and the Count de Niepperg, was the 
third husband of Marie Louise." This is indeed a graduated 
scale of husbands. 



M. A. BERTINI. 

June 19th, in London, aged 75, Auguste Bertini, the eminent 
composer and musician. — He was bom at Lyons, in 1780, and 
his lather, being a musician of repute, gave him a thorough 
musical training from his earliest chilahood. At the age of 
eight, Auguste Bertini was considered so remarkable a per- 
former on the pianoforte that he travelled with his father for 
the purpose of giving concerts, visiting the principal towns of 
liie south of France, and from thence London, where he played 
at the Hanover-square Rooms with much success ; and his 
father having taken up his abode in the above named metro- 
p<^i8, the youthful perKxrmer commenced his career as a teacher 
at the a^e of ten. Ue subsequently visited Belgium, Holland, 
and Fans, where he remained for some years teaching and pub- 
lishing some pianoforte compositions, and was elected member 
of ** La Society des Enfans d'Apollon." Shortly after, he 
wrote an opera for the Th^litre Tajdeau. A. Bertini then 
visited Naples, where he made a sojourn of nine years, still 
teaching and composing. Here he wrote a second opera, " Una 
Yisita a Bedlam (represented on the 20th of January, 1824, at 
the Teatro Real del Fondo), replete with charming and original 
melodies. It was during his stay in Naples that he invented 
his phonological system for learning to read music at first sight, 
but he did not publish it till his return to England, in 1830. 
The work was originally in the French language ; but the 
author, with the assistance of his friend Colonel Hawker, 
having translated the book into English, it was presented to 
the public in that language, and has since, by its intrinsic 
worth, gained a reputation which bids fair for its being uni- 
versally adopted as the best, quickest, and surest mode oi 
acquiring music. His pianoforte compositions are numerous. 
He is also the inventor of " La Hygmatographie," or manner 
of conversing by means of musical sounds, and of a new sys- 
tem of notation, ** La M^lographie." The genius of this remark- 
able man was not solely connned to his art, for we find tiiat 
in the year 1809 he published, in Paris, a ** Plan de rAchdve- 



M. FORXOFL. 199 

ment da Louvre," which was pronounced by one of the first 
architects of that capital to be one of the best that had appeared, 
and numbering, we believe, no less than twenty-four editions. 
Auguste Bertini, both as a private and professional man, bore 
the highest character for honour and integrity. 



FLORESTAN, PRINCE OF MONACO. 

June 22nd, at Paris, aged 71, Tancred Florestan Roger Louis 
Grimaldi, reigning Prince of Monaco, and Duke de Yalenti- 
nois. — He was the son of Honors IV., Prince of Monaco, and 
was born in 1785 ; he succeeded, on his brother's death, in 
1841. In 1816, he married the Princess Marie Louise Caroline 
Qubrielle Gibert de Lanertz, by whom he had one son and 
one daughter. An interesting account of the principality of 
Monaco, and the family of Grimaldi is to be found in the Cren- 
tleman's Magazine for January, 1842, December, 1832, and 
October, 1834. The principality, which is said to have come 
into the hands of the Grimaldis in the tenth centurv, is 
situated on the confines of France and Sardinia, and was placed 
under the protection of the latter kingdom by the definitive 
treaty of peace signed at Paris, in 1814. Two of the towns 
bdonging to Monaco were seized and occupied by the £ing of 
Sardinia in 1848 ; but, in 1854, the deceased prince made an 
•effort to recover them, and more recently proposed to France to 
replace the Sardinian garrison at Monaco by French troops. 



GENERAL RUDIGER. 

June 22nd, at Karlsbad, of dropsy. General Rudiger, a dis- 
tingaished Russian officer. — He took an active part in the cam- 
XMign that ended in the peace of Adrianople, and the destruc- 
tive treaty of Nukiar Skilessia, by which Turkey became the 
bond slave of the Czar ; and two years ago was gloriously repulsed 
on the Danube by Omar Pasha. His oody was embalmed and 
brought back to Russia, which he served so well when living, 
and where, therefore, Ids bones should rest in an honour^ 
grave. Mr. Sidney Herbert, M.P., attended the religious obse- 
quies in the Calvinistic £irk. 

M. FORTOUL. 

July 7th, at Ems, whither he had gone for the sake of the 
baths, aged about 60, M. Fortoul, Minister of Public Instruc- 
tion in France. — He was, during many years of his life, a 
journalist, and like man;^ other men now in power, he was a 
member of that supposed impracticable sect, the St. Simonians. 
In early life he distmguished himself greatly at the university, 
and he was successively appointed professor of literature at 
Toulouse and Aiz. He was a native of the extreme south of 
France. His birth-place was Digne, in the department of the 



200 FOREIGN. 

Basses Alpes. The fame of his liberal principles procured him 
a seat in the National Assembly of 1848. He was, nevertheless, 
among the earliest unconditional adherents of Lonis Napoleon, 
by whose order he was honoured with a public funeral. 

The Constitutionnel pays the following tribute to his memory : 
— ** M. Fortoul attained his high position by his own talent and 
exertions. After beginning his career by the publication of 
literary works of signal merit, he devoted himself to serious 
studies, and attained all the university honours step by step. 
As professor of literature at the Faculty of Toulouse ne greatly 
distinguished himself as a lecturer, and was afterwards ap- 
pointed dean of the Faculty of Arts, as a well-merited reward 
for his university labours. It was his popularity and superior 
talent as a professor that pointed out M. Fortom to the choice 
of the electors after the revolution of 1848 ; and the courage and 
intelligence displayed by him in the republican assemblies 
cannot be forgotten. He was always to be found on the side of 
common sense and justice, and the noble attitude which he 
then assumed drew on him the attention of the prince who 
governed France as president of the republic. Amid the 
general blindness of parties, M. Fortoul was one of the first to 
perceive where safety could alone be found when anarchy 
seemed so threatening in the political horizon. On his ap- 
pointment to the ministry of public instruction M. Fortoul soon 
displayed administrative talent of a high order. In a situatioiL 
which appeared to be surrounded by so many difficulties at the 
outset, as it was in reality, the new minister, by his justice and 
firmness, found means of conciliating things that seemed alto- 
gether irreconcilable. The ministrv of M. Fortoul wiU form 
one of the most honourable pages of the contemporary history 
of the university. As a i)roiessor, author, deputy, and minister, 
M. Fortoul has run a brilliant career, and, what is still better, 
a useful one; on all ^ese grounds it mav be said that the 
minister of public instruction carries with him to the tomb, so 
prematurely opened, the tmiversal regret of his cotmtrymen." 



DUCHESS DE MONTEBELLO. 

Joly 8th, at Paris, the Duchess de Montebello. — Her funeral 
obsequies took place at the church of the Foreign Missions. 
The emperor was represented on the occasion by the Duke de 
Conegliano. Marshals Magnan and Canrobert were present, 
as well as a crowd of persons of rank and note. The sons of 
the deceased were the chief mourners. After the fimeral ser- 
vice the body was removed to the cemetery at Montmartre, 
where the family burial- place is situated. 



PEINCE CHARLES DORIA. 

A letter from Rome announces the death of Prince Charles 
Doria, who every year was accustomed to distribute a sum of 



LUIGI CA.N117A. 201 

40,000 £raii08 in alms. He was a aaccone, and, not content 
with what he gave himself, he used to go harefooted, dressed 
in ooarse saokdoth with a thick cord ronnd his waist, ahoat 
the streets, imploring charity from the passers-by for the poor. 
--Qalignaniy July 11. 

LUIGI CANINA. 

October 17th, at Florence, aged 61, Lnigi Canina, the most 
eminent architect and archseolo^cal writer of his day. — Lnigi 
Canina was bom at Casale, in Piedmont, on October 24th, 1795, 
of respectable parentage; his father, a lawyer and notary, 
placed him at the age of ten years, as a boarder at the College 
of Valence, then tmder tlie direction of his ande, Vincent Ca- 
nina. He studied here seven years, and made great profioency, 
especially in mathematics. On leaving college, in 1812, he 
joined, as a volunteer, the French corps of engineers then sta- 
tioned at Alessandria, in which he served with credit until the 
restoration of the house of Savoy in 1814. Dismissed from his 
military 6mplo3rment, young Canina devoted his talents and ener- 
gies henceforward to civil architecture, and with so much suc- 
cess, that in tiiie following year he gained the honourable degree 
of Laureate in Architecture from the University of Turin. In 
1818 the kin^of Sardinia named him amongst tne students who 
enjoy a pension from the government to enable them to finish 
their education in the fine arts at Rome. Only those who love 
art and know Rome can realize the impression which was poade 
\>y the masterpieces of classical antiquity on the enthusiastie 
mind of the young architect. He gave mmself up completely 
to the study of the ruins, became absorbed in the questions of 
Roman topography and antiquities, ana henceforward fixed his 
residenoe at Kome. The Borghese family have the honour of 
having been the first to discern his rising merit. He was ap- 
pointed their standing architect in 1827* and in this capacity 
carried out several improvements in the grounds of their sab- 
urban villa. But the iirst employment which brought him be- 
fore the public was his appointment, by Queen Mana Christina 
of Spain, in 1889, to suporintend the excavations being made 
at her expense at Tusculum and Veii. His beautiful work on 
the sites and remains of these ancient cities is too well known 
to require notice here, beyond the fact that it was presented by 
him to all the sovereigns of Europe in the name of her Maiesty, 
and procured him the first of his many decorations. The ability 
he displayed in the direction of these excavations led to his ap- 
pointment by the Papal government as a member of the B^- 
man Commission of Antiquities and Fine Arts ; and it was in 
this oapadtj that he directed the restoration of the Colosseum^ 
the re-openmg of the Appian Wa^ from Rome to fioviUsB, and 
the excavation of the Basilica Guila in the Roman Forum. In 
June, 1855, he was enrolled by lus holiness in the Libro d'Oro 
as a Roman noble, and was at the same time appointed presi- 



202 FORExav. 

dent of the Oapitoline Museum ; this was, however, in his case 
an honorarj' office only, as he renounced the salary attached to 
its enjoyment. In Maj, 1856, he was named architect and pre- 
sident of the commission charged with the restoration of the 
ancient batiis of Augustus and Zenobia in the sulphur stream 
of the Albula, near Hadrian's villa at Tivoli ; and ne set about 
this congenial task with so much alacrity, that a number of 
designs and plans were executed by his own hand within the 
month following ; but they were to be carried out by other 
hands than his. He had promised the duke of Northumber- 
land, three years before, to desi^ for him a gallery to hold his 
recent purchase of the Gamuccmi collection of pictures. The 
duke invited him to spend this summer in England. He was 
reluctant to leave Bome at first, as if he had some presentiment 
that he should never return, and only went at last at the per- 
suasion of Cardinal AntonelU. He went, and enjoyed sev^al 
months in Eujgland, where his attainments and reputation pro- 
cured him a nattering reception. He reached Florence on his 
way back on October 13th, and was attacked the same evening 
by cramps in the stomach, a complaint to which his sedentarj* 
life of study had made him liable, and which in four days termi- 
nated his life. 

His body was laid in one of the vaults beneath the little 
ehnrch of the E^ly Trinity, which has now another association 
for the traveller. Oanina was a member of many scientific instil- 
tntions in Rome, Paris, and London, and enjoyed honorary 
dei^es from several foreign universities. He was loaded with 
d60<Hrations, and had received an order of knighthood irom al- 
most every sovereign in Europe except Uueen Yictoria. The 
Boyal Institute of British Architects i^esented him, in 1849, 
with a gold medal, which he placed in the museum of the 
Boman Academy of St. Luke. His works are very numerous 
and voluminous, and cost no less than 2,650 francs. They are 
characterised, perhaps, rather b^ an intimate local knowledge, 
and a conscientious examination of the places he describes, 
than by a high degree of critical skill in the use of his authori- 
ties ; but his excellencies are precisely those which have been 
most rare amongst the many writers on Boman topography. 
His principal works are theilndicaxione Topograpkica £ Moma 
AntteOt Del Foro ArUieo, Oli Edifizi di Roma Antiea, with 
views, plans, and restorations, and place him beyond dispute 
at the head of the modem Italian school of Boman archaeolo- 
gical writers. His professional skill as an architect has tended 
to make his works of a more practical tendency than most of 
his predecessors, and to lead him to rely on the material ruins 
as much as on the scattered passages alluding to them in the 
classics. It may be doubted whether any except mere scholars 
will regard this a fault. The writer of the article Mama in 
''Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Boman Geography" has 
paid him a higher compliment, by the general aaoption of his 
views and arguments throughout his controversies with the 



THE aVICOWAB 01* BABOSA. 208 

German school, than by his scanty notice of his works at the 
end of the article. — Gentleman's Magazine, 



GENERAL COLLEGNO. 

The Piedmontese papers have lately recorded the death of 
General Giacinto Collenio, a senator of the kingrdom. — General 
CoUeg^no was a man of straightforward principles, a thorough 
patriot, of an ancient family, and of an unblemished private 
and public character. From 1821 he was an exile for many 
years, part of which he passed in England ; and he belonged to 
that class of continental statesmen who have chosen English 
institutions as their guide and model. In 1848 he held the 
portfolio of war, and in 1852 he was the Sardinian minister at 
Paris. Last year, when the treaty of alliance with France and 
England was under discussion in the upper house, General 
CoUegno made one of the best speeches in favour of that 
measure which was delivered in the Sardinian Parliament. He 
is deeply regretted hj all who knew him either personally or 
by reputation ; and his memory will remain to his country as 
that of one of the purest and noblest defenders of Italiaii 
liberty. — Home News, Oct, 12. 



BAEON DESPEAUX. 

The oldest gjperal in France, and even (as some say) ia 
Europe, Baron Despeauz, is just dead. — He entered the army 
in 1778, and his commission as general of division is dated in 
1794. — Jffome Netos, Oct, 12. 



THE GUICOWAE OF BAEODA. 

October 19th, the Guicowar of Baroda. — ^The late chief 
cended ilie throne in 1847. He was a man of feeble intellect, 
dissipated habits, and eminently worthless character. The 
debaucheries of his latter years are said to have been unspeak- 
ably disgusting. Our connection with the Guicowar State 
commenced in 1800, and since then our alliance has been close 
and continuous. In 1820 a separate treaty was negotiated at 
Baroda by Mount Stuart Elphinstone, Governor of Bombay, 
who proceeded thither on purpose. Foreign relations were, as 
formerly, to remain in the hands of the British Government, 
the intamal administration of the country was to be with the 
Guicowar himself. 

He was to consult with the resident in the appointment of 
his minister, as well as in all cases of emergency or difficulty. 
In 1832 his highness had so far neglected his engagements as to 
<x>mpel us to sequestrate a part of liis dominions, and in 1839 a 



904 VOSEIQV. 

new treaty was entered on, containing yarioos minor proyisions, 
which has remained unaltered ever since. 

The late chief succeeded his father in 1847, and had con* 
triyed since then to get a million sterling into debt. Baroda 
throughout his time has been proyerbially the centre and den 
of corruption, and his highness's own embarrassments laid him 
always open to suspicion, it is to be feared too frequently, of 
undue bias, to giye it the mildest name. In 1850 the Guicowar 
yisited Bombay with the yiew of meeting the goyemor-general, 
then for a short time sojourning amongst us. The case of 
the banker's widow, and tne inquiries in 1851, consequent on 
the cruelties she had suffered through the misconduct of the 
Guicowar's ^yemment, brought about the misunderstandings 
through which Colonel Outram was dismissed by the Bombay 
Goyemment from the appointment of resident. So dissatisfied 
were the authorities at home with these proceedings, that 
Baroda was, in 1853, transferred to the superyision of the Go- 
yernment of India, and the resident, preyiously remoyed, 
restored to office. 

The heir apparent, his only brother Eundyrow, now the 
xeig^ning Guioowar, has always borne an excellent character : 
he is spoken of as a man of correct priyate conduct, of liberal 
and enbghtened sentiments, sound judgment and good senses 
and should these attributes manifest themselyes in nis admin- 
istration, the annexation which the misconduct of his late 
brother threatened to bring about, may be ayerted for some 
generations to come. So far from there being any intention of 
adding tiie Guicowar's dominions to our own, the late instruc- 
tions from home are understood to haye been strongly anti- 
annexationist, and those who talk of the goyemor-general 
haying ordered the seizure of Baroda, and the deposition of 
Appa Saib, seem to haye confounded a late claimant for the 
throne of Nagpore with the present Guicowar. The rumour, 
groundless as it is, may occasion panic and disquietude, and 
will it is hoped hasten some legislatiye enactment on the sub- 
ject of Hindoo inheritance, the laws and usages now in force 
being in the last degree open to abuse. — JBombat/ Times, 



1 



BAEON YON HAMMER-PUEGSTALL. 

Noyember 16th, at Vienna, aged 82, the Baron Yon Hammer- 
PurgstaU, the distinguished oriental scholar, poet, and his- 
torian. — ^Attracted from his earliest childhood towards the East 
and Eastern literature, no one has done more good, in spreading 
the knowledge of oriental history and literature amongst the 
literary circles of Western Europe, than the learned author of 
the "History of the Ottoman Empire." Bom at Gratz, in 
Styria, in 1774, he entered the Oriental Academy at Vienna in 
1788, where he attracted the attention of the celebrated Jenisoh, 
whom he assisted in the preparation of his edition of ** Menin- 



PR0FE8S0B OAIOLI. 205 

ski's Lexicon." He subsequently entered the Austrian diplo- 
matic service as interpreter at Constantinople, he then served 
in the same capacity to the British army during? Abercrombie's 
campaign, and after acting as attache to the Austrian embassy 
at Constantinople and as consul in Moldavia, he was appointed 
interpreter to the Vienna Chancery in 1811. From tms time 
devonon to oriental literature became the leading object of his 
laborious life ; and when he subsequently quitted the public 
service he pursued his favourite studies on his estates in 
Styria. 

Some opinion of his active energy may be formed from the 
long list of works which he published, in which great research, 
combined with much originality, is one of the most character- 
istic features. But the work which has formed the basis of his 
European reputation was undoubtedly his ** History of the 
Ottoman Empire," by far the most important work yet written 
on this interesting subject, though even here he has been 
accused of an undue bias towards the house of Austria ; a bias, 
however, as pardonable as it is natural in such a case. His 
monument, which he had himself prepared forty years before 
his death, is placed at his own request in the cemeterjr of 
Weidling, near Kloster Neuburg. In a spirit of humble piety 
jhe addressed a letter to tly G^eographioal Societjr of London not 
lonp: ago, in which, after announcing the formation of a similar 
society at Yienna, and presenting to this society a copy of bis 
last works, he adds — ** As there is little probability that I 
shall be lo^ enough in life to see the end of the printing of 
this work, imention the circumstance that you may claim after 
my death the continuation of the work from {he Imperial 
Academy." 



PROFESSOR ORIOLI. 

Kovember — , at Rome, aged 76, Professor Franoesco Orioli. 
— ^He was a man of vast soientifio knowledge, but he had 
principally devoted himself to political science, archaeology, 
and the history of the middle ages. He was for many years 

grofessor of physical science at the University of Bologna, and 
as written m the oourse of his long life an immense number 
of reviews, pamphlets, and books on various subjects. In 1831 
he took a conspicuous part in the revolution in Romagna, and 
was in consequence obUged to fly to Paris, where he lectured 
with great Sclat on Etrascan antiquities. He subsequently 
held a nigh educational situation in Corfu ; and finally, in 1846, 
under the protection of the amnesty, returned to Italy. Pope 
Pius IX., who held his talents in very high repute, immediately 
appointed him professor of archsdology and ancient history to 
the University of Rome, and subseauently conferred on him 
still further preferment. Signer Orioli, in his later days, with« 
drew himself entirely from all poHtloal agitation. 



206 VOBBIGir. 



PRINCE WORONZOFF. 

NoTember 18th. at Odessa, aged 74, Prince Woronzoff, for* 
merly Yiceroy of the Russian proyinces beyond the Caucasns, 
and for many years Governor-General of South Russia. — The 
prince had only arrived at Odessa a few weeks before his unex- 
pected decease. On the 22nd of the previous month, he was 
pubUdy welcomed to the city with his estimable princess bj 
the representatives of the mercantile body, who presented their 
congratulations to their former Mend ana governor, and offered 
the customary bread and salt. 

Michael Woronzoff was the son of Count Bimon Woronzoff, 
and was bom at St. Petersburg, on the 17th of May. 1782 ; at 
his death, therefore, he was seventy-four years old. It has 
frequently been said that he was a native of England ; but, the 
iauot is, that his father was not appointed ambassador to this 
county until shortly after the late rrince Woronzoff was bom. 
When the Emperor raul took part with Napoleon against us, 
the mission of Count Woronzon as ambassador was, of course* 
interrupted : but he continued to reside in London. U[>on the 
accession of Alexander he resumed the embassy, and resided in 
London, with a few short intervals of absence, until his deatli, 
in 1832. His son, Michael, thus received an English educa- 
tion, whilst his daughter, sister to the subject of our memoir 
(of whom a sketch will be found in a subsequent page of this 
volume), married an English nobleman, the late Earl of Pem- 
broke, and became the mother of the Right Hon. Sidney 
Herbert, M.P. Michael Woronzoff, at the age of nineteen, 
entered the Russian army, served in the Caucasus, then in 
several campai^s against Ni^oleon, from 1812 to 1814. He 
commanded a division at Borodino, and the Russian cavalry at 
Leipsic, where his gallantry elicited from the great Napoleon 
the exclamation, " Voild le hois dont on fait des marichaux / '* 
He represented Russia at the conference of Aix-la-Chapelle. In 
1823, ne was appointed Governor of New Russia, and continued 
to hold that office until the late war. He was engaged in the 
Turkish war of 1828, and held the command after Menschikoff 
had been wounded at Yama. In 1845 he was sent to subdue 
the Circassians, and although the brave mountaineers were 
able to resist even the immense forces at his command, he 
succeeded in the capture of Dargo, one of Schamyl's strong- 
holds in the Caucasus, and was rewarded with a princedom. 
The civil administration of Prince Woronzoff has undoubtedly 
entitled him to much nraise. When the conflict between 
Russia and the allies broke out, he was permitted, at his own 
request, to retire from his office. 

Prince Woronzoff, though a true Russian patriot, was always 
a great admirer of England, and was understood to have depre- 
cated the recent war. He possessed administrative faculties of 
a very high order, and contributed very materially to the 



H. DE SALYANDT. 207 

improyemexit of the oonntry under his charge bv the introdiic- 
tion of roads, the erection of towns, and the oultiyation of tiie 
vine. By him the native peasantry were treated not onlv with 
hnmanitv hut with respect and tenderness, and raised to a 
level with their Russian masters. A writer in the Times pays 
the following tribute to Prince Woronzoff *s memory : — 

** His abilities as an administrator were of the highest order, 
and were eminently displayed in his government. His heart 
beat with the best impulses of our nature, and these were con- 
tinually exercised in softening, so far as in him lay, by liberal 
acts and deeds, the harsh working of the absolute form of 

fovemment under which he lived and ruled. The proceeds of 
is official income were, I have reason to believe, always distri- 
bnted among the employes of his chanoellerie. Russia has lost 
a man who would have been invaluable to her during the next 
few years, and it is doubtful Iwhether such another exists in 
that country. He retired, as is well known, from the command 
of the army of the Caucasus when war was declared ; and, 
though I have no means of ascertaining what the late prince's 
opinions may have been, it is not too much to conjecture that 
he preferred an Anglo- Russian alliance to the douotful chance 
of adding European Turkey to the Russian empire." 



A. MICKIEWICZ. 

November 27th, at Constantinople, aged 58, Adam Mickiewicz, 
"the Polish Byron."— He was bom in Lithuania, in 1798, 
was educated at the University of Wilna, and showed an early 
taste for chemistry. In 1822, whilst still a professor in a college 
at Kowno, he published the first collection of his poems, com^ 
posed of lyrics and ballads, based mostly on old liUiuanian 
traditions. The two most celebrated are entitled the " Dziadj '* 
^cestors), and the *' Grazyna," or the *' Story of a Lithuanian 
Princess." Though a Polish exile, and known to have the heart 
of a patriot, he was received into the highest circles at 
St. Petersburg on the stren^h of his reputation as a poet. HLs 
subsequent pieces are " Crimean Sonnets," " Conrad Wallen- 
rod, and " Pan Tadrusz," or " Sir Thaddeus," a versified 
novel, and considered by many to be his finest work. He was 
subsequently appointed Ptofessor of the Sclavonic Language at 
Paris, but was obliged to discontinue his lectures, on account of 
some profane and impious opinions. In 1861 , he was appointed 
by the present emperor, then president, sub-librarian of the 
Arsenal, and was sent by him on amission to the East when his 
death occurred. His body was carried back to Paris, and buried 
at Montmorency. 

M. DE SALVANDY. 

December 15th, at Qraveron, Normandy, aged 60^. de Sal* 
randy, distiiiguished a« a scholar and statesman. He retained 



208 UISCELLANEOrS. 

to the last moment the full possessioii of his faculties, and was 
able to bid a most affectiDsp adieu to all those who surrounded 
him — ^to his son, M. Paulde Salyandy, to his daucrhter, the 
Marquise d'Aux, and to his wife. M. de Salyandy nad a few 
days oefore received the sacrament from the Bishop of Evreux, 
The deceased was born at Condom, on the 11th June, 1795. 
Only a very short time before his death, M. de Salvandy cor- 
rected with a firm hand the proof of a new edition of one of his 
works. He was Minister of Public Instruction under Louis 
Philippe. He served in the body-'g:uard of Napoleon, and was 
first Drougrht into note by his vehement denunciation of the 
occupation of France by the Allies after the second restoration 
of the Bourbons. At the fall of Louis Philippe, when the royal 
family and their adherents fiedj he alone had the courage to 
remain in Paris and to show himself to the public. Bv the 
literary world his loss will be severely felt as a generous mend 
to letters; but his own productions were confined to his 
pamphlets, two detestable novels which excited the mirth 
of all France, and an historical work on the "Reign of John 
Bobieski." 



MISCELLANEOTTS. 

Mbs. Bubnaby. — ^January 5tb, aged 81, Henry Anne, widow 
of John Dick Bumaby, Esq., of Evington. — She was daughter 
of Sir F. Fowke, Enignt, groom of the bedchamber to Henry 
Frederick, Buke of Cumberland, and sister of Sir F. W. Fowke, 
of whom a memoir is given above, page 25. 

Laby E. L. RisYVEix. — January 6th, at Avisford, Arundel, 
aged 72, Lady Elizabeth Louisa B!63rnell, widow of Lieutenant- 
General Sir T. Reynell, E.C.B., and daughter of the first 
Marquis of Waterford. 

G. BncHAK, Esa. — January 6th, George Buchan, Esq., of 
Kelloe, Berwickshire, a gentleman descended from one of the 
oldest Scottish families, the Buohans of Auohmachoy, in Aber- 
deenshire.— Mr. Buchan was son of George Buchan, Esq., of 
Eelloe, by Anne, fourth daughter of the Right Hon. Robert 
Bundas, of Amiston, late lord president of the Court of Session, 
and sister of the late Lord Chief Baron Bundas (of Scotland). 
For several years Mr. Buchan held the office of chief secretary 
at Madras, where, from his commanding talents and high-toned 
public and private character* he left a name of distinguished 
reputation and honour. The same aptitude and InteUi^noe 
for which he had been conspicuous when in office, he oontinued 
toev ince in the transaction of county business, when, after his 
return from India, he became resident at his family seat in 



UISGELLA-KEOITS. 209 

Ber^oksliire. He was much loved there for his benevolence 
and charity. Mr. Buohan's estate descends to his nephew, 
Lieut.-Colonel G. W. Fordyce, of the Soots Fusilier Guards. 

LjlDY Wildeb. — January 10th, in Montagu-place, Frances 
Anne, Lady Wilder, widow of Lieut. -General Sir Francis 
Wilder, of the Manor House, Binfield, Berks. 

Mrs. OirvET. — January llth, at Wing Vicarage, aged 36, 
Jane, wife of the Rev. P. T. Ouvry. — She was a daughter of 
Sir Geo. NichoUs, K.C.B., of Hyde -Park-street. 

Hon. Mes. Villiees.— January 12th, aged 80, at the Grove, 
Watford. — This lady was the Hon. Theresa Parker, daughter of 
John, &r8t Lord Boringdon, by his second wife, the Hon. 
Theresa Robinson, second daughter of Thomas, first Lord 
Grantham. She was bom September 22nd, 1775, and was 
married in 1798 to the Hon. George Yilliers, third son of the 
first Earl of Clarendon. By him, who died in March, 1827» she 
had a numerous family, of whom survive the present Earl of 
Ckrendon, the Ricrht Hon. C. P. Villiers, M.P., the Hon. and 
Right Rev. Dr. Yilliers, now Bishop of Carlisle, and the Lady 
Maria Theresa, who was married — first, to Thomas Henry 
Lister, Esq., who died the 5th June, 1842, and, secondly, to the 
Right Hon. Sir G. C. Lewis, Bart., M.P. 

The Countess of Stea.dbboke.— January 15th, aged 86, in 
Hertford-street, Mayfair, Charlotte Maria, Countess of Strad- 
broke. — She was daughter of Abraham WhittiJcer, Esq., of Lyston 
House, Herefordshire, and was bom the 17th March, 1769 ; she 
became, on the 23rd February, 1792, the second wife of John, 
first Earl of Stradbroke, by whom (who died the 17th August, 
1827) she had three daughters and six sons. Three sons survive 
her ; viz., John Edward Cornwallis, present and second Earl of 
Stradbroke, Rear- Admiral the Hon. Henry J. Rous, and the 
Hon. William R. Rous. 

The Dowager Countess op Eeeoll.— January 16th, at 
Edinburgh, while on her Journey from the seat of her son-in- 
law, Mr. Duff, in Scotland, to attend the sick-bed of her 
brother, the late Lord Adolphus Fitzdarence, the Dowager 
Countess of Erroll, formerly the Ladv Elizabeth Fitzdarence. — 
She Was sister of the late and atmt of me present Earl of Munster. 
She was born January 18th, 1801, and was maried the 4th De- 
cember, 1826, to Walter George Hajr, 17th Earl of Erroll, K.T., 
by whom, who died the 19tn April, 1846, she left issue one 
son, William Harry, 18th and present Earl of Erroll, and three 
daughters, two married — ^viz., Viscountess Campden and Lady 
Agnes Duff, and one unmarried, the Lady Alice Hay. 

Hon. J. S1NCLA.IB.— January 18th, at Portobello, N.B., aged 
59, the Hon. James Sinclair, brother of the late Earl of Caith- 



210 MISCELUJrBGUS. 

ness, of whom a memoir will be found in the previous volume^ 
— He was a deputy-lieutenant for Caithness and Cromarty, and 
married, in 1819, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Q, Tritton* 
Esq., who survives. 

W. Stbtttt, Esu.— January 19th, at Bonn, aged 17, WiUiam, 
eldest son of the Eight Hon. E. Strutt, M.P. (since created 
Lord Belper), by Emily, daughter of the late Bishop (Otter) of 
Chichester. 

J. Clementson, Esq. — January 20th, at Felcourt Lodge, Tor- 
quay, J. Clementson, Esq. — He held the office of Deputy Ser- 
geant-at-Arms of the House of Commons for iifky years, and 
was well known to the members of the Legislature. 

Lord W. Beatjcleex. — January 22nd, of paralysis, aged 43, 
Lord William Beauclerk, third son of the 8tn Duke of St. Al- 
ban's, and uncle of the present duke. 

ViscoTTKTESS Vaiewtia.— -January 27th, at High Beeeh» 
Essex, Frances, widow of the late Viscount Yalentia, who died 
in 1841. 

J. Mebceb, Esq. — January •— , at Nice, where he was iA the 
habit of spending the winter months, John Mercer, Esq., oooe 
of the leading members of the firm of Mercer, Eandall, M«raer» 
and Mercer, of the Kentish Bank, Maidstone. 

C. W. TxTBirxB, EsQ.-^Jannary 28th, at Carthagena, Spain, 
aged 37, Charles Walsingham Turner, Esq., Britisn Consul for 
that city. — ^He was the eldest son of the late Edmund Turner, 
Esq., banker, of Polgwynne House, and of Truro, Cornwall (who 
was M.P. for that borough from 1837 till his death in January* 
1849), by l^e eldest daughter of Eeuben Mayor, Esq., of tbe 
same county. The deceased gentleman, who was an active and 
efficient public servant, was godson of his uncle, Mr. Charles 
Walsingham Turner, who, after entering the military servioe 
of the East-India Company at an early age, distinguished him- 
self in the East not less as a scholar than as a soldier, and 
fell at Yizagapatam. 

J. L. Cox, Esa. — February let, at Ham Common, aged 79, 
John Lewis Cox, Esq., head of the firm of Cox and Sons (now 
Cox and Wyman), printers to the Hon. East-Ladia Company, 
Great Q^ueen-street, Lincdn's-inn -fields. — He served the office 
of Master of the Stationers' Company in 1849-50. 

T. Pkice, EsQ.—February 5th, at York, suddenly, of apo- 
plexy, attended with paralysis, Thomas Price, Esq., of Cleman- 
thorpe, one of the most honoured and respected citizens of 
that city. — He was the fourth son of the late Sir C. Price, Bart.» 
of Spring Orove, Biohmond, Surrey, an eminent banker in. 
Ix)naon, and successively alderman ana lord mayor of the metro- 



MISCXLLiJirEOTTS. 211 

poUtan city, and also the representatiye of that important coa- 
stituenoy in three sneeessi ve parliaments. The deceased was a 
deputy-lieutenant for the West Biding, and a magistrate for 
the city of York, and formerly was anof&cer in the 4th Drasoon 
Guards. He married, in 1814, Eliza, second daughter and co- 
heir of Hale Plumer, llsq., of Stockton Hall, co. York, b^ whom 
he had two daughters and four sons, of whom the eldest is vicar 
of St. Augustine's, BristoL 

C. Thelltjsson, Esq.— February 5th, at Brighton, Charles 
TheUusson, Esq., of Brodsworth Hall, Doncaster. — He was well 
known on the turf as a breeder of racehorses. * He was a younger 
brother of the 1st Lord Rendleshaw, and was the last survivor 
of the persons named in the will of his grandfather, Peter 
Thellusson, Esq. (made in 1797), during whose lives the aoon- 
mulations of the Thellusson property were to be made. He 
manried Mary, daughter of C. Grant, Esq., by whom he left 
five sons. 

Mbs. Usshes.— February 7th, at Mount Ussher, Monkstown, 
county of Dublin, Margaret, sister of the late Admiral Qir 
Thomas Ussher, E.C.B. — The deceased lady was daughter of 
the B«v. Dr. Ussher, astronomer royal of Ireland, and a 
descendant of the celebrated Archbishop of Armaffh. The ficst 
ancestor of the family went over to Ireland with King John ; 
his original name was Neville, but he exchanged it for «|e 
expressive of the office which be held under his sovereign. The 
late Sir Thomas Ussher served in the navy in almost every part 
of the world, and commanded the Undaunted in 1816, waan 
that ship conveyed the late iknperor Napoleon to St. Helena. 

Lady E. Henbt. — February 9th, at Oumberland-terraoe, 
Begent's Park, aged 78, the Lady Emily Elizabeth Henry, 
daughter of the second Duke of Leinster, by his Duchess, 
daughter of Lord St. George, and sister of the present Duke. — 
She was bom in 1778, and married, in 1801, John Joseph Henry, 
Esq., of Strafian, county of Kildare, b^ whom she has left issue 
a numerous family. One son is Captain H. R. Henry, who has 
assumed the name of Yelverton, and is married to the present 
Marohioness of Hastings. 

Miss Buenett.— February 9th, at Banchory, N.B., Mary, 
sister of Sir Alexander Burnett. — She was the elder daughter 
of the late Sir Robert Burnett, Bart., of Leys, county of Aber- 
deen (who served as an officer in the Royal Scots Fusiliers 
through the first American war, and was taken prisoner at 
Saratoga), bj; Magaret Dalrjrmple, daughter of General Elphin- 
stone, of Logie-Elphinstone, N.B. 

Countess of Fabnham. — ^February 10th, at Leamington, 
aged 90, Grace, Countess of Famham.— Her ladyship was the 
only daughter of Thomas Cuffe, Esq., of the Grange, comty of 

' p 2 



212 MISCELLANEOUS. 

KUkenny, and married, in 1784, John James, 2nd and last Earl 
of Famham, who died without issue in 1823, when the earldom 
became extinct ; the barony of Famham passing at the same 
time to John Maxwell Barry, Esq., as a descendant and eldest 
representatiye of Henry, third son of the 1st lord, who was well 
known as Colonel Barry, the great supporter of Orange Lodges 
in the county of Gavan, which he represented in Parliament for 
many years. He was, after his accession to the barony of 
Fanmam, chosen a representative peer for Ireland, and died 
in 1838. 

Lady Db Vebe. — February 11th, at Curragh Chase, Adare, 
county of Limerick, the Dowager Lady De Vere. — The deceased 
lady, who was only daughter of Stephen Edward Rice, Esq., of 
Mount Trenchard, county of Limerick, and sister to Lord 
Monteagle, married, in 1807, Sir Aubrey De Vere, of Curragh, 
2nd baronet, by whom she had issue three daughters and nve 
sons, the eldest of whom is the present holder of the baronetcy ; 
the second, Stephen, is M.P. for the county of Limerick ; and 
"Sie third, Aubrey De Vere, is well known in the literary world 
as the author of the ** Waldenses," and other poems. The 
husband of the deceased lady assumed, by royal license, the 
name of De Vere, in lieu of that of Hunt, in order to mark his 
descent from a daughter of a son of; John, 15th Earl of Oxford 
and Mortimer, whose title, created in 1155, became extinct in 
1702. 

Hon. M. H. Onoley.— February 13th, at Harrogate, aflred48, 
the Hon. Montague Henry Ongley. — ^The deceased gentleman, 
third son of the late Lord Ongley, by Frances, daughter of the late 
Sir John Burgoyne, Bart., next brother and heir-presumptiye 
<>f the present peer, was bom in 1808, and was formerly captain 
in the Coldstream Guards. Like his other brothers, he was 
unmarried; and his next brother, George, bom in 1809, and 
late captain in the Coldstream Guards, now becomes heir-pre- 
sumptive to the title, and to the beautiful estates at Old 
Warden, near Biggleswade. 

Mr. J. "Williams.— February 14th, Mr. John Williams, for 
sixty years attached to the Royal Library, first at Buckingham 
Palace, and afterwards at Kensington and the British Museum. 
— He began life as assistant to Mr. Harding, whom he even- 
tually succeeded : in 1848 he was presented with a handsome 
testimonial by Mr. Panizzi and his colleagues. 

Hoir. Mes. Goee.— February 22nd, at Kingstown, Dublin, 
«t an advanced age, the Hon. Mrs. George Gore, widow of the 
late Deai^ of KiUalo, whose third wife she became in 1823. 

J. Ferguson, Esa. — February — , at his residence, near 
Irvine, in Ayrshire, aged 68, Mr. John Ferguson, of Caimbrock. 
— It was known that the deceased gentleman was immensely 



t 



UISCELLANEOrS. 213 

wealthy, and, as he was childless, much expectation existed, 
especially on the part of those who were in any degree related 
to him, as to the disposal of his property. At the opening of 
his will, after the funeral, it was found that Mr. Ferguson had 
died possessed of means to the value of £1,260,000 sterling, 
which consisted of estates in Ayrshire and Wi^nshire, as well 
as investments in British, American, and continented securities. 
On the whole, the old gentleman has divided his immense wealth 
in a way which has given considerable satisfaction. Relations 
who were poor he has made comfortable, and those who were 
already in easy circumstances are now affluent. Mr. Ferguson 
derived the p^reater bulk of his fortune from maternal uncles 
named Service, who originally belonged to Ayrshire, and 
respectively becoming merchants in London and New York, 
realized immense propertv, and, dying, intestate, it came to 
the recently deceased gentleman, as their sister's son and heir 
at law. Mr. Ferguson was himself for some time engaged in a 
mercantile establishment in America ; but he came home on 
succeeding to the estate of his uncle George, in 1810, and aban- 
doned trade altog^ether. He was a calculating, sharpsighted 
man, and largely increased his inheritance by judicious invest- 
ment and by money-lending. He occasionally visited London 
and Edinburgh, but he generally spent the concluding years of 
his life at his native town of Irvine, where he lived at little 
expense, though there was nothing of the miser about him. — 
Ayrshire Paper, 

0. A. B. Obesswell, Esq. — March 6th, at his seat, Harehope 
Hall, Northumberland, of typhus fever, Oswin Addison Baker 
Cresswell, Esq. — The deceased gentleman was eldest son and 
heir of Addison John Baker Cresswell, Esa., of Cresswell, in the 
same countv, who represented the soutnem division of the 
county, in the Conservative interest, in the Parliament of 1841. 

Hon. F. Cavendish.— March 10th, at Mayo, aged 78, the 
Hon. Frederick Cavendish, son of the late Eight Hon. Sir H. 
Cavendish, bv Sarah, Baroness Waterpark. — He was twice 
married, and has left issue by each union. 

Hon. G. O'Callaghan.— March 13th, in Clarges-street, the 
Hon. George O'Callaghan, only brother of Cornelius, 1st Vis- 
count, and 2nd Baron, Lismore (since deceased). 

Hon. Miss Mackenzie. — March 16th, in Edinburgh, the 
Hon. Augusta Anne Mackenzie, fifth daughter of the late Lord 
Seafield. 

Hon. Lady Cochuanb.— March 18th, in Eaton-place, the 
Hon. Lady Inglis Cochrane, widow of the late Admiral the 
Hon. Sir A. Inglis Cochrane, G.C.B., and mother of the present 
Yice- Admiral Sir T. J. Cocmrane. 



214 jaSCSLLkWmiUB. 

LlDT Dbacok. — ^March 19th, at the Heath, Bozmoor, Herts, 
aged 80, Ladj Dea4M)n, widow of the late Major-General Sir 0. 
Beaeon* K.CJB. 

M. QrUrvrnr. — March 20th, Louis Charles Qnintiii, many 
yoars Yioe-Consal of France at Gloucester. — He was bom July 
24th, 1790, at Brest, in Brittany. His father was ohimrgeon- 
major in the then royal service, and was obliged to fly to the 
Manritios for safety from the violence of the Robespierre party, 
who had ordered hu exeoation for an anti-revolutionary pam- 
phlet published by him : his motiier was a sister of the dbxcid. 
Querin, one of Napoleon's favourite generals. 

In 1800, when only ten years old, he embarked on board the 
Stmffleur. commanded by Commodore^ Henri (his uncle) ; was 
afterwards transferred to the Diomede, and engaged in the 
celebrated action off St. Domingo, on February the 6th, 1806, 
'where he was seriouslv wounded, and captured by Admiral Sir 
J. Dndcworth, after the most Uoody engagement ever known, 
he being one of forty-four remaining out of the 700 when the 
battle commenced. He was brought to England as prisoner, 
and taken to Odiham and Famham, and from thence to Mont- 
gomery and Brecon, and afterwards confined in Stapletom 
prison, out of which place he escaped six times in six weeks. 
He was then sent back to Brecon on parole, where he remained 
until May, 1814, aiter eight years of captivity, when an ex- 
change of prisoners took place, and he left England and 
returned to France ; but beinff so devoted a partisan of the 
Napoleon d^asty, he was looxed upon with ^reat suspicion, 
ana thrown into prison there. Released, he re-visited England, 
forming one of the cortSfe of Louis XYIII. through the streete 
of London ; and afterwards remained a voluntary exile, to ihe 
saerifice of his interests and property— which was confiscated 
by Charles X,— rather than break his oath of fidelity to the 
Napoleon family. 

He was appointed to his consulship at Gloucester by the 
present emperor, immediately on his accession to power. He 
married, in September, 1817, Frances, daughter of the late 
James Herbert, Esq., of Leominster, by whom he had four scms 
and one daughter. As a teacher of, and author of several 
wcMrks on his native lan^'uage, he enjoyed the highest honour 
and reputetiqn, attendm? tiie most distinguished families 
in the counties of Hereford, Salop, and Monmouth; his 
society being courted by the most learned of the day. An 
earnest promoter of science, well skilled in geological and 
philosophical attainments, he was mainly instrumental in 
esteblisning the Philosophical Institution at Hereford, in 
conjunction with his late friend Mr. E. Lawson, of 
Hereford. 

He left a family and grandchildren, by whom he was almost 
adored. His remains were consigned to their last resting- 
place in the churchyard of Hempi^ad, near Gloucester, near 



JflSCEIXAJTEOUS. 2U 

the graye of a Engrlisb officer who was engaf^ed in the same 
battle which occasioned his being brought to England. 

DowAGViL Lady Lakpxvt.— March 23rd, at Marseilles, the 
Dowager Lady Larpent.-— She was Ijouisa, daughter of George 
Bailey, Esq., of Berkshire ; and, in 1852, became the second 
wife of the late Sir G. Larpent, Bart., of whom a memoir will 
be found in the preceding volume. 

Hon. Mbs. Lushington. — March 26th, at Norton Court, 
near Faversham, aged 76, the Hon. Mrs. Lushington.— Shewas 
Anne Eliza, eldest daughter of General the 1st Lord Harris 
(who stormed Seringapatam), by Anne Carlext, youngest 
oaughter and co-heir of the late Cnarles Dixon, Esq. She was 
married, in 1797* to the Bight Hon. Stenhen Rumbofd Lushing- 
ton, some time GoYcmor of Madras, who represented the city 
of Canterbury in Parliament in several parliaments, down to 
the year 1837. She was much respected and beloved by a large 
circle of friends, and her loss is severely felt in the neighbour* 
hood of Faversham. 

Dowager Lady "Wombwbix. — March 25th, in Chesham- 
place, the Dowager Lady Wombwell, widow of the grandfather 
of the present baronet. — A memoir of her son, the late banmet, 
will be found in the previous volume. 

Countess Dowages of Pembroke.— March 27th, in Graf- 
ton-street, aged 73, Katharine, Countess Dowager of Pembroke. 
— ^Her ladyship was a Russian lady of high rank and con* 
nections, and a relative of Prince Potemkin, being a daughter 
of the Prince Woronzoff, a nobleman of large patrimonial 
estates in the Crimea and the south of Russia. Her brother, 
the late Prince Woronzoff, of whom a memoir will be found 
ante^ p. 206, was many years Viceroy of Southern Russia, and 
long resided in that capacity at Odessa. Lord De Ros, in his 
interesting " Tour in me Crimea," speaks of the count— he is 
writing of some twenty years ago — "as a nobleman highly 
esteemed both in his official capacity and in private life, 
living in his palace at Odessa in the most sumptuous style ; 
princely in his entertainments, and extremely nospitable to 
Englishmen and other foreigners ; " and also of his countess, as 
" enormously rich, and very proud of her magnificent palace, 
and of her gardens facing the sea, which are laid out in a 
thorough English stjrle, and with great taste." The palace and 
gardens of Prince Woronzoff suffered some little injury in the 
partial bombardment of Odessa, under Admiral Deans Dundas, 
m 1854. 

The late Countess of Pembroke was bom in 1782, and in 
1802 became the second wife of George Augustus, eleventh Earl 
of Pembroke and Montgomery, K.G., by whom she was the 
mother of the Right Hon. Sidney Herbert, M.P. for South 
Wilts, and late Sejcretary-at-War. Her other children are the 



216 HISCELLiiNEOITS. 

Maroliioness of Ailesbury, the Coontess of Glanwilliam, Yis* 
countess De Vesci, besides the late Countess of Shelbume and 
Dunmore. Her ladyship was well known in the sphere of 
fashionable society, wnere she long: divided the rule with Lady 
Jersey, the Marchioness of Londonderry, and other celebrities. 
Her receptions and re- unions in Grafton-street, in the reig:n of 
Georjg^e IV., and to a later date, were always crowded with 
brilliant throngs, and her refined accomplishments and amiable 
character endeared her to a very large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. It may be imagined that when, just two years 
since, war was declared between England and her native 
country, her ladyship's feelings and sympathies were sadly 
dividea between Kussia and the land of her adoption. But 
she never wavered in her resolution, though she looked for- 
ward with great anxiety and hope to the restoration of peace. 
She lived just long enough to know that this peace was near, 
and all but within our erasp ; and had three da.ys been added 
to her existence, she woiud have heard the joyful news that it 
had been actually proclaimed. — Morning Chronicle, 

Lady H. HA»VEr.— March 30th, aged 71, the Lady Honora 
Elizabeth Hester Harvey, eldest daughter of the 7th Earl 
of Cavan, and widow of Captain G. F. Harvey. 

Hon. M. BosKtiY.— March 80th, ajged 64, the Hon. Mortimer 
Bodney, 8th son of the 2nd Lord Bj>cuiey. 

S. G. Mastinez, Esq.— March — , aged 79, at Gloucester 
House, Regent's Park, Sebastian Gonzalez Martinez, Esq. — ^For 
upwards of half a century Mr. Martinez had been known as 
the principal Spanish merchant in the city of London, and 
during that period was the head of the well-known firm of 
Martinez, Gussiot, and Co. His liberality was co-extensive 
with his great wealth, and he has died universally regretted. 

Hon. T. Liddell. — March — , at ISTice, aged 55, the Hon. 
Thomas LiddeU. — He was the second son of Thomas Henry, 1st 
Baron Bavensworth of the present creation, of whom a memoir 
will be found in the preceding volume. He was bom Septem- 
ber 20th, 1800, and married, February, 1843, the Hon. Caroline 
Elizabetii Barrington, eldest daughter of George, 5th Yisoount 
Barrington, who survives him. 

B. B. HowAED, Esq.— April 1st, at Belfast, agfed 26, Bobert 
Boleyne Howard, Esq., nephew of the Earl of Wicklow. 

Lady Stovin.— April 3rd, at Brighton, Anne Elizabeth, wife 
of Lieut. -General Sir F. Stovin, E.C.B. 

C. BowBiNe, Esq.— April 4th, aged 86, Charles Bowring^ 
Esq., of Larkbear, Exeter.— He was bom May 12th, 1769, and 
married Sarah, daughter of the Bev. T. Lane» of St. lyes. Com- 



wmmmmmmmmimmmmmm^mmmimrmmmmtmr^'mmrwmmi^mrm 



HISCELLAKEOUS. 2l7 

wall (who was descended from the famous lawyer Sir John 
Maynard, and through him from William of Wykeham), and 
hy whom he had a numerous family, of whom only two survive 
— Sir John Bowring, Her Majesty's Plenipotentiary in China, 
and Governor of Hongkong, and Charles Bowring, Esq., of Liver- 
pool. Mr. Bowring's lamily is of great antiquity in the county of 
Devon, where it has heen established for many centunes. 
Members of it are mentioned in the ancient records of the 
county as occupying important i>osition8 in it as far back as 
the reign of Henry lY., and even earlier. Amongst them John 
Bouryng (otherwise Bowryng) filled the office of rector of the 
then well-known collegiate church of Slapton, near Songsbridge, 
in the year 1410. The former seat of the family in the neign- 
bourhood of Eingsbridge still retains the name of Bowrings- 
leigh, but has passed into other hands. 

LajTy P&othebob. — April 7th, at Eouen, Elizabeth, widow 
of Sir H. Protheroe, who died in 1840. 

• 

Mbs. Husxisson. — ^April 7th, at Eartham, near Chichester, 
aged 78, Mrs. Huskisson, widow of the late Bight Hon. William 
Huakisson, the colleague and friend of Canning. — She had 
survived her husband a little more than twenty-five years, and 
was present by his side when his lamentable death occurred, in 
consequence of an accident at the onening of the Liverpool 
Bailway, in September, 1880. Eartham, that gentleman's 
favourite residence, is classic ground, having been bought by 
him in 1800 from Hayley, the poet, and friend of Cowper, and 
adorned bv him in an elegant but simple style, after the fashion 
introduced into England by Shenstone at the Leasowes. Mrs. 
Huskisson was a daughter of the late Admiral Mark Milbanke, 
who was a brother of Sir Ralph Milbanke, 4th Bart., of Hal- 
naby, Yorkshire, and consequently related to the wife of 
George Gordon, the late LoixL Byron, and also to the first 
Yiscountess Melbourne, mother of the late premier. Mr. Wil- 
liam Hu^sson Tilghman, of Eartham, in compliance with his 
aunt's will, has assumed the name of Huskisson in addition to 
that of Tilghman. 

Mbs. Kelly. — ^April 8th, Mrs. Sarah Eellyr, the successful 
suitor in the case of Eellv v, Shewles, in which a yery large 
amount of property was litigated. — She was foully murdered 
while out walking on her grounds in the countv of Kosoommon, 
in company of her nephew. Two men, with olackened faces, 
approached, and, desiring the nephew to stand aside, discharged 

Sistols, and shot the uniortunate lady through the head. Her 
eath was instantaneous. The coroner's inquest returned a 
verdict of wilful murder against two persons unknown. Mrs. 
KeUy 's history is in itself a romance. She was the daughter of 
an innkeeper at Broadstairs. and beine verv pretty, she attracted 
the attentions of a young Irishman, Mr. Meredyth, who finally 



218 MISCECLAinSOfrS. 

snooeeded in seducing her and penaading her to fly with him to 
Ireland. Afteraperiodhe deserted her and her ofaild. Anacftaon 
was hrought against him for seduction, and she recovered £3,000. 
Kow followed a life of adventure, difficulty, and shame ; until 
at lenffth she became the * housekeeper,' and finally the wife, of 
Mr. Edmund Kelly, a land-agent and soUoitor of fabulous wealth. 
He was an old man, and her influence over him was so great 
that he left the whole of his propertv te her, shutting out a 
daughter by a former marriage, and au his relations. ^ The will 
was disputed, and a verdict given against the widow; but 
Mrs. Eeily sued out an appeal, and obtained a victory over her 
opponents, and full posseseicm of the property. Her will was 
proved in the Pr^ogative Court, by Dr. Bailey, of Bookwood, 
in the county of Roscommon, one of the executors. The pro- 
perty was sworn under £250,600. The subscribing witnesses totiie 
will are Mr. Wm. Diprges Latouche, Mr. Tisdall, of Mount-street, 
and Mr. Allen Kesbitt, solicitor. The instrument, which is of a 
most voluminous nature, and which has evidenliy been pre- 
pared with great care and precision, bears date August, 1854. 
jliere is no oodioil, and in almost every instance the names of 
the legatees, and the amounts of the legacies, are filled in in the 
handwriting of the testatrix hersdf. The will commenoesby 
stating tiiot the testatrix has prepared the document with the 
ggea te st poisihle eai«, attention^ and deliberation, andexpressis 
UL the stnmpest terms her anxious wish that there may be no 
litigation with respect to it. She gives her reason for express- 
ing this wish, that she keenly remembers the sufferings and 
tnals to which she says she was subjected in proving t& will 
of her husband, notwithstanding that it was made wi^ tiie 
utmost publicity, and that every precaution was taken tognaid 
against disputes. She states that she, the object of Mr. Kelly's 
bounty and ajBfection, was subjected to protracted litigation and 
persecution by disappK^inted relatives, who had insulted and 
olfended her husband in his lifetime ; and that they were aided 
and assisted in their improper conduct by * partial, pre- 
judiced, corrupt, or incompetent and weak-minded judges.' 
She calls in the most emphatic manner upon all judges before 
whom the will miffht come, to recognize it as her solemn and 
deliberate act, and to disbelieve aQ parties who might assert 
the contrary. The legacies are very numerous, and are nearh' 
all made to relatives, who are principally described as of Broad- 
stairs, Kent. She bequeaths £10,000 to her elder sister, Mrs. Maij 
Strevens, wife of George Strevens, of Broadstairs, Kent. It is 
the son ii those parties who was committed to stand his trial 
for the murder of Mrs. Kelly. In the case of each bequest there 
are numerous limitations over. Of the bequest of £10,000 
already mentioned, there are limitations over to Oeorge Strevens, 
the party in eustodv. Certain lands of Kiltown, and other 
denominations, in tne county of Roscommon, are demised to 
Br. Bailey and Mr. Robert Orr, in trust for Mr. George Strevens 
during his li&, with power to him to will or assign. A sum of 



uiscxLLAjrxoirs. 219 

£30,000 is demised to another sister of the testatrix, a Mrs. Cdx» 
also of Broadstoirs, Kent. £1,000 are demised to her * Mend 
and a^ent/ Christopher William Campion, whom she directs 
to be disoharged from all debts he might owe to her at the time 
of her death. Her executors are also directed to hand oyer to 
him SQch bills, notes, or any securities for the money from him 
as might be found amongst her papers at her decease, and to 
satisfy all judgments, if any, in her name against him, without 
calling on him for any payment in consideration thereof. 
He is demised her properties of Balinderry, and two other 
denominations in the county of Westmeath, for his life, witii 
all her plate, cattle, shee^, farming stock of every description, 
famitore, &o, (money ana securities for money excepted), that 
might be in the residue or upon the lands of Balinderry. There 
is a bequest of £10,000 to a Mr. George Birch, of Broadstairs, 
Kent, with limitations over to George Birch, jun. A number 
of otiier nephews and nieces are mentioned for sums Taryixur 
from £10,000 to £20,000. It is belieyed that the residue will 
be very larse. Dr. Bailey, who is a]9pointed residuary legatee, 
to whom tnere are sereral limitations oyer, gets by direct 
bequest the Bookwood estate, in 'tibe county of Koscommon." — 

The executors named in the will are Messrs. R. P. Bailey, 
the residuary legatee; Mr. Robert Orr, Mr. W. D. Latouefaiey 

and Mr. Alexander Boyle ; all of whom, except Mr. Bcdley, 
have, it is stated, renounced. The stamp-duty is something 
under £26,000. 

Hon. W. H. L. MxLyizxz.— April 9th, in Manchester-square, 
ajped 67, the Hon. William Henry Leslie MeMUe, brother of 
the Earl of Leyen and Melyille, and a Director of the East* 
India Company. 

Rev. W. Jewkihs.— April 17th, at the Vicarage, Sidmouth, 
aged 72, the Rev. Wm. Jenkins, M. A., Rector of that paririi, to 
wnich he was preferred in 1821. — He was the second son of the 
Rev. W. Jenkins, M.A., vicar of Sidmouth, by Mary, daughter 
and co-heir of Robert Pearse, Esq., of Morebath, co. Devon. 
He reoeived his early education at Blundell's school, Tiverton, 
and graduated B.A. at Oriel College, Oxford, 1805, and M.A., 
1808. He married, in 1828, Mair, sole surviving daughter of 
Thomas Banger, Eso., of Puddletown and Wvtherstone, oo. 
Dorset, who survives mm. His two sons died before him ; of 
his two daughters, Mary, the elder, married the Rev. Arthur 
Pardee, fourth son of the Rev. George Dansey Pardee, of Nash 
Court, CO. Salop ; Ellen, the younger, married the Rev. Edward, 
fourth son of John Quicke, Esq., of Newton House, co. Devon. 
In the eloquent words of the Rev. C. E. Kennaway, in his 
funeral sermon : ^* It is no easy matter to supply the long and 
tcgider associations of more than half a century. The very 
name is almost a part of the place [Sidmouth]. We have, the 



■■■■■BiVCV^inHVOT 



220 MIBCELLAKEOUS. 

greater part, never known the two dissevered. We many of us 
remember when gradually the mantle of the father descended 
upon the son» and now we look in vain around for that son, 
who so long was the father of his people ; and the hearts of, oh, 
how many, beat anxiously and regretfully at the thought ! 
The quahties which eminently distinguished him were, an 
honest and manly straightforwardness, combined with a ten- 
derness of feeling and a warmth of heart not often to be met 
with. To this must be added, a feeling for the woes and trials 
of others, and an anxiety to relieve them, which alike poor 
and rich will with deep gratitude acknowledge. He emphatic- 
ally * wept with them that weep.' It was, I believe, this ten- 
derness of sympathy, united in a remarkable degree with a 
keen perception of character, and a boldness in reproving 
wickedness, which gave him that great influence in public as 
well as in private, which all confess. His knowledge, his sym- 
pathy, and his gentle firmness, added to the conviction, enter- 
tained by all, of his earnest and conscientious desire to serve 
the parish, were quite irresistible. He added, moreover, to 
these qualities, a desire for unity, which seemed to be the 
carrying out to the very letter of the Apostolic precept, ' If 
it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with 
all men/ And I verily believe, as was said to me by an 
influential parishioner, that he has not left an enemy behind 
him." 

DowAGEB Lady GoocH.—April 19th, at Aldborough Manor, 
Suflblk, in her 86th year, the Dowager LadvGooch.— She was 
Mariana, daughter of the late Abraham Whitaker, Esg., of 
Lyster House, co. Hereford, and became, in 1796, the wife of 
the late Sir T. S. Gooch, Bart., of Benacre Hall, Suflblk, which 
county he represented for many years in the Conservative 
interest. A sister of the deceased lady was the Countess of 
Stradbroke, who died in the early part of the present year. A 
memoir of her eldest son, who represented East Suffolk for ten 
years, will be found above, page 28. 

BowAGES Lady Felly.— April 20th, at Upton, Essex, aged 
71, the Dowager Lady Felly. — She was daughter of the late 
Henry Boulton, Esq., of Thomeycroft, Surrey, and was mar- 
ried to her late husband in 1807. The late Sir John Felly was 
successively Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, Deputv- 
Master of tibe Trinity House, and eventually Governor of the 
Bank of England. He realized a large fortune in the city, and, 
bearing a deservedly high reputation for integrity and honour,- 
was raised to a baronetcy, in 1840, by the late Lord Melbourne, 
and died in 1852. 

DowAGEB Lady Whabncltfpe. — April 23rd, in Lower 
Grosvenor-street, aged 78, the Eight Hon. Elizabeth Caroline 
Mary, Dowager Ladfy Whamcliffe.~Her ladyship, who was the 



UISCELLAKE0T7S. 221 

only daughter of John, Ist Earl of Erne, hy his second wife. 
Lady Mary Hervey, daughter of the celebrated Earl of Bristol 
and Bishop of Derry (the friend of Lord Nelson's Lady Hamil- 
ton), became, in 1799, the wife of a grandson of John, 3rd Earl 
of Bute, E.G., namely, the Right Hon. James Archibald Stuart 
"Wortley, many years M.P. for Yorkshire, who was created 
Lord Whamcliffe in 1827, and after haying filled other subor- 
dinate ministerial posts, became ultimately Lord President of 
the Council, under the administration of the late Sir Eobert 
Peel, from 1841 to 1846. Her ladyship left surviving issue one 
daughter, now the widow of the late Hon. J. C. Talbot ; and 
one son, the ex-Recorder of London. Her eldest son, the 2nd 
Lord WhamcMe, died in October, 1855, and a memoir of Mm 
will be found in the previous volume. 

Mbs. Dyuoke.— April 26th, in Norfolk-street, Park-lane, 
aged 89. Mrs. Dymoke, mother of Sir Henry Dymoke, Bart., 
and widow of the Hon. and Rev. John Dymoke, the Champion 
of England.— Her late husband was called on to perform the 
duties of Champion at the Coronation of Qteorge lY. ; but being 
a clergyman, he discharged it by proxy, his son (who was 
oreatea a baronet in 1841) throwing down the gauntlet for 
him. The deceased lady was a daughter of the late Captain 
Elphinstone, R.N., who was formerly admiral of the Russian 
fleet. 

Hon. Mbs. Bxteton.— April 26th, in Park-square, Regent's 
Park, aged 67, the Hon. Mrs. Burton. — She was Anna Maria, 
youngest daughter of the 13th Lord Dunsany, and was bom at 
Dunsany Castle, county of Meath, Ireland, in March, 1789. 
She married, in 1805, Pnilip Roche, Esq., of Donore, co. Eil- 
dare, by whom she had two daughters and one son. Her eldest 
daughter is married to the present Lord Trimleston, and her 
second, Anna Maria, was married to the late Lord Louth. Her 
son, Lieutenant- Colonel John Roche, was formerly in the 2nd 
Life-guards. She married secondly, in July, 1822, Admiral 
Ryder Burton, K.C.H., son of the late Bishop of Eillalo, and 
by him has a son, Francis Augustus Plunkett Burton, colonel 
in the Coldstream Gfuards, who married, in 1853, Sarah Char- 
lotte Elizabeth, daughter of J. S. W. S. Erie Draz, Esq., M.P., 
of Charborougn Park, Dorset, and Ellerton Abbey, Yorkshire, 
and co-heiress of her mother, whose father, Richard Ghrosvenor, 
Esq., was nephew of the 1st Earl Grosvenor. 

H. Wallek.— April 28th, at the Gresham Hotel, Adelaide, 
Mr. Henry Wallen, the earliest known settler in that colony. — 
The deceased was familiarly known as " Governor Wallen," 
having acquired a sort of ascendancy over the natives and 
settlers on kangaroo Island, on which he had lived from thirty- 
five to thirty-seven years. Old Wallen was both a territonal 
grandee ana a merchant, having been the proprietor of a tract 



222 HISCELLAJTSaVS. 

of land oonoeded to him by right of occapatioii long before i^ 
founding of the colony, and haying oonduoted a pretty exten- 
siye business in wa]laby-skin8, which he procured in large 
quantities with the aid of two natiye women whom he had 
taken as his wiyes. Old Wallen seldom yisited Adelaide, and 
on this occasion he unfortunately indulged in strong liquors to 
an extent that proyed fatal. He was a man of singular habits, 
and was so intimately acquainted with the Bible that scarcely 
a verse of the sacrd yoLume could be named which he was 
not able immediately to recite. He was a most suocessfol 
hunter, often haying from £100 to £150 worth of skins to dis- 
pose of at one time. The funeral of the old nuuviras respect- 
ably conducted, the expense being met by a few gentlemen in 
the town who felt interested in the history of poor Wallen. 

Mbs. E. Gray.— April — , at Edinburgh, aged neaxlv 108, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Qray, well known in that cit}f as ** Betty (tray." 
— She was bom at Newholm, co. Lanark, in May, 1748, and 
was, at the census of 1851, the most afi^ed inhabitant of Edin- 
burgh, and probably died the most SLgeA inhabitant of Scotland. 
Her father, the late Mr. Gray, of Newholm, died in 1766 ; so 
that he was suryiyed by his &ughter the extraordinary period 
of (me hundred and one years ! Mr. Gray left a widow and a 
large family, who haye been remarkable for their longeyi^. 
Mrs. Elizal)eth Gray was one of three sisters, all of whom Uy^ 
to a great age ; and, what is more remarkable, a brother of the 
flame family died in 1728 ; an interyal of 128 years haying 
eUpsed between the death of the brother and the sister. A 
oorrespondent of the Athenaum wrote lately to that journal, 
that nearly seyenty years ago he used to yisit the lady lately 
deeeased, and was taught the catechism by her. 

Hon. Mbs. Cbewe. — May 1st, at her seat near High Wy- 
eombe, the Hon. Mrs. Crewe. — She was next sister to the present 
Lord Oarrington, and married in 1819 Colonel John Frederick 
Crewe, a distant cousin of Lord Crewe, but was left a widow 
«ome years since. 

Mes. Bell. — ^May 1st, at the Baths Hotel, Helensburg, on 
ihe Clyde, aged 86, Mrs. Bell, widow of Henry Bell, who first 
propelled a yessel by steam in British waters. — She had sur- 
yiyed her celebrated husband for upwards of twenty-fiye yean. 
Bell died on the 14th of Noyember, 1830, haying been bom in 
the county of Linlithgow in 1767. Mr. Bell's life was not a 
prosperous one, and before his death his only real dependence 
was an annuity of £50 per annum, granted by the Cljrde 
Trustees in consideration of the enterprise and genius of the 
man who unquestionably started the Urst steamer on the 
Clyde, namely, the tiny little Comet, as she was called upwards 
of foii^ years ago. This annuity was not only continued to 
his widow, but increased to £100. The closing days of the old 



jgjv thatfon, were peaoefnl and oomtortai^. Sb» hvl been 
ggimeckd "ilii the Baths Hotel, at Hdeubng, ior tbe kng 
period of fortJ-oineyeBra. The man who pnpand Um cngne 
for tbe Cbnic' '^ Btill alive, and in reduced circnnutancM. 

lu)T HisBErr,— Maj- ^Oi, in EiUarv-taraee, ITeatboBae 
Pvk, LidyNiabett, widow of Sir J. Niabttt, BtuL, of Deaw, 
If.fi.— Her ladyship was of Amerioaa birth, and her Bwitei 
uamt was Alston ; she laarried early in the prewnt oentaiT< 
battiie title became eitinot on the decease of ber *■— Htil. t£e 
7th biTonet of his line, willunit iwne, in 1838. 

Eoif. Has. Cabdbll.— Uaj 6th, at Hilcnr, aoed 70. the Hob. 
FsalinB Caddell, widow of B. OTerrall Caddell, Eaq.. a^ 
daughter of tbe 2ad Tisoonnt Sontiiwri]. 

List fimiir.— May 7th, in Green-Park-bnildinM, Baft, 
ag«d 76, Lad7 Berry. — She waa Loniia, da^jtia of the late 
Ssmnel Foster, D.B., Beotor of Bhotler, Sufolk, and mBrried 
in irsr the late Reai-Admiral Sir WilliaiB Beny, K.C.B., 
who died without male iasne in 1831, when the btxmeief, 

conferred on him in oonaideratioR of Ma naral wrrioes, beeaae 

extinct. 

Last Shebbrooes. — May isth, at Sidnonlii, tbe l»ij 
Sherbrooke. — She wu the widow of the gallant Oneral Str 
John Coape Sherbrooke, G.C.B., of Galveston, Notta, who died 
in 1830, ^ter having held the poats of Qorenuv of Upper aod 
Lower Canada. 

Pbotost Lcrusnii.v.— May Ifilh, at hia house in St. ^'inoent- 
Btreet, in the 7t>th year of nia a|^, Jamea Lnuudtui, Kmj., (jer- 
merly Lord Rp.vost of Glasgow. — He was one of tbi moat 
steady, indnatriims, and indufati^ble of our citizens. Ho 
fbnnded the ClydesdaJe Bank, waa for many lonx ytan tbe 
Treasurer of tH<.' Koyol ln£rmaiy, and, in short, he waa CvS' 
nected more or less with evei^ institntiun is tbe cityj while 
his pnrse was tvtr open for its ohoritiea, whether public ar 
private. He wa^ one of the few last links remainisf; of tk« 



old and the new uurporation ; of tbe patt and tlic preacnt tM. 
He -was a oonntillor under the old riglmt : and l-t- t-jU' d the 
Mghest post of hunmir in the new. lie 



a oonntillor under the old r^Qim* : and lit- 

...-„ post of honour in 1 he new. 

lieutenant of thf ruwu", r.i Lanark. 

trate in every a>.i.3>: ul ttic wordj ami Lu bU'. '^.,, .. - . 

and serenely, leav IDE aJi amiable ijunily, and > Ibiku u 



Hon. Mrs. Hops. —May 27Ui, atSoothaea, after s abort ill- 
uess, tbe Eon. Mrs. Hope, wife of CanUin J. Hope, C.B. — Sie 
was a daughter of Charles, lata Lord Einnaird, and niece of tbe 
Doke of Leinster. 



224 MISCELLANEOUS. 

Lady E. HsBTBr. — June Ist, the Lady Elizabeth Herrey, 
eldest daughter of the Earl Jennyn, and grand-daughter of the 
Marquis of Bristol. 

Mbs. B£LLEW.-;-June 2nd, Anne, wife of F. J. Bellew, Esq., 
oaptain on the retired list of the Hon. East-India Company. — 
She was a daughter of the late Simon Temple, Esq., formerly of 
Hylton Castle, co. Durham. 

Countess op Shbbwsbuby. — June 4th, at Paris, after a 
short illness, the Countess of Shrewsbury. — ^Her ladyship had 
suffered for some years from an internal disease, but to the last 
no apprehensions were felt that her indisposition would termi- 
nate fatally. The countess was a daughter of the late Mr. 
William Talbot, of Castle Talbot, county Wexford, by his first 
wife, Mary, daughter of Mr. Lawrence O'Toole, of Buxtown, in 
the same countv, and married, in 1814, Mr. John Talbot, who 
became I7th earl on the death of his uncle in 1827. and died at 
Naples, suddenly, in November, 1852. By him her ladyship 
had issue — a son, who died in infancy, and two daughters, the 
iSrincess Doria Pamphili, of Rome, raised to the rank of a 
princess by the King of Bavaria, and the late Princess Bor- 
ghese, who died in Italy some fifteen or sixteen years ago. — 
Morning Post, 

Lady A. Bulleb. — ^June 4th, in Seamore-place, the Lady 
Agnes Buller. 

S. Gtjbney, Esd. — June 5th, at Paris, aged 70, Samuel Gur- 
ney, Esq., the well-known capitalist. 

Lady Hobt. — June 6th, at Berne, Louisa Georgiana, wife of 
Sir J. W. Hort, Bart. 

Lady Dwabbis. — June 10th, at 75, Eocleston-square, Alicia, 
wife of Sir Fortunatus William Dwarris.— She was Alicia, 
dLauehter of R. Brereton, Esq., and married in 1811 her bus- 
bana, who was knighted in 1838 for his services in carr3^ng out 
the commission appointed for the purpose of reforming the 
colonial law-courts. 

E. R. P. Bastabd, Esq.— June 12th, at Swainston, Isle of 
Wight, the seat of his friend Sir John Simeon, Bart., aged 30, 
^om the rupture of a blood-vessel on the lungs, Edmund 
Rodney PoUexfen Bastard, Esq., of Kitlev, Devon. — He was the 
eldest son of the late Edmund Bastard, Esq., of Eitley, M.P. for 
Devonshire in several successive parliaments previous to 1830 : 
his mother was a daughter of the 2nd Lord Rodney, and grand- 
daughter of the celebrated admiral. He was born September i 
7th. 1825. ** He was educated at Eton" (says a memoir in the 
Tablet) ** and at Balliol College, Oxford, where he was sin^- j 
larly beloved by his masters and companions. In spite of being 



VISCELLANEOUS. 225 

not only heir to, but actually in possession of, a noble fortone 
and estate, he devoted himself steadily to mathematical studies, 
and took his B.A. degree in 1846 as a double first class. His 
religious impressions at this time were formed ; and the deyo- 
tion to authority and anti9uity which was from the first a 
leading principle in his amiable nature, led him to nve his 
adherence to the Oxford or Anglo-Catholic school, wnich he 
supported by both purse and influence in Deyonshire. Among 
others. Miss Sellon and the Protestant Sisters of Mercy at Ply- 
mouth, felt his aid in more than one of their well-intentioned 
schemes for benefiting the poor population of Stonehouse, 
Plymouth, and Devonport ; and the parish church and schools 
of Yealmpton were rebuilt at his sole cost, in a most sumptuous 
and elaborate style, from the designs of Mr. Butterfield. The 
edifice is one of the most beautiful parish churches in the West 
of England. He submitted himself to the Eoman Catholic 
Church (into which he was received by the Kev. Dr. Kewman) 
in November, 1850, just when the agitation conse<]^uent on the 
* Papal Agvpression' was at its height. From that time forward 
he uevoted his energies, his influence, and his fortune to the 
cause of the Catholic Church. In 1854 Mr. Bastard married 
Florence, the eldest daughter of Simon Scrope, Esq., of Danby, 
near Bedale, Yorkshire ; out as by her he has left no familv, the 
property of Eitley passes to his next brother. Captain Baldwin 
Bastard." 

Miss Bsidges. — June 21st, Miss Louisa Bridges.— She was 
bom Auffust 18th, 1777. She was the last surviving of thirteen 
sons ana daughters of the late Sir Brook Bridges, of Good- 
nestone, in £ent, third baronet of his family (creation 1718), 
and M.P. for that county from 1763 to 1774, by Fanny, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Edmund Fowler, Esq., of (irace, Essex, and 
representative, through her grandmother, Mrs. Mildmay, of the 
ancient barony of Fitzwalter (1295). Her unobtrusive piety 
and acts of charity leave little for the notice of the general 
biographer, but her memory will be long cherished by the poor 
of her neighbourhood, who were the constant recipients of her 
bounty. 

Lady Acland.— June 23rd, in Hyde-Park Gardens, Lydia 
Elizabeth, wife of Sir T. D. Adand, Bart., late M.P. for North 
Devon. 

Hoir. Mes. Whaites.— July 1st, at Cologne, the Hon. 
Mrs. J. J. Whaites, youngest daughter of the late Lord 
"Wodehouse. 

Countess op St. Gbbmans.— July 2nd, in Dover-street, the 
Countess of St. Germans.— The deceased lady was third daughter 
of Charles, 2nd Marauis Comwallis, by Lady Louisa, fourth 
daughter of Alezanaer, 4th Duke of Gordon, and was bom 

a 



226 MISCELLAKSOCrS. 

24th April, 1803. Her ladyship married, 2nd September, 1824, 
the Earl of St. Germans (then Lord Eliot), by whom shelefb 
Bnryiying five sons and an only daughter, Lady Louisa, married 
to the Hon. and Rev. Walter ronsonby. 

"W. S. Standish, Esft.— July 10th, at Cocken Hall, Durham, 
aged 48, William Standish Standish, Esq.— The deceased, who 
was a magistrate for Durham and Lancashire, and a depuly- 
lieutenant for the latter county, was imiversally respected by 
men of all classes in the north of England, and his amiable> 
benevolent, and hospitable character had endeared him to a 
large circle of friends, by whom his loss will be truly and 
deeply regretted. 

Lady B. Faxjlknbe.— July 17th, at Evington, near Chelten- 
ham, Lady Brook EauLkner. 

Hoir. Mss. Hamilton. — July 20th, at Hafton House, oo. 
Argyll, the Hon. Maria Gorinna, wife of Captain C. M. Hamil* 
ton, 92nd Highlanders, and daughter of Yuoount Gbrt.— Hw 
youngest sister, the Hon. Julia Or. Y^reker, died in London 
the same day. 

Mb. and Mks. Middleton.— July 21st, at Chesterton, near 
Cambridge, Mr. David and Mrs. Mary Ann Middleton, aeed 
respectively 81 and 83, parents of Mr. D. Middleton, stewara to 
Lord Monson, at the old family seat of Burton, near Lincoln. — 
The aged pair had been married sixty years, and had lived 
forty-four years at Chesterton. From the proceeds of a small 
farm, they had not onlv brought up respectablj a large family 
of seventeen children, but were enabled to give scope to the 
exercise of that kindly feeling which finds pleasure in relieving 
the wants of the distressed. And deep and wide-spread respect 
not only foUowed them through life, but secured in death ihe 
attendance of a vast concourse of mourners, when the bodies 
were being conveyed to their long rest. Both expired within 
ten minutes of each other, and both were interred in the same 
grave. The old lady had been ill only a fortnight, and on the 
morning of her death her aged partner was heard to say, " I 
hope I shall not be longr after you." Providence heard the 
wish, and decreed that those who had so long shared each 
other's joys and sorrows should not be narted in death. The 
old gentleman went down to the hay-neld, offered to] assist 
his son, and set himself to Work ; but in a short time, and 
before intelligence of the mother's death reached the son, the 
father was found lyinff dead upon the hav, his countenance 
being as calm and as placid as if he had Mien asleep. Li l^e 
worois of the epitaph upon their tomb, " They were lovely and 

Sleasant in their lives, and in their deaths they were not 
ivided."-2 Bam. i. 23. 



]kUSC£LIJLNj:0T7S. 227 

Hon. Mbs. Ho£Nby.— July 2ard, at Leamington, affed ^8, 
the Hon. Georgiana Hornby, widow of the Kev. G. Hornby, 
zector of Bury, Lancashire. 

Hon. Miss Oust.— July 26th, in Hill-street, Berkeley-square, 
aged 72, the Hon. Luoy Oust, second surviving daughter of the 
Ist Lord Brovnlow, and sist^ of the late earl. 

Laj)y Knightley,— -July 27th, at Fawsley Park, the Lady 
Knightley, daughter of F. X. Hervey, Esq. 

J. GoDiNG, Esq. — July 29th, in Belgrave-square, James 
Goding, Esq., the wealthy brewer of London. — He married a 
daughter of the late Earl of Coventry. 

DowAGEB Duchess of Leeds.— July 30th, at Hornby Castle, 
Yorkshire, aged 80, the Dowager Duchess of Leeds. — Her grace 
was Charlotte, second daughter of George, Ist Marquis Towns- 
hendj by his second wife, Ann, daughter and coheir of Sir 
WiUiam Montgomery, Bart. ; she was bom the 17th March, 
1766, and was married the 17th August, 1797» to George 
William Frederick, 6th Duke of Leeds, Z.G., by whom (who 
died the 10th July, 1838^ she had issue two sons— Francis 
Godolphin D'Arcy (the 7th and preseait Duke of Leeds) and 
Conyers (who was accidentally killed while a youth)— and one 
daughter, the late Lady Sackville Lane Fox, who died in 1836. 

Mbs. BeUiINgham.— July 30th, at Highcliffe, Lyme Kegis, 
aged 78, Monique, widow oi Allan Bellingham, Esq., of Castle 
Bellingham, co. Louth.— She was the daughter of the Sieur 
Jaques Duperon Baby and of Dame Suzanne Beaume, of 
French Canada ; was married in 1795, and left a widow in 1821. 
By her husband she had a family of nine children, of whom 
three daughters survive her. Excellent in every relation of 
life, and one of the best and truest of friends, she was deservedly 
respected and beloved by all who knew her. She is buried 
in the churchyard attached to the Catholic church of St. 
Michael, at Lyme. 

TiscouNT Ceanley. — Au^st 2nd, after a lingering illness, 
at Lady Maria Alford's residence, at Prince's-tate, Viscount 
Cranley. — The deceased was the only son of Earl Onslow, and 
was bom in 1820. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, 
Oxford. He married, in 1860, Lady Katharine Cust, youn^st 
daughter of the late Earl Brownlow, by his second marriage 
with Caroline, sister of the late Geo. Fludyer, Esq., of Ayston, 
Rutland. 

LkLY BuLVEWswoBTH.—August 6th, in Clarenoe-tenace, the 
Bight Hon. Lady Bavensworth, after a protracted illness, which 
was borne with great fortitude and resignation.— Her ladyship 
was the eldes t daughter of Lord George 0eynioiar> youngest son 

as 



228 UISCELLA17EOT7S. 

of the first Marquis of Hertford, and sister to Sir Hamilton 
Seymour, G.G.H., and the Countess of Shannon, and was mar- 
ried, in 1820, to the present Lord Rayensworth, by whom she 
had a family of six sons and eight daughters. 

R. Pate, Esq.— August 5th, at his seat, near Wisbeaoh, aged 
69, Robert Pate, Esq. — He was the father of the unfortunate 
Richard Pate, formerly captain in the 8th Hussars, who some 
years since was found guilty of striking the Queen with a 
walking-cane just as her Majesty was leaving the residence .of 
the Duchess of Cambridge, in Piccadilly, and was sentenced to 
transportation. Mr. Pate filled the office of High Sheriff of 
the county of Cambridge on the occasion of the installation of 
the Prince Consort as Chancellor of the University of Cam- 
bridge. He had then the honour of beine introduced to the 
Queen and Prince. Strange to say, when ne entered the wit- 
ness-box to give evidence on behalf of his unhappy son, he 
recognized in the person of the judge (the late Baron Alderson) 
an old friend and schoolfellow. 

J. GfiiswoLD, Esq.— August 6th, at Hyde-park, New York, 
aged 73, John Griswold, Esq., a New York " merchant prince," 
and one among the oldest and most distinguished merchants of 
that city. — He was well and widely known as the establisher 
of Griswold's line of New York and London packets, which 
was conducted with remarkable success. Mr. Griswold was 
born in Connecticut, where his father at one time served as 
governor of the state. He came to New York when young, 
where, by industry and perseverance in business, combined 
with great integrity of character, he rose to a high position as 
a merchant, and was distinguished for his generosity as a citi- 
zen no less than for his upright and honourable course in all 
his relations of private life. He had suffered from feeble 
health for some time, and had retired from the house of Gris- 
wold, Morgan, and Wiley, which he had founded. He was a 
contemporary of Jonathan Qoodhue, who was also a distin- 
guishea merchant of New York. It is such men as they were 
who truly deserve to be called ** merchant princes," and who 
added to the reputation of the commercial character of the city 
at home and abroad. It is thtis we find, one by one, our old 
and intelligent merchants are passing way, but who leave ex- 
amples and reputations behind them long to be remembered, 
and which the youn^r members of the profession may do well 
to cherish and to imitate.— iVi^tr York Jaerald, 

Lady Youiro.*— August 8th, at Boulogne, Lucy, widow of Sir 
W. Young, Bart., of fiaillieborough Castle, Cavan, Ireland. 

A. R. Fbvwick, Esq. — August 9th, at Netherton House, 
Northumberland, aged 60, Andrew Robert Fenwick, Esq., a 
magistrate for that county. — He married, in 1832, Frances, 
daughter of Ralph Fenwick, Esq., of Shortridge. His only 



■■ 



HISCELLANEOUS. 229 

son having died at Cambridge, in 1854, aged 18, he is succeeded 
by his daughter, Isabella Frances, his sole surviying child and 
heiress, who married, since the death of her father, the Eev. 
Charles Thorp, vicar of Ellingham, Northumberland. 

Mbs. Canning. — August 12th, aged 85, Mrs. Canning, of 
Foxcote. — Mrs. Jane Canning was the second daughter of Fer- 
dinand Huddleston, Esq., of Sawston Hall, Cambridgeshire, 
and was born April lOth, 1771.^ In February, 1810, she was 
married to the late Francis Canning, Esq., of Foxcote, a gentle- 
man of highly patriotic aspirations, and one of the earliest and 
firmest aovocates of parliamentary reform in Warwickshire 
and the midland counties. The deceased lady who so recently 
closed her honoured career, left no issue ; but her nieces, Eliza 
and Julia, the orphan daughters of the late Major John Can- 
ning, envoy to the King of Ava, owed much to her care and 
cultivated mind. The elder married, in 1843, Phili]) H. Howard, 
Esq., of Corby Castle ; Julia, the younger sister, is the wife of 
James Fleming, Esq., of the chancery bar. Sawston Hall, the 
venerable abode of Mrs. Canning's paternal ancestors, with its 
curious priests' hiding-place (still carefully preserved as a record 
of the days of persecution), is graphicsJly described by Mr. 
Kenekn Digby, who was much attached to its late possessor, 
Major Richard Huddleston, in the opening chapter of his 
" Compitum, or Meeting of the Ways." 

Hon. a. S. Kebb.— August 14th, at Torquav, the Hon. 
Arthur Schomberg Kerr, son of the late Lord M. Kerr, by 
Charlotte Countess of Antrim. 

C. RowGBOFT, Esa.— August 25th, at sea, on board the 
CherMm, homeward bound, Charles Rowcroft, Esq., lately 
Consul at Cincinnati, and an author of some well-known 
works.— His death was attended by circumstances which are 
undoubtedly mvsterious. His family, and the officers on board 
who witnessed nis decease, are deeply impressed with a feeling 
that some foul play has taken place, but are unable to discover 
any positive evidence. Mr. Koworoft's exequatur, it will be 
remembered, was withdrawn by the American ministry at the 
time of the withdrawal of those of Mr. Crampton and the 
other two consuls. He had previously lived in perpetual fear 
of his life, from the threats of the lower class of Irish emi- 
grants who surrounded him. On August 15th, Mr. Rowcroft, 
his lady, two daughters, and three sons, went on board the 
Cherubim^ at New lork, and very shortly afterwards he com- 
menced talking medicine ; the symptoms of his indisposition 
being such as to excite the suspicion of the captain. The latter 
states, in a journal of the case, published by the friends of the 
deceased, that *' during the whole illness, ms (Mr. Rowcroft's) 

Eulse was not above seventy ; nor, upon frequent inquiries, did 
e express the slightest pain. Twenty-four hours previous to 



.♦ 



230 MISCELLANEOUS. 

his death the skin and eyes were extremely yellow, and a few 
hours before, the tongue became black, and a black mucous 
substance issued from his mouth. His death was certainly 
mysterious and sudden, and I cannot easily persuade myself 
that it was natural." — JSome News, 

Lady EEin>LS8HAM. — ^Au^st 29th, in Graffcon-street, at the 
house of her son-in-law, Mr. "W. Rose, Sophia Lady Rendle- 
sham. — Lady Rendlesham was the widow of Lord John Ren- 
dlesham, by whom she left two daughters, Lady Walsingham 
and the Hon. Mrs. Rose. 

D. M. Pebceval, Esq. — September 2nd, in Wilton-street, 
aged 55, Dudley Montagu Perceval, Esq., fourth son of the 
late Right Hon. Spencer Perceval, and iirst clerk and deputy- 
teller of the Exchequer. — He graduated as a first class at Ox- 
ford, in 1822 ; and was clerk of the council at the Cape of Good 
Hope, under Sir R. Bourke, to whose daughter he was married. 
He contested the representation of the University of Oxford 
against Mr. Gladstone in 1862; and wrote several strong pam- 
IMolets opposed to tiie Catholic and Jewish daims. 

CotrsrcBBS ot LAinnsBSALB.—Septembeir I6th, at the seat of 
her son, the presooit earl, aged 94, the venerable CouitteBB (£ 
Lauderdale. — Her ladyship was the widow of James, 8th Earl 
of Lauderdale, who died September 13th, 1839, by whom she 
had survivinff issae, tiie present earL the Hon. Sir Anthony 
Mfldtlaiidy Lady Eleanor Balfour, and Lady Mary Stanley. 

Hon. Mrs. Dawson. — September 17th, at Castellamare, 
Karples, the Hon. Susan Agnes, wife of E. D. Massey-Dawson, 
Esq., and daughter of Lord Sinelair. 

Countess Dowaqee of Howth.— September I9th, at Eings- 
town, Dublin, aged 81, the Countess Dowager of Howth. — Tne 
deceased lady was eldest daughter of mlliam Burke, Esq., 
and sister of the late Sir J. Burke, Bart., and married William, 
2nd Earl of Howth, a few years after the death of his first 
wife. By her marriage with the noble earl, who died in 1822, 
the deceased leaves surviving issue, the present Earl of Howth ; 
Lady Catherine, widow of Viscount iJungarvan; and Lady 
Elizabeth, married to Sir E. Borough, Bart. 

Aldebman Htjntee. — September 22nd, in Westbourne- 
terrace, aged 75, Thomas Hunter, Esq., alderman of the city of 
London, and member of the corporation for the long term of 
thirty-two years.— He was born at Bury St. Edmunds, where 
he was educated in company with the late Bishop of London, 
Dr. Blomfield. Alderman Bfunter was elected a member of the 
ward of Coleman-street in 1823, and in 1843 alderman of the 
said ward ; he was made sheriff in 1844 ; and tilled the post of 
lord mayor in 1851. 



MXSG£LLA.N£OXrS. 231 

LadyBraybbooke. — September 23rd, at AudleyEnd, affed 56, 
the Lady Braybrooke. — Her ladyship was the eldest daughter of 
the 2]id Marquis Comwallis. 

Lady BERNEHS.—September 30th, at Keythorpe Hall, Leices- 
ter, the Lady Bemers. — Her ladyship was the eldest daughter 
and coheir of Colonel G. Crump, and cousin of her husband, to 
whom she was married in 1823. 

Babon de Robeck. — September 30th, accidentally drowned, 
at the salmon-leap, on the Liffey, near Lexlip Castle, Dublin, 
a^d 66, John Michael Henry Fock, Baron de Robeck, of the 
kingdom of Sweden. — He succeeded his father in 1817, and 
served with the British army in Spain, under Sir John Moore, 
from 1808 to 1814. when he retired. He served in 1834 as high 
sheriff of co. Kildare, and of co. Dublin in 1838, and of co. 
Wicklow in the following year. He was also a deputy-lieu- 
tenant for 00. Dublin, and major of that county militia. His 
first wife was a daughter of the late Lord Cloncurry, who was 
divorced from him in 1828, and remarried Lord Sussex Lennox ; 
his second wife, who survives him, was Miss Emily Elizabeth 
Henry, niece of his Grace the Duke of Leinster. 

Hon. B. WoDEB:ousE.~Ootober 6th, at the I^ew London Hotel, 
Exeter, aged 43, the Hon. Bertram Wodehouse. — He was for- 
merly an ofS.cer in the army; his death was occasioned by 
intemperance. 

Hon. Miss DEin[soisr.--Ootober 5th, at Grimston, the Hon. 
Isabella Maria Denison, daughter of Lord Londesborough. 

L^Y Newton.— October 8th, at Hampton, Lady Newton, 
wife of Sir W. J. Newton, the eminent miniature painter of 
Argyll-street. 

Lady Osbobne. — October 10th, at Newton Anner, eo. Tip- 
perary, Catherine, widow of Sir T. Osborne, Bart. 

Mbs. Palubb.— October 13th, at Nazing Park, Essex, aged 86, 
Anna Maria, widow of the late George Palmer, Esq., many 
years M.P. for Essex. She Was the younger daughter of 
William Bund, Esq., of "Wick, oo. Worcester, where the Bund 
family has been long settled. Her father died in 1773, leaving 
a widow and three young children ; and on the only son soon 
afterwards dying, while a boy at Rugby School, the Wick 
estate, being settled on the heirs male, went over to the father's 
yoimger brother ; from whose eldest son, the late Colonel Bund 
(who survived his own only son, a clergyman of the Church 
of England), it came to its present possessor, John Walpole 
Willis, Esq., who had married Colonel Bund's eldest daughter : 
the old entaU having been barred, and the property newly set- 
tled. The subject of this memoir and her sister, after their 



232 MISCELLAXEOXrS. 

brother's death, lived in retirement with their mother, who 
was remarried to William Yamold, Esq., a friend and cor- 
respondent of Bishop Bathurst, and who, in 1792, again was 
left a widow. Meanwhile, in 1787, the elder daughter was 
married to the Rev. Wm. Probyn, vicar of Pershore and Chan- 
cellor of St. David's ; and the younger daughter now became a 
firequent and favourite guest in the family of Bishop Horsley, 
her deceased father's college friend, of whose exceeding kind- 
ness (for he was a second father to her) she always spoke in the 
warmest terms. Introduced by that distinguished prelate, she 
met and conversed with the learned and great ; but, while her 
judgment thus acquired strength, her taste culture, and her 
deportment dignity and grace, she ever remained the true 
gentlewoman, an unsophisticated child of nature. She was 
married, in 1795, to her late husband, who was Bishop Horsley 's 
nex)hew, and who then commanded the i9o^£^m East- Indiaman, 
wmch furnished a theme for the good bishop's wit and pro- 
phetic powers. His prognostication that the marriage would 
ts^e place, and be a happy one, proved correct; and the 
domestic nature of Mrs. Palmer was well portrayed by an old 
friend and neighbour at Hadham, who said, that "with her 
husband and childron she would not care for all the world 
besides." But others likewise felt the sunshine of her gentle 
spirit, and the village dame in the School of Industry, esta- 
blished by Mr.. Palmer's father at Nazin^, oomplained that, 
under her new rule, she could no longer ireely use her stick. 
To use the language of a relative—'* Towards those who had 
lost their mother she manifested a mother's love, and for every 
one who sorrowed she had sympathy. She was not exempt in 
old age from the common lot of mankind ; but bright visions of 
the past illumined her latter days, while a playful fancy, com- 
bined with good sense and discernment, unremitting anxiety 
for the welfare or comfort of those whom she loved, a heart 
overflowing with kindness towards all around, and pious thank- 
fulness for all God's meroies, with a humble roliance on Him, 
marked the tenour of her quiet unostentatious life to the end." 
She survived her beloved husband more than three years. They 
left issue three sons ; viz., first, George Palmer, Esq., of Nazing 
Park,major>commandantofthe West-Essex Yeomanry; second* 
William Pahner, Esq., of the Inner Temple, barrister-at-law ; 
third, Francis Palmer, Esq., also a barrister of the Inner Temple ; 
and one daughter, Elizabeth, married to Kobert Biddulph, Esq., 
of Ledbury, m the county of Hereford. 

Mks. Dodswokth.— October 26th, at Lyne Grove, Chertsey, 
aged 55 f Mrs. Elizabeth Dods worth. — She was the grand- 
daughter of Mr. Justice Buller, and sister to Sir John x arde 
Buller, Bart., of Lupton House, M.P. for South Devon. She 
was born in the year 1801, and in 1830 was married to William, 
third son of John Dodsworth, Esq., of Carleton Hall, Yorkshire, 
then a clergyman of the Established Church, but who, in 1860, 



HISCELLANEOUS. 233 

conformed to the Roman Catholic communion. Six weeks 
before her death Mrs. Dodsworth also became a Catholic, and 
in her last illness she was fortified by the last sacraments. Her 
remains lie in the crypt of the Catholic chapel at Weybridge, 

DowAOEB Countess be Salts.— October 27th, at Aviflrnon, 
aged 72, on her way to Rome, Henrietta, Countess de Salis, of 
Dawley Court, Bucks. — She was the daughter of the Right Rev. 
W. Forster, D.D., Bishop of Kilmore, and niece of the Right 
Hon. John Foster, last S])eaker of the Irish House of Commons, 
who was created Lord Oriel. She was the third wife of Jerome 
Fane de Salis, a count of the Germanic or Holy Roman Empire, 
who died the 24th October, 1836, leaving issue by her six sons 
and two daughters : the elder of liie latter is the present Lady de 
Tabley. Her stepson, Peter John, is the present Count de Salis. 
The family, of German origin, descends m)m Peter de Salis, the 
1st count, who was ambassador from the Emperor Joseph I. 
at the court of Queen Anne, and whose son, Jerome, settled in 
England, and was naturalized by Act of Parliament. 

Hon. R. Moobe. — ^November 2nd, at Exe-view, Exmouth» 
aged 63, Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. Robert Moore. 

Lady Fahie. — November 4th, aged 50, Lady Fahie, widow 
of Vice-Admiral Sir W. C. Fahie, K.C.B. 



Hon. G. L. Massey. — November 5th, in Cambridge-sauare, 
the Hon. George Lionel Massey, youngest son of the late Major- 
General Lord Clarina. 



Lady Citnlipfe.— November 11th, at Craven Hill, Susan 
Emily, wife of Lieut. -General Sir R. H. Cunliffe, Bart., C.B. 

Lady Brooke. — ^November 14th, in Devonshire-street, Port- 
landgplaoe, Marianne, widow of Lieut.- General Sir A. Brooke, 

ic.c.b. 

Lady STAFfOED.— November 20th, at Cossey Park, Norwich, 
from the rupture of a blood-vessel, the Laay Stafibrd. — ^Her 
ladyship was Julia, daughter of the late Edward Howard, Esq., 
and niece of Bernard Edward, 12th Duke of Norfolk, and left 
no family by her husband, the present Lord Stafford, to whom 
she was married in 1829. 

W. Beach, Esq.— November 22nd, at Oakley Hall, Basing- 
stoke, aged 73, William Beach, Esq., of that place and of 
Eeevil House, Wilts. — He was the second son of Michael Hicks 
Beach, Esq., of Beverston Castle, by Henrietta Maria, only 
daughter of W. Beach, Esq., of Netheravon, and was bom in 
1783. He assumed in 1838, by royal license, the name and 
arms of Beach only. In 1826 he married Jane Henrietta, 
daughter of John Browne, Esq., of Salperton, by whom he haa 



234 KI8CBLLANEOU8. 

two daughters and an only son, who has recently been elected 
M.P. for North Hants. He was an active magistrate for Wilts, 
and was much respected as a country gentleman. 

Lady Feazek.— November 22nd, at "Woolwich, Lady Frazer, 
widow of Sir A. S. Frazer, K.C.B., of tiie Boyal Horse Artillery. 

GoTTKTESS 01* RoBBK.— November 23rd, at Bath, aged 82, 
Julia Anne, Countess Dowager of Roden. 

S. Johnston, Esd.— November — , suddenly, at Liverpool, 
aged 64, Mr. Samuel Johnston, of the firm of Johnston and Co., 
American merchants. — He had left his private residence at 
New Brighton the same morning, apparently in good health. 
He was brother-in-law to Mr. Bramley Moore, M.P. for 
Maldon. 

H. Qt. KvpjSR, Esq.— November — -, from suffocation, during 
a large fire in that city, Henry Geo. £uper, Esq., British Con- 
sul at Baltimore. — The unfortunate gentleman was attached to 
the consular department of the Foreign Office in 1826, and in a 
few months was ;appointed aUaehi to the British Legation at 
Frankfort, and was subsequently selected as chargS d'affaires 
to the Germanic Diet. In March, 1844, he was appointed 
consul at Elsineur, and removed to Baltimore in August, 1852. 

F. C. SsYKOtis, Esft.— December 7th, aged 59, Frederick C. 
Sevmour, fourth son of Lord Hugh Seymour, and brother of 
Admiral Sir Geo. F. Seymour, and of the late Sir Horace Sey* 
mour. — ^Mr. Seymour was born February 1st, 1797. He was 
twice married— first, in 1822, to Ladv Mary Gordon, third 
daughter of the late Marouis of Huntly, who died in June, 
1825 ; and, secondlv, to Lady Augusta Hervey, eldest daughter 
of the Marquis or Bristol. The deceased gentleman leaves 
issue by both marriages. 

Geokgb Lindset, Esq. — The Russia Company of London has 
recentlylost in the person of Mr. G«orge Lindsey its chair- 
man.— *The deceased attended a meeting of the company at the 
South-Sea House, Threadneedle-street, on the 10th of Decem- 
ber, and while sitting talking to some gentlemen he fell f<H^ 
ward suddenly on the floor. He was immediately raised up, a 
doctor sent for, who opened a vein in his arm, but no blood 
came, and life was pronounced to be extinct. Mr. Lindsey was 
77 years of age. An inquest was held on the body, and a 
verdict of "natural death was returned by the jury. 

CoxTNTBSS OF DoRouGHHO&E. — December llth, at Chiavari, 
near Genoa, the Dowaser Countess of Donoughmore. — She was 
Barbara, second daug^ater of the late Lieut. -Colonel W. Bey- 
nell, and became in 1827 the second wife of the 3rd Earl of 
Donoughmore, who died in 1831. 



MISCELLAJTBOITS. 235 

LoED A. Churchill. — December 12th, the Lord Almerio A. 
Spenoer Ghorchill, son of the Duke ef Marlborongh (since 
deceased) by his second wife, the Hon. Charlotte Augusta 
Flower. 

C. Lamb, Esct. — ^December 13th, at his shootingquarters at 
Lochfineside, aged 40, Charles James Saville montgomerie 
Lamb, Esq., eldest son of Sir C. M. Lamb, Bart., and half- 
brother of the Earl of Eglinton. — ^While serving as a yolunteer 
before Sebastopol, he was seriously injured by the bursting of a 
shell. He was, however, able to return home to his residence 
in Scotland, but his health gave way, and after considerable 
suffering he sank. He was born in 1816, and married in 1841 
Anna Cnarlotte, eldest daughter of Arthur Grey, Esa., of Ber- 
stead, Sussex, by whom he left one son and tbree daughters. 
His remains were interred in the cemetery at Greenock, being, 
followed to the grave by the Earl of Eglinton and Yisoount 
Ligestre. 

Lady J. Shebaed. — December 18th, at Leadenham, near 
Grantham, the Lady Jane Sherard, sister of the Earl of Har- 
bor ough. 

LoEB John Fitzeoy.— Discembe* 28tii, in London, Lord John 
Fitzroy. — He was tenth child of Augustus Henry, 3rd Duke of 
Grafton, K.G. (grandfather of the present duke), the well- 
known minister, who was appointed secretarv of state in 1765, 
prime minister in December, 1766, and died in March, 1811. 
Lord John Fitzroy was his space's son by his second marriage, 
in 1769, with Elizabeth, daughter of the late Rev. Sir B. 
Wrottesley (who died in May, 1822), and was born September 
24tii, 1785.' He sat in the House of Commons as M.P. for 
Thetford in one or two jMurliaments, in the earlier past of the 
present century. He was for some time in the diplomatie 
service, and in 1808 accompanied the late Earl of Clarendon to 
Lisbon as attache, 

Aldebman Langsbale. — December 29th, at his residence, 
Southport, Liverpool, a respected member of the corporation of 
Liverpool. — ^Mr. Langsdale sat in the coimcil as an alderman of 
the borough for a number of years, and had held the office of 
chairman of the Health Committee until the formation of the 
new council, when his failing health induced him to withdraw 
from public life. He had removed to Southport, and had some 
intention of proceedhig to the south of France, when he was 
taken suddenly worse, and died on the day mentioned. The 
flag at the Liverpool Town-hall, and those upon other public 
buildings, were placed half-mast, as a sign that death had 
deprived the town of another old and valued citizen. 

Lady M. de Fonienelle. — December 30th, in Paris, the 
Lady Maria de Fontenelle, sister to the Earl of Essex. 



236 H1SCELLAN£0VS. 

Laby KoHiLLY.-;-Deoember 30th, in Hyde-Park Gardens, 
Caroline, wife of Sir John Romilly, Master of the Rolls, and 
daughter of the late Bishop (Otter) of Chichester. 

Hon. Mss. Eamsay.— December 30th, at Yiew-yille House, 
N. B., the Hon. Mrs. Ramsay, daughter of the late and sister 
of the present Lord Belhaven. 

Lady Betham. — December 31st, at Eilliney, co. Dublin, 
Lady Betham, widow of Sir W. Betham, Ulster Eing-at-Arms. 
— The deceased lady was sister to the present Judge Crampton, 
and cousin to Sir P. Crampton, Bart. 

C. J. H. Hamilton, Esa.— December — , at Brighton, Charles 
James H. Hamilton, Esg.— The deceased ^ntleman had seen 
much service during his honourable official career. He was 
attached to the mission at Lisbon in January, 1810, and in 
December. 1815, was appointed secretary of legation at Stutt- 
gardt, and in December, 1825, was appointed secretary to the 
embassy at Paris. Li 1833, he was for a few months accredited 
minister plenipotentiary to the French court, and in July the 
following year he was selected as minister plenipotentiary to 
Buenos Ayres. While there he was sent twice on special 
mission to Monte Video. He was appointed in October, 1835, 
envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Rio Ja- 
neiro, which post he held till February, 1847, when he quitted 
the Brazils and retired on a pension. 



Erratum in Annual Biography for 1856. 

General Todtleben is still alive, and his name mnst con- 
sequently be erased. 



FINIS. 



ROBERT UARDWICKB, PRIXTBR, 192, NCCAOILLT. 



LIST OF BIOGRAPHIES 

CONTAINED IN 

HAEDWICKE'S ANNUAL BIOGRAPHY FOR 1856. 

EDITID BY 

EDWAED WALFOED, M.A., 

£alliol CoUege, Oxford, 

FBLLOW OV XHS OSmiALOGICAL AKS HISTOXICAL SOCIXTT OV QVSIX BBITAIK; 
▲VTHOX OV THB " SHILLUrO PZBBAGS/' BTC. 



Page 

Abbot, Hon. Un. .. 383 

Abdy, Cnl 173 

Abercrombie, Sir R. . . 67 

Adair, Sir R Q9 

Adama, Mrs 337 

Adami, Rev. Geo 800 

Adamaon, J 284 

Agar, Hon. Capt 150 

Aldovey, S 305 

Allen, Rev. I. N 214 

Ailfrey, Mrs 377 

Anderson, Mayor .... 153 

Antrim. Earl of 30 

Archbold, R 123 

Arden, Risr. F. E 235 

Ariiaue, Prince 313 

Arkwrisht, Mrs 350 

Armandi, Gen 317 

Amott, Dr 24a 

Arthur, Lady 327 

Ashley - Cooper, Hon. 

^k« Jn« •••••••••••• o/ll 

Astley, Lady 337 

Atterbom, M 317 

Attye, Mrs 387 

Audley, Lady S70 



BABiirGTON,Ref.C.E. 200 

Backhouse, G. C 372 

Bailey, J. P 308 

Baker, Lady 350 

na n , KXt .••■...•«... 378 

Ballard, Mrs 338 

Ballinnll, Sir G 103 

Bamp^lde, Rev. C. F. 200 

Bankes, Miss 804 

Barclay, C 134 

Barker,J 380 

Barker, W. G.M.J... 262 

Barlow, Capt 105 

Barnard, Sir A. F 80 

Barnard, Rer. H. W. . 222 

Barnes, A4jt 187 

Barnes, Rer.T 206 

Barton, Gen 146 

Basset, Baroness .... 14 

BathontyMrt 376 



Page 

Baumgardt, Maj. Gen. 144 

Bayly, Col 176 

Baynes, Sir £. S 03 

Beauchanip, Lieut. .. 173 

Beauclerk, Miss 356 

Beck, Lieut 172 

Bedford, Hon. Mrs. .. 352 

" Bell, Currer »» 250 

Bell, Lady C 805 

Bellew, Sir M. D 67 

Benbow, J ] 10 

Bendyshe, Lieut 104 

Bennett, Lieut 1 40 

Bent, Col. W. H 366 

Bentinck, W. F. C. .. 360 

Berkeley, Hon. C. F.. . 1 12 

Bernal, Miss 344 

Bethune, Miss C L. . . 377 

Bickersteth, Rev. J. . . 228 

Bielke, Mons. de .... 3l6 

Bineau, Mons 310 

Bishop, Sir H. R 86 

Black, J 260 

Blacker, W 387 

Blair. C. E 246 

Blair, Lieut 136 

Blake, Col l63 

Blakeley, Rev. T 233 

Blakemore, Miss B. . . S74 

Blakemore, R 124 

Blakiston, Capt 183 

Blofeld, Rev. T. C. ..200 

Bloia, Sir C 66 

Blunt, Ker. J.J 210 

Bode, Baron de 313 

Boileau, Lieut 162 

Bolland, Rer. H. J. . . 228 

Bonham, Gen 142 

Booth, LadvG 828 

Booker-Blakemore, 

Miss 374 

Borough, Lieut 1 74 

Bosanquet, Mrs 302 

Boughey, lieut. CoL. . 156 

Boughton, Lady 888 

Bourke, SirR 03 

Boutel, RtfV. C 223 

I Bouyerie, Rer. J. .... 210 



Page 

Bower, Aid. J 373 

Boxer, Rear Adm 186 

Boyd, Sir J 56 

Boyne, Visct 22 

Branford, Capt 103 

Brenton, Mrs 306 

Bridge, Major. 135 

Bridges, Rev. B. H. . . 220 
Brindcman, Ensign .. 130 

Brisbane, Miss 345 

Brogden, Mrs 332 

Broke, Capt 166 

Broke, Sir P. V 00 

Bromhead, Sir E . T. F. 62 
Bromhead, Rer. C. F. . 223 
Brook, Mr. and Mrs.. . 376 

Brooks, Archd 230 

Brooks, Rev. J. H 208 

Brown, Sir J 103 

Brown, Mrs 341 

Browne, Hon. Capt. . . 141 

Browne, Mrs . L 375 

Browne, Sir T. H 82 

Bruat, Adm 321 

Bruges, W.H.L 131 

Brunei, Lady 325 

Buckingham, J. S 1 25 

Buckley, Capt 166 

BuUer, Lieut. Gen. .. 173 

BuUer, Mrs 303 

Bunvan, R. 388 

Burder, J 846 

Burnaby, J. D 241 

Burnaby, Mrs 336 

Burnes, Mrs 344 

Burton, J. G. A 878 

Burton, SirR 05 

Bosch, Mons. ....... . 310 

Bushe, Lady L 340 

Butler, Miss Z. A 326 



CAiTHNBii, Earl of . . 53 

Caleraft, C. Y. L 376 

Caleraft, G. H 121 

Calder, Lady F. S 360 

Caledon, Earl of. 37 

Calmady, C. B 326 



Z.I6T OF $IO«fiAPQIE$. 



Page 

Campbell, Sir J 6.<; 

Campbell, Lady 376 

Campbell, Miyor .... 140 

Campbell, Miss D 374 

Campbell, Mrs. ..362,379 

Campion, W.J 330 

Canino, Princess of .. 315 

Capel, Hon. Gen 188 

Carew,H 330 

Carew, T. O. W 354 

C«rleton,W 373 

Carlos, Don II 

Carmichael, Sir T. G. . 78 
Carnegie, Lady C. H. . 341 

Carpenter, Gen 137 

Carpenter, Mrs S76 

Cavpenter, R. C 257 

Carter,J 280 

Carthew,Adai 103 

Carus, Mrs 383 

Cary, Uettt....; 173 

Carysfort, Earl of ... . S6 

CMwaU,A 365 

Cathcart, Miss 861 

CanUeild, Capt 149 

Cautiey, Sev. W. G. . . 212 

Cave, Sir J. R. B 7& 

Chad, SirC 69 

Cbamberli^e, Miss . . 979 

Chambers, Dr 947 

Chapman, Mrs 888 

Charles, T 265 

ChatfcertOB, Sir W. A. . 418 
Chichester, Hon. Capt. 164 

Chichester, Mrs 899 

Childers, R. F. W. .. 863 

Cholmeley, F S08 

Christie, Capt 183 

Clarke, Lieat 181 

Clarke, W.N 883 

Clayton, J. L 879 

Cleveland, Lieut 179 

Cobbe, Col 162 

Cochrane, C 268 

Colbome, Lady 838 

Colbnm, H 274 

Cole, Lady M. L 336 

Collins, E 348 

Colquhoun, Chev. de. . 866 

Colston, Rev. Dr 230 

Colston, J. M 171 

Colt, Lieut 167 

Compton, Lord 8 145 

Compton, Mrs 345 

Conder, J 298 

Conjrers, Lieut. Om.. . 163 
Cooper, Hon. A. M. A. 870 

Cooper, Lady 334 

Cooper, Mrs 351 

Copeland. T 247 

Corbet, Sir A. V 68 

Corbet, Capt. 140 

Corbett, P 13-2 

Cornwall, Miyor-Gen. . l'A6 



Page 

Corry, Hon. F. L '^51 

Corry, Rear Adm 184 

Cother, Lieut.-Col. . . . 136 

Cotton, Lady • 347 

Cowling, J. 240 

Cox, Capt 167 

Crawford, W 382 

Griohton, Mm 841 

Crichton, Rev. Dr 198 

Croome, Wm ^ 

Crowberry, C 355 

Cubitt, Thomas 296 

Cuddy, Lieut. Col 167 

Cullum, Sir T. G 68 

Cunliffe, R. E 346 

"CurrerBell" 269 

Curry, Lieut 192 

CvraoBjG. N 862 

D*Abtb, Lieut 189 

D*A0uUar, Sir G. C. . . 88 

D*A^lar,Lady 865 

Dallas, 'God 143 

Dalmer, Col 173 

Dalrymple, Mrs. G. . . 883 

Dampier, Mrs. • 828 

Davies, G 256 

Davies, Li««t 149 

Davk, Major 142 

Davy, Rev. C. W 206 

Davy, Lady 265 

Dawson, Capt 1 47 

Ue Brubl, Count .... 852 

Decies, Lord . .' 18 

De Girardin, Madame 276 

De la Beche, Sir H. T. 83 

Delamere, Lord 43 

De I'Eure, Mons 309 

De Mauley, Lord .... S3 

Dennis, Sir J 79 

Dennistonn, J S52 

Dent, J 879 

De Vesei, Viscount. ... 44 

Dewar, Mrs 385 

Diamond, W. B 2A2 

Dickson, Major 146 

Dietrich, Baron de .. 317 

Digby, Mrs 897 

Dillwyn, L. W 129 

Disbrowe, Lady 880 

Dod,lMiss 865 

Dodd, C. R 353 

Donkin, B 263 

Donkio, Lady A. M. . . 881 

Douglas, Rev. £. A. . . 207 

Douglas, Mrs 337 

Douglas, Mrs 378 

Dover, H 872 

Down, Rear-Adm 180 

Downie, Miss 862 

Downshire,March.DoWt 

of 347 

D*Oyly, Gen 172 



Page 

D'Oyly. Sergt 236 

Dray, W 286 

Drummond^Mflj. H.F. 103 

Drury, R 891 

Dubreton, Grcn 313 

Duces, T 310 

DuSy, Gen 140 

Dunn, W 301 

Duntze, Rev. S. H. . . . 231 
Du Pt6, Rev. W. M.. . 231 

Dtttton,J 897 

Dwarris, Rev. H. P. . . 215 
Dyke, Lieut 142 

Eaglbs, Rev.J S31 

Sckerman, Dr 263 

Eden, Lieut 104 

Eden, M. E 398 

Bgerton, Gol 143 

Sgerton, Col 154 

Ehmed, Si 818 

E&ins, Sir C 90 

Eldridge, G SOl 

Eliot, Lieut.«Col 871 

ElUs, SirH 96 

Emperor of Russia. ... l 

English, H 904 

Enmskillen^Cennteas of 862 

Eaodi, Col 155 

Erskmcyj. 896 

Erskine, Lord.. 81 

Estlin, J. B 948 

Esteourt, Mtgot^Otn. . 153 

Eustace, Sir W. C 81 

Evans, T 9p8 

Everard, Rev. Dr 980 

Every, Sir H 77 

Ewbank, Rev. W. W. 212 

Exton, J 346 

Eyre, D 878 

Eyre, Rev. J 91o 

Fanb, Mrs 384 

Farmer, Sir G. R 05 

Farrell, C 942 

Faulkner, T 906 

Faussett, Rev. R 991 

Fenton, Rev. W. C. . . 914 

Fenwick, Capt iso 

Fenwick. J. R 248 

Ferguson, Sir A 79 

Festing, Mrs 866 

Fewtreil, Mrs 331 

PfoUiott, Mrs 359 

Fielding, Copley SOS 

Fisher, Mrs 872 

Fitaelarence, Miss .... 880 

Fitsdarence, Hon. Lt. 137 

Ft'tsgerald, Mrs 885 

FiU Roy, Capt 170 

Fits Roy, Lady Q. L.. 802 

Fleming, H.W 836 



LIST OP BI00&APHIE8. 



Page 

Fletcher, Rev. 6 210 

Fludyer, Lady M 96S 

Foley, Mias 344 

Foley, Mn 373 

Foran, Bishop 316 

Forbes, W 104 

Forbes, Rear- Adm. .. 179 

Forman, Capt 150 

Forster, Capt 146 

Fowler, Mrs 343 

Fox, Rev. Pr 225 

Francis, Rev. J. P.... 113 

Fulcher, G. W 274 

Fttllerton, W. G 367 

Fumival, Mrs.. 365 

Fytche,J 36l 



Gagb, Hon. T. W. . . 338 

Gaisford, Rev. Dr 2l6 

Gardiner, Lady 393 

Gardner, Lieut ia6 

Garnier, Miss 826 

Gauss, C. F 806 

Gavin, W 361 

Gaynor, Lient 1 73 

Gedge, Rear-Adm 181 

Genoa, Dake of 13 

Ghery, Sultana 314 

Gifbrd, Adm 101 

Gifbrd, Rev. W 2J6 

Gilbert, J. F 377 

Gilby, Capt. B 398 

Gillman, J. 189 

Gillmor, Clotworthy . . 191 

Gilly, Rev. Pr S67 

Girardin, Mad. de . . . . S76 

Gladstone, C. A 868 

Glendinningj M iaa. . . • 896 

Goddard,Mr8 847 

Godfrey, Lieut 170 

Goodenough, Rev. Pr. 314 

Goodenough, Lieut. .. 171 

Goodenou^, Mra 868 

Gordon, Gen l63 

Gordon, T 891 

Gordon, Viee-Adm* . . 190 

Gosling, B 8frl 

Goffset,Rev. J fl07 

Gough, Miss 831 

Gould, Lady .384 

Grant, Lady M 369 

Graves, Lieut 1 50 

Gray, J 389 

Green, A. J 887 

Grcenhough, G. B 26 1 

Grey, C. B 873 

GreytCapt 171 

Griffith, Mrs. 393 

Guest, Mrs 394 

Guinness. A 860 

Gumey, Mrs. S 838 

Gum^y, Mz«*H 394 



Pftge 
Hale, R. B. •••••.•• 395 

Hall, C 381 

Haly, Bishop 337 

Hamerton, Gen 187 

Hamilton, Mrs 834 

Hammet, Capt 189 

Hammond, Capt 1^ 

Hammond, Mrs 874 

Hampden. Miss 858 

HandcockjHpn.l^t.Col. 168 

Hankey, Sir F 83 

Hankey, T 382 

Hannant, Lieut 186 

naruy, J............. 181 

Hare, Archdeacon .... 801 

Kuire, f. .••••..•••.. 890 

Harispe, Mvshal .... 813 

Hamate, iLady 840 

Harper, Bear-Adm. . . 191 
Hams, H. .......... 181 

Hartopp, Rev. R. P. . . 207 

Hasted, Rev. £ 282 

Hawkesley, Mn BK 

Hawkins, Lady 380 

Hav, Capt. W l64 

Hiy, Hon. Capt. R. P. 178 

Hayter, W 167 

Head, Sir G 87 

Heathcote, Mn 345 

Heaton, J 868 

Henderson, Lieut.-Col. 148 

Hereford, Vwct. 48 

Henries, Rt. Hon. J.C. 110 

Heyland, Lieut 1 50 

Heywopd, J 288 

Heywood. J. J 856 

Hiobert, Miss 350 

Hickman, B. 878 

Hiffman, Rev. J. P. .. 824 

Hildyard, J 837 

Hildyard, Mn 850 

Hi 1, Rev. J 809 

Hill, Sir J 81 

Hill, Lady E 331 

Hill, R 330 

Hillyar, Miss 357 

Hobnouse, Hon. Mn. • 349 

Hobson, Lieut 151 

Hodgson, Vice-Ad^... 181 
Hodgson, Archdeacon*. 835 

Holden, Lieut 169 

Hollins, J 864 

Holland, P 328 

Hoof, W 869 

HopCj Hon. Lady .... 889 

Hope, L»dyF 393 

Hornby, Rev. J. J. . . 889 

Hotham,Lady 889 

Houldham, J 368 

Houlton, Mrs 396 

Hulse, Lady ^ 880 

Hume, Joeeph 105 

Hungaiy, ArchduchMi 
of 811 



Page 

Hunloke, Mist 848 

Huntley, Lady 345 

Huntley, Mrs 339 

Hurt, Lieut 151 

Hurst, Rev. T 812 

Hutchinson, Hon.Capt. 156 
Hutton, Rev. C. J. .. 821 

Hutton, Mrs 864 

Hjmas, J 360 

Ingk, LadyE. E 383 

Inglis, Sir R. H 63 

Isham, Capt 178 

Iflham, Miss 369 

Jackson, Capt 178 

Jackton, S 853 

Jeffcott, Sir W Ji<08 

Jefferson, Lieut l/Q 

Jenldnaott, Sir C 60 

Jesse, Capt. W. H. . . IS-I 

Jodrell, Rev. S 196 

Johnston, Pr 846 

Johnston, Prof. 383 

Jones, Rev. R 802 

Jowett. Rev. W 808 

Justice, Capt 198 

Kayk, Lm..< 348 

Kaye. Hon. Mrs. L. .. 366 

Keane, Sir R 59 

Keats. Lady 340 

Kekewich, Lieut 138 

Kennedy, Lieut.-Col. . 879 

Kennett, Mrs 325 

Kenney, Rev. Pr 304 

Kenyon, I^ord 17 

Kenyon, Miss 86s 

Ker, Lord J. M. H. .. 33* 

Kerr, Capt 187 

Kerr, Lieut 171 

Key, Mrs 336 

Khosref Pasha 304 

Kinesavin .813 

King, Hon. G 39^ 

Knic^cerbocker, Judge 8O9 

Knight, R 120 

Knox, Mr 340 

Knox,V 337 

Krasinaki, Count V. . . 338 

Lamjb«»t, M 377 

Lambert, Miss 343 

Langham, Lady 389 

Lardner, L. J 286 

Larpent, Sir G. de H. . 61 

Latouche, G 387 

Lavalette, Mad 318 

Law, H.T 383 

Lawrence, Hod. A.... 4JJ 



LIST OF BIOGlUrniES. 



Page 

Lawrence, Aid. W. . . . 387 

Lawrence. Mrs 278 

I^vrton, H S80 

Lavaon, Mn 883 

Lawson, W 381 

Layard, Capt 103 

Layard, Miu 369 

Leiich, Lieut.-Col. . . . 136 

Le Blanc, Col... 166 

Lee, Mrs 890 

Leeds, Dow. Lady .... 897 

Leitrim* Rarl of 13 

Lethbridge, Lady .... 866 

Lewis, Mrs 353 

Lewis, Sir T. F 66 

Liiford Viscount S9 

Lindlej, R 301 

Lindsay, Lieut.-6en. . 134 

landaey, Mrs 384 

Lisle, Lady 348 

Livingston, Mrs 398 

Lloyd, Rear* Admiral.. 182 

Lloyd, Rev. J. D Sio 

Loeh,J 197 

Lockliart, Capt l68 

Loftus, Miss 366 

Louis, Miss 36l 

Love, Lieut 143 

Loveden, P. 104 

Lovett, Miss 370 

Low, Bishop 203 

Lowth,Col 169 

Lttcas,F 114 

Lncombe, T 301 

Lnshington, H 369 

Lushington, Miss .... 339 

Lyons, Capt 187 

Macavlat, Mrs 340 

Macaw, Baron 312 

Macbean, Sir W 89 

Macdonald, Mrs 381 

Macgregor, Mrs 377 

Mackenzie, Dr 287 

Mackenzie, Sir J. W. 

P. M 69 

Maclean, Lieut.-Col.. 176 

Macpberson, Mrs 329 

Macpherson, Sergt. . . . 138 

Maitland, A 334 

Main waring, E. V.... 243 

Manchester, Duke of.. 40 

Manners, Lord C 146 

Mansfield, Capt 164 

Markham, Lieut.-Gen. 174 

Marsh, H 371 

Marsh, Lieut 168 

Marshall, Ber. J 227 

Martin, J 299 

Masquerier, J. J 2M 

Mathcaon, Mrs 377 

Max, J 317 

Maj, SuperiBtendent . 381 



Page 

May, W. B 357 

Mayer, T 285 

Mayhew,W 124 

Mayne, Col 176 

MeCann, Mrs 824 

McClintock, J 127 

McGregor, Lieut 168 

Melfort, MissCampb.. 337 

Melville, A 243 

Menzel, K. A 317 

Mercer, Capt 189 

Merle, 6 304 

Merry, W 386 

Metcalfe, C.J 339 

Mildmay, Mrs 360 

Miller, a • .•.«•...... 288 

Milner, Miss 347 

Milner, SirW.M.8... 62 

Mitchell, Lady H. J.. 357 

Mitchell. SirT. L.... 101 

Mitford. Miss 848 

Mitzkievitch, A. 339 

Mol^. Count 320 

Molesworth, Capt.... 193 

Moles worth. Sir W. . . 69 

Molineux, 334 

Molineux, Lady K. . . . 345 

Monaghan, Bishop. . . . 333 

Monselt, Lady A.M.. 325 

Montgomery, Rev. R. . 833 

Moore, R. S 113 

Moore, Mrs. W 385 

Morris, Sir J 60 

Morrison, A. D 165 

Mosley, Mrs 885 

Mouillon, Madame. .. . 322 

Moule, J 276 

MuUer, R 283 

Murray, Lieut 151 

Murray, P 363 

Murray • Threipland, 

Lady 327 

Muspratt, J. P 370 



Nachimofp, Admiral 316 

Napier, Sir G. T 95 

Neale, Lady 396 

Neave, J 840 

Nevill, C 366 

Newcombe, Hon. Mrs. 370 

Newton, Capt 190 

NichoUs Mrs. (Currer 

Bell) 369 

Nickle, Sir R. 89 

Nicolas, Miss 884 

Nicolay. Mrs 350 

Nismea, Bishop of. . . . 286 

Nolloth, Lieut 178 

North, Mrs. F 328 

Norton, Hon. Mrs. S. 376 

Nott, MissL 344 

Nona, W. M « 887 



Bag* 

Okks, Mrs 380 

O'Brien, J 122 

O'Connor, F.E 128 

O'Conor, Sir R 79 

Oglander, Lady 361 

Ommaney, Sir J. A.. 93 

O'Neill, Viscount .... 15 

Onslow, G. A. C 348 

Ord, W 138 

O'Reilly, Hon. D.... 240 

Oitbome, General .... 170 

Ouslely, Lieut 192 

Owen, Lieut 164 

Pagbt, Lady H 342 

Palmer, Miss 864 

Pangalos, M. V 309 

Papworth, G 856 

Park, P 279 

Parker, Rear-Admiral . 180 

Parrott, G. L ISI 

Parry, Sir W. E 91 

Patmore. P. G 298 

Paton, W. 374 

Pattison, Mrs 363 

PatuUo, Liettt.-Colonel 168 

Paxton, J 364 

Paxton, Bliss L 326 

Payne, J. L 369 

Payne, Lady 874 

Peachy, Lieut 174 

Pecheil, Cspt 165 

Penboen, Mons. de . . 317 

Pepe, General 303 

PepiMrd, Lieut.-Col.. 177 
Percy, Hon. W. H.. 131 

Petre, Lieut 176 

Philtps,E 384 

Phillimore, Dr 181 

Phillips, Hon. Mra. . . 384 
Phillpott, Rev. T.... 874 

Pigott, G. F. 343 

Pilcher, 6 247 

Pilkington, Sir W.M.8. 77 

Pitt, Hon. G.B 371 

Polignac, Count M. . 309 

Ponsonby, Capt 164 

Ponsonby, Viscount . . 16 

Powell, Capt I9i 

Powell, J. H 338 

Power, Sir J 67 

Powney, Capt I80 

Powys, Capt 171 

Pratt, Lad^G 368 

Preston, Lieut 1 65 

Prideaux, Lieut • 144 

Prior, J. V..-. 304 

Proby, LadyF 34S 

Proctor, Rev. 6. H.... 211 

Provis.Tom.. SS4 

Pttsey, P 196 

Pym, Sirs 97 

Pynn, SirH 85 



LIST OF BIOGBAPniES. 



Page 
QOB^if of SardSnia . . 11 
Queea Dow. of do. . . • 1} 



Radclif^k, Dow. Lady 385 

Raglan, Lord 27 

Rain«den, Lady A. . . . 350 

Ramsay, Lieut 157 

Rashleigh, W 125 

Rattee, J 250 

Ravensworth, Lord . . 19 

Rawle.Capt. 192 

Rayc, Mrs 304 

Rees, Rer. W. J. .... 201 

Reid, Capt 178 

Reid, 366 

Repington, E. H.A'C. ISO 

Reea. Rev. W.J 801 

Rhodea,J 262 

Richardson, H 378 

RoberU, R 359 

Robertson, Lord 236 

Robinson, Capt 161 

Robinson, Sir G. B. . . . 59 

Robinson, Mrs 364 

RobIin,T 243 

Rochemore, Marq. de 317 
RoehfoTt, Capt. Gust* l65 
RochfoTt, Capt. George 169 

Rodd, Mrs 353 

Rodney, J 355 

Rogers, Mist 334 

Rocers, Samuel 288 

Rofio, Lady 337 

Rooke, Capt. 17s 

Rooke, Capt 195 

Rooke, Mrs 331 

Rooper, J. B 123 

Roes, Sir G. H 90 

Ross, Ber. H 209 

Rose. Lady 302 

Roamini, Abb^ 321 

Ross, Capt 166 

Boss, Janet 846 

Rothschild, Baron A. 823 
Rothschild, Baron C. 842 

Routh, ReY. Dr 196 

Rozboirghe, Duchess 

Dow. of. SS9 

Rude, F 287 

Russia, Emperor of., 1 
Ryder, Lieut 169 

St. Onomoa, A 890 

St.Oeorge,Comtesse de 818 
St. Vincent, Viscountess 836 

SaUs, Count de 318 

Saunders, Mrs 377 

Sanderson, Rev. T. .. . 211 

Sandes, C. L 156 

Sanford, Rev. J 230 

Sardinia, Queen of. . . . 12 
Sardinia, Queen Dow. of II 



Page 

Saumares, N 394 

Savage, J 26s 

Saxe Meiningen, Prin- 
cess of 311 

Scott, Lady C, S S63 

Scott, W 354 

Sefton, Earl of 40 

Selira Pasha ........ 306 

Selwyn, W 238 

Severne, J. M 36? 

Seveme, Mrs S68 

Seymour, Lady R. . . . 359 

Seymour, W 343 

Shadforth, Lieut..Col. 148 

Shawe, R. N 132 

Sheepshanks, Rev. R. 223 

Shiffher, Capt 162 

Shippersdon, E 398 

Shirley, C 392 

Shirley,Mrs 392 

Shute,A. W 374 

Sibthorp, Col II9 

Sivewright, Mrs 391 

Smith, Capt 152 

Smith, C. D. ......... 339 

Smith, J 352 

Smith, R. J 299 

Spicer, Mrs 376 

Somerset, Duke of . . . . 41 
Somerset, Rev. V. P. . 205 

Somerville, Mrs 369 

Somerville, Lt. R. H.. I69 
Somerville, Lt. W. M. 166 
Sotomayor, Duke de. . 324 

Stanhope, Earl 18 

Stanhope, Cppt 170 

Stock, J 132 

Stone, Lieut 146 

Stowe, W. H 274 

Stracey, Sir J. H. . . . 75 
Stracbey, Admiral.... 185 
Strangford, Viscount. . 24 
Street, Hon. G. F.... 238 

Stuart, Sir P 81 

Sullivan, J 251 

Sutton, SirR 76 

Swinburne, E 384 

Syer, Lady 890 

Talbot, Miss 344 

Talbot, Hon. Mrs. ... 382 

Tatham, Emma 282 

Taylor, J 267 

Taylor, W. B 380 

Teed, Mrs 367 

Tempest, Mrs 399 

Terrot,Mrs 37-1 

Teynham, Lady 371 

Thomas, Rear- Admiral 194 

Tliomas, Miss 341 

Thomond, Marq. of . . 38 
Thompson, Rev. J. . . . 232 
Thompson, Mrs. Jas. . 358 



Page 
Threipland, LadyM.. 827 
Tickeil, Lieut.-Gen. . . 368 

Tindal, F. C 363 

Todtleben, Gen 313 

Toke, Rev. W 21S 

Torrens, Sir A. W. . . . 94 

Townley, R. G 125 

Townshend, Marquis. . 64 

Travers, T. R 301 

Tremenheere, Gen. ... 162 

Truro, Lord 46 

Tucker, W 342—346 

Tudwav, R. C 114 

Tutfneil, Miss 36o 

Tylden, Col 167 

Uooivi, Baron 311 

Upton, Hon. E. J.... 843 
Upton, Gen 130 

Vavivbck, Hon. T. . . . 344 

Vanghan , Capt. 1 70 

Veasey. C 849 

Vicars, Capt 141 

Vico, Lieut 815 

Vincent, Mrs 360 

Vivian, Hon. Mrs.... 360 

Vivian, J. H 105 

Vorosmarty, M. . . . • • • 320 

Walfoed, Rev. O. . . 213 

Walford, Rev. W.... 235 

Wallace, R 123 

Warburton, Archd. . . 236 

Wameford, Rev. Dr. . 199 

Warren, Capt 190 

Warren, Lieut 190 

Watkins, Mrs 832 

Watson, J 335 

Weaver, T 278 

Wedgwood, J 896 

Welbv, Miss E. C. E. . 329 

Wels6>rd, Msjor I69 

*' Wensleydale, P^ 

of" S02 

West, Rev. C. A 213 

WhamclifTe, Lord .... 44 

Wharton, Capt 138 

Wharton, Hon. Mrs. . 826 

Wheble, Mrs. E 380 

Wheeler-CuiTe, Miss.. 879 

WheweU, Mrs 894 

White, J 270 

Whyatt, Rev. W 307 

Wightman, Miss .... 343 

Wilbraham, Miss.... 896 

WillUms. Sir J. B. ,. 102 

Williams, J 133 

Williams, Mrs 349 

Williams, W 399 

Willimott, J 343 

Wilmot-Horton, Capt. 179 

n 



6 



LIST OF BIOGKAPHIES. 



Page 

Wing, W. B 348 

Winstauley, C 331 

Wintle. Her. T 201 

Witham, Lienr 156 

M'odebouae, E 113 

Wombwell, Sir 6 56 

Wood, M 37a 

Wood, T 3r>:{ 

Woodruff, Lieut 1 85 



Page 

Woollcombe, Lieut. .. 182 

W^ooUey, Mm 393 

Wordsworth, Mis*. . .. 332 

Worsley, T. R 380 

Wortlcy, Larfr E. S. . . 286 

Wrijrht, J. . . ." 329 

Wright, Rev. W 200 

Wynn, Sir W 104 



Page 

YA.TKS, J. B 288 

Yea, Colonel 147 

Yea, R. H 336 

Yeekson, J 381 

Zanani, Oen 92(1 

Zulueta, Don Pedro de 818 



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LATIN COMPOSITION. 

A LATE SCHOLAR OF BALLIOL COLLEGE, OXFORD, 

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